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Fiedler, H., van der Veen, I. & de Boer, J. (2020). Global interlaboratory assessments of perfluoroalkyl substances under the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants. TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, 124, Article ID 115459.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Global interlaboratory assessments of perfluoroalkyl substances under the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, E-ISSN 1879-3142, Vol. 124, artikkel-id 115459Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The Global Monitoring Plan (GMP) according to article 16 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) requires that POP laboratories must be capable – at any time – to analyse samples for POPs within a variation of ±25%. Based on this target error of 25%, a statistical model using z-scores was applied to assess the performance of analytical laboratories for POPs and a number of matrices. Since the second round of these ‘Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)’, carried out in 2012/2013, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been included into the proficiency tests. The third round was carried out in 2016/2017. The test materials included test solutions of PFASs analytical standards, the abiotic matrices sediment, air (extract) and water and the biotic matrices fish, human milk and human plasma. The number of laboratories submitting results for PFASs remained quite stable (IL2 = 27 laboratories; IL3 = 29), but there was broader geographic distribution observed in IL3: in addition to the laboratories from Asia and the Western Europe/other groups, two laboratories from Africa participated, two from Central-Eastern Europe and one from the Latin American/Caribbean region.

Considering that PFASs were introduced for the first time in round 2, the results were good to reasonable compared to those of a number of other POPs included in the same study. However, it shall also be mentioned that for some matrices and PFASs, the number of laboratories submitting results was too small and the results too scattered to derive a consensus value. This was especially true for the PFOS precursor compounds and the air matrix. Also, laboratories struggle with the analysis of the branched PFOS isomers.

These interlaboratory assessments on PFASs gave promising results and demonstrated the importance of proficiency tests in an international environment to generate trust in laboratory results. The need to participate regularly in such intercomparison assessments is highlighted. The results show the current level of PFAS analysis, which varies by laboratory and by matrix rather than per geographic region.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
Global monitoring plan, Interlaboratory assessment, LC/MS methods, Perfluoroalkyl substances, Stockholm convention, Geographical distribution, Isomers, Laboratories, Matrix algebra, Monitoring, Global monitoring, Stockholm, Organic pollutants
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79699 (URN)10.1016/j.trac.2019.03.023 (DOI)000518368000016 ()2-s2.0-85064387010 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agency:

Global Environment Facility (GEF) 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-03 Laget: 2020-02-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Degrendele, C., Fiedler, H., Kocan, A., Kukucka, P., Pribylova, P., Prokes, R., . . . Lammel, G. (2020). Multiyear levels of PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs and PAHs in background air in central Europe and implications for deposition. Chemosphere, 240, Article ID UNSP 124852.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Multiyear levels of PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs and PAHs in background air in central Europe and implications for deposition
Vise andre…
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 240, artikkel-id UNSP 124852Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents four years ambient monitoring data of seventeen 2,3,7,8-chlorine substituted poly-chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), twelve dioxin-like poly-chlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) and sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) designed by the US EPA at a background site in central Europe during 2011-2014. The concentrations expressed as toxic equivalents (TEQs) using the WHO2005-scheme for PCDD/Fs (0.2 fg m(-3)-61.1 fg m(-3)) were higher than for dl-PCBs (0.01 fg m(-3)-2.9 fg m(-3)), while the opposite was found in terms of mass concentrations. Sigma PAHs ranged from 0.20 ng m(-3) to 134 ng(-3). The mass concentration profile of PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs and PAHs was similar throughout the four years. PCDD/Fs and PAHs concentrations were dominated by primary sources peaking in winter, while those of dl-PCBs were controlled by secondary sources characterized by a spring-summer peak. During 2011-2014, no significant decrease in the atmospheric levels of Sigma PCDD/Fs was observed. On the other hand, the concentrations of Sigma dl-PCBs and Sigma PAHs were decreasing, with halving times of 5.7 and 2.7 years, respectively. We estimated that 422 pg m(-2) year pg m(-2) year TEQ PCDD/Fs and 3.48 pg m(-2) year(-1)-15.8 pg m(-2) year(-1) TEQ dl-PCBs were transferred from the air to the ground surfaces via dry particulate deposition during 2011-2014.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
Persistent organic pollutants, Seasonal variations, Gas-particle partitioning, Multi-year variations, Atmospheric deposition
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78512 (URN)10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124852 (DOI)000497600800001 ()31542585 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85072275182 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

RECETOX - Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic  LM2015051

ACTRIS - Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic  LM2015037

European Structural and Investment Funds  CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001761 CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001315

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-10 Laget: 2019-12-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Sun, Z., Tang, Z., Yang, X., Liu, Q. S., Liang, Y., Fiedler, H., . . . Jiang, G. (2020). Perturbation of 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole in adipogenesis of male mice with normal and high fat diets. Science of the Total Environment, 703, Article ID 135608.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Perturbation of 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole in adipogenesis of male mice with normal and high fat diets
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2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 703, artikkel-id 135608Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

As one of the widely used anthropogenic food additives, 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (3-BHA) has been found to perturb adipogenesis in vitro and induce lipid accumulation in some strains of oleaginous microalgae. The impact of this chemical on adipocyte development and lipid metabolism in mammals remains to be elucidated. In this study, we performed 18-week oral administration of 3-BHA to male C57BL/6J mice with normal diet (ND) or high-fat diet (HFD) and investigated its impacts on adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in vivo. The results indicated that long-term exposure to 3-BHA impacted the mouse body weight gain, white adipose tissue accumulation, and plasma lipids through transcriptional regulation of adipogenesis, lipid metabolism, and adipocyte endocrine function, while glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity remained unaffected. HFD-fed mice responded to 3-BHA stimulation differently from ND-fed animals, suggesting potential risks for the human burden of 3-BHA in lean and obese subjects. The findings herein validate 3-BHA as an environmental obesogen, and more caution is recommended for its authorized use as a food antioxidant against lipid rancidity.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
3-tert-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, Food additive, Obesity, Adipogenesis, Lipid metabolism
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79598 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135608 (DOI)000505924300129 ()31767314 (PubMedID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

National Key Research and Development Program of China 2018YFA0901101

National Natural Science Foundation of China 21876195 21621064

Chinese Academy of Sciences

QYZDJ-SSW-DQC017 Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen  SZSM201811070   21461142001

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-01-31 Laget: 2020-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-31bibliografisk kontrollert
Sadia, M., Yeung, L. W. Y. & Fiedler, H. (2020). Trace level analyses of selected perfluoroalkyl acids in food: Method development and data generation. Environmental Pollution, 263, Article ID 113721.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Trace level analyses of selected perfluoroalkyl acids in food: Method development and data generation
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 263, artikkel-id 113721Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To comprise the future requirements to detect low levels of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) including branched and linear perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) in food items, analytical methods for their determination in five different food matrices (cow milk, butter, chicken meat, beef, and fish) were developed and validated. Analytical method for eggs was only validated for PFOS and PFOA because of interfering substance appeared in some samples. The method applied on foods of animal origin includes alkaline digestion, extraction, and clean-up with solid phase extraction and adsorption on granular carbon where necessary. The method was shown effective to eliminate taurodeoxycholic acid (TDC), a bile acid that is an endogenous interference compound in egg samples causing ionization suppression and false positive result for PFOS when 499 > 80 transition was used for quantification. The validation was performed and resulted in recoveries >70% for all three PFAAs, the limits of quantification (LOQs) in all matrices were 3.1 pg g−1, 3.4 pg g−1, and 4.9 pg g−1 for PFHxS, PFOA, and L-PFOS, respectively. The optimized method was successfully applied to 53 food samples from the Swedish market and from developing countries. PFOS and PFOA were detected in all samples. PFHxS was detected in 76% of the samples. Further method development on separating interfering substance from PFHxS in egg is warranted due to relatively high detection of this compound in other food items. With this method, concentrations in the low pg g−1 range in food samples of animal origin were quantified including the branched PFOS isomers. This method can be applied to enforce potential future limit values for PFOS and PFOA as a consequence of the recent European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) recommendation where the tolerable intakes have been drastically lowered. Further method development is needed for foods of plant origin such as vegetables, flour, nuts, or bread. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
Bile acid, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Fatty foods, Perfluoroalkyl substances, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81006 (URN)10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113721 (DOI)32229370 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85082431969 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-04-03 Laget: 2020-04-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Sun, Z., Yang, X., Liu, Q. S., Li, C., Zhou, Q., Fiedler, H., . . . Jiang, G. (2019). Butylated hydroxyanisole isomers induce distinct adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 379, Article ID UNSP 120794.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Butylated hydroxyanisole isomers induce distinct adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 379, artikkel-id UNSP 120794Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) isomers, as the widely used anthropogenic antioxidants in food, have been revealed to induce endocrine disrupting effects, while the mechanism how BHA isomers regulate the lipogenic differentiation remains to be elucidated. Using 3T3-L1 differentiation model, the effects of BHA isomers, including 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (2-BHA), 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (3-BHA) and their mixture (BHA), on adipogenesis were tested. The results showed that 3-BHA and BHA promoted adipocyte differentiation and enhanced the cellular lipid accumulation through the regulation of the transcriptional and protein levels of the adipogenetic biomarkers, while 2-BHA had no effect. The effective window for 3-BHA induced lipogenesis was the first four days during 3T3-L1 differentiation. BHA isomers showed no binding affinities for peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma). Instead, the upstream of PPAR gamma signaling pathway, i.e. the phosphorylation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB), upregulation of CAAT/enhancer-binding proteins beta (C/EBP beta) and elevated cell proliferation during postconfluent mitosis stage were induced by 3-BHA exposure. Altogether, this study revealed the adipogenic effect of 3-BHA through interference with the upstream events of the PPAR gamma signaling pathway. The authorized usage of BHA as food additives and its occurrence in human sera can potentially contribute to the incidence of obesity, which is of high concern.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) isomers, 3T3-L1 cells, Adipogenesis, Lipogenesis, Obesity
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77431 (URN)10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.120794 (DOI)000488419700010 ()31238218 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067595649 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

Major International (Regional) Joint Project 21461142001

National Natural Science Foundation of China 21876195 21621064

Chinese Academy of Sciences 14040302 QYZDJ-SSW-DQC017

Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen  SZSM201811070

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-18 Laget: 2019-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Zhang, T., Hu, L., Zhang, M., Jiang, M., Fiedler, H., Bai, W., . . . Li, Z. (2019). Cr(VI) removal from soils and groundwater using an integrated adsorption and microbial fuel cell (A-MFC) technology. Environmental Pollution, 252(Pt B), 1399-1405
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Cr(VI) removal from soils and groundwater using an integrated adsorption and microbial fuel cell (A-MFC) technology
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 252, nr Pt B, s. 1399-1405Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Remediation of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] has been widely studied for its high mobility and toxicity. As Cr(VI) migrates in natural environment, both soils and groundwater are contaminated simultaneously. In the present study, a novel reactor combining adsorption and microbial fuel cell (A-MFC) using Platanus acerifolia leaves was developed for removing Cr(VI) from groundwater and soils. When initial Cr(VI) concentration was 50 mg/L, the adsorption efficiency of A-MFC achieved 98% after 16 h. Afterwards, the leaves were used for fabricating an MFC-integrated leaching reactor. The A-MFC significantly improved the overall Cr(VI) removal efficiency through leaching and 40% of Cr(VI) in the soil column was removed. The electrical voltage and current of A-MFC reactor achieved averagely 343 mV and 141 μA to maintain the system operation without extra energy supply. This novel A-MFC reactor is an environmentally friendly technology which achieved efficient Cr(VI) removal from groundwater and soils using natural materials, proving the concept that integrated self-remediation of Cr(VI) in contaminated soil and groundwater with natural material and energy.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Biosorbent, Chromium(VI), Electricity generation, Integrated remediation, Microbial fuel cell (MFC)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76113 (URN)10.1016/j.envpol.2019.06.051 (DOI)000483405400049 ()31260939 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067854411 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

National Natural Science Foundation of China  41807133 

Special fund of State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control  18K05ESPCT 

China Postdoctoral Science Foundation  2018M631314 

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities  PT1905 

Open Research Fund Program of Key Laboratory of Cleaner Production and Integrated Resource Utilization of China National Light Industry 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-10 Laget: 2019-09-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Guan, Q., Tan, H., Yang, L., Liu, X., Fiedler, H., Li, X. & Chen, D. (2019). Isopropylated and tert-butylated triarylphosphate isomers in house dust from South China and Midwestern United States. Science of the Total Environment, 686, 1113-1119
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Isopropylated and tert-butylated triarylphosphate isomers in house dust from South China and Midwestern United States
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 686, s. 1113-1119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study we determined the concentrations and compositions of a suite of isopropylated and tert-butylated triarylphosphate ester (ITP and TBPP) isomers in house dust from the city of Guangzhou located in South China and the city of Carbondale in Midwestern United States. These two groups of organophosphate esters (OPE) are structurally analogous to triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), but have rarely been investigated for environmental occurrences and human exposure risks. The majority of target ITP and TBPP isomers were 100% detected in house dust from the two locations. Median concentrations of Sigma ITPs (including all ITP isomers) and Sigma TBPPs (including all TBPP isomers) were 63.4 ng/g (range: 16.0-500 ng/g) and 35.4 ng/g (8.1-198 ng/g) in South China house dust, respectively, compared with 476 ng/g (140-1610 ng/g) for Sigma ITPs and 81.3 ng/g (352-800 ng/g) for Sigma TBPPs in Midwestern US. dust. The profiles of ITP or TBPP isomers were similar between the two locations and were dominated by 2-isopropylphenyl diphenyl phosphate (2IPPDPP) and 4-tertbutylphenyl diphenyl phosphate (4tBPDPP), respectively. Although the levels of Sigma ITPs and Sigma TBPPs were generally one order of magnitude lower than those of TPHP in the same dust samples, the broad occurrences of most of these isomers in house dust from the two locations likely suggest their wide applications in household consumer products. Estimated intakes of Sigma ITPs and Sigma ITBPPs via dust ingestion were generally three orders of magnitude lower than the reference dose proposed for TPHP. However, these emerging OPE chemicals merit continuous environmental surveillance, given their possible applications as specific commercial mixtures or as components/impurities in other flame retardant/plasticizer mixtures. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Isopropylated triarylphosphate esters, tert-butylated triarylphosphate esters, Organophosphate esters, House dust, Daily intake
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75944 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.055 (DOI)000479029700100 ()31412507 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067026936 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

Guangdong Innovative and Entrepreneurial Research Team Program  2016ZT06N258 

National Natural Science Foundation of China  21777059 

China Postdoctoral Science Foundation  2018M633281 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-30 Laget: 2019-08-30 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Chen, P., Gong, W., Yu, G. & Fiedler, H. (2019). Preliminary release inventories of unintentionally generated dl-PCB and HCB from sources in China: Base year 2015. Chemosphere, 219, 875-881
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Preliminary release inventories of unintentionally generated dl-PCB and HCB from sources in China: Base year 2015
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 219, s. 875-881Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This research presents release inventories of unintentionally generated dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB), which so far have not been developed or assessed. For the inventory development, the amended Toolkit methodology as developed for reporting under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, has been applied. Based on the activity rate (AR) obtained from various statistical yearbooks, reports, or scientific literature, and the emission factors (EFs) suited to each technology level, we estimated the preliminary release inventories of unintentionally produced dl-PCB and HCB from 36 source categories in China for the reference year 2015. The result showed that in 2015, 656 g TEQ of unintentionally produced dl-PCB and 2,145,504 g (or 2146 kg) of unintentionally generated HCB were released in China from these 36 source categories. Most of dl-PCB and HCB was released to air, 71% or 60%, respectively. For comparison and for the sources which could be estimated for all three unintentional POPs the total releases of PCDD/PCDF were 5695 g TEQ per year. Of these, 78% were released to air. For dl-PCB and HCB, the vast majority of the releases from the source group 7 Production and use of consumer goods - is found in the products and not in air. With respect to source attribution and releases to air, the source groups SG3 - Heat and power generation and SG2 - Ferrous and non-ferrous metal production dominate the air emission inventory. Due to the lack of EFs, the calculated releases to the water and land were not well covered, which overall results in an underestimation of the total releases for all unintentional POPs.

For comparison, the release inventories from Japan and from several other countries that were developed using methodologies other than the UNEP Toolkit are presented as well.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Pergamon Press, 2019
Emneord
Dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls, Hexachlorobenzene, Release inventory for China, Toolkit methodology under the Stockholm, convention on persistent organic pollutants
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72523 (URN)10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.12.098 (DOI)000457511700093 ()30572237 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85059329379 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

NSFC-UNEP Joint Research Project  21561142001 

Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University  1RT1261 

Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional Environmental Quality of Tsinghua University 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-19 Laget: 2019-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Fiedler, H., Ohno, K. & Camelo MArtinez, E. (2019). REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN PCB ELIMINATION UNDER THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION ON POPS: STATUS REPORT 2019. Paper presented at Dioxin2019, Kyoto, Japan, August 25-30, 2019. Organohalogen Compounds, 81, 290-293, Article ID 1080.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN PCB ELIMINATION UNDER THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION ON POPS: STATUS REPORT 2019
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Organohalogen Compounds, ISSN 1026-4892, Vol. 81, s. 290-293, artikkel-id 1080Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Highlights of progress report by intersessional working group to assess present status towards elimination of PCB under the Stockholm Convention.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Davis, CA: Eco-Informa Press, 2019
Emneord
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), International regulation, elimination of POPs, POPs waste
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79690 (URN)
Konferanse
Dioxin2019, Kyoto, Japan, August 25-30, 2019
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-03 Laget: 2020-02-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Fiedler, H., Kallenborn, R., de Boer, J. & Sydnes, L. K. (2019). The Stockholm Convention: A Tool for the Global Regulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants. Chemistry International, 41(2), 4-11
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Stockholm Convention: A Tool for the Global Regulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemistry International, ISSN 0193-6484, E-ISSN 1365-2192, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 4-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is to eliminate persistent organic chemicals worldwide by either prohibiting their production and use or gradually reducing them. The Stockholm Convention was adopted in 2001 and entered into force in 2004, 90 days after receiving the 50th instrument of ratification. The Parties to the Convention have to regularly report progress in implementation of their measures taken to achieve the goals. The Convention has a mechanism to add more compounds; today 28 POPs are covered, 16 more than the initial ones.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Walter de Gruyter, 2019
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79715 (URN)10.1515/ci-2019-0202 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-03 Laget: 2020-02-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1496-9245