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  • Pitti, Ilaria
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Being women in a male preserve: an ethnography of female football ultras2018In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks at the characteristics of contemporary sports audiences from the perspective of gender, focusing on the phenomenon of female ultras or ‘professional’ football fans. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in an Italian football ultrasgroup composed of male and female fans, this paper offers an analysis of female participation in communities of organized supporters. In examining the role and position of women inside the considered group, the paper pays attention to their perception of the existing gender differences showing how female ultras explain inequalities on the basis of ‘natural’ and ‘innate’ differences and capacities between men and women. Existing patterns of male dominance are supported by female fans’ own discourses and performance of their gender identity in the ‘male preserve’. Rather than questioning male dominance and gender hierarchies, female supporters’ efforts appear aimed at being recognized as ultras ‘despite being women’.

  • Westerlund, Bo
    et al.
    Industrial Design, University of Arts, Crafts and Design, Stockholm.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    Industrial Design, University of Arts, Crafts and Design, Stockholm.
    Design beyond service and product - Educating for new vistas of design education: Final report2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Konstfack has had financing from KK-stiftelsen (The Knowledge Foundation) for two years to address emerging design challenges in the increasingly complex contexts that design is engaging with. Examples are healthcare, design for sustainable development, social innovation, service design. The objective has been to explore potential expansion and supplementary developments of the currently well-functioning specialisation Individual Study Plan in Design. This has been done in the project Design, beyond service and product – educating for new vistas of design professions. People from academia, consultancy, business and the public sector have been invited to workshops, seminars and symposia in order to learn from them regarding the current situation and anticipated needs. The project has also done study visits to design schools, organisations and businesses. The report presents reflections on design competencies and a few possible ways to proceed at Konstfack.

  • Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Invented communities and social vulnerability: The local post-disaster dynamics of extreme environmental events2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates post-disaster dynamics at the local level, in particular how local identity and social cohesion are affected after an extreme event. A particular case is investigated: the largest forest fire in modern Swedish history, which took place in 2014. The empirical material consists of interviews with forest professionals and organizations involved with the fire or the postfire work and a postal survey to all people directly affected by the wildfire. The analysis finds that the experience of the wildfire and its social interpretation led to the invention of a particular community identity, one that strengthened the self-understanding of the community. Thus, the post-disaster dynamics are pivotal for what social practices that emerge and what local identities are invented and thus may greatly affect the capacity of a community to handle extreme events.

  • Engman, Linnea
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Flink, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ter Kuile, Moniek
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    CBT group treatment for vulvovaginal pain with partner involvement: a single case experimental design pilot2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recurring pain in the vulvovaginal regional induced by touch or pressure is thought to be the most frequent cause of superficial dyspareunia in premenopausal women. Its prevalence is 7-15% in community samples and has a serious impact on couples sexual function, sexual satisfaction, general psychological well-being and overall quality of life.

    The last decade of research suggests that psychological factors, such as fear of pain, catastrophizing, and avoidance behavior may contribute to the maintenance and exacerbation of dyspareunia. Conventional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions aim at reducing pain, restoring sexual function and improving the romantic relationship by targeting the thoughts, emotions, behaviors and couple interactions associated with the experience of dyspareunia. Furthermore, given the interpersonal sexual context in which dyspareunia is most often triggered, relationship factors is an important area to address.

    Research Questions: The primary purpose is to evaluate whether a CBT group program with partner involvement improves pain during penetration in women with superficial dyspareunia. Secondary objectives are to evaluate women’s (and their partner’s) sexuality (sexual function & satisfaction), psychological adjustment (negative and positive penetration beliefs, pain coping behaviour) and relationship factors (relationship satisfaction). 

    Methods: The current study consists of a CBT group treatment program of 10 group sessions and 3 individual couple sessions distributed over a period of 6 months. The study will employ a single case experimental design with multiple baselines (N=6) where each individual represents a case and is randomized to a specific length of baseline. The primary and secondary outcomes will be measured weekly through both baseline and treatment phase to enable investigation of changes in outcome between the two phases. Additionally, secondary outcomes for both women and their partners are measured pre- and post-treatment. Single case experimental designs are recommended as a first step to investigate individual responses to psychological interventions as well as testing interventions as a pilot before implementing treatments in extensive RCT studies (Morley, 2017).

    Results: Data collection is in progress and will be completed early June 2018. The results of the study will be presented at the conference.

  • Nahar, Nour
    et al.
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Rahman, Aminur
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Ghosh, Sibdas
    School of Arts and Science, Iona College, New Rochelle, NY, USA.
    Nawani, Neelu
    Microbial Diversity Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Tathawade, Pune, India.
    Mandal, Abul
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Functional studies of AtACR2 gene putatively involved in accumulation, reduction and/or sequestration of arsenic species in plants2017In: Biologia (Bratislava), ISSN 0006-3088, E-ISSN 1336-9563, Vol. 72, no 5, p. 520-526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food-based exposure to arsenic is a human carcinogen and can severely impact human health resulting in many cancerous diseases and various neurological and vascular disorders. This project is a part of our attempts to develop new varieties of crops for avoiding arsenic contaminated foods. For this purpose, we have previously identified four key genes, and molecular functions of two of these, AtACR2 and AtPCSl, have been studied based on both in silico and in vivo experiments. In the present study, a T-DNA tagged mutant, (SALK-143282C with mutation in AtACR2 gene) of Arabidopsis thaliana was studied for further verification of the function of AtACR2 gene. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analyses revealed that this mutant exhibits a significantly reduced expression of the AtACR2 gene. When exposed to 100 μM of arsenate (AsV) for three weeks, the mutant plants accumulated arsenic approximately three times higher (778 μg/g d. wt.) than that observed in the control plants (235 μg/g d. wt.). In contrast, when the plants were exposed to 100 μM of arsenite (AsIII), no significant difference in arsenic accumulation was observed between the control and the mutant plants (535 μg/g d. wt. and 498 μg/g d. wt., respectively). Also, when arsenate and arsenite was measured separately either in shoots or roots, significant differences in accumulation of these substances were observed between the mutant and the control plants. These results suggest that AtACR2 gene is involved not only in accumulation of arsenic in plants, but also in conversion of arsenate to arsenite inside the plant cells. © 2017 Institute of Molecular Biology, Slovak Academy of Sciences.

  • Nawani, Neelu
    et al.
    Microbial Diversity Research Centre, Dr D Y Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Dr D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.
    Rahman, Aminur
    System Biology Research Centre, School of Biosciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Nahar, Noor
    System Biology Research Centre, School of Biosciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Saha, Anandakumar
    Department of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Kapadnis, Balasaheb
    Department of Microbiology, Savitribai Phule University of Pune, Pune, India.
    Mandal, Abul
    System Biology Research Centre, School of Biosciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Status of metal pollution in rivers flowing through urban settlements at Pune and its effect on resident microflora2016In: Biologia (Bratislava), ISSN 0006-3088, E-ISSN 1336-9563, Vol. 71, no 5, p. 494-507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study illustrates the sporadic distribution of metals in fluvial systems flowing from catchments to urban settlements. This is a detailed study prognosticating the deteriorating quality of rivers at specific locations due to metal pollution. Heavy metals like cadmium, lead, nickel and mercury are prominent in industrial sector. Contour plots derived using spatial and temporal data could determine the focal point of metal pollution and its gradation. Metal values recorded were cadmium 157 mg/L, lead 47 mg/L, nickel 61 mg/L and mercury 0.56 mg/L. Prokaryote diversity was less in polluted water and it harboured metal tolerant bacteria, which were isolated from these polluted sites. Actinomycetes like Streptomyces and several other bacteria like Stenotrophomonas and Pseudomonas isolated from the polluted river sites exhibited changes in morphology in presence of heavy metals. This stress response offered remedial measures as Streptomyces were effective in biosorption of cadmium, nickel and lead and Stenotrophomonas and Pseudomonas were effective in the bioaccumulation of lead and cadmium. The amount of 89 mg of lead and 106 mg of nickel could be adsorbed on one gram of Streptomyces biomass-based biosorbent. Such biological remedies can be further explored to remove metals from polluted sites and from metal contaminated industrial or waste waters.

  • Islam, Md Shofikul
    et al.
    University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh; Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
    Mohanto, Nayan Chandra
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Karim, Md Rezaul
    Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
    Aktar, Sharmin
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Hoque, Md Mominul
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Rahman, Atiqur
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Jahan, Momotaj
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Khatun, Rabeya
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Aziz, Abdul
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Abdus Salam, Kazi
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; National institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA.
    Saud, Zahangir Alam
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Hossain, Mostaque
    Kaliganj Upazila Health Complex, Gazipur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Rahman, Aminur
    Systems Biology Research Centre, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Mandal, Abul
    Systems Biology Research Centre, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Haque, Azizul
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.
    Miyataka, Hideki
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Japan.
    Himeno, Seiichiro
    Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Japan.
    Hossain, Khaled
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Elevated concentrations of serum matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 and their associations with circulating markers of cardiovascular diseases in chronic arsenic-exposed individuals2015In: Environmental health, ISSN 1476-069X, E-ISSN 1476-069X, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and cancers are the major causes of chronic arsenic exposure-related morbidity and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and −9 (MMP-9) are deeply involved in the pathogenesis of CVDs and cancers. This study has been designed to evaluate the interactions of arsenic exposure with serum MMP-2 and MMP-9 concentrations especially in relation to the circulating biomarkers of CVDs.

    Methods: A total of 373 human subjects, 265 from arsenic-endemic and 108 from non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. Arsenic concentrations in the specimens were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and serum MMPs were quantified by immunoassay kits.

    Results: Serum MMP-2 and MMP-9 concentrations in arsenic-endemic population were significantly (p < 0.001) higher than those in non-endemic population. Both MMPs showed significant positive interactions with drinking water (rs = 0.208, p < 0.001 for MMP-2; rs = 0.163, p <0.01 for MMP-9), hair (rs= 0.163, p < 0.01 for MMP-2; rs = 0.173, p < 0.01 for MMP-9) and nail (rs= 0.160, p < 0.01 for MMP-2; rs = 0.182, p < 0.001 for MMP-9) arsenic of the study subjects. MMP-2 concentrations were 1.02, 1.03 and 1.05 times, and MMP-9 concentrations were 1.03, 1.06 and 1.07 times greater for 1 unit increase in log-transformed water, hair and nail arsenic concentrations, respectively, after adjusting for covariates (age, sex, BMI, smoking habit and hypertension). Furthermore, both MMPs were increased dose-dependently when the study subjects were split into three (≤10, 10.1-50 and > 50 μg/L) groups based on the regulatory upper limit of water arsenic concentration set by WHO and Bangladesh Government. MMPs were also found to be significantly (p < 0.05) associated with each other. Finally, the concentrations of both MMPs were correlated with several circulating markers related to CVDs.

    Conclusions: This study showed the significant positive associations and dose–response relationships of arsenic exposure with serum MMP-2 and MMP-9 concentrations. This study also showed the interactions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 concentrations with the circulating markers of CVDs suggesting the MMP-2 and MMP-9 -mediated mechanism of arsenic-induced CVDs.

  • Rahman, Aminur
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Nahar, Noor
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Jass, Jana
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Olsson, Björn
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Mandal, Abul
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Complete genome sequence of Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA: a bacterium that accumulates arsenics2016In: Genome Announcements, ISSN 2169-8287, E-ISSN 2169-8287, Vol. 4, no 1, article id e00999-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here, we report the genomic sequence and genetic composition of an arsenic resistant bacterium Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA. Assembly of the sequencing reads revealed that the genome size is ~4.5 Mb encompassing ~80% of the chromosomal DNA.

  • Rahman, Aminur
    et al.
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Nahar, Noor
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Olsson, Björn
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Mandal, Abul
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA: a Chromium-Resistant Bacterium2016In: Genome Announcements, ISSN 2169-8287, E-ISSN 2169-8287, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00483-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously, we reported a chromium-resistant bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA, isolated from the landfills of tannery industries in Bangladesh. Here, we investigated its genetic composition using massively parallel sequencing and comparative analysis with other known Enterobacter genomes. Assembly of the sequencing reads revealed a genome of ~4.21 Mb in size.

  • Ali, Nurshad
    et al.
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Hoque, Ashraful
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Haque, Abedul
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Abdus Salam, Kazi
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Karim, Rezaul
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
    Rahman, Aminur
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Islam, Khairul
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Alam Saud, Zahangir
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Khalek, Abdul
    bDepartment of Statistics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Azim Akhand, Anwarul
    Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Dhaka University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Hossain, Mostaque
    Department of Medicine, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Mandal, Abul
    School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Karim, Rezaul
    Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
    Miyataka, Hideki
    Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima, Japan.
    Himeno, Seiichiro
    Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima, Japan.
    Hossain, Khaled
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Association between arsenic exposure and plasma cholinesterase activity: a population based study in Bangladesh2010In: Environmental health, ISSN 1476-069X, E-ISSN 1476-069X, Vol. 9, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Arsenic is a potent pollutant that has caused an environmental catastrophe in certain parts of the world including Bangladesh where millions of people are presently at risk due to drinking water contaminated by arsenic. Chronic arsenic exposure has been scientifically shown as a cause for liver damage, cancers, neurological disorders and several other ailments. The relationship between plasma cholinesterase (PChE) activity and arsenic exposure has not yet been clearly documented. However, decreased PChE activity has been found in patients suffering liver dysfunction, heart attack, cancer metastasis and neurotoxicity. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the PChE activity in individuals exposed to arsenic via drinking water in Bangladesh.

    Methods: A total of 141 Bangladeshi residents living in arsenic endemic areas with the mean arsenic exposure of 14.10 ± 3.27 years were selected as study subjects and split into tertile groups based on three water arsenic concentrations: low (< 129 μg/L), medium (130-264 μg/L) and high (> 265 μg/L). Study subjects were further sub-divided into two groups (≤50 μg/L and > 50 μg/L) based on the recommended upper limit of water arsenic concentration (50 μg/L) in Bangladesh. Blood samples were collected from the study subjects by venipuncture and arsenic concentrations in drinking water, hair and nail samples were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). PChE activity was assayed by spectrophotometer.

    Results: Arsenic concentrations in hair and nails were positively correlated with the arsenic levels in drinking water. Significant decreases in PChE activity were observed with increasing concentrations of arsenic in water, hair and nails. The average levels of PChE activity in low, medium and high arsenic exposure groups were also significantly different between each group. Lower levels of PChE activity were also observed in the > 50 μg/L group compared to the ≤50 μg/L group. Moreover, PChE activity was significantly decreased in the skin (+) symptoms group compared to those without (-).

    Conclusions: We found a significant inverse relationship between arsenic exposure and PChE activity in a human population in Bangladesh. This research demonstrates a novel exposure-response relationship between arsenic and PChE activity which may explain one of the biological mechanisms through which arsenic exerts its neuro-and hepatotoxicity in humans.

  • Rahman, Aminur
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Olsson, Björn
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Jass, Jana
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Nawani, Neelu
    Microbial Diversity Research Centre, Dr. D.Y. Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Tathawade, Pune, India.
    Ghosh, Sibdas
    School of Arts and Science, Iona College, New Rochelle, NY, USA.
    Mandal, Abul
    Systems Biology Research Center, School of Bioscience, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Genome Sequencing Revealed Chromium and Other Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in E. cloacae B2-Dha2017In: Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology, E-ISSN 1948-5948, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 191-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The previously described chromium resistant bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA, was isolated from leather manufacturing tannery landfill in Bangladesh. Here we report the entire genome sequence of this bacterium containing chromium and other heavy metal resistance genes. The genome size and the number of genes, determined by massive parallel sequencing and comparative analysis with other known Enterobacter genomes, are predicted to be 4.22 Mb and 3958, respectively. Nearly 160 of these genes were found to be involved in binding, transport, and catabolism of ions as well as efflux of inorganic and organic compounds. Specifically, the presence of two chromium resistance genes, chrR and chrA was verified by polymerase chain reaction. The outcome of this research highlights the significance of this bacterium in bioremediation of chromium and other toxic metals from the contaminated sources.

  • Banaee, Hadi
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Schaffernicht, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Data-Driven Conceptual Spaces: Creating Semantic Representations for Linguistic Descriptions of Numerical Data2018In: The journal of artificial intelligence research, ISSN 1076-9757, E-ISSN 1943-5037, Vol. 63, p. 691-742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing need to derive semantics from real-world observations to facilitate natural information sharing between machine and human. Conceptual spaces theory is a possible approach and has been proposed as mid-level representation between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, whereby concepts are represented in a geometrical space that is characterised by a number of quality dimensions. Currently, much of the work has demonstrated how conceptual spaces are created in a knowledge-driven manner, relying on prior knowledge to form concepts and identify quality dimensions. This paper presents a method to create semantic representations using data-driven conceptual spaces which are then used to derive linguistic descriptions of numerical data. Our contribution is a principled approach to automatically construct a conceptual space from a set of known observations wherein the quality dimensions and domains are not known a priori. This novelty of the approach is the ability to select and group semantic features to discriminate between concepts in a data-driven manner while preserving the semantic interpretation that is needed to infer linguistic descriptions for interaction with humans. Two data sets representing leaf images and time series signals are used to evaluate the method. An empirical evaluation for each case study assesses how well linguistic descriptions generated from the conceptual spaces identify unknown observations. Furthermore,  comparisons are made with descriptions derived on alternative approaches for generating semantic models.

  • Roderick, Noah
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    How to be a Realist about Similarity: Towards a Theory of Features in Object-Oriented Philosophy2018In: Open Philosophy, E-ISSN 2543-8875, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 327-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay calls for an independent theory of features in object-oriented philosophy. Theories offeatures are in general motivated by at least two interconnected demands: 1) to explain why objects have thecharacteristics they have, 2) to explain how regular divisions in those characteristics can be intuited. Whilea theory of universal properties may be the most internally consistent means of addressing these demands,an object-oriented metaphysics needs to address them without a concept of shared features. This meansthat regular divisions of invariant features and our intuitions of them cannot be explained by the repetitionof self-same characteristics or natural laws. They can instead be explained by the immanent repetition ofsimilar features. However, this requires a new, radically aesthetic understanding of what it means to besimilar in the first place, one in which similarity is an emergent process rather than a state of affairs existingbetween resembling particulars.

  • Tolgfors, Björn
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Transformative assessment in physical education2018In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on assessment processes in the school subject of physical education (PE). Inspired by Torrance, the overarching research question is: ‘What might assessment involve if it focuses on the development and identification of collective understanding, collaboratively produced through educational experiences?’ The purpose of the study is to illustrate what characterises transformative assessment and show how it can be addressed in PE practice. A combination of group interviews with teachers, lesson observations and individual interviews with students and teachers was used to gather the empirical material. The analysis was based on three aspects of transformative assessment: responsibilisation; subjectification; and collaboration. Three empirical illustrations show what transformative assessment might involve in relation to learning tasks such as: the training log; the group choreography; and the case of exercise physiology. The views presented in this article contribute to the knowledge about the field in the following ways. First, the illustrations show that the ‘whats’, ‘hows’, ‘whoms’ and ‘whys’ in the assessment practice are often negotiable, which prevents a simplified understanding of the four aspects of assessment literacy: comprehension; application; interpretation; and critical engagement. Second, the notion of transformative assessment could hinder a reductive use of assessment for learning and promote collaborative learning and social justice in today’s heterogeneous PE practices.

  • Larsson, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Öhman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Music improvisation as an aesthetic event: Towards a transactional approach to meaning-making2018In: European Journal of Philosophy in Arts Education, ISSN 2002-4665, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 121-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improvisation in general music education is still a somewhat underdeveloped practice. Moreover, attempts to justify its place in the curriculum have often focused solely on its (measurable) outcomes. In this article, we claim that a deeper understanding of students' meaning-making processes in experiences of improvisation is necessary in order to develop improvisation practice and research. The purpose of this article is to offer a music education perspective on improvisation based on John Dewey's transactional perspective on aesthetic experience and meaning-making. Related to this, we suggest and illustrate a Practical Epistemology Analysis (PEA) as a way of analysing meaning-making in music improvisation within general music education. The method of analysis is illustrated by vignettes from video analyses of music lessons in two Swedish schools with pupils aged 9-10 and their free improvisations. The vignettes show how PEA enables analyses of situated meaning-making in the progress of the pupils' improvisation activities. Further, the transactional perspective makes educational values of improvisation visible, such as musical and personal agency, and elucidates cognitive, embodied and ethical aspects of musical meaning-making.

  • Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Instruments to foster long-term paternal involvement in family work: Fostering paternal involvement, gender equality and caring masculinities2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses recent parenting policies – parental leave and formal childcare policies – in Sweden and Germany. It argues that parenting policies can support paternal involvement, gender equality and caring masculinities, although with some limitations. The paper recommends an increased focus of men as fathers, children's needs, and time in parenting policies.  

  • Liang, Yuli
    Statistiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    Contributions to Estimation and Testing Block Covariance Structures in Multivariate Normal Models2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns inference problems in balanced random effects models with a so-called block circular Toeplitz covariance structure. This class of covariance structures describes the dependency of some specific multivariate two-level data when both compound symmetry and circular symmetry appear simultaneously.

    We derive two covariance structures under two different invariance restrictions. The obtained covariance structures reflect both circularity and exchangeability present in the data. In particular, estimation in the balanced random effects with block circular covariance matrices is considered. The spectral properties of such patterned covariance matrices are provided. Maximum likelihood estimation is performed through the spectral decomposition of the patterned covariance matrices. Existence of the explicit maximum likelihood estimators is discussed and sufficient conditions for obtaining explicit and unique estimators for the variance-covariance components are derived. Different restricted models are discussed and the corresponding maximum likelihood estimators are presented.

    This thesis also deals with hypothesis testing of block covariance structures, especially block circular Toeplitz covariance matrices. We consider both so-called external tests and internal tests. In the external tests, various hypotheses about testing block covariance structures, as well as mean structures, are considered, and the internal tests are concerned with testing specific covariance parameters given the block circular Toeplitz structure. Likelihood ratio tests are constructed, and the null distributions of the corresponding test statistics are derived.

  • Flores Ituarte, Iñigo
    et al.
    Department of Materials and Production, Section of Sustainable Production, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wiikinkoski, Olli
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Jansson, Anton
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Additive Manufacturing of Polypropylene: A Screening Design of Experiment Using Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion2018In: Polymers, ISSN 2073-4360, E-ISSN 2073-4360, Vol. 10, article id 1293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of commodity polymers such as polypropylene (PP) is key to open new market segments and applications for the additive manufacturing industry. Technologies such as powder-bed fusion (PBF) can process PP powder; however, much is still to learn concerning process parameters for reliable manufacturing. This study focusses in the process–property relationships of PP using laser-based PBF. The research presents an overview of the intrinsic and the extrinsic characteristic of a commercial PP powder as well as fabrication of tensile specimens with varying process parameters to characterize tensile, elongation at break, and porosity properties. The impact of key process parameters, such as power and scanning speed, are systematically modified in a controlled design of experiment. The results were compared to the existing body of knowledge; the outcome is to present a process window and optimal process parameters for industrial use of PP. The computer tomography data revealed a highly porous structure inside specimens ranging between 8.46% and 10.08%, with porosity concentrated in the interlayer planes in the build direction. The results of the design of experiment for this commercial material show a narrow window of 0.122 > Ev > 0.138 J/mm3 led to increased mechanical properties while maintaining geometrical stability.

  • Liang, Yuli
    et al.
    Statistiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    von Rosen, Tatjana
    Statistiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    von Rosen, Dietrich
    Block Circular Symmetry in Multilevel Models2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Models that describe symmetries present in the error structure of observations have been widely used in dierent applications, with early examples from psychometric and medical research. The aim of this article is to study a multilevel model with a covariance structure that is block circular symmetric. Useful results are obtained for the spectra of these structured matrices.

  • Liang, Yuli
    et al.
    Statistiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    von Rosen, Tatjana
    Statistiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    von Rosen, Dietrich
    The Department of Energy and Technology, SLU, Uppsala.
    Estimation in multilevel models with block circular symmetric covariance structure2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we consider a multilevel model with block circular symmetric covariance structure. Maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters of this model is discussed. We show that explicit maximum likelihood estimators of variance components exist under certain restrictions on the parameter space.

  • Bagger, Anette
    Department of science and mathematics education, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Prövningen av en skola för alla: nationella provet i matematik i det tredje skolåret2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the contribution to research that my doctoral education led to. My starting point was a large scale qualitative research project (here after called the VR-project) which reviewed the implementation of national tests in the third grade on the subject of mathematics. The VR-project investigated how the test affected the pupils with a special focus on pupils in need of special support. An urge to look further into issues concerning the support, the pupil in need and the test was revealed in he initial VR-project. These issues therefore constitutes the problem area of this thesis. The VR-project studied a total of 22 classrooms in two different municipalities' during 2010- 2012. The methodology used for this project was inspired by ethnography and discourse analysis. The raw data consisted of test instructions, video observations of the actual test subjects, interviews from teachers and pupils about the test, the support that was given throughout the testing as well as the observations and interviews of the pupils requiring special assistance. Activated discourses and positions of the participants were demarcated. The results revealed that a traditional testing discourse, a caring discourse and a competitive discourse are activated during the tests. The testing discourse is stable and traditional. Much of what was shown and said in classrooms, routines and rules regarding the test were repeated in all the schools and in all the classrooms. The discourse on support is affected by ambiguity, which is revealed especially when issues of pupils’ equity is put against the tests equality. This is connected to the teachers restricted agency to give support due to the teacher position as a test taker. The positions in need that are available to students are not the same in pupils, teachers and steering documents. The situation is especially troublesome for pupils that do not manage Swedish good enough to take the test and for pupils in need of special support. Some of the conclusions from this thesis is that the national test format: Disciplines not only the pupil, but also the teacher, the classroom and the school at large. Results indicate that the test:

    Activates a focus on achievementLeads attention away from learning Activates issues of accountability Influences pupils and teachers with stakes involved

    Besides evaluating knowledge, the test disciplines not only the pupil, but also the teacher, the classroom and the school at large. Discussing the national test as an arena for equity might be a way towards attaining equality in education for all pupils.

  • Bagger, Anette
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Den flerspråkiga elevens nationella provdeltagande i matematik: diskursiva förutsättningar2017In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 95-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multilingual students’ participation in national tests in mathematics – discursive prerequisites. This article explores discursive prerequisites in test-taking for second language learners with other mother tongues than Swedish. Four students were interviewed in 2016 during their final year of compulsory school. The results imply that multilingual students are positioned as disadvantaged within testing. This phenomenon is mainly situated in a competitive discourse with several subordinated discourses that further position the students: A discourse of justice positioned the students as being sorted or left behind, a discourse of handling the assessment positioned the students as caretakers and a discourse of future challenges positioned the students as struggling while learning, being capable to learn or facing positive challenges. The results imply that national testing is a personal and relational experience and gives rise to issues of legitimacy and equality. These issues should be considered in policy-making, the construction and the carrying out of tests as well as in the conclusions which are based on the results on individual, group and organisational levels.

  • Bagger, Anette
    et al.
    Department of Science and Mathematics Education, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Björklund Boistrup, Lisa
    Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Norén, Eva
    Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    The governing of three researchers' technologies of the self2018In: The Montana Mathematics Enthusiast, ISSN 1551-3440, E-ISSN 1551-3440, Vol. 15, no 1-2, p. 278-302, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sheds light on a number of discursive conditions relating to being researchers in mathematics education and with an interest in diversity. The data derived from a self-reflective trialogue (dialogue of three people) between the three authors, three researchers. Two of Foucault’s governing technologies were adopted: technologies of power and technologies of the self. By exploring regularities between these in our trialogue we construed formations of governing technologies in relation to subjectification and subjectivation. We uncovered five formations: “Tensions between mathematics education (ME) researchers from different traditions through processes of normalization and othering”, “Limiting space between ME researchers within the socio- political through dismissal of knowledge”, “The socio-political tradition of a need for theory connects theory and ME researcher's’ self-cultivation”, “The researchers’ processes of self-cultivation connect theory and compassionate research practices”. and “Research on policy statements as resistance towards technologies of domination in society”. 

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    Qualifying Standpoints: Stance adverbs as a presentational device for managing the burden of proof2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of studies from pragmatics and discourse analysis have investigated the function of stance adverbs, such as clearly, fortunately, frankly, perhaps, and technically, when used to qualify utterances. Within the field of argumentation studies, scholars who have paid attention to these words have primarily focused on the so-called modal adverbs, and have not considered the insights that can be gained by treating the class of stance adverbs as the linguistic realisation of a certain move in an argumentative discussion. This study aims to fill this gap by investigating the strategic function of stance adverbs when qualifying an utterance that functions as a standpoint. In this study, stance adverbs are examined as a presentational device at the arguer’s disposal when putting forward a standpoint. The study is comprised of three parts. In the first part, the question ‘What is a qualified standpoint?’ is answered by combining illocutionary analysis of the move of advancing a standpoint with pragma-linguistic study of stance ad­verbs. In the second part, the question ‘Why would the protagonist qualify the standpoint?’ is answered based on the concept of burden of proof, which is es­sential to the move of advancing a standpoint. In the third part, the question ‘How does standpoint qualification function strategically in an argumentative discussion?’ is answered by postulating that the protagonist of a qualified standpoint is interested in managing the burden of proof, an assumption which builds on the results of the other two parts. The book is of interest to advanced students and scholars of argumentation and communication studies as well as those interested in an explanation of language use from an argumentative perspective.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    The Explicit/Implicit Distinction in Multimodal Argumentation: Comparing the Argumentative Use of Nano-Images in Scientific Journals and Science Magazines2018In: Argumentation and Inference: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Argumentation, Fribourg 2017 Volume II / [ed] Steve Oswald & Didier Maillat, College Publications, 2018, p. 821-842Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The distinction between explicatures and implicatures as well as their varying degrees of strength acknowledged within Relevance Theory can help to capture the complex meaningmaking processes underlying the interpretation of multimoda ltexts as instances of argumentation. These pragmatic insights will be used to compare the ways in which arguments about the revolutionary character and societal impact of nanotechnology are constructed by computer-generated images of the nanoscale on the covers of scientific journals and science magazines.

  • Thunberg, Sara (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Uhnoo, Daniel (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bruhn, Anders (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nationell forskningskonferens i socialt arbete: Abstractsammanställning2018Report (Other academic)
  • Twizeyimana, Jean Damascene
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. College of Science & Technology University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Larsson, Hannu
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    E-government in Rwanda: Implementation, Challenges and Reflections2018In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 19-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E‑government is currently high on the agenda in many developing countries (DCs). While e‑government is well‑established in many developed countries it is new to least developed countries. Countries that start implementing e‑government today can benefit from easy import of modern technologies, but adaptation to local conditions and the organizational change that is required cannot be imported, but must be developed at home. By using examples of an ongoing initiative by the Government of Rwanda to digitalize all G2C and G2B into a single window platform, the current study investigated the important challenges in the implementation of e‑government in Rwanda. An interpretive case study was followed. Data was collected through interviews and participatory observations during August to December 2015. Data analysis was inductive, the analysis method was content analysis, and the coding followed open‑coding. NVivo software has been used to handle data and facilitate the analysis. The study found six overarching categories of aspects that challenge a successful implementation of e‑government in Rwanda. They include information infrastructure for e‑government, social inclusion, governance, management, trust in the new system, and languages. However, challenges to e‑government implementation should not be taken as of the same extent, neither their degree of mitigation. Rather, they influence and are influenced by various contextual factors which include political support, nature of the e‑government project, implementation strategies, human and socio‑economic development, existing information infrastructure, and operational capabilities. Having said this, we also argue that countries should learn from one another of their experiences, success stories, and mistakes. Despite a number of associated challenges, the adopted public‑private partnership (PPP) approach to e‑Government implementation in Rwanda might indeed seem as a suitable catalyst for e‑government success in the country.

    2.5.0.0

  • Caldeborg, Annica
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Intergenerational touch in PE: a student perspective2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes its point of departure in the research field of intergenerational touch in Physical Education (PE). Previous research in the field have mainly been conducted from a teacher’s perspective and has shown that teachers of PE have become more cautious about using physical contact in recent years. The reasons for this more cautious attitude concerning physical contact is above all, the risk f being falsely suspected of sexual harassment. Previous research has, in a general way, also shown that physical contact in PE is a gendered issue with heteronormative points of departure The overall aim of this thesis is to investigate intergenerational touch in PE from a student perspective. More specifically the aims are to investigate physical contact between teachers and students in PE from a student perspective (paper I), and to investigate which discursive resources students draw on to conceptualize physical contact between teacher and student in PE in relation to heteronormativity (paper II). Six focus group interviews using photo elicitation have been conducted with students at an upper secondary school in Sweden. In paper I it is the concept of the didactic contract that is the theoretical starting point. The results show that, generally, the students support physical contact as a pedagogical tool if the physical contact has a good purpose according to the students. An implicit didactic contract is formed when student and teacher agree on when, how or why physical contact is used as a pedagogical tool. In paper II, the theoretical inspiration comes from Foucault and his work with discourses. The results show that the students’ talk is colored by the heteronormative discourse in society. This is especially expressed when young female students talk about male PE teachers. Heteronormativity is taken for granted and is not really challenged. Students generally support physical contact as a pedagogical tool in PE, however it is a very complex issue and puts high demands on PE teachers’ professionalism.

    List of papers
    1. Touching the didactic contract: a student perspective on intergenerational touch in PE
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Touching the didactic contract: a student perspective on intergenerational touch in PE
    2017 (English)In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
    Abstract [en]

    A growing anxiety around intergenerational touch in educational settings has both emerged and increased in recent years. Previous research reveals that Physical Education (PE) teachers have become more cautious in their approaches to students and they avoid physical contact or other behaviour that could be regarded as suspicious (Fletcher, 2013; Öhman, 2016; Piper, Garratt, & Taylor, 2013). Some also feel anxious about how physical contact might be perceived by the students. The purpose of this article is to investigate physical contact between teachers and students in PE from a student perspective. This is understood through the didactic contract. For this purpose, focus group interviews using photo elicitation have been conducted with upper secondary school students in Sweden. One of the major findings is that intergenerational touch is purpose bound, that is, physical contact is considered relevant if the teacher has a good intention with using physical contact. The main agreements regarding physical contact as purpose bound are the practical learning and emotional aspects, such as learning new techniques, preventing injury, closeness and encouragement. The didactic contract is in these aspects stable and obvious. The main disagreements are when teachers interfere when the students want to feel capable or when teachers interfere when physical contact is not required in the activity. In these aspects the didactic contract is easily breached. It is also evident that personal preference has an impact on how physical contact is perceived. In conclusion, we can say that physical contact in PE is not a question of appropriate or inappropriate touch in general, but rather an agreement between the people involved about what is expected. Consequently, we should not ban intergenerational touch, but rather focus on teachers’ abilities to deal professionally with the didactic contract regarding physical contact.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2017
    Keywords
    Intergenerational touch, physical education, student perspective, didactic contract, physical contact
    National Category
    Social Sciences Pedagogy Sport and Fitness Sciences
    Research subject
    Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62117 (URN)10.1080/13573322.2017.1346600 (DOI)
    Projects
    “Don’t touch! – Pedagogical consequences of the ‘forbidden’ body in Physical Education”
    Available from: 2017-11-02 Created: 2017-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-12Bibliographically approved
    2. Intergenerational touch in relation to heteronormativity in Physical Education: a student perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intergenerational touch in relation to heteronormativity in Physical Education: a student perspective
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Sport and Fitness Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70141 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2018-11-12Bibliographically approved
  • Larsson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Utvärdering och analys av projekt Leva Livet2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Leva Livet är ett projekt som drevs 2010/2011 av Göteborg Stad och som handlar om att minska medborgarnas miljöpåverkan främst genom att stimulera till frivilliga beteendeförändringar. Det främsta syftet var att lära sig mera om frivilliga miljöhandlingar för att kunna utforma en mer effektiv framtida miljökommunikation. Ett sekundärt syfte var att öka miljömedvetenheten hos Göteborgaren, att sprida kunskap och inspiration hos dem som tar del av projektet via media eller andra kanaler.

    Det finns också två huvudsakliga syften med den här utvärderingen av projektet. Dels är avsikten att bidra till lärandet om miljökommunikation inom Göteborgs stad, dels att bidra till forskningen om hur livskvalitet och miljöhandlingar (dvs handlingar som syftar till att minska miljöpåverkan) hänger ihop.1 För att uppnå dessa syften analyseras både projektupplägget och deltagarnas miljöhandlingar. Vi vill också belysa vilka miljövinster som har uppnåtts och dra vissa slutsatser om utformningen av framtida miljökommunikation gentemot medborgarna.

    En forskargrupp på Chalmers, avdelningen för Fysisk resursteori, har fått i uppdrag av Göteborgs stad att göra denna utvärdering. Vi som genomfört arbetet är Jörgen Larsson, projektansvarig för utvärderingen och Sebastian Svenberg, projektassistent och ansvarig för genomförande av intervjuerna. Vår bakgrund som sociologer ligger till grund för ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv i den här utvärderingen.

    Sammanlagt har 14 intervjuer genomförts. I de familjer där det finns två vuxna i hushållet har båda två intervjuats var för sig. Alla intervjuer har genomförts hemma hos deltagarna eller i Miljöförvaltningens lokaler, förutom två intervjuer som gjordes på telefon. Två av de elva familjerna fullföljde inte sitt deltagande i projektet och avböjde att bli intervjuade. Dessutom har de tre projektledarna intervjuats. Inför intervjuerna har vi lovat intervjupersonerna att det de säger inte skall gå att koppla till vem som säger det. Ljudinspelningarna har skrivits in i ett dokument, men när vi återger citat från intervjuerna i rapporten är det inte alltid exakta citat utan ibland förkortade eller något sammanfattade uttalanden. Se bilaga 1 för intervjuguide. Utöver samtal med deltagarna har diverse dokument legat till grund för utvärderingen, bland annat enkäter som deltagarna fyllde i innan respektive efter projektet, information om utmaningar och tips på åtgärder som gavs till deltagarna. Dessa dokument finns som bilagor.

    Denna utvärdering börjar med en projektbeskrivning av innehållet i projektet Leva Livet. Det följs av kapitlet utvärdering av projektet som bland annat beskriver de miljöresultat som projektet gett upphov till och det genomslag som Leva Livet har fått genom media. Den utvärderande delen innehåller också ett avsnitt om coaching som metod, samt en utvärdering av de sociala aspekterna av projektet. Kapitlet analys av enskilda miljöhandlingar innehåller först en fördjupning kring miljöhandlingar som har med dagligt resande och med mat att göra och därefter en generell beskrivning av sju olika möjliga livskvalitetskonsekvenser av miljöhandlingar. Denna del kan förhoppningsvis innehålla vissa lärdomar om människors upplevelser av att göra förändringar i sin vardag samt utgöra en inspiration för kommunikation på miljöområdet. Sista kapitlet utgörs av vissa slutsatser och tankar om framtida miljökommunikation. Avslutningsvis kommer en sammanfattning av den här utvärderingen.

  • Strid, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Enelo, Jan-Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar. En kartläggning i Göteborg, Malmö och Stockholm 2017–2018: Del III: Redovisning av den kvantitativa delstudien i Malmö2018Report (Other academic)
  • Strid, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Enelo, Jan-Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar. En kartläggning i Göteborg, Malmö och Stockholm 2017–2018: Del III: Redovisning av den kvantitativa delstudien i Göteborg2018Report (Other academic)
  • Strid, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Enelo, Jan-Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar. En kartläggning i Göteborg, Malmö och Stockholm 2017–2018: Del III: Redovisning av den kvantitativa delstudien i Stockholm2018Report (Other academic)
  • Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Social media as a health resource: A salutogenic perspective2018In: Young People, Social Media and Health / [ed] Victoria Goodyear & Kathleen Armour, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 71-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the consequences of pathogenic notions of health in terms of a focus on risk and disease. A salutogenic perspective is an alternative way of discussing young people, social media, and health. In a salutogenic perspective, health resources are the main focus. A salutogenic perspective can help to identify new and diverse resources that young people draw upon to support their health development, such as social relations and/or critical awareness. As a consequence, this chapter highlights the pedagogical potential of social media and how it can educate about health as part of living a good life.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    et al.
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Forceville, Charles
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Grannetia, Melle
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    The argumentative role of visual metaphor and visual antithesis in ‘fly-on-the-wall’ documentary2015In: Proceedings of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation / [ed] Bart Garssen; David Godden; Gordon Mitchell; Francisca Snoeck Henkemans, 2015, p. 1380-1395Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore the argumentative role of visual metaphor and visual antithesis in theso- fly-on-the-wall documentary. In this subtype of documentary, which emphatically renouncesvoice-over narration, the filmmakers guide their viewers into reaching certain conclusions by makingchoices regarding the editing as well as the cinematography. We analyse a number of scenes from two filmsby one major representative of the Direct Cinema or fly-on-the-wall documentary, Frederick Wiseman.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    Umiversity of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Argumentative functions of visuals: beyond claiming and justifying2013In: Virtues of argumentation: proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), 22-26 May 2013 Windsor, ON / [ed] Dima Mohammed; Marcin Lewinski, Ontario Society for the study of Argumentation (OSSA) , 2013, p. 1-17Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Up until now, the study of the argumentative role of visuals has been restricted to theformal concept of argument as product, consisting of premises and conclusion. In this paper, I adoptthe pragma-dialectical approach to argumentation as a social and discursive activity in order toexplore argumentative functions of visuals that go beyond claiming and justifying. To do this I payattention to the visual form and to the interaction between the verbal and the visual mode inargumentative discourse.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    Laboratoire Communication et Politique, CNRS, Paris, France.
    Les marqueurs d'une stratégie de gestion de la charge de la preuve: franchement et en fait qualifiant une thèse2010In: Revue Verbum, ISSN 0182-5887, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 73-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Up until now, most studies that deal with the linguistic realization of argumentationare mainly interested in the « indicative potential » of the words and phrases studiedand tend to neglect the potential strategic effect of these words in argumentativediscourse. In this article, I propose a systematic study of “illocutionary adverbs”,such as franchement and honnêtement, when they appear in the utterance thatfunctions as a standpoint. I also argue that the adverbial phrase en fait has the samestrategic effect. In order to account for the strategic role of these adverbs when theyserve as qualifiers of a standpoint, I have recourse to the concept of burden of proof,a concept that is essential to the act of advancing a standpoint. I argue that theseadverbs can be considered as a means at the arguer’s disposal when formulating hisstandpoint to manage the burden of proof to his advantage. As a result, the analystmay consider their presence in the utterance that functions as a standpoint as amarker of the strategy of managing the burden of proof.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Multimodale argumentatie: Bruggen slaan tussen argumentatieleer en multimodale analyse2016In: Tijdschrift voor Taalbeheersing, ISSN 1573-9775, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multimodal argumentation: Building bridges between argumentation theory and multimodal analysis

    Since the end of the 90s there has been an increasing interest in the analysis of images and in their interplay with written language. Even though images, especially when used in advertisements, have already been studied within rhetorical approaches to communication and visual studies, there still lacks a systematic account of their contribution to the way standpoints are put forward and argumentation is advanced. At the same time, within the field of discourse analysis interest has been expressed in the analysis of visual and other non-verbal elements of communication. Nevertheless, no special attention has been paid within this field to those communicative situations where the support of a standpoint with arguments and the acceptability of the argumentation are at stake. In order to be able to analyse the various aspects of multimodal documents on their merits and to account for their argumentative relevance it is necessary to build bridges between argumentation theory and multimodal analysis. This paper discusses critically the current state of affairs regarding the analysis of multimodal documents from an argumentation studies perspective and argues for a systematic study of the interplay of the verbal and the visual modes within the framework of Pragma-dialectics. Three print advertisements are analysed in order to illustrate the merits of such an approach to the argumentative analysis of multimodal documents.

  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    Laboratoire Communication et Politique, Paris, France.
    Use and abuse of the strategic function of in fact and frankly when qualifying a standpoint2011In: Pragmatics: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association, ISSN 1018-2101, E-ISSN 2406-4238, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 473-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to specify the strategic function of adverbs like in fact and frankly when used to qualify the utterance that functions as a standpoint in an argumentative discussion. The aim is to provide a description of their strategic function that takes into consideration the role that the move of advancing a standpoint plays in argumentative discourse. To this direction, the choice of qualifying is explained as a choice that the arguer makes in his attempt to manage the burden of proof that is incurred when advancing a standpoint. By combining the insights from the pragma-linguistic treatment of these adverbs with the theoretical premises of a systematic approach to the analysis of argumentative discourse it becomes possible to specify their strategic function and to evaluate those cases in which this strategic function has been abused to the detriment of the quality of argumentative discourse.

  • Sataøen, Hogne L.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Regulokratene: Den nye styringsprofesjonen?2018In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 1590-7929, E-ISSN 1936-4660, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 481-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What characterizes the regulocrats within the higher education sector in Norway andSweden? How can the regulocrats’ role be related to the development of specific instituti-onal designs within the higher education sector? These questions are answered by meansof empirical studies of regulocrats in Norway and Sweden, within the field of higher edu-cation regulation. The regulocrats are an emerging profession working in autonomoussingle purpose regulatory agencies. The profession is increasingly important to the imp-lementation of policy and regulation. There is surprisingly little empirical evidence aboutthis professional role, and the article shows that the professionalization of the regulocratsis related to the ideal of independence. The emerging profession contributes to the insti-tutional design of regulocracy or regulatory capitalism, which implies a transformation ofthe classical bureaucracy in the modern administrative state, where all (both organizations,groups and individuals) are expected to invest more in regulation, understood as monito-ring, supervision, transparency and control. Within the higher education sector, regulati-ons are perceived as important because they benefit (the individual) students and creategood conditions for making rational choices in the education market. Although the regu-locrats in Norway and Sweden share much of the same professional ideals, there are alsodifferences between the two countries. Where the Swedish regulocrats are formalistic, theNorwegian counterpart is sensitive.

  • Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Healthying physical education: on the possibility of learning health2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As part of the annual activities at the British Educational Research Association (BERA) conference, the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy Special Interest Group (SIG) organises a so-called Invisible College, where a Scholar Lecture is delivered by a researcher who has made a significant contribution to the field. This paper is the 2018 Scholar Lecture.

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to discuss two concepts and the relations between them – health and learning.

    Key concepts: In the paper, the metaphor of the swimmer in the river, as introduced by Antonovsky, is used in order to go beyond individualistic, dualistic and instrumental notions of health and education. I argue for a move away from a notion of teaching young people how to be healthy through the deployment of ready-made educational packages, towards acknowledging health education as a societal responsibility, where it is recognised that sociocultural and economic contexts afford diverse opportunities to be healthy and to learn to live healthy lives, however these are construed.

    Discussion and conclusion: Rather than confining health and health education to the prevention of premature death and disease, I discuss health, in relation to learning, as always being in the process of becoming. The health resources for living a good life can then be found in the ‘river’, with the ‘swimmer’, and in the relation between the ‘river’ and the ‘swimmer’. In this way, health can manifest itself in many different ways. I ask why we even attempt to talk about health in the singular when talking about different diseases. Is health rather a plural? Is it even a noun? Or is it something we do – a verb? If the latter, health education can be conceived of as a practice – ‘healthying’ – rather than a fixed, static outcome set up by research and public health policies as something to achieve in education.

  • Roderick, Noah
    After Universal Grammar: The Ecological Turn in Linguistics2012In: Logos & Episteme: an International Journal of Epistemology, ISSN 2069-0533, E-ISSN 2069-3052, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 469-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Of all the human sciences, linguistics has had perhaps the most success in pivoting itself towards the physical sciences, particularly in the past fifty years with the dominance of Universal Grammar, which is most closely associated with the work of Noam Chomsky. One of the most important implications of Universal Grammar has been that language production in its most natural and optimal state is organized analytically, and thus shares the same organizational logic of other knowledge systems in Western science, such as the binomial taxonomization of nature and analytic geometry. This essay argues that recent challenges to Universal Grammar represent more than just a theoretical dispute within a single discipline; they threaten to undermine the hegemony of analytical knowledge systems in general. While analytical logic has served Western science well, analogical knowledge systems may be able to address problems that analytical logic cannot, such as ecological crises, the limitations of artificial intelligence, and the problems of complex systems. Instead of studying languages as a means of modeling human thought in general, languages should also be studied and preserved as heteronomous knowledge systems which themselves exist as embodied objects within particular ecologies. Rethinking language as existing on a univocal plane with other ecological objects will provide us with new insight on the ethics and epistemology of analogical knowledge production.

  • Roderick, Noah
    Lourdes University, Sylvania, OH, USA.
    The Being of Analogy2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Similarity has long been excluded from reality in both the analytical and continental traditions. Because it exists in the aesthetic realm, and because aesthetics is thought to be divorced from objective reality, similarity has been confined to the prison of the subject. In The Being of Analogy, Noah Roderick unleashes similarity onto the world of objects. Inspired by object-oriented theories of causality, Roderick argues that similarity is ever present at the birth of new objects. This includes the emergent similarity of new mental objects, such as categories—a phenomenon we recognize as analogy. Analogy, Roderick contends, is at the very heart of cognition and communication, and it is through analogy that we can begin dismantling the impossible wall between knowing and being.

  • Brolin, Magnus
    et al.
    aSchool of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro Univerity, Örebro, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    bSchool of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Casey, Ashley
    cSchool of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    A salutogenic strengths-based approach in practice: an illustration from a school in Sweden2018In: Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education, ISSN 2574-2981, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 237-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite an extensive debate and an openness of teachers to a strength-based approach to health and physical education, it is not always clear what a salutogenic strengths-based approach might look like in practice, at least not in the day-to-day work in schools. The purpose of this article is to present a salutogenic strengths-based school initiative in Sweden and to identify health discourses in the school's practice. An insider perspective is used to explore health in the school through Brookfield's four lenses for exploring one's own teaching practice. Two health discourses are identified: (1) an individual health discourse rooted in the fostering of personal development, and (2) a value-based health discourse build up around social relations and the fostering of democratic values. The individual health discourse can be understood as based in a pathogenic norm, and in the investigated school practice the individual health discourse dominated the school health initiative despite the salutogenic intentions.

  • Huang, Lihong
    et al.
    NOVA, OsloMet – storbyuniversitetet, Oslo, Norway.
    Bruun, Jens
    Aarhus universitet, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Lieberkind, Jonas
    Aarhus universitet, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nye tall om ungdom: Skandinaviske ungdommers tillit til samtid og framtid2018In: Tidsskrift for ungdomsforskning, E-ISSN 1894-1036, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 146-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trust in the contemporary society and future projections among Scandinavian youth Using data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study, ICCS 2016, the article compares the views of 14-year-olds in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. We analyze and compare young people’s trust in political and social institutions and in people in general, as well as the young people’s views on threats and challenges for their future. The presentation of results is mainly descriptive with the attention to show similarities and differences among Scandinavian youths and in comparison with young people in other parts of the world. The level of general trust in other people has declined in all three countries since ICCS 2009. Compared to other countries, Scandinavian adolescents express greater trust in institutions, lower concern for threats of different kinds and greater optimism about their own future. High-trusting youths are the most optimistic about their own future, but they are on the other hand in some respects more worried about future threats.

  • Karni, Liran
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kolkowska, Ella
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    EMPARK: Internet of Things for Empowerment and Improved Treatment of Patients with Parkinson's Disease2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study aims to assess the effects of patient-directed feedback from remote symptom, medication, and disease activity monitoring on patient empowerment and treatment in Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Background: There is a need to empower patients with PD to be able to understand better and control their disease using prescribed medication and following recommendations on lifestyle. The research project EMPARK will develop an Internet of Things system of sensors, mobile devices to deliver real-time, 24/7 patient symptom information with the primary goal to support PD patients empowerment and better understanding of their disease. The system will be deployed in patient homes to continuously measure movements, time-in-bed and drug delivery from a micro-dose levodopa system. Subjective symptom scoring, time of meals and physical activities will be reported by the patients via a smartphone application. Interfaces for patients and clinicians are being developed based on the user center design methodology to ensure maximal user acceptance. 

    Methods: This is a randomized controlled trial where 30 PD patients from 2 university clinics in Sweden will be randomized to receive (intervention group) or not (control group) continuous feedback from the results of the EMPARK home monitoring for 2 weeks. Disease-specific (UPDRS, PDQ-39), Quality of Life (QoL) (modified EuroQoL EQ-5D) and empowerment questionnaires will be collected prior and after the intervention. The correlation of technology-based objective and patient-reported subjective parameters will be assessed in both groups. Interviews will be conducted with the clinicians and observations will be made about the patient-clinician interaction to assess the potential treatment benefits of the intervention.

    Results: Preliminary results from workshops with patients and clinicians show potential to improve patient empowerment and disease control among patients. Completion of the trial will show the degree of patient empowerment, individualized treatment, and patientclinician interactions.

    Conclusions: Raising patients’ awareness about disease activity and home medication is possible among PD patients by providing them with feedback from the results of a home monitoring system. This randomized, controlled trial aims to provide evidence that this approach leads to improved patient empowerment and treatment results.

  • Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Filip, Bergquist
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenbrug, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Feasibility of a multi-sensor data fusion method for assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Feasibility of a multi-sensor data fusion method for assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms

    Objective: To assess the feasibility of measuring Parkinson’s disease (PD) motor symptoms with a multi-sensor data fusion method. More specifically, the aim is to assess validity, reliability and sensitivity to treatment of the methods.

    Background: Data from 19 advanced PD patients (Gender: 14 males and 5 females, mean age: 71.4, mean years with PD: 9.7, mean years with levodopa: 9.5) were collected in a single center, open label, single dose clinical trial in Sweden [1].

    Methods: The patients performed leg agility and 2-5 meter straight walking tests while wearing motion sensors on their limbs. They performed the tests at baseline, at the time they received the morning dose, and at pre-specified time points until the medication wore off. While performing the tests the patients were video recorded. The videos were observed by three movement disorder specialists who rated the symptoms using a treatment response scale (TRS), ranging from -3 (very off) to 3 (very dyskinetic). The sensor data consisted of lower limb data during leg agility, upper limb data during walking, and lower limb data during walking. Time series analysis was performed on the raw sensor data extracted from 17 patients to derive a set of quantitative measures, which were then used during machine learning to be mapped to mean ratings of the three raters on the TRS scale. Combinations of data were tested during the machine learning procedure.

    Results: Using data from both tests, the Support Vector Machines (SVM) could predict the motor states of the patients on the TRS scale with a good agreement in relation to the mean ratings of the three raters (correlation coefficient = 0.92, root mean square error = 0.42, p<0.001). Additionally, there was good test-retest reliability of the SVM scores during baseline and second tests with intraclass-correlation coefficient of 0.84. Sensitivity to treatment for SVM was good (Figure 1), indicating its ability to detect changes in motor symptoms. The upper limb data during walking was more informative than lower limb data during walking since SVMs had higher correlation coefficient to mean ratings.  

    Conclusions: The methodology demonstrates good validity, reliability, and sensitivity to treatment. This indicates that it could be useful for individualized optimization of treatments among PD patients, leading to an improvement in health-related quality of life.

  • Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Borlänge, Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Objective assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms during leg agility test using motion sensors2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Objective assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms during leg agility test using motion sensors

    Objective: To develop and evaluate machine learning methods for assessment of Parkinson’s disease (PD) motor symptoms using leg agility (LA) data collected with motion sensors during a single dose experiment.

    Background: Nineteen advanced PD patients (Gender: 14 males and 5 females, mean age: 71.4, mean years with PD: 9.7, mean years with levodopa: 9.5) were recruited in a single center, open label, single dose clinical trial in Sweden [1].

    Methods: The patients performed up to 15 LA tasks while wearing motions sensors on their foot ankle. They performed tests at pre-defined time points starting from baseline, at the time they received a morning dose (150% of their levodopa equivalent morning dose), and at follow-up time points until the medication wore off. The patients were video recorded while performing the motor tasks. and three movement disorder experts rated the observed motor symptoms using 4 items from the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor section including UPDRS #26 (leg agility), UPDRS #27 (Arising from chair), UPDRS #29 (Gait), UPDRS #31 (Body Bradykinesia and Hypokinesia), and dyskinesia scale. In addition, they rated the overall mobility of the patients using Treatment Response Scale (TRS), ranging from -3 (very off) to 3 (very dyskinetic). Sensors data were processed and their quantitative measures were used to develop machine learning methods, which mapped them to the mean ratings of the three raters. The quality of measurements of the machine learning methods was assessed by convergence validity, test-retest reliability and sensitivity to treatment.

    Results: Results from the 10-fold cross validation showed good convergent validity of the machine learning methods (Support Vector Machines, SVM) with correlation coefficients of 0.81 for TRS, 0.78 for UPDRS #26, 0.69 for UPDRS #27, 0.78 for UPDRS #29, 0.83 for UPDRS #31, and 0.67 for dyskinesia scale (P<0.001). There were good correlations between scores produced by the methods during the first (baseline) and second tests with coefficients ranging from 0.58 to 0.96, indicating good test-retest reliability. The machine learning methods had lower sensitivity than mean clinical ratings (Figure. 1).

    Conclusions: The presented methodology was able to assess motor symptoms in PD well, comparable to movement disorder experts. The leg agility test did not reflect treatment related changes.

  • Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sundqvist, Göran
    Science and Technology Studies in the Department of Sociology and Work Science at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Environmental Expertise as Group Belonging: Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies2018In: Nature and Culture, ISSN 1558-6073, E-ISSN 1558-5468, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 309-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What is environmental expertise? The background to this question is that many scholars consider environmental expertise crucial for discovering, diagnosing, and solving environmental problems but do not discuss in any depth what constitutes expertise. By investigating the meaning and use of the concept of expertise in three general theories within environmental sociology—the treadmill of production, risk society, and ecological modernization—and findings from science and technology studies (STS), this article develops a sociological understanding of environmental expertise: what it is and how it is acquired. Environmental expertise is namely about group belonging and professional socialization around specialized skills; that is, it concerns both substantial competence and social recognition. The implications of this general view on expertise are then used to enrich theories in environmental sociology.

  • Hege, Inga
    et al.
    Institute for Medical Education, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany; Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, USA.
    Kononowicz, Andrzej A.
    Department of Bioinformatics and Telemedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland; Department of Learning, Informatics Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tolks, Daniel
    Institute for Medical Education, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.
    Edelbring, Samuel
    Department of Learning, Informatics Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kuehlmeyer, Katja
    Institute for Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.
    A qualitative analysis of virtual patient descriptions in healthcare education based on a systematic literature review2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, article id 146Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Virtual Patients (VPs) have been in the focus of research in healthcare education for many years. The aim of our study was to analyze how virtual patients are described in the healthcare education literature, and how the identified concepts relate to each other.

    Methods: We performed a literature review and extracted 185 descriptions of virtual patients from the articles. In a qualitative content analysis approach we inductively-deductively developed categories and deducted subcategories. We constructed a concept map to illustrate these concepts and their interrelations.

    Results: We developed the following five main categories: Patient, Teacher, Virtual Patient, Curriculum, and Learner. The concept map includes these categories and highlights aspects such as the under-valued role of patients in shaping their virtual representation and opposing concepts, such as standardization of learner activity versus learner-centeredness.

    Conclusions: The presented concept map synthesizes VP descriptions and serves as a basis for both, VP use and discussions of research topics related to virtual patients.

  • Nyström, Sofia
    et al.
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Dahlberg, Johanna
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Edelbring, Samuel
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hult, Håkan
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Debriefing practices in interprofessional simulation with students: A sociomaterial perspective2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, article id 148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The debriefing phase is an important feature of simulation activities for learning. This study applies a sociomaterial perspective on debriefing in interprofessional simulation with medical and nursing students. Sociomaterial perspectives are increasingly being used in order to understand professional practice and learning in new ways, conceptualising professional practice as being embodied, relational and situated in sociomaterial relations. The aim of the study is to explore how debriefing is carried out as a practice supporting students’ interprofessional learning.

    Methods: Eighteen debriefing sessions following interprofessional full-scale manikin-based simulation with nursing and medical students from two different universities were video-recorded and analysed collaboratively by a team of researchers, applying a structured scheme for constant comparative analysis.

    Results: The findings show how debriefing is intertwined with, and shaped by social and material relationships. Two patterns of enacting debriefing emerged. Debriefing as algorithm was enacted as a protocol-based, closed inquiry approach. Debriefing as laissez-faire was enacted as a loosely structured collegial conversation with an open inquiry approach.

    Conclusion: The findings indicate that neither an imposed structure of the debriefing, nor the lack of structure assured interprofessional collaboration to emerge as a salient topic for reflection, even though that was an explicit learning objective for the simulation.