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Linton, G. (2019). Innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness in startups: a case study and conceptual development. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 9, 1-21, Article ID 20.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness in startups: a case study and conceptual development
2019 (English)In: Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, ISSN 2228-7566, Vol. 9, p. 1-21, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) research has investigated EO from a unidimensional perspective. By taking the more novel approach of the multidimensional view and focusing on the sub-dimensions, a fine-grained view is achieved. Previous research has often mixed process and outcomes in the conceptualizations of the sub-dimensions of EO. This study argues for making a distinction between process and outcome, which can realize a more nuanced understanding of EO. A qualitative approach is used to achieve a richer understanding of EO. The findings highlight that EO and its sub-dimensions of innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness can be meaningfully divided between the attributes of process and outcome. The sub-dimensions and the attributes of process and outcome are also argued to vary independently of each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurial orientation, Innovativeness, Risk-taking, Proactiveness, Startups
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72033 (URN)10.1186/s40497-019-0147-5 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-02 Created: 2019-02-02 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved
Hasche, N., Höglund, L. & Linton, G. (2019). Quadruple helix as a network of relationships: creating value within a Swedish regional innovation system. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quadruple helix as a network of relationships: creating value within a Swedish regional innovation system
2019 (English)In: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

A regional smart specialization initiative is investigated from a quadruple helix framework (industry, government, academia, and users/civil society). Based on a qualitative case study, we examine the interdependencies of actors, resources, and activities from a micro perspective. The aim is to understand the relationships and the value created between the different actors. From the results we conclude that the fourth helix should be viewed as a whole – an arena where triple helix actors in different value adding relationships take on different roles – where they create value to civil society, for example, new jobs or products for improved elderly care. In line with this, we state that the fourth helix is far more complex than limiting it to simply become a fourth separate helix of users or civil society. There is a complexity in that the fourth helix consists of both different users (including triple helix actors) as well as civil society. Users in the quadruple helix framework can also be defined in several ways depending on the context of the arena (the fourth helix) and what value adding activities they bring to civil society. Thus, users can be businesses, organizations, citizens, society, and many more things.

Abstract [fr]

Une initiative de spécialisation intelligente régionale est examinée à travers un modèle à quadruple hélice (industrie, gouvernement, milieu universitaire et utilisateurs/société civile). En nous basant sur une étude qualitative de cas, nous explorons les interdépendances des acteurs, des ressources et des activités dans une micro-perspective. Notre objectif est de comprendre les relations et la valeur créée entre les différents acteurs. Nos résultats nous amènent à conclure que la quatrième hélice doit être prise en compte dans son ensemble – une arène dans laquelle des acteurs à triple hélice engagés dans des relations à valeur ajoutée jouent des rôles différents – y créant de la valeur pour la société civile, par exemple de nouveaux emplois ou de nouveaux produits pour une amélioration des soins aux personnes âgées. Conformément à cette approche, nous affirmons que la quatrième hélice est bien plus complexe que si elle se limitait à devenir simplement une quatrième hélice distincte composée d’usagers et de membres de la société civile. Une de ses complexités est qu’elle est composée à la fois de différents usagers (incluant aussi des triples acteurs) et de membres de la société civile. Dans le modèle à quatre hélices, les usagers peuvent être définis de plusieurs manières, selon le contexte de l’arène (la quatrième hélice) et les activités d’ajout de valeur qu’ils apportent à la société civile. Aussi, les usagers peuvent-ils être des entreprises, des organisations, des citoyens, la société et bien d’autres choses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Quadruple helix, network, relationships, value creation, regional innovation system (RIS), case study
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75755 (URN)10.1080/08276331.2019.1643134 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-08-19
Prenkert, F., Hasche, N. & Linton, G. (2019). Towards a systematic analytical framework of resource interfaces. Journal of Business Research, 100, 139-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a systematic analytical framework of resource interfaces
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 100, p. 139-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we posit that current Industrial Marketing and Purchasing literature on resource interaction and resource interfaces is hampered by fragmentation and conceptual imprecision, hindering scholars to build systematically on each other's works. To rectify this, a systematic analytical framework acknowledging the empirical variation of resource interfaces along a coherent conceptualization of resources and resource interfaces is suggested to enable further scholarly development. A case study focusing on a central product and the network surrounding the product is used to illustrate the analytical framework. We employ the analytical framework to show how interaction through resource interfaces of a European rail logistics network play out. Our findings suggest that the analytical framework has the capacity to fruitfully distinguish between the multitude of empirical manifestations and the need for a coherent conceptual framework. It also enables explanations of what may seem paradoxical by exploring the deeper cores of the phenomena.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
IMP network economics, Resource combining, Resource interfaces, Heaviness, Variety, Logistics
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73584 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.03.027 (DOI)000470942500013 ()2-s2.0-85063365793 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Future Rail
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20140152
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Linton, G. & Klinton, M. (2019). University entrepreneurship education: A design thinking approach to learning. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 8(3), 1-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University entrepreneurship education: A design thinking approach to learning
2019 (English)In: Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2192-5372, E-ISSN 2192-5372, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Entrepreneurship has traditionally been taught from a business administration perspective, where predicting the future is central and where the world is seen as linear with known inputs and outputs. The world of entrepreneurs is a quite different, usually highly uncertain environment, and therefore requires a different type of skill set. In this paper, we conceptualize entrepreneurial learning through a method- and design-based approach and illustrate how a course can be developed and designed.

Findings: In this paper it is argued that by utilizing design thinking and a methods approach, learning from a “through” approach can be achieved. This learning is more focused on the entrepreneurial process, highlighting the role of skills and mindset. This learning approach enables student-centered learning and focus on skills more applicable to entrepreneurs. It is also argued that the entrepreneurship process is not linear; therefore, creativity is central and finding structure is an unstructured process. Design thinking emphasizes a practical approach where students step outside the classroom. This experimentation and interaction in the real world of users and customers with real feedback is important in combination with reflection exercises.

Conclusions: This paper highlights how a methods approach and entrepreneurship education with a “through” perspective can be achieved by utilizing design thinking. This is elaborated conceptually and illustrated with an example. We argue that a methods approach for teaching entrepreneurship is beneficial, where design thinking can be one valuable tool and approach for teaching entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship education, Design thinking, Iteration, Creativity
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71471 (URN)10.1186/s13731-018-0098-z (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-22Bibliographically approved
Aramo-Immonen, H., Carlborg, P., Geissinger, A., Hasche, N., Kask, J., Linton, G., . . . Shams, T. (2018). Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research. In: : . Paper presented at 34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research
Show others...
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

IMP research is often treated as an empirical perspective describing complexities of repeated business-to-business exchanges and their embeddedness. While building on some common understandings and concepts, this paper asks: How homogeneous is the IMP research? This paper uses cluster analysis to capture the roots and various sub-groups of IMP research as means to depict the question of homogeneity (i.e. a core focus in the research) or heterogeneity (i.e. using references from other fields or specific to sub-fields) of the IMP thought. In this scientific work in progress paper we introduce how we design to use bibliographical methods in order to harvest data from an extensive amount of IMP-related articles written from the 1970’s onwards. In this first attempt to reveal IMP we used overall 294 articles yielded to 10,615 co-citation relationships. A threshold of minimum number of citations of a cited reference was set to five (5) to capture such references that have been cited in multiple publications. We introduce visual mapping of defined subject area clusters and as an example we describe shortly clusters. Perhaps not surprisingly our findings suggest that IMP research is not so homogenous, with at least four clear clusters of IMP-research each utilizing different key references.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69133 (URN)
Conference
34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018
Note

I publikationen står det felaktigt Sarah Shahin Moghadam. Det korrekta ska vara Sara Shahin Moghadam.

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Höglund, L. & Linton, G. (2018). Smart specialization in regional innovation systems: a quadruple helix perspective. R &D Management, 48(1), 60-72
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smart specialization in regional innovation systems: a quadruple helix perspective
2018 (English)In: R &D Management, ISSN 0033-6807, E-ISSN 1467-9310, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 60-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores Robotdalen, a smart specialization initiative in the region of Malardalen, Sweden, and its impact on regional innovation systems (RIS). The Robotdaleninitiative, with the goal to create a regional center for robotics, was established based onthe triple helix innovation systems model of industry, university, and government interaction.This paper aims to understand the dynamic interactions of the smart specializationstrategy in relation to the RIS. It also includes the perspective of the fourth helix, whichcontains civil society and users. To date, there has been a scarcity of research whichexplores the challenges of quadruple helix models from a micro perspective to understandtheir complexity. To address this, a single case study approach is taken, which includes alongitudinal perspective of 10 years (2007–2016). The analysis includes micro activitiesexplored from a strategizing perspective. The research contributes by identifying threestrategic practices that have evolved over time for Robotdalen. It also presents an empiricaloperationalization of the fourth helix, as well discusses the arrival of the fourth helixperspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018
Keywords
Smart specialization, regional innovation systems, Quadruple Helix, case study
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63735 (URN)10.1111/radm.12306 (DOI)000419111500005 ()2-s2.0-85039072929 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-28 Created: 2017-12-28 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Linton, G. & Kask, J. (2017). Configurations of entrepreneurial orientation and competitive strategy for high performance. Journal of Business Research, 70, 168-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Configurations of entrepreneurial orientation and competitive strategy for high performance
2017 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 70, p. 168-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) – that is risk-taking, proactiveness and innovativeness – and Porter's generic competitive strategies have become core constructs within entrepreneurship and management research; still, little is known about how they act in combination to influence performance. A configurational view of contingency fit is used to craft a typology of three ideal types. A qualitative comparative analysis of 67 small firms in Sweden empirically supports the hypothesis that two ideal types are associated with high firm performance: one focuses on differentiation strategy combined with innovativeness and proactiveness; and one focuses on a mixed strategy with risk aversion, reactiveness, and low innovativeness. The paper contributes to the current literature by showing how EO sub-dimensions in a non-linear way facilitate firm performance when in fit with competitive strategies, and supports the research stream that sees EO as a formative construct.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Entrepreneurial orientation, competitive strategy, configurations, cross-case comparison
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53054 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.08.022 (DOI)000388053500019 ()2-s2.0-84994098414 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Prenkert, F., Linton, G., Hasche, N. & Kask, J. (2017). Interaction sites and resource interfaces: A conceptualization of resource interaction. In: : . Paper presented at IMP Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 5-8, 2017. IMP Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction sites and resource interfaces: A conceptualization of resource interaction
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IMP Group, 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57953 (URN)
Conference
IMP Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 5-8, 2017
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Hasche, N., Linton, G. & Öberg, C. (2017). Trust in open innovation: the case of a med-tech start-up. European Journal of Innovation Management, 20(1), 31-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trust in open innovation: the case of a med-tech start-up
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 31-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The literature has shown great interest in open innovation, and also discussed its degree of openness based on, for example, the number of parties involved. Less is known, however, about what makes open innovation processes work. This paper describes and discusses the importance of trust in open innovation, and specifically focuses on a start-up company’s open innovation processes with collaboration parties. The paper points out how a lack of trust antecedents may disable such open innovation processes.

Design/methodology/approach: The empirical part of the paper consists of a case study on a medical-technology start-up. Interviews and analyses of secondary sources made up the main data capturing methods. Each collaboration between the start-up and another party was analysed through three trust antecedents: contractual, competence-based, and goodwill.

Findings: The paper shows how either party may have chosen to discontinue the collaboration based on the lack of competence or goodwill antecedents to trust. Specifically, the case indicates how the start-up discontinued the collaborations based on a perceived lack of goodwill, while the collaboration parties based their decisions on competence deficits by the start-up.

Originality/value: The paper contributes to previous research through describing open innovation related to start-ups, and introducing trust antecedents as prerequisites for open innovation. To the literature on trust, trust mutuality makes a research contribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017
Keywords
Case studies; Collaboration; Open Innovation; Start-up; Trust
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53186 (URN)10.1108/EJIM-10-2015-0111 (DOI)000395594400003 ()2-s2.0-85005965472 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-24 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Hasche, N., Linton, G. & Prenkert, F. (2016). A model of Depth of Resource Interfaces in Networks. In: 32nd IMP Conference: . Paper presented at 32nd IMP Conference, Poznan, Poland, August 30 - September 3, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model of Depth of Resource Interfaces in Networks
2016 (English)In: 32nd IMP Conference, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper develops a conceptualization of resource interfaces and its two dimensions of connectedness and depth and contributes with enhanced knowledge and understanding of resource interfaces in networks. The purpose is to increase the knowledge of the links between the connectedness and depth dimensions of resource interfaces. To this end we investigate a core physical logistics resource in terms of a railway network that is organized by one actor but utilized by many to create some logistics services. Given the existence of this core physical logistics resource, we investigate how various resources interact in this network as many actors collaborate to produce logistics services. This paper contributes with a model of depth of resource interfaces in networks based on empirical characterisations of resource interfaces in a logistics network. Drawing on a detailed case study we illustrate the character of resource interfaces in an analysis of interacting resource types. We show how the development of resource interfaces in a logistics network context can be understood in terms of models emphasizing the connectedness and depth of resource interfaces.

Keywords
Resource Interfaces, Interface Depth, Imprints, Logistics
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52316 (URN)
Conference
32nd IMP Conference, Poznan, Poland, August 30 - September 3, 2016
Available from: 2016-09-19 Created: 2016-09-19 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9517-1333

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