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  • Hesselmark, Eva
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatry Research,Karolinska Institutet; Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Bejerot, Susanne
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Clinical features of paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome: findings from a case-control study2019In: BJPsych Open, E-ISSN 2056-4724, Vol. 5, no 2, article id e25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS), an umbrella term that includes PANDAS (paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections) is suggested to be a psychiatric disorder of autoimmune aetiology. PANS is characterised by an acute onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder or restricted eating with multiple comorbid symptoms. The specificity of the PANS criteria is not fully understood.AimsTo describe a cohort of patients with PANS and to determine if PANS features relating to symptoms, onset and course are more common in PANS than in other psychiatric conditions.

    METHOD: A case-control study comparing patients with interview-confirmed PANS with patients with suspected PANS and patients with a psychiatric condition but with no suspicion of PANS. Validated and non-validated measures of symptoms, onset and episodic course were used.

    RESULTS: Illness in patients with interview-confirmed PANS featured an episodic course and multiple symptoms present at onset compared with the psychiatric controls. However, individuals with interview-confirmed PANS did not present a specific symptom profile.

    CONCLUSIONS: PANS may be a distinct clinical entity featuring an acute onset, an episodic course and multiple symptoms at onset.Declaration of interestNone.

  • Kristoffersson, Eleonor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Strandberg, ThomasÖrebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ageing in a changing society: Interdisciplinary popular science contributions from the Newbreed research school2019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Edström, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lavesson, Nils
    ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Forces on parallel three-phase AC-conductors during a phase to ground fault2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of calculating forces on high current solid conductors, as is present in various types of electrical installations e.g. in substations [1]. An example of such an installation with three parallel conductors is shown in Figure 1. The conductor forces are important for the design of the station, in particular for the conductor geometry and mechanical support.

  • Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Trust in Managers Revisited: Antecedents, Mediating Factors, and Consequences2019In: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 65-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first purpose of this paper is to find the reasons why subordinates trust their managers in private organizations. The second purpose is related to whether there are national differences in the degree of subordinates’ trust in their managers. Studies from two European countries are presented which were based on the same instrument for measuring subordinates’ trust. These studies concluded that managers’ actions are the antecedent to trust. Managers are, however, trusted to different degrees. It appears that managers need to show by their actions that they trust their subordinates, offer help and guidance, show appreciation to the subordinates, and solve problems adequately. The antecedent was the managers’ proximity to the subordinates. Other studies found more antecedents. Additionally, a number of positive consequences of trust in managers – reported in other studies – are work performance, job satisfaction, and subordinates’ motivation. Some questions regarding trust in managers still need answers. They are formulated but not answered in this paper. 

  • Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Juridicum Anthology 20192019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Susha, Iryna
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Section ICT, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands .
    Establishing and implementing data collaborations for public good: A critical factor analysis to scale up the practice2019In: Information Polity, ISSN 1570-1255, E-ISSN 1875-8754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data analytics for public good has become a hot topic thanks to the inviting opportunities to utilize ‘new’ sources of data, such as social media insights, call detail records, satellite imagery etc. These data are sometimes shared by the private sector as part of corporate social responsibility, especially in situations of urgency, such as in case of a natural disaster. Such partnerships can be termed as ‘data collaboratives’. While experimentation grows, little is known about how such collaborations are formed and implemented. In this paper, we investigate the factors which are influential and contribute to a successful data collaborative using the Critical Success Factor (CSF) approach. As a result, we propose (1) a framework of CSFs which provides a holistic view of elements coming into play when a data collaborative is formed and (2) a list of Top 15 factors which highlights the elements which typically have a greater influence over the success of the partnership. We validated our findings in two case studies and discussed three broad factors which were found to be critical for the formation of data collaboratives: value proposition, trust, and public pressure. Our results can be used to help organizations prioritize and distribute resources accordingly when engaging in a data collaborative.

  • Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Specialised music classes in comprehensive education: a case study of the Swedish shift from social-democratic uniformity to neoliberal diversity2020In: Journal of Educational Administration & History, ISSN 0022-0620, E-ISSN 1478-7431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The following article examines the emerging historical legitimacy of specialised comprehensive schools in Sweden. During the 1980s, neoliberal ideas were gaining ground in Swedish educational policy. As a result, the social democratic government began to relax the rigour of the unified, state-regulated educational system. Specialised music classes played a significant role in this context, as such programmes were increasingly considered models for specialisation and deregulation. The establishment of specialised music classes in Sweden was symptomatic of the national adoption of neoliberal principles in education policy.

    The case study design uses qualitative document analyses of archive materials including public investigations, minutes of political meetings, and newspaper debates. The discursive legitimation of specialised comprehensive education is seen as dependent on three interrelated frame factors: ideology, economics, and law. Within this framework empirical knowledge of the transformative educational policy of the 1980s is analysed.

  • Steinberg, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Employees' rights to influence the work environment and some challenges2019In: Festskrift till Örjan Edström / [ed] Ruth Mannelqvist, Staffan Ingmanson, Carin Ulander-Wänman, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2019, 1, p. 469-483Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A presentation of the employees' right to influence the work environment accordning to the Swedish Work Environment Law and a study of its implementation.

  • Steinberg, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Safety Delegates and the Implementation of the Organisational and Social Work Environment2018In: Festskrift till Håkan Hydén / [ed] Reza Banakar, Karl Dahlstrand, Lotti Ryberg Welander, Lund: Juristförlaget, Lund, 2018, 1, p. 641-658Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is an investigation about how the safety delegates can influnce the Work Environment Authority in matters of psychosocial issues. 

  • Tsertsidis, Antonios
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Challenges in the provision of digital technologies to elderly with dementia to support ageing in place: A case study of a Swedish municipality2020In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to identify structural problems and challenges for the delivery of digital technologies for ageing in place to elderly with dementia.

    Methods: To that end, I conducted a case study in a Swedish municipality.

    Results: The results showed that elderly with dementia are not exploiting their full potential of receiving help in the form of technology, since the four conditions of the Consumer Direction (Control and Direct services – Variety of digital technologies for ageing in place options – Information and Support – Participation in systems design) were met to a very low degree.

    Conclusions: I propose that the municipality in question creates a proper knowledge-sharing platform so that occupational therapists are well informed about digital technologies for ageing in place, to allow them to provide accurate information and support to elderly with dementia, resulting in a possible increase in use of technology and subsequently support the empowerment goal of Consumer Direction. I also believe, according to the findings of this study, that the module of Information and Support should be treated as the most important condition for achieving increased Consumer Direction.

  • Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Företagande långt från storstäderna: Vilken betydelse har flyg, bredband och annan infrastruktur?2019In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd. 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland. / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 61-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Andersson, Pernilla
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Transaktionella analyser av undervisning och lärande: SMED-s tudier 2006-20182019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Denna rapport presenterar analysmetoder och forskning som fokuserat lärandeprocesser i undervisningspraktiker. Mer specifikt utgör denna rapport en sammanställning av det pragmatiska teoretiska ramverket som utvecklats och tillämpats inom forskargruppen SMED (Studies of Meaning­ making in Educational Discourses) i Uppsala och Örebro 2006-2018.Rapporten inkluderar en introduktion till det pragmatiska teoretiska ramverket och en kort beskrivning av analysmetoderna Praktisk Epistemologisk Analys och Riktningsgivaranalys. Ambitionen är att rapporten ska vara användbar som en orientering för studenter, lärare, doktorander och forskare med intresse för detaljerade analyser av lärandeprocesser i undervisningspraktiker eller andra praktiker där lärande sker. Med lärandeprocesser avses här meningsskapandeprocesser inkluderande utbildningens kvalificerande, socialiserande såväl som subjektifierande/personformerande funktioner samt det som påverkar denna process. Det som påverkar meningsskapandeprocessen kan vara lärare, andra elever/studerande, artefakter och det socio-materiella. Rapporten innehåller en sammanställning av metodologiska bidrag till det didaktiska forskningsfältet såväl som till utbildningspraktiken. Sammanställningen av de metodologiska bidragen är strukturerad i fyra delar: Naturorienterande ämnen, Miljö- och hållbarhetsundervisning, Idrott och hälsa samt Utbildning i förskolan. Utifrån denna sammanställning kan man dra slutsatsen att studierna varit fruktbara för forskningsproblem som handlat om att: (a) fånga komplexiteten i lärandeprocesser, (6) undersöka identifiera och belysa avgörande situationer/ögonblick i lärandeprocesser,(c) undersöka och belysa lärares handlingar och dess betydelse för individers lärandeprocesser, (d) bidra med kunskap och illustrerande empiriska exempel till debatter om hur lärande går till och/eller undervisning bör bedrivas, (e) identifiera och belysa olika ämneskulturer såsom de framträder i praktiken, samt (f) problematisera förgivet-taganden om vad olika utbildningsaktiviteter leder till. Avslutningsvis ges förslag på riktning förfortsatt arbete avseende analys av undervisning och lärandeprocesser."

  • Lodefalk, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Ratio, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tang, Aili
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Ratio, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tano, Sofia
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Tillväxtanalys, Östersund, Sweden.
    Statliga garantier i utrikeshandeln: Mönster, effekter och reflektioner2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, no 8, p. 38-51Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många länder erbjuder exportkreditgarantier där staten mot en premie utfäster sig att betala exportören om den utländska kunden inte gör det. Vi beskriver det svenska systemet under Exportkreditnämnden, med fokus på små- och medel- stora företag, och undersöker effekterna av sådana garantier på företags export, sysselsättning och förädlingsvärde. Vi finner att garantierna påverkar såväl inträde i export som värdet på exporten positivt. Vi noterar att effekterna är mycket heterogena över olika typer av företag och utfallsvariabler, där de min- dre företagens export underlättas avsevärt mer än de stora företagens. För vissa företag och transaktioner ser vi även effekter på jobb och förädlingsvärde. Vi avslutar med att diskutera policyimplikationer.

  • Westberg, Johannes
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Om 1900-talets progressivism, skolpolitik och skola2019In: Pekpinnar: Historiska perspektiv på utbildning, p. 1-8Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Kristoffersson, Eleonor
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Deduction of Input VAT: Comparative Studies in Tax Law2019Report (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Marika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Örebro Universitet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Lindner, Helen Y
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Barn med Downs syndrom och fritidsaktivitet: ur ett föräldraperspektiv2019In: Arbetsterapiforum 2019, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund/Syfte: Barn med Downs syndrom utvecklas inte i samma takt som andra barn och är ibland socialt avskilda. Fritidsaktivitet leder både till delaktighet och utveckling. För att kunna delta i fritidsaktivitet behöver miljön i vissa fall anpassas så alla kan vara med och känna delaktighet. Det är vanligt att barn med Downs syndrom har tilläggsdiagnoser, bland annat autism. Föräldrar till barn med Downs syndrom har en viktig roll i sitt barns deltagande i fritidsaktivitet i många avseenden. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att kartlägga deltagandet i fysiska och kreativa fritidsaktiviteter hos barn med Downs syndrom - utifrån ett föräldraperspektiv.

    Metod/Tillvägagångssätt: Enkäter skickades ut till Svenska Downföreningen, Föreningen för barn, unga och vuxna med utvecklingsstörning (FUB) och en Facebook grupp; ”Barn med Downs syndrom som går/inskrivna i särskola/sär-gymnasium”. Datamaterialet analyserades med deskriptiv statistik och Mann-Whitney test genomfördes för att beräkna skillnader mellan grupper.

    Resultat/Preliminärt resultat: Undersökningen visade att barn med Down syndrom är aktiva i fritidsaktivitet, särskilt av fysisk karaktär. Barnen deltog mellan 1–2 gånger per vecka, i en eller flera aktiviteter. Majoriteten av föräldrarna såg en positiv utveckling hos sitt barn, socialt, fysiskt och kommunikativt. Det fanns flera anledningar till varför barnet deltog i fritidsaktivitet, bland annat att barnet själv valt att delta och att föräldrarna ville att de skulle utvecklas. Orsaker till att barnet inte deltog i fritidsaktivitet var brist på resurser eller brist på passande fritidsaktiviteter.

    Slutsats/Praktisk tillämpning: Barn med Downs syndrom med/utan tilläggsdiagnos har ett högt deltagande i fritidsaktiviteter. Deltagande i fritidsaktivitet är en viktig faktor i utvecklingen hos barn med Downs syndrom.

  • Lindner, Helen Y
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Buer, Nina
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Dept. of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden .
    Compensatory Movement in Upper Limb Prosthesis Users during Activity Performance2019In: ISPO 17th World Congress:  Basics to Bionics: Abstract Book, ISPO , 2019, p. -512Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Low dexterity of conventional two-function (open, close) myoelectric hand prostheses with limited wrist movement often leads to compensatory shoulder and elbow movements, e.g. excess shoulder abduction and elbow flexion. Compensatory movements may lead to musculoskeletal pain [1] and it is thus important to identify prosthesis users with compensatory movements and to develop preventive treatments for musculoskeletal pain.

    AIM: The study aim was to measure and compare compensatory movements during activity performance among upper limb prosthesis users with different levels of myoelectric control.

    METHOD: Twenty-seven users of conventional myoelectric hand prosthesis performed the Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control (ACMC) at the Örebro Limb Deficiency and Arm Prosthesis Centre. The performances were recorded and analyzed with Dartfish motion capture video analysis software. The software was used to track and measure the maximum angles for shoulder abduction and elbow flexion at the non-prosthetic and prosthetic sides during the activity performance. Two independent raters used Dartfish to analyze 10 videos and Intra-class Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was used to calculate inter-rater reliability. The ability to control a myoelectric prosthetic hand was assessed by the ACMC.

    RESULTS: The within-individual differences for shoulder abduction ranged from 2° to 52° and for elbow flexion from 1° to 66°. When compared between prosthetic and non-prosthetic side, larger differences in shoulder abduction and elbow flexion were found among the users with ACMC ≤ 0 than users with ACMC > 0 (Fig.1a). When comparing the within-individual side differences between prosthesis users with ACMC ≤0 and users with ACMC >0, a significant angle difference was found in the elbows (p=0.03) but not in the shoulders (p=0.34) (Fig.1b). Inter-rater reliability between the two independent raters was excellent (ICC 0.91).

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Compensatory elbow movements during activity performance are higher in upper limb prosthesis users with low level of myoelectric control. Prevention for musculoskeletal pain should consist of both training for improved prosthetic control and improved prosthetic use in activity performance. Measurement of compensatory movements can help to identify amputees with frequent compensatory movements. Future studies are needed to investigate the effect of ability to control myoelectric prosthesis on musculoskeletal pain.

    REFERENCES [1] Jones LE, Davidson JH. Prosthet Orthot Int 1999; 23(1):55-8.

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was supported financially by the Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation.

  • Lindner, Helen Y
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Hill, Wendy
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, UNB, Fredericton, Canada.
    Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Dept. of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Lilienthal, Achim J.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Cognitive load and compensatory movement in learning to use a multi-function hand2019In: ISPO 17th World Congress: Basics to Bionics: Abstract Book, ISPO , 2019, p. 52-52Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Recent technology provides increased dexterity in multi-function hands with the potential to reduce compensatory body movements. However, it is challenging to learn how to operate a hand that has up to 36 grips. While the cognitive load required to use these hands is unknown, it is clear that if the cognitive load is too high, the user may stop using the multi-functional hand or may not take full advantage of its advanced features.

    AIM: The aim of this project was to compare cognitive load and compensatory movement in using a multi-function hand versus a conventional myo hand.

    METHOD: An experienced prosthesis user was assessed using his conventional myo hand and an unfamiliar iLimb Ultra hand, with two-site control and the same wrist for both prostheses. He was trained to use power grip, lateral grip and pinch grip and then completed the SHAP test while wearing the Tobii Pro 2 eye-tracking glasses. Pupil diameter (normal range: 2-4mm during normal light) was used to indicate the amount of cognitive load.[1] The number of eye fixations on the prosthesis indicate the need of visual feedback during operation. Dartfish motion capture was used to track the maximum angles for shoulder abduction and elbow flexion.

    RESULTS: Larger pupils were found in the use of Ilimb ultra (2.6-5.6mm) than in the use of conventional myo hand (2.4-3.5mm) during the SHAP abstract light tests. The pupils dilated most often during changing grips, e.g. switching to pinch grip for the tripod task (from 2.7 to 5.6mm). After training of using power grip and pinch grip repeatedly, the maximum pupil diameter decreased from 5.6 to 3.3mm. The number of eye fixations on the I-limb ultra (295 fixations) were also higher than on the conventional myo-hand (139 fixations). Smaller shoulder abduction and elbow flexion were observed in the use of I-limb ultra (16.6°, 36.1°) than in the use of conventional myo hand (57°, 52.7°).

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Although it is cognitively demanding to learn to use a multi-function hand, it is possible to decrease this demand with adequate prosthetic training. Our results suggest that using a multi-function hand enables reduction of body compensatory movement, however at the cost of a higher cognitive load. Further research with more prosthesis users and other multi-function hands is needed to confirm the study findings.

    REFERENCES [1] van der Wel P, van Steenbergen H. Psychon Bull Rev 2018; 25(6):2005-15.

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: This project was supported financially by Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation, Promobilia Foundation and Örebro University.

  • Krishna, Sai
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Estimating Optimal Placement for a Robot in Social Group Interaction2019In: IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication (ROMAN), IEEE, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a model to propose anoptimal placement for a robot in a social group interaction. Ourmodel estimates the O-space according to the F-formation theory. The method automatically calculates a suitable placementfor the robot. An evaluation of the method has been performedby conducting an experiment where participants stand in differ-ent formations and a robot is teleoperated to join the group. Inone condition, the operator positions the robot according to thespecified location given by our algorithm. In another condition,operators have the freedom to position the robot according totheir personal choice. Follow-up questionnaires were performedto determine which of the placements were preferred by theparticipants. The results indicate that the proposed methodfor automatic placement of the robot is supported from theparticipants. The contribution of this work resides in a novelmethod to automatically estimate the best placement of therobot, as well as the results from user experiments to verify thequality of this method. These results suggest that teleoperatedrobots such as mobile robot telepresence systems could benefitfrom tools that assist operators in placing the robot in groupsin a socially accepted manner.

  • Volgsten, Ulrik
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    The Feeling of Music: Affect, Attunement, and Resonance2019In: Music, Speech, and Mind / [ed] Antenor Ferreira Correa, Associação Brasileira de Cognição e Artes Musicais - ABCM , 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Perspectives on Public Sector Outsourcing: Quasi-markets and Prices2019In: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 343-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector outsourcing, in the form of private production of tax-financed services, is on the increase with economic and social consequences for consumers, taxpayers, and employees. The development has given rise to so-called quasi-markets with choice and competition between public, for-profit, and non-profit providers. By introducing the main characteristics of quasi-markets with a focus on prices, this article provides background perspectives. It sets the stage for the other six articles on public sector outsourcing in this special issue of the journal.

  • Schindler, Maike
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Lilienthal, Achim J.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Students' Creative Process in Mathematics: Insights from Eye-Tracking-Stimulated Recall Interview on Students' Work on Multiple Solution Tasks2019In: International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, ISSN 1571-0068, E-ISSN 1573-1774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students' creative process in mathematics is increasingly gaining significance in mathematics education research. Researchers often use Multiple Solution Tasks (MSTs) to foster and evaluate students' mathematical creativity. Yet, research so far predominantly had a product-view and focused on solutions rather than the process leading to creative insights. The question remains unclear how students' process solving MSTs looks like-and if existing models to describe (creative) problem solving can capture this process adequately. This article presents an explorative, qualitative case study, which investigates the creative process of a school student, David. Using eye-tracking technology and a stimulated recall interview, we trace David's creative process. Our findings indicate what phases his creative process in the MST involves, how new ideas emerge, and in particular where illumination is situated in this process. Our case study illustrates that neither existing models on the creative process, nor on problem solving capture David's creative process fully, indicating the need to partially rethink students' creative process in MSTs.

  • Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Hanken School of Economics, Finland; University of Huddersfield, UK.
    IPSP: Social progress, some gendered reflections2019In: Global Dialogue, ISSN 2519-8696, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Glatz, Terese
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lippold, Melissa
    School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
    Jensen, Todd
    School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
    Fosco, Greg
    Human Development and Family Studies and The Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA.
    Feinberg, Mark
    College of Health and Human Development and The Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA.
    Hostile interactions in the family: Patterns and links to youth externalizing problems2019In: Journal of Early Adolescence, ISSN 0272-4316, E-ISSN 1552-5449, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 56-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In line with family systems theory, we examined patterns of hostile interactions within families and their associations with externalizing problems among early-adolescent children. Using hostility scores based on observational data of six dyadic interactions during a triadic interaction (n = 462; i.e., child-to-mother, mother-to-child, child-to-father, father-to-child, mother-to-father, father-to-mother)—latent profile analysis supported three distinct profiles of hostility. The low/moderate hostile profile included families with the lowest levels of hostility across dyads; families in the mutual parent-child hostileprofile scored higher on parent-child hostility, but lower on interparental hostility; the hostile parentprofile showed higher levels of parent-to-child and interparental hostility, but lower child-to-parent hostility. Concerning links to youth outcomes, youth in the mutual parent-child hostile profile reported the highest level of externalizing problems, both concurrently and longitudinally. These results point to the importance of examining larger family patterns of hostility to fully understand the association between family hostility and youth adjustment.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-28 10:00 Örebro universitet, Campus USÖ, hörsal C2, Örebro
    Ehn, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Life Strategies, Work and Health in People with Usher Syndrome2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: People with Usher syndrome (USH) have an inherited disorder causing congenital deafness or hearing loss combined with progressive vision loss and, in some cases, balance problems. Previous research has shown that people with USH have poor physical and psychological health. Research has, however, demonstrated that there are in-group health differences that have not yet been explored and that there is a lack of studies on life strategies as well as health in relation to working life.

    Aim: The aim was to explore the relationship between work and health in people with USH1 and 2 and to explore the experiences of life strategies in people with USH 2.

    Methods: A quantitative and a qualitative explorative design was employed comprising two cross-sectional studies of the relationship between work and health in people with USH2 (n=67) and USH1 (n=47). The third study, of life strategies, comprised focus group interviews with people with USH2a (n=14) analyzed by content analysis. The fourth study explored the lived experiences of working life by interviewing people with USH2 (n=7) using an interpretative phenomenological approach.

    Results: Study 1 and 2 demonstrated significant differences in health between working and nonworking people. Nonworking people showed significantly poorer health. In study 3, a variety of strategies to prevent and resolve challenges in life, as well as to comfort oneself was identified. The lived experiences of working life in people with USH2 (study 4) disclosed feelings of satisfaction, striving towards a work life balance. Work also disclosed feelings of limitations and uncertainty about the future.

    Conclusion: The results, which are discussed in relation to the Meikirsh model of health, demonstrated a complexity. Individual life strategies, psychological flexibility and environmental aspects, such as social determinants have to be considered to receive a comprehensive picture of the relationship between work and health in people with USH. This thesis provides new insights into the health of people with USH.

    List of papers
    1. The relationship between work and health in persons with Usher syndrome type 2
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between work and health in persons with Usher syndrome type 2
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, ISSN 0145-482X, E-ISSN 1559-1476, Vol. 110, no 4, p. 233-244Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Persons with deafblindness may have additional physical and psychological health problems. In this study we have focused on health from a work-life perspective in persons with Usher syndrome type 2 (USH2), a disorder with sensorineural hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between work and disability pension and physical and psychological health in persons with USH2.

    Methods: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Usher database. Eighty-four persons (aged 18 to 65 years) received a health-related questionnaire and 67 (36 women and 31 men) agreed to participate. The participants formed two groups (working group, n = 34; disability pension group, n = 33). A Swedish Health on Equal Terms questionnaire comprising questions on psychological and physical health, living conditions, work activity, and social relationships was used. A chi-square test of significance was used with a significance level of p < 0.05.

    Results: The two groups did not differ in terms of age, gender, degree of hearing loss, visual acuity, or visual field loss. The working group had statistically significant better health compared to the disability pension group in areas such as being overweight, handling problems, concentration, feeling unhappy, depressive symptoms, and feelings of worthlessness. Suicidal thoughts and attempts were significantly more common in the disability pension group.

    Discussion: Persons with USH2 generally reported very poor physical and psychological health, with significant differences between persons who were working and those who were not. This study highlights the need for early rehabilitation, vocational training, and opportunities to access the labor market. Implications for practitioners: It is important that persons with USH2 receive vocational support from an early age and that professionals in the field of rehabilitation always include work activity as a key element of interventions.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    New York, USA: American Foundation for the Blind, 2016
    National Category
    Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51754 (URN)000384897800003 ()
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council
    Note

    Funding Agency:

    Örebro University

    Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
    2. Health, work, social trust, and financial situation in persons with Usher syndrome type 1
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health, work, social trust, and financial situation in persons with Usher syndrome type 1
    Show others...
    2018 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 209-220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that persons with Usher syndrome type 1 (USH1) have significantly poorer physical and psychological health compared to a reference group.

    PURPOSE: To explore the relation between work, health, social trust, and financial situation in USH1 compared to a reference group.

    MATERIAL: Sixty-six persons (18-65 y) from the Swedish Usher database received a questionnaire and 47 were included, 23 working and 24 non-working. The reference group comprised 3,049 working and 198 non-working persons.

    METHODS: The Swedish Health on Equal Terms questionnaire was used and statistical analysis with multiple logistic regression was conducted.

    RESULTS: The USH1 non-work group had a higher Odds ratio (95% CI) in poor psychological and physical health, social trust, and financial situation compared to the USH1 work group and reference groups. Age, gender, hearing, and vision impairment did not explain the differences. The relation between the USH1 work and non-work groups showed the same pattern as the reference groups, but the magnitude of problems was significantly higher.

    CONCLUSIONS: Both disability and unemployment increased the risk of poor health, social trust and financial situation in persons with USH1, but having an employment seemed to counteract the risks related to disability.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    IOS Press, 2018
    Keywords
    Employment, working life, health, psychological health, dual sensory loss, deafblindness
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68163 (URN)10.3233/WOR-182731 (DOI)000436889900006 ()29865098 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049496022 (Scopus ID)
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council
    Note

    Funding Agency:

    Örebro University

    Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
    3. Life strategies of people with deafblindness due to Usher syndrome type 2a-a qualitative study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life strategies of people with deafblindness due to Usher syndrome type 2a-a qualitative study
    2019 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 1656790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore life strategies in people with Usher syndrome type 2a.

    Background: There are no studies on life strategies in people with Usher syndrome. People with deafblindness are often described in terms of poor health and low quality of life, or as being vulnerable. From a clinical point of view, it is of importance to balance this picture, with an increased knowledge of life strategies.

    Methods: The study had a qualitative explorative design. Fourteen people aged 20-64 years (4 women, 10 men) with USH2a in Sweden participated in focus group interviews, which were transcribed and analysed by qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The content analysis resulted in seven categories; remaining active, using devices, using support, sharing knowledge, appreciating the present, maintaining a positive image and alleviating emotional pain. Two sub-themes: resolve or prevent challenges and comforting oneself was abstracted forming a theme "being at the helm".

    Conclusion: The findings show that people with USH2a have a variety of life strategies that can be interpreted as highlighting different aspects of psychological flexibility in a life adjustment process. The study demonstrates that people with USH2a manage in many ways, and metaphorically, by "taking the helm", they strive to actively navigate towards their own chosen values.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2019
    Keywords
    Deafblindness, focus groups, life strategies, psychological flexibility, qualitative content analysis, Usher syndrome type 2
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76565 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2019.1656790 (DOI)000483845400001 ()31470768 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85071653423 (Scopus ID)
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council
    Note

    Funding Agency:

    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University

    Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
    4. Experiences of work and health in people with Usher Syndrome type 2 — a qualitative study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of work and health in people with Usher Syndrome type 2 — a qualitative study
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79756 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-02-04 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
  • Gidehag, Anton Nyrenström
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Understanding Firm Behavior: The Role of Recruitments and Institutional Reforms2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is firm behavior and how it is shaped by institutional changes and firms’ recruitment decisions.

    The first essay studies how the recruitment decisions made by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) affect their subsequent productivity development. Previous studies have shown that being able to recruit employees with complementary skills is associated with skill improvement among incumbent personnel, suggesting that new recruits promote productivity through knowledge spillovers. Using matched employer-employee data, we find that recruiting personnel from large multinational firms can be instrumental for the performance of SMEs.

    In the second essay, we evaluate the labor market effects of the 2007 Swedish youth payroll reform. This reform generated considerable labor cost savings for firms, related to their pre-reform number of young employees. We study the effects of these savings on firms’ subsequent employment growth and wage development. Our findings suggest that a total of 18,100 jobs were created over the period 2006-2008 and that the savings were partially used to increase the total wages for incumbent employees.

    The third essay utilizes the 2007 Swedish youth payroll reform to analyze whether general labor cost reductions enhance labor market opportunities for non-western immigrants. In contrast to targeted and time-limited wage subsidies for immigrants, which have frequently been used in the past, these savings were not tied to a specific group or to a certain time period. A strong and positive link between the amount of firms’ labor cost savings and the employment of first-generation non-western immigrants is found.

    The fourth essay evaluates the efficiency of a staff register reform introduced within the Swedish restaurant and hairdresser industries in 2007. The aim of this reform was to prevent firms from deliberately understating their wage payments and, thereby, evading taxes. We estimate the effect of the staff register reform on wages per employee and find wage increases of 2.17-10.2 percent per incumbent employee at restaurant firms during the four years following the introduction of the reform. Through a revenue-cost comparison, we compare the estimated gain in tax revenues to the total costs borne by firms and the tax authority. Our findings imply that the total costs exceed the tax revenues, suggesting that this reform is unlikely to be economically justified.

    List of papers
    1. Recruiting for Small Business Growth: Micro-Level Evidence
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recruiting for Small Business Growth: Micro-Level Evidence
    2017 (English)In: International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2009-2822, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 151-174, article id 1554Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the link between new employees in leading positions and subsequent productivity in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Managers and professionals are likely to possess important tacit knowledge. They are also in a position to influence the employing firm. Exploiting rich and comprehensive panel data for Sweden in the 2001-2010 period and employing semi-parametric and quasi-experimental estimation techniques, we find that newly recruited professionals have a positive and statistically significant impact on the productivity of the hiring SME. For newly recruited managers there is no general link to the productivity of the hiring SME. We also find that professionals with experience from international firms and enterprise groups contribute the most to total factor productivity. Overall, the findings suggest the importance of mobility of key personnel for productivity-enhancing knowledge spillovers to SMEs.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Senate Hall Ltd, 2017
    Keywords
    recruitment, knowledge spillovers, firm growth, productivity, SME
    National Category
    Business Administration
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59316 (URN)000406063300002 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies:

    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis  

    Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Research Foundation  

    Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
    2. How do firms respond to reduced labor costs? Evidence from the 2007 Swedish payroll tax reform
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>How do firms respond to reduced labor costs? Evidence from the 2007 Swedish payroll tax reform
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Business Administration
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79273 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
    3. Firms’ labor cost savings and recruitment of non-western immigrants: The unintended effect of a payroll tax reform
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firms’ labor cost savings and recruitment of non-western immigrants: The unintended effect of a payroll tax reform
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Business Administration
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79274 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
    4. Compulsory staff registers as a way of increasing firms’ wage reporting: A revenue-cost analysis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Compulsory staff registers as a way of increasing firms’ wage reporting: A revenue-cost analysis
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Business Administration
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79275 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
  • Joelson, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    High-grade spondylolisthesis in young patients: Long-term results of in situ fusion2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this long-term follow-up of 38 of 40 consecutive patients was to evaluate the results of uninstrumented in situ fusion for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis three decades after surgery. The mean age at surgery was 14 (range 9-24) years. The first of four studies evaluated clinical outcome, function, work status, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after in situ fusion in relation to age-matched Swedish population data. The second study evaluated effects on sagittal balance after in situ fusion. The third study evaluated adjacent segment disk degeneration after in situ fusion. The fourth study evaluated self-imageand HRQoL after in situ fusion in relation to healthy controls.

    The main findings were that (1) young patients fused in situ for highgrade isthmic spondylolisthesis have long-term HRQoL similar to the general Swedish population and controls matched for age and gender, (2) signs of non-compensated sagittal imbalance were observed only ina few individuals whereas compensated sagittal balance was the norm, (3) there was no correlation between any radiographic sagittal balance parameter and HRQoL outcome, (4) there was only a minor reduction inadjacent segment disk height which had no impact on HRQoL outcome, and (5) the only patient reported outcome measure indicating a detrimental effect at long-term follow-up was self-assessed trunk appearance which was slightly negatively affected.

    List of papers
    1. Normal Health-Related Quality of Life and Ability to Work Twenty-nine Years After in Situ Arthrodesis for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Normal Health-Related Quality of Life and Ability to Work Twenty-nine Years After in Situ Arthrodesis for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    2014 (English)In: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 96, no 12, article id e100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this mixed prospective and retrospective case series was to evaluate the long-term health-related quality of life and physical disability after in situ arthrodesis for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

    METHODS: Thirty-five of forty consecutive patients who had in situ spinal arthrodesis for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis at a mean age of fifteen years (range, nine to twenty-five years) completed validated questionnaires (Short Form-36 [SF-36], EuroQol-5 Dimensions [EQ-5D], Zung depression scale, Oswestry disability index [ODI], Million score, and back and leg pain visual analog scale [VAS]) and underwent physical examination twenty-nine years (range, twenty-three to thirty-five years) after surgery. The mean age at the time of follow-up was forty-three years (range, thirty-seven to fifty-one years). In the absence of a formal control group, the scores on the SF-36 and EQ-5D were compared with Swedish normative data. The proportion of patients at work was compared with an age-matched control group derived from official statistics of Sweden. The Million score at the long-term follow-up was compared with the corresponding results at the mid-term follow-up of the same patients at a mean age of twenty-two years.

    RESULTS: The scores on the SF-36 and EQ-5D were similar to the scores of the general Swedish population. The mean Zung depression scale score was 30 (range, 20 to 52), the mean ODI score was 10 (range, 0 to 34), the mean back pain VAS score was 13 (range, 0 to 72), and the mean leg pain VAS score was 9 (range, 0 to 60). The Million score averaged 28 (range, 0 to 109) and was slightly worsened compared with the score of 19 (range, 0 to 94) at the mid-term follow-up (p = 0.034). The proportion of patients at work was the same as that for the age-matched general Swedish population.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows good outcomes in health-related quality of life, disability, pain, and ability to work at up to twenty-nine years after in situ lumbar spine arthrodesis for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Stanford University Press, 2014
    National Category
    Orthopaedics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71914 (URN)10.2106/JBJS.M.00064 (DOI)000343798400003 ()24951743 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84903448099 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
    2. Sagittal Balance and Health-Related Quality of Life Three Decades After in Situ Arthrodesis for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sagittal Balance and Health-Related Quality of Life Three Decades After in Situ Arthrodesis for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
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    2018 (English)In: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 100, no 16, p. 1357-1365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: This case series of consecutive patients evaluated sagittal balance and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 3 decades after in situ arthrodesis for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

    METHODS: Global sagittal balance, pelvic parameters, and compensatory mechanisms were evaluated on standing lateral radiographs of the spine and pelvis for 28 of 39 consecutive patients, 28 to 41 years after in situ arthrodesis for high-grade L5 to S1 spondylolisthesis. The mean age at surgery was 14 years (range, 9 to 24 years), and the mean age at the time of follow-up was 48 years (range, 39 to 59 years). A subset of the radiographic parameters was compared with the corresponding data from an 8-year follow-up examination of the same patients. HRQoL was evaluated with the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22r questionnaire.

    RESULTS: We found that 3 of the 28 patients had a global sagittal imbalance (T1 spinopelvic inclination of >0°). Signs of compensatory mechanisms, such as reduced thoracic kyphosis and pelvic retroversion, were frequent. There was a significant decrease in sacral slope compared with 8-year follow-up data (p = 0.01). The median SRS-22r subscore was on the same level as Swedish normative data. We found no association between radiographic parameters and SRS-22r outcome.

    CONCLUSIONS: Three decades after in situ arthrodesis for high-grade spondylolisthesis, radiographic signs of noncompensated sagittal imbalance were observed in only a few individuals. The patients had normal SRS-22r scores. There was no association between any radiographic parameter and SRS-22r outcome. The findings are relevant in the controversial discussion on whether to perform a reduction procedure to treat high-grade spondylolisthesis.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Stanford University Press, 2018
    National Category
    Orthopaedics Surgery
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68504 (URN)10.2106/JBJS.17.01415 (DOI)000441556200006 ()30106816 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85056496721 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
    3. Adjacent Segment Disk Degeneration Three Decades After Fusion Without Attempted Reduction for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adjacent Segment Disk Degeneration Three Decades After Fusion Without Attempted Reduction for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Show others...
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Orthopaedics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79184 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-20Bibliographically approved
    4. Self-Image and Health-Related Quality of Life Three Decades After Fusion In Situ for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-Image and Health-Related Quality of Life Three Decades After Fusion In Situ for High-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    Show others...
    2019 (English)In: Spine deformity, ISSN 2212-134X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 293-297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    STUDY DESIGN: Observational study.

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate self-image after in situ fusion for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Certain clinical findings such as short trunk or waistline skin folds are often seen in high-grade spondylolisthesis. Since treatment with spinal fusion in situ does not address appearance, self-image and also health-related quality of life might be negatively affected in the short-term as well as the long-term perspective. This observational study evaluated health-related quality of life outcome including self-image three decades after in situ fusion for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis in relation to healthy controls.

    METHODS: Thirty-eight of 39 consecutive patients, fused in situ for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis at a young age, completed the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22r questionnaire 28-41 years after surgery. The results were compared with the results of an age- and gender-matched control group.

    RESULTS: We found that the SRS-22r self-image domain scores were statistically significantly lower in patients than in controls whereas the pain and mental health scores were similar in patients and controls. Also, the SRS-22r function domain scores were statistically significantly lower in patients but the difference in means was small. We found no correlation between severity of slip and SRS-22r outcome.

    CONCLUSIONS: In situ fusion for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis is a safe treatment option in the long term from a function and pain perspective, but the results of our study suggest that self-image is negatively affected long into adult life.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2019
    Keywords
    Fusion in situ, Health-related quality of life, SRS-22r, Self-image, Spondylolisthesis
    National Category
    Orthopaedics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71913 (URN)10.1016/j.jspd.2018.08.012 (DOI)30660224 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054010418 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
  • Lakew, Yuliya
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Matters of Public Connection: The role of mediated and interpersonal communication in young people's environmental engagement2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What lies at the heart of environmental identity is the recognition of our interconnection with other people, living and not yet born, as well as nonhumans. To develop this sense of belonging, one needs to sustain public connection—a basic orientation to the public world where matters of shared concern are addressed. This connection is best sustained through communication— interpersonal and through media. The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the role that public connection, interpersonal and mediated, plays in young people’s everyday environmental engagement. This dissertation addresses the task by focusing on how this role varies among adolescents of different ages, genders, and existing environmental attitudes and how it changes over time. Drawing on Bruno Latour’s notion of “matters of concern” and Steven Vogel’s environmental philosophy, this inquiry challenges the common understanding of environmental awareness as an “extremely scientific view of the world,” expands the role of the media and interpersonal communication beyond the dissemination of scientific and ecological information and its effects on people, and taps into communication’s potential to sustain public connection. To provide a more integrated and dynamic perspective on adolescents’ communication flows, I employ longitudinal quantitative data and draw heavily on a toolbox of person-oriented methods. Methodologically, the main focus lies in identifying types of young people who function in a similar way and comparing how the relationship between public connection and environmental engagement unfolds for these different types of individuals. This dissertation consists of three empirical studies. The findings suggest that the more strongly connected to the public world young people are, the more engaged they are with environmental issues. Both interpersonal discussions and news media use assist in strengthening engaged adolescents’ belief that their contribution matters for tackling climate change. However, environmentally aware youth may project their own beliefs onto other people rather than being influenced by others’ beliefs. Disengaged youth do not sustain public connection, whether through conversation or through media. The role of mediated public connection varies among adolescents. Media may not be the most important channel for environmentally engaged youth to sustain their orientation to the public realm. This is indicated by the deep gender divide, in which girls are more concerned about the environment but consume significantly less news than boys. While news consumption does not seem to contribute to environmental disengagement, its relevance to pro-environmental practices weakens as teenagers mature. Early adolescence may be a critical window of opportunity to instill values of connectivity and form everyday habits that can help us achieve a more sustainable future.

    List of papers
    1. The Elusiveness of Communicative Influence: How the Key Socializers Influence Adolescents’ Environmental Engagement
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Elusiveness of Communicative Influence: How the Key Socializers Influence Adolescents’ Environmental Engagement
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78906 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
    2. Young, sceptical, and environmentally (dis)engaged: do news habits make a difference?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young, sceptical, and environmentally (dis)engaged: do news habits make a difference?
    2019 (English)In: JCOM - Journal of Science Communication, ISSN 1824-2049, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 18, no 4, article id A06Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that news consumption plays a positive role in youths' environmental engagement. This article examines if this also holds true for sceptics by comparing Swedish climate change sceptics with non-sceptical youngsters in their early and late adolescence. We conceptualise news consumption as foci of public connection and orientation rather than a source of environmental information. The results show that in their early teens, heavy news consumers among both sceptics and non-sceptics are indeed more engaged with environmental issues than their less news-oriented peers. However, in late adolescence, sceptics among news consumers show very little environmental engagement.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sissa Medialab srl, 2019
    Keywords
    Environmental communication, Science and media
    National Category
    Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76450 (URN)10.22323/2.18040206 (DOI)000482887300006 ()
    Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
    3. The gendered nature of adolescents’ environmental engagement: the role of interpersonal and mediated communication
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The gendered nature of adolescents’ environmental engagement: the role of interpersonal and mediated communication
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78907 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
    4. Statistical Tales: Bringing in Reflexivity to Make Sense of Quantitative Data
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statistical Tales: Bringing in Reflexivity to Make Sense of Quantitative Data
    2017 (English)In: Present Scenarios of Media Production and Engagement / [ed] S. Tosoni, N. Carpentier, M. F. Murru, R. Kilborn, L. Kramp, R. Kunelius, A. McNicholas, T. Olsson, & P. Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Bremen: edition lumière , 2017, p. 225-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflexivity has long become part of qualitative researcher’s arsenal for validity and credibility claims. However, very few quantitative researchers take the time to look back at their research process and ponder over the cost of deriving knowledge from statistical models – what has been omitted, polished, ignored or not taken into account. In this chapter I will try to bring reflexivity into my own quantitative research of young people’s environmental behavior by reflecting over what knowledge I have produced so far and why. Having worked with five waves of longitudinal data for two different age cohorts, I lived through several ‘existential’ crises failing to comprehend the stories that the data was telling me and failing to ‘impose’ my theoretical stories on it. It has challenged me to unravel conventions and granted assumptions of media studies as a discipline, reflect upon data’s temporal and spatial components, the subjective position of the researcher, the limits and the meaningfulness of generalizations, and the role of interpretations in statistical analysis. My personal research journey serves as a helpful background for a discussion of difficulties working with longitudinal quantitative data.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Bremen: edition lumière, 2017
    Series
    Researching and Teaching Communication Book Series, ISSN 1736-3918, E-ISSN 1736-4752 ; 12
    Keywords
    Reflexivity, Quantitative Methods, Statistics, Positivism
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78905 (URN)978-3-943245-72-1 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
  • Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Särnstedt Gramnaes, Emmie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Enelo, Jan-Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Heder och samhälle: Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck är ett allvarligt problem som drabbar individer på

    ett flertal sätt. I den här boken beskrivs det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets

    omfattning och karaktär samt hur hjälpinsatser ges och tas emot. Problematikens samhälleliga

    grogrund förstås och förklaras genom begreppen inneslutning och mobilitet.

    De två begreppen fångar det faktum att våldsutövning ökar i grupper där samspelet

    med andra grupper är lågt, medan social, ekonomisk och politisk mobilitet urholkar

    våldsnormerna och minskar våldet.

    Boken bygger på erfarenheter av utsatthet både hos unga och vuxna samt på professionellas

    erfarenheter av att möta och hjälpa utsatta. De utsatta är mellan 15 och 68 år

    gamla och lever i olika ojämlikhetssituationer. De professionella jobbar inom kvinnooch

    tjejjourer, skyddade boenden, större civilsamhällesorganisationer, föreningar,

    polis, skolhälsa, socialtjänst och ungdomsmottagningar. De är bland annat advokater,

    barnmorskor, fritidsledare, kuratorer, poliser, socialsekreterare och engagerade medmänniskor

    som verkar i Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö.

    Boken är resultatet av den hittills mest omfattande studien av hedersrelaterat våld

    och förtryck i Sverige där 235 individer har intervjuats och 6002 besvarat en enkät.

    Bredden och djupet av kunskapsinhämtningen gör studien unik inom forskningsområdet.

    Därmed erbjuder den ett underlag för det offentligas och civilsamhällets arbete

    med hedersrelaterad problematik.

    Sammantaget visar studien att hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck är ett allvarligt problem

    och att samhället, bland annat genom socialpolitiken, bör ta ett förnyat ansvar

    på flera nivåer både akut och långsiktigt

  • Stål, Herman
    et al.
    Economics and Statistics, Umeå School of Business, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Babri, Maira
    Economics and Statistics, Umeå School of Business, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Educational interventions for sustainable innovation in small and medium sized enterprises2020In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 243, article id 118554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability innovation research suggests that when the managers of small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs) perceive sustainability as strategic, they undertake sustainable innovation. Educationalinterventions are, in turn, suggested to foster such views among these managers. But in the interactionbetween educators and managers, power matters for how knowledge is conveyed and educational interventionsare understudied, especially when they are university-led. This article examines how actors’power affects the translation of knowledge between educators and SME managers. A conceptualframework combining translation and power-dependency theory is introduced and applied to the casestudy of a University-led competence development program offered to construction company managersin Sweden. The analysis reveals how imbalanced dependencies and power within interactions accumulatedover time and came to interfere with the program’s learning objectives. The study contributespractically by suggesting how mutual goals, time management, and relationship building can create abetter context for educator-SME interactions and SME sustainability. The scientific contribution lies inintroducing a new perspective on educational interventions for SMEs and providing a conceptualframework for future studies thereof.

  • Lebedinski, Ester
    Dapartment of Musicology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    "Obtained by peculiar favour, & much difficulty of the singer": Vincenzo Albrici and the Function of Charles II’s Italian Ensemble at the English Restoration Court2018In: Journal of the Royal Musical Association, ISSN 0269-0403, E-ISSN 1471-6933, Vol. 143, no 2, p. 325-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the function of Vincenzo Albrici and Charles II's Italian ensemble at the English Restoration court. The article cites newly discovered archival evidence to suggest that Albrici arrived at the English court in 1664 to become the leader of an exclusive ensemble performing Italian chamber music. The employment of the Italian ensemble imitated Mazarin's patronage of Italian music at the French court, arguably to rehabilitate the recently restored Stuart dynasty in the eyes of Continental courts. The article suggests that the ensemble performed chamber music privately at court, and also occasionally appeared in the queen's Catholic chapel after 1666. The recruitment of Albrici and the Italian ensemble shows that the English court participated in Continental musical fashions after the Restoration, and illustrates the complex webs of cultural exchange in mid-seventeenth-century Europe.

  • Lindvall-Östling, Mattias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    Steinvall, Anders
    Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    “Oh It Was a Woman! Had I Known I Would Have Reacted Otherwise!”: Developing Digital Methods to Switch Identity-Related Properties in Order to Reveal Linguistic Stereotyping2019In: Virtual Sites as Learning Spaces: Critical Issues on Languaging Research in Changing Eduscapes / [ed] Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta, Giulia Messina Dahlberg and Ylva Lindberg, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 1, p. 207-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes the methodological processes involved in the project Raising Awareness using Virtual Experiencing (RAVE), funded by the Swedish Research council. The aim of the project is to develop experiential pedagogic approaches aimed at raising sociolinguistic language awareness about stereotyping and language. A key feature of the method consists of updated matched-guise techniques, whereby the same recording is digitally manipulated to alter the voice quality of a speaker to sound “male” or “female”, for example. These versions of the recording are then used as input stimuli for a response phase aimed at illustrating how we as listeners react differently to a person, and what is being said, depending on the perceived identity of the speaker. This chapter then illustrates how results are used as a starting point for discussions with respondents (student groups) on issues related to stereotyping and language, with the aim to raise awareness and self-reflection.

  • Hoang, Dinh-Cuong
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stoyanov, Todor
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Lilienthal, Achim J.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Object-RPE: Dense 3D Reconstruction and Pose Estimation with Convolutional Neural Networks for Warehouse Robots2019In: 2019 European Conference on Mobile Robots, ECMR 2019: Proceedings, IEEE, 2019, article id 152970Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a system for accurate 3D instance-aware semantic reconstruction and 6D pose estimation, using an RGB-D camera. Our framework couples convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and a state-of-the-art dense Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping (SLAM) system, ElasticFusion, to achieve both high-quality semantic reconstruction as well as robust 6D pose estimation for relevant objects. The method presented in this paper extends a high-quality instance-aware semantic 3D Mapping system from previous work [1] by adding a 6D object pose estimator. While the main trend in CNN-based 6D pose estimation has been to infer object's position and orientation from single views of the scene, our approach explores performing pose estimation from multiple viewpoints, under the conjecture that combining multiple predictions can improve the robustness of an object detection system. The resulting system is capable of producing high-quality object-aware semantic reconstructions of room-sized environments, as well as accurately detecting objects and their 6D poses. The developed method has been verified through experimental validation on the YCB-Video dataset and a newly collected warehouse object dataset. Experimental results confirmed that the proposed system achieves improvements over state-of-the-art methods in terms of surface reconstruction and object pose prediction. Our code and video are available at https://sites.google.com/view/object-rpe.

  • Du Rietz, Sabina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    En cirkulär ekonomi: företagsekonomiskt tänkande bortom den linjära värdekedjan2019In: Organisation & Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, E-ISSN 2002-0287, Vol. 2, p. 38-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Öppnar cirkulär ekonomi möjligheter för förnyat hållbarhetstänkande och produktivitet inom planetens gränser?

  • de Miranda, Luis
    The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Life Is Strange and “Games Are Made”: A Philosophical Interpretation of a Multiple-Choice Existential Simulator With Copilot Sartre2018In: Games and Culture: A Journal of Interactive Media, ISSN 1555-4120, E-ISSN 1555-4139, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 825-842Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multiple-choice video game Life is Strange was described by its French developers as a metaphor for the inner conflicts experienced by a teenager in trying to become an adult. In psychological work with adolescents, there is a stark similarity between what they experience and some concepts of existentialist philosophy. Sartre’s script for the movie Les Jeux Sont Faits (literally “games are made”) uses the same narrative strategy as Life is Strange—the capacity for the main characters to travel back in time to change their own existence—in order to stimulate philosophical, ethical, and political thinking and also to effectively simulate existential “limit situations.” This article is a dialogue between Sartre’s views and Life is Strange in order to examine to what extent questions such as what is freedom? what is choice? what is autonomy and responsibility? can be interpreted anew in hybrid digital–human—“anthrobotic”—environments.

  • de Miranda, Luis
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Chabal, Emile
    bHistory, The University of Edinburgh, UK.
    Big Data, Small Concepts: Histosophy as an Approach to Longue-Durée History2019In: Global l Intellectual History, ISSN 2380-1883Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, we sketch out a method, histosophy, which makes possible the study of intellectual history and conceptual genealogy both in depth and over long periods of time. Histosophy uses digital tools to survey ‘large issues within small compasses.’ A genealogy of signifiers, it considers metonymic parts of a problem in order to contribute precisely and coherently to a larger perspective. We outline the theoretical contours of our approach. We exemplify how it works in practice by looking at the signifier ‘esprit de corps’, the study of which is presented in detail in the histosophical book The Genealogy of Esprit de Corps(Edinburgh University Press, 2019). The phrase ‘esprit de corps’ has been widely used since the eighteenth century in different discourses (political, military, sociological, etc.), but it is sufficiently limited that its genealogy can be traced across centuries and nations with precision, coherence, clarity, and with the help of automated search engines. By contrast, related but bigger concepts like freedom, individualism or solidarity are part of dozens of disparate and fuzzy discourses, so often uttered that the analysis of modern uses is problematic. The histosophical methodology is applicable in six discrete stages, here outlined.

  • Karlsson-Tuula, Marie
    Handelshögskolan (from 2013), Karlstads universitet, Karlstad.
    Överskuldsättning för privatpersoner och företag2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Akademien för insolvensrätt på Handelshögskolan vid Karlstads universitet samlar kompetens från juridik, ekonomi och andra ämnen för att utveckla och stärka forskning, utbildning och samverkan kring ämnet insolvensrätt. Akademien för insolvensrätt har bildats för att öka fokus på insolvensrätt och förbättra förutsättningarna för tvärvetenskap mellan rättsvetenskap och företagsekonomi och andra ämnen.

     

    Akademien har inrättat en skriftserie som utkommer med två böcker om året med olika teman. Skriftseriens första bok har temat överskuldsättning. Många människor lever med skulder som de saknar förutsättningar att kunna betala tillbaka. Om fler kan få sina skulder sanerade innebär det en lättnad inte bara för de skuldsatta och deras familjer, utan även för borgenärerna och samhället i stort. Den 21–22 september 2017 hölls en två-dagars tvärvetenskaplig konferens om överskuldsättning där bl.a. ämnena juridik, ekonomi och socialt arbete medverkade. På konferensen behandlades flera teman; Konsumentskydd och kreditgivning i ett juridiskt perspektiv. Konsumentverkets arbete mot överskuldsättning. Kronofogdens förebyggande arbete med fokus på barn och unga. Överskuldsättning och jämlikhet i ett ekonomiskt perspektiv. Företagsrekonstruktion och lagarna om skuldsanering för privatpersoner och företagare samt avslutningsvis Skuldsatt och skamsen i ett socialt perspektiv. Boken består av två delar. I den första delen återfinns de föredrag som hölls på konferensen med därtill hörande Power-Points. Den andra delen är en antologi med artiklar om skuldsanering och företagsrekonstruktion som tidigare har publicerats i Insolvensrättslig Tidskrift.

  • Husu, Liisa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gender equality in Nordic academia: advances and challenges2019In: RODNA RAVNOPRAVNOST U VISOKOM OBRAZOVANJU: Koncepti, prakse i izazovi / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović and Zorana Antonijević, Novi Sad, Serbia: Akademska knjiga , 2019, p. 63-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The five Nordic countries – Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden – are considered high achievers in global comparisons of overall gender equality of society (World Economic Forum, 2017a). Political will in the region to advance gender equality in academia is high. Gender equality promotion in higher education, academia, and research has been on the national policy agendas for four decades, since the late 1970s and early 1980s, through various national level interventions and measures, especially so in Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Gender equality is addressed in the university legislation in Norway and Sweden, and in Finland the Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination legislation especially gives educational institutions a duty to promote equality and prevent discrimination. Universities in Finland, Norway, and Sweden have for decades been legally obliged to engage in equality planning. These three countries also show the highest proportion of women on scientific boards in the European Union, approaching gender parity, and the highest proportion of women among university Vice-Chancellors in the EU. Despite this, unequal gendered structures in academic careers and gender segregation of disciplinary fields prevail. Taking the proportion of women among full professors as one indicator of gender equality in academia, the Nordic region does not excel in a European comparison, neither in the share of women in the professoriate, nor the pace of diminishing the gender gap among professors. This article interrogates the Nordic paradox of high overall gender equality in society, political will, and active policy regulation to advance gender equality in academia and science, on the one hand, and the unequal gendered structures in academic careers and inequalities in resource allocation, including research funding, on the other. Some differences and similarities between the five Nordic countries will be highlighted and discussed, along with historical developments, policy landscapes, and continuing resistances to advancement of gender equality, both within and outside academia.

  • Jonhed, Anna L
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Glatz, Terese
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Utsatthet för våld inom familjen2019In: Barns och ungas utsatthet / [ed] B. Johansson & Å. Källström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 21-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Andersson, Sören
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Folkhälsomyndigheten, Public Health Agency of Sweden.
    Strid, Åke
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    CHIMERIC MOMP ANTIGEN2015Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Andersson, Sören
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Folkhälsomyndigheten, Public Health Agency of Sweden.
    Strid, Åke
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Chimeric MOMP antigen2014Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The present invention regards polypeptides capable of eliciting an immunological response that is protective against Chlamydia trachomatis. The polypeptide comprises a first amino acid sequence which has at least 90% homology with the amino acid sequence according to SEQ ID NO: 1 and a second amino acid sequence which has at least 90% homology with the amino acid sequence according to SEQ ID NO: 2. Furthermore, production of these polypeptides and pharmaceutical compositions comprising them are also provided.

  • Eriksson, Leif A.
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Sirsjö, Allan
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Strid, Åke
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Tetrazole derivatives as cytochrome p450 inhibitors2019Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    According to the invention there is provided a compound of formula I, wherein Rand Rhave meanings given in the description, which compounds are useful in the treatment of skin disorders and other diseases.

  • Bäckström, Åsa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Routes and roots to knowing in Shaun White’s snowboarding road trip: A mycorrhizaic approach to multisensory emplaced learning in exergames2019In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 10, p. 251-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores learning during game-play of a snowboarding video game intrigued by questions raised in the wake of the increasing mediatisation and digitisation of learning. Correspondingly, we answer to calls for more suitable metaphors for learning to cater for the entangled learning processes that changes related to the increase of digital media may infer. Using a short term sensory ethnography approach, we elaborate on the idea of multisensory emplaced learning and propose an organic metaphor – mycorrhiza – to both methodology and learning. Mycorrhiza refers to a symbiotic relationship between fungi and roots of plants in its environment where fungi are the visible effects of the mycorrhiza. The metaphor provides a way to start to unpack sensory, visual and embodied aspects of learning in the complexities of the digital age. By elaborating on the mycorrhizaic concepts fungus, soil, growth, mycelia and symbiosis we show three interrelated ways of moving through this game: (i) a social and cultural route, (ii) a competitive route, and (iii) an experiential route. With help of the metaphor we discern the symbiotic relations between what appeared in our empirical material as visual and other human and non-human aspects of emplacement.

  • Volgsten, Ulrik
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Musikens medialisering och musikaliseringen av medier och vardagsliv i Sverige2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Musiken har genomgått en medialisering utan like de senaste hundra åren. Elektrifiering och digitalisering av musikmedierna har inneburit att musik kan höras så gott som överallt och när som helst. Vid sidan av medialisering introducerar föreliggande antologi begreppet musikalisering. Medan medialisering handlar om mediernas långsiktiga påverkan på vardagspraktiker och kommunikation, handlar musikalisering om förändringar i musikens roll. Förutom att vara en naturlig komponent i allt fler vardagssammanhang bidrar musik i allt högre grad till att strukturera och organisera uppfattningar om, erfarenheter av och förväntningar på den levda verkligheten.

  • Westberg, Gustav
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Klädsam autenticitet: Om det äkta som resurs och vara2019In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 11, no 7, p. 1-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln handlar om hur föreställningar om ursprungsfolk rekontextualiseras i kommersiella sammanhang. Konkret undersöks hur ett svenskt jeansmärke marknadsför sina jeans som ’autentiska’ och ’samiska’. Artikeln syftar till att utforska autenticitet som diskursiv praktik och att diskutera hur förledet sak- gör det möjligt att inkludera sakprosatexter och andra semiotiska material i analysen av autenticitet. Studien bygger på socialsemiotisk teori och tillämpar proveniens och affordans som analytiska begrepp. Analysen visar hur bl.a. flerspråkighet, ikonografi, tygvikt och materialval realiserar ’samisk’ autenticitet såväl som en kontextspecifik ’global’ jeansautenticitet. Genom att visa hur föreställningar om autenticitet omlokaliseras och återuppfinns, bidrar artikeln till förståelse för den semiotiska process då ursprungsfolk i allmänhet och samer i synnerhet omdefinieras som ekonomisk resurs inom den nya, globala ekonomin.

     

  • Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk- och skyddsfaktorer förnormbrytande beteende bland unga: Att använda teori och forskning i praktiken2019Report (Refereed)
  • Quennerstedt, Ann
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Language use in the teaching of human rights2019In: Cogent Education, E-ISSN 2331-186X, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1683932Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research seeks to increase the knowledge about the role of language in the teaching of human rights. The specific interest is to examine how language use extends and specifies the human rights learning situation. Drawing on John Dewey’s arguments for two main constituents of an educative language use—the extension of vocabulary and rendering it more precise, observational data from ongoing human rights teaching in six Swedish classes in Years 2–3, 5 and 8 are analysed. The findings show six focal points towards which the language use in the teaching extends the students’ vocabulary and generic understanding of human rights, and three objectives for an increased preciseness in students’ language. The paper highlights differences between the age groups concerning the focal points and precision objectives, and points out potentials and strengths in the observed teaching, as well as aspects of problematic character to consider further.

  • Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Organisering av ideellt arbete: En studie om hur det ideella arbetet organiseras i projektfinansierade av Arvsfonden 2016–20192019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Engagemang i oavlönat ideellt arbete är ett globalt fenomen som historiskt sett skiljer sig åt mellanländer, både när det gäller hur engagemanget ser ut och hur många som engagerar sig. Sverige harlänge haft en stark civil sektor, och tillgången på ideella har stor betydelse för många organisationersöverlevnad – såväl nationella som internationella. Samtidigt talas det ofta om att det har blivitsvårare och svårare att få tag på ideella, men är det verkligen så? I Sverige visar undersökningar att andelen som gör ideella insatser är stabil och att det till och med går att se positiva trender.

    Så varför är den allmänna uppfattningen att det är svårare att få tag på ideella? En möjlig förklaring kan vara den trend som syns i både den svenska och internationella forskningen, nämligen attmänniskor är ideella på ett annat sätt numera. Tidigare var människor ofta engagerade i sammaorganisation under en längre tid. Nu gör de snarare gör kortare inhopp som ideella, till exempel som volontär i flera insatser drivna av olika organisationer.

    Den här trenden kommer att påverka hur vi människor organiserar vårt samhälleliga engagemang iframtiden. När lika många vill göra ideella uppdrag men på ett annat sätt, behöver vi även ändraorganiseringen av det ideella arbetet – en förändring som redan har börjat.Därför har den här studien undersökt hur det ideella arbetet organiseras i projekt som har fåttpengar från Arvsfonden under perioden 2016 till 2019. Resultatet baseras på enkätsvar från 181 projekt, ansökningar och rapporteringar från 20 projekt samt besök hos och intervjuer med projektledning och ideella i 4 projekt.

    Studiens resultat visar att hur man definierar och benämner de ideella verkar ha betydelse för vilka som är de ideella i ett visst projekt. Vilka de ideella är verkar också ha att göra med hur man är ideell.

    Olika typer av ideellt arbete görs av olika människor, som har skilda motiv och verkar på olika arenor. Det ideella arbetet betyder därmed olika saker för olika organisationer och människor. De ideella personernas arbetsuppgifter i projekten är lika skilda och varierade som projekten i sig. Personernaär också engagerade i olika grad: vissa är endast med i enskilda punktinsatser, medan andra ”gör allt” i projektet. De ideella uppdragen kan göras i sociala organisationer och idrottsorganisationer inomden civila sektorn, men även som en del av någons ordinarie tjänst inom offentlig eller privat sektor.

    Dessa skillnader mellan ideella har betydelse för exempelvis vilken utbildning de behöver, vad deönskar för uppskattning och hur de bör rekryteras. Organisationer kan till exempel använda olika strategier för rekrytering beroende på vilka de vill rekrytera och vilka uppgifter de ideella ska utföra.Vilka de ideella är har också betydelse för hur det ideella arbetet bör organiseras.

    I den här rapporten diskuteras hur organiseringen av ideella påverkas av relationen mellan anställda och ideella i en organisation, olika typer av organisationer och olika former av ideella. I slutet avrapporten presenteras också en modell för hur ideellt arbete skulle kunna organiseras för att bli merhållbart. Modellen innebär i korthet att projekt eller organisationer samverkar i organiseringen av ideellt arbete.

    Hur projekt organiserar ideellt arbete har stor betydelse för vilka spår projekten lämnar hos olika målgrupper, däribland de ideella själva. Det påverkar också projektens överlevnad. Arvsfonden kanhjälpa organisationer att planera sitt arbete genom att efterfråga tydligare beskrivningar och tankarom organiseringen av ideellt arbete. Det kan i sin tur öka möjligheterna för projekten att överleva även efter projekttidens slut.

  • Hort, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Skrivprocesser på högskolan: Text, plats och materialitet i uppsatsskrivandet2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how students in a higher education context handle the writing of their final essay. Applying a sociomaterial approach, the study offers comprehensive case studies of students’ writing processes. The thesis attempts to show how student writers handle writing challenges through different technologies and at different places. It does so by implementing the Mobile Technologies Process Logs (MTPL)-method, wherein participating students take an active role to create and gather data on their own writing processes.

    The results show that some students’ textual work could be described in terms of being comprehensive, and hence handled through varied writing technologies at various writing places. These students write a lot of texts to move the writing process forward. Other writers take a more product-oriented view in their writing, and hence write through fewer technologies, at a few places, and with a wish to finish their final text product directly. Many of the students make explicit how they process the literature through writing texts. The knowledge production, the analysis, which is central to academic writing, seems however more implicit and difficult for the students to handle, specifically if having a product oriented view on writing. The results also show how students mobilize different textual actions to meet challenges that writing an (digital) essay implies. This work is clearly emplaced ,at diverse or at more homogenous writing places.

    It is significant to make textual strategies as well as the functions of writing technologies and place visible to all students. It seems vital at times where higher education, as well as the students entering this institution, are put in front of a raft of (new) challenges. At the same time as the idea of the bad student writer is prevailing, higher education institutions seem not to teach how an academic writing process could be managed in successful ways. This thesis contributes to this field of inquiry with results on how students’ writing processes can be characterized.

  • Hargrove, Andrew
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Stony Brook University, USA.
    Qandeel, Mais
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sommer, Jamie M.
    Department of Sociology, University of South Florida, USA.
    Global governance for climate justice: A cross-national analysis of CO2 emissions2019In: Global Transitions, ISSN 2589-7918, Vol. 1, p. 190-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable energy transitions are key to achieving climate justice for all. Carbon dioxide emissions’(CO2) unequal distribution globally is one of the many issues preventing climate justice. Efforts to reduceglobal CO2impacts are vital for environmental justice efforts and a future free from climate change is-sues. Researchers have long been interested in how the rise of global governance initiatives, such asmultilateral treaties, impact environmental outcomes across the world. However, little is known abouthow global governance concerning energy usage and technologies impacts CO2emissions across theworld. Using two-wayfixed effects regression analysis from 1996 to 2011, we test how 24 multilateralenvironmental treaties with an energy focus impact CO2emissions per capita, CO2emissions as a per-centage of gross domestic product, and total CO2emissions for 162 nations. The multilateral energytreaties were collected from Ecolex. This analysis assesses how the legitimacy of global contracts mayimpact actual decreases in CO2emissions, resulting in climate justice outcomes. Additionally, thisanalysis considers how factors of institutional state governance, including control of corruption, rule oflaw, political stability, government effectiveness, and regulatory quality moderate the impact of multi-lateral energy environmental treaties and CO2emissions. Wefind that stocks of environmental treatyratification are associated with decreases in all three types of CO2emissions. Renewable energy con-sumption, GDP per capita, and urban and total population are associated with increased CO2 emissions.We alsofind some support for the idea that treaties are associated with larger decreases in emissions innations with higher levels of state governance. Understanding how state accountability, transparency,and legitimacy factor into the effectiveness of multilateral environmental treaties on reducing CO2emissions is essential to combating climate change issues.