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Manchaiah, V., Ratinaud, P., Tympas, A., Danermark, B. & Germundsson, P. (2018). Examination of Previously Published Data to Identify Patterns in the Social Representation of 'Hearing Aids' Across Countries. Journal of audiology & otology, 22(2), 96-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examination of Previously Published Data to Identify Patterns in the Social Representation of 'Hearing Aids' Across Countries
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2018 (English)In: Journal of audiology & otology, ISSN 2384-1621, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 96-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Objectives: Societal factors seem to exercise a strong influence on hearing aid uptake, use, and satisfaction. In particular, knowledge, perception, and attitude of people will have bearing towards their and others health behavior and decisions. The current study aimed at understanding the perception of hearing aids by adults belonging to the general population in different countries.

Subjects and Methods: The study employed a crosssectional design. A sample of 404 adults from India, Iran, Portugal, and the United Kingdom were recruited by relying on a convenience sampling. Previously published data was re-analyzed but it was applied for different approach. Free association task was used to collect the data. They were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about "hearing aids." The data was initially analyzed based on qualitative content analysis. This was followed by quantitative cluster analysis and chi square analysis.

Results: The content analysis suggested 39 main categories of responses related to hearing aids. The cluster analysis resulted in five main clusters, namely: 1) positive attitude, 2) external factors, 3) hearing aid use and satisfaction, 4) etiology, and 5) benefits and limitations of technology. A few demographic factors (i.e., education, occupation type, country) showed association with different clusters, although country of origin seemed to be associated with most clusters.

Conclusions: The study provides us with unique insights into the perception of hearing aids by the general public, and additionally, the way demographic variables may influence these perceptions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Korean Audiological Society, 2018
Keywords
Hearing aids; Hearing loss; Attitudes; Social representation; Social context; Societal factors
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65450 (URN)10.7874/jao.2017.00318 (DOI)000425659200003 ()29471613 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042439793 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, J., Peralta, J. & Danermark, B. (2018). Supported Employment and Social Inclusion: Experiences of Workers with Disabilities in Wage Subsidized Employment in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 20(1), 26-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supported Employment and Social Inclusion: Experiences of Workers with Disabilities in Wage Subsidized Employment in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 26-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Labour market policies targeting people with disabilities primarily focus on establishing a working life based on reaching and procuring employment. Less attention is directed towards the qualitative aspects of working conditions or opportunities to retain employment. This study seeks to examine how people with disabilities who, with the help of Supported Employment (SE) methods, are establishing themselves in the labour market, experience social inclusion at their workplaces and how their working conditions influence their experiences with social inclusion. Data were collected in semi-structured interviews. Two themes were prominent in the interviewees’ experiences with social inclusion: the importance of being a valued worker and the sense of social belonging. Competence is important to feeling valued, as is working in fair working conditions. Disclosure of disability often helps to create fairness. The sense of social belonging arises from natural support and mattering to others. Important conditions that increase social inclusion are job-matching and natural support. The SE method can therefore contribute to the creation of social inclusion by ensuring that the matching process is well thought out and by utilizing strategies for inclusion, such as encouragement of natural support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Stockholm University Press, 2018
Keywords
Supported employment, social inclusion, wage subsidies, employment, disability
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65259 (URN)10.16993/sjdr.36 (DOI)000433656600004 ()2-s2.0-85047948157 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
Danermark, B. (2018). The role of communication partners in the audiological rehabilitation [Review]. International Journal of Audiology, 57, 558-559
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of communication partners in the audiological rehabilitation
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 57, p. 558-559Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Other Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66709 (URN)10.1080/14992027.2018.1455991 (DOI)29671651 (PubMedID)
Note

Recension av The role of communication partners in the audiological rehabilitation, by Vinaya Manchaiah and Brian Taylor, New York, Nova Science Publisher, 2017, 171 pp., USD 144.00, ISBN: 978-1-53612-818-5 (eBook)

Available from: 2018-04-23 Created: 2018-04-23 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Larsson Tholén, S. & Danermark, B. (2016). "Hur vet vi att det blir bättre?": Utveckling av ett instrument för uppföljning av finansiell samordning av rehabiliteringsinsatser. Örebro, Sweden: Örebro University, School of Health Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Hur vet vi att det blir bättre?": Utveckling av ett instrument för uppföljning av finansiell samordning av rehabiliteringsinsatser
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro, Sweden: Örebro University, School of Health Sciences, 2016. p. 123
National Category
Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52415 (URN)
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Wahlqvist, M., Möller, C., Möller, K. & Danermark, B. (2016). Implications of Deafblindness: The Physical and Mental Health and Social Trust of Persons with Usher Syndrome Type 3. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 110(4), 245-256
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implications of Deafblindness: The Physical and Mental Health and Social Trust of Persons with Usher Syndrome Type 3
2016 (English)In: Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, ISSN 0145-482X, E-ISSN 1559-1476, Vol. 110, no 4, p. 245-256Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to describe health and social trust in persons with Usher syndrome type 3 (USH3) in relation to hearing and visual impairment.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Usher database. Twenty-one persons with USH3 received two questionnaires, which covered a wide range of domains related to health and social trust. Fifteen individuals, 4 men and 11 women aged 19-71 years, responded. Each outcome measure within every domain reported by the individual was structured into a matrix, which included auditory and visual findings.

Results: Severe problems with health and social trust were apparent for persons with USH3. Differences in the number of reported problems were suggested. Three persons had cochlear implants, and they reported far fewer problems with physical health, mental health, and social trust than the others.

Discussion: Three major patterns emerged. The first was that the group was heterogeneous with regard to the problems reported in the biopsychosocial dimensions; that is, general health, physical health, and mental health, as well as social trust. The second was that none of the biopsychosocial dimensions could be disregarded when describing health among persons with USH3. The third major pattern was that a cochlear implant might benefit the health of persons with USH3.

Implications for practitioners: The results suggested poor physical and mental health and severe social trust problems for people with USH3. Interdisciplinary strategies are required to facilitate the rehabilitation of persons with USH3 throughout their lifespan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Foundation for the Blind, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53386 (URN)000384897800004 ()
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Bjarnason, S. & Danermark, B. (2016). Möjligheter och hinder att nå arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: handikapprörelsen i civilsamhället. In: Susanna Larsson Tholén & Berth Danermark (Ed.), Vägar till arbetsliv för personer med funktionsnedsättning: (pp. 85-100). Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Möjligheter och hinder att nå arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: handikapprörelsen i civilsamhället
2016 (Swedish)In: Vägar till arbetsliv för personer med funktionsnedsättning / [ed] Susanna Larsson Tholén & Berth Danermark, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 85-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47327 (URN)978-91-40-69453-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Wahlqvist, M., Möller, K., Möller, C. & Danermark, B. (2016). Physical and psychological health, social trust and financial situation for persons with Usher syndrome type 1. The British Journal of Visual Impairment, 34(1), 15-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical and psychological health, social trust and financial situation for persons with Usher syndrome type 1
2016 (English)In: The British Journal of Visual Impairment, ISSN 0264-6196, E-ISSN 1744-5809, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 15-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article describes physical health, psychological health, social trust, and financial situation in persons with deafblindness due to Usher syndrome type 1 (USH1) in comparison with a crosssection of the Swedish population. Persons with USH1 were recruited through the Swedish Usher database. Totally, 87 adults received the Health on Equal Terms (HET) questionnaire. The HET was adjusted, thus the questions were translated into Swedish sign language, and a large font size, better contrast, and a structure compatible with the Braille script reader were also provided. The questionnaire comprises a wide range of domains related to health and wellbeing. In all, 60 persons responded (60% women, mean age: 49 years, range: 21–79 years). The persons with USH1 were compared to a cross section of the Swedish population that included 5738 individuals (56% women, mean age: 49 years, range: 16–84 years). Significant differences in physical health, psychological health, social trust, and financial situation as well as the odds ratio adjusted for sex and age, and its 95% confidence interval are reported. The psychological health, social trust, and financial situation of persons with USH1 were significantly poorer compared to the reference group although this was not the case for physical health. Persons with USH1 only expressed significantly more problems with headache compared to the cross section of the Swedish population. The respondents revealed major problems with fatigue, loss of confidence, and suicide thoughts and attempts. Major social trust and financial problems were reported in terms of refraining going out alone, not receiving help, having no one with whom to share thoughts, and confide in and being unable to obtain 15.000 SEK (approximately US$1.724 or €1.544) in the case of an unforeseen situation. To identify factors associated with physical health, psychological health, social trust, and financial situation is important in the design of future rehabilitation strategies for persons with USH1. The high level of psychological distress and lack of social trust reported could be related to ontological insecurity, as well as lack of recognition from others. Special attention must be devoted to suicide behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kingdom: Sage Publications, 2016
Keywords
Deafblindness, health, physical health, psychological health, social trust, Usher syndrome 1
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47253 (URN)10.1177/0264619615610158 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-12-28 Created: 2015-12-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Ehn, M., Möller, K., Danermark, B. & Möller, C. (2016). The relationship between work and health in persons with Usher syndrome type 2. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 110(4), 233-244
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between work and health in persons with Usher syndrome type 2
2016 (English)In: Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, ISSN 0145-482X, E-ISSN 1559-1476, Vol. 110, no 4, p. 233-244Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Persons with deafblindness may have additional physical and psychological health problems. In this study we have focused on health from a work-life perspective in persons with Usher syndrome type 2 (USH2), a disorder with sensorineural hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between work and disability pension and physical and psychological health in persons with USH2.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Usher database. Eighty-four persons (aged 18 to 65 years) received a health-related questionnaire and 67 (36 women and 31 men) agreed to participate. The participants formed two groups (working group, n = 34; disability pension group, n = 33). A Swedish Health on Equal Terms questionnaire comprising questions on psychological and physical health, living conditions, work activity, and social relationships was used. A chi-square test of significance was used with a significance level of p < 0.05.

Results: The two groups did not differ in terms of age, gender, degree of hearing loss, visual acuity, or visual field loss. The working group had statistically significant better health compared to the disability pension group in areas such as being overweight, handling problems, concentration, feeling unhappy, depressive symptoms, and feelings of worthlessness. Suicidal thoughts and attempts were significantly more common in the disability pension group.

Discussion: Persons with USH2 generally reported very poor physical and psychological health, with significant differences between persons who were working and those who were not. This study highlights the need for early rehabilitation, vocational training, and opportunities to access the labor market. Implications for practitioners: It is important that persons with USH2 receive vocational support from an early age and that professionals in the field of rehabilitation always include work activity as a key element of interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: American Foundation for the Blind, 2016
National Category
Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51754 (URN)000384897800003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro University

Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Bjarnason, S., Larsson Tholén, S. & Danermark, B. (2015). Attityder till personer med funktionsnedsättning och interventioner för att påverka attityder: En systematisk kunskapsöversikt. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attityder till personer med funktionsnedsättning och interventioner för att påverka attityder: En systematisk kunskapsöversikt
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2015. p. 35
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47328 (URN)
Note

Ingår som underlag i Kommunikationssatsning om rättigheter för personer med funktionsnedsättning Delredovisning av ett regeringsuppdrag utgiven av Myndigheten för delaktighet

Available from: 2016-01-13 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Boman, T., Kjellberg, A., Danermark, B. & Boman, E. (2015). Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability. Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, 9(2), 116-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
2015 (English)In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The employment status of groups with different disabilities was analysed as were potentially important moderating factors (work ability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analysis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities from Statistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondents were divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing, communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psychological disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logistic regression analyses showed that the probability of being employed was highest among respondents with hearing disabilities and respondents with psychological disabilities were least likely to be employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with only primary education and with partially or very impaired work ability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education did not increase employment opportunities for respondents with impaired workability. In summary, the type of disability is essential for employment opportunities, and differences between disability groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. The moderating factors studied were found to be of equal importance in all groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Type of disability, Employment, Self-estimated work ability, Education level
National Category
General Practice
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47084 (URN)10.1016/j.alter.2014.11.003 (DOI)000365124200003 ()2-s2.0-84928769973 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2690-6989

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