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Widén, S., Möller, C. & Kähäri, K. (2018). Headphone listening habits, hearing thresholds and listening levels in Swedish adolescents with severe to profound HL and adolescents with normal hearing. International Journal of Audiology, 1-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Headphone listening habits, hearing thresholds and listening levels in Swedish adolescents with severe to profound HL and adolescents with normal hearing
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Research has minimally focussed on the music listening habits and preferred sound volumes among adolescents with severe to profound congenital HL. Listening to music played at loud sound volumes and for a long duration of time could imply risks of worsening the HL. Therefore, it is important to investigate the listening habits in adolescents with HL. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of personal music devices, subjective estimated sound levels, measured sound levels, listening habits, and hearing symptoms in adolescents with severe to profound hearing loss compared with adolescents with normal hearing.

DESIGN: The study was conducted in two steps. First, a questionnaire was given to students with or without hearing loss. In step two, hearing and sound level measurements were made in a subsample from both groups.

STUDY SAMPLE: The study sample were based on 112 seventeen-year-old students with severe to profound hearing loss and 279 adolescents with normal hearing. Hearing thresholds and listening levels was measured on two subsamples based on 29 adolescents with severe to profound hearing loss and 50 adolescents from the group with normal hearing.

RESULTS: The results showed that adolescents with severe to profound hearing loss listened to significantly louder sound levels for longer periods. For both groups, those listening at louder sound levels had poorer hearing thresholds. This finding is especially alarming for subjects with hearing loss. Among those listening above 85 dB per occasion, the sound level ranged between 85.8 dB up to 109 dB for those with hearing loss, whereas the sound level ranged between 85.5 dB and 100 dB for those with normal hearing.

CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with congenital hearing loss used portable music devices in the same manner as adolescents with normal hearing. However, adolescents with hearing loss listened to louder sound volumes most likely to compensate for their hearing loss, which significantly increases the risk of further damage to their hearing. From a hearing rehabilitation perspective it could be concluded that aspect of music listening habits should be focussed in order to prevent noise induced hearing loss among individuals with congenital hearing loss.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Adolescents, headphone listening habits, hearing loss, hearing symptoms, measured sound volumes, personal music devices
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66874 (URN)10.1080/14992027.2018.1461938 (DOI)29703094 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-05-24 Created: 2018-05-24 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved
Strandberg, T., Möller, K. & Widén, S. (2017). Doctoral theses within the Swedish Institute for Disability Research 2000-2012: A review of content and interdisciplinarity. International Journal of Health Sciences, 5(2), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doctoral theses within the Swedish Institute for Disability Research 2000-2012: A review of content and interdisciplinarity
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Health Sciences, ISSN 2372-5060, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR) was founded in 2000. The SIDR graduate programmedis a leading research programmedin disability science. The scientific method at SIDR is based on an interdisciplinary approach.The aim of this study is to describe content of doctoral theses presented within SIDR, and to analyzethe occurrence of interdisciplinarywithin the theses published between 2000 and 2012. Forty-one theses were included in the study. First, the manifest data was categorized in a matrix, and second, the latent content was analyzedwithin a scheme. The scheme included seven criteria within interdisciplinary theory, namely: Is the phenomenon multi-dimensional? Does the aim reflect an interdisciplinary approach? Are the studies non-reductionist? Have multiple methods been used? Is the knowledge integrated? Are the results discussed as a whole?Do they explicitly show an interdisciplinaryknowledge?Findings show a variety of disability groups studied within SIDR, but the main disabilities are hearing impairment or deafness, and cognitive and communication difficulties. Different theoretical perspectives are used within the theses. To different extents, an interdisciplinary approach is used as an overall meta-theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Madison, WI, USA: American Research Institute for Policy Development, 2017
Keywords
Disability studies, interdisciplinary, bio-psycho-social, critical realism
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Other Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62806 (URN)10.15640/ijhs.v5n2a1 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved
Widén, S., Båsjö, S., Möller, C. & Kähäri, K. (2017). Headphone listening habits and hearing thresholds in swedish adolescents. Noise & Health, 19(88), 125-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Headphone listening habits and hearing thresholds in swedish adolescents
2017 (English)In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 19, no 88, p. 125-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported hearing and portable music listening habits, measured hearing function and music exposure levels in Swedish adolescents. The study was divided into two parts.

Materials and Methods: The first part included 280 adolescents, who were 17 years of age and focused on self-reported data on subjective hearing problems and listening habits regarding portable music players. From this group, 50 adolescents volunteered to participate in Part II of the study, which focused on audiological measurements and measured listening volume.

Results: The results indicated that longer lifetime exposure in years and increased listening frequency were associated with poorer hearing thresholds and more self-reported hearing problems. A tendency was found for listening to louder volumes and poorer hearing thresholds. Women reported more subjective hearing problems compared with men but exhibited better hearing thresholds. In contrast, men reported more use of personal music devices, and they listen at higher volumes.

Discussion: Additionally, the study shows that adolescents listening for ≥3 h at every occasion more likely had tinnitus. Those listening at ≥85 dB LAeq, FF and listening every day exhibited poorer mean hearing thresholds, reported more subjective hearing problems and listened more frequently in school and while sleeping.

Conclusion: Although the vast majority listened at moderate sound levels and for shorter periods of time, the study also indicates that there is a subgroup (10%) that listens between 90 and 100 dB for longer periods of time, even during sleep. This group might be at risk for developing future noise-induced hearing impairments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medknow Publications, 2017
Keywords
Adolescents, headphones, hearing symptoms, hearing thresholds, listening habits, portable music listening devices
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58061 (URN)10.4103/nah.NAH_65_16 (DOI)000404120500002 ()28615542 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021194011 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-10Bibliographically approved
Hjaldahl, J., Widén, S. & Carlsson, P.-I. (2017). Severe to profound hearing impairment: Factors associated with the use of hearing aids and cochlear implants and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. Hearing, Balance and Communication, 15(1), 6-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Severe to profound hearing impairment: Factors associated with the use of hearing aids and cochlear implants and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation
2017 (English)In: Hearing, Balance and Communication, ISSN 2169-5717, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 6-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To determine whether various demographic variables are associated with hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation among patients with severe to profound hearing loss (HL) and to compare the use of unilateral and bilateral HAs.

Materials and Methods: Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to analyze general HA use, binaural HA use, CI use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. A total of 2297 adult patients from The Swedish Quality Register of Otorhinolaryngology with a PTA4 (0.5, 1, 2, 4 kHz) ≥70 dB HL in the better ear were included.

Results: The degree of HL was associated with HA and CI use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. The patients with at least a college degree were more likely to use bilateral HAs, have a CI and participate in audiological rehabilitation compared to those with elementary school education. The sex distribution was evenly divided, but the men indicated a lower level of participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. No significant associations where found for sex and HA or CI use.

Conclusions: The degree of HL was the strongest factor associated with the use of HAs, CI and extended audiological rehabilitation among the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire, United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Audiological rehabilitation, sick leave, the problem impact rating scale
National Category
Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52125 (URN)10.1080/21695717.2016.1242250 (DOI)000396711900003 ()2-s2.0-84992093048 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Center for Rehabilitation Research, Orebro County Council, Orebro, Sweden

Available from: 2016-09-12 Created: 2016-09-12 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Manchaiah, V., Zhao, F., Widén, S., Auzenne, J., Beukes, E. W., Ahmadi, T., . . . Germundsson, P. (2017). Social Representation of "Loud Music" in Young Adults: A Cross-Cultural Study. Journal of american academy of audiology, 28(6), 522-533
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Representation of "Loud Music" in Young Adults: A Cross-Cultural Study
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2017 (English)In: Journal of american academy of audiology, ISSN 1050-0545, E-ISSN 2157-3107, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 522-533Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults.

Purpose: The present study was aimed to explore cross-cultural perceptions of and reactions to loud music in young adults (18-25 yr) using the theory of social representations.

Research Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design.

Study Sample: The study sample included young adults (n = 534) from five different countries (India, Iran, Portugal, the United States, and the United Kingdom) who were recruited using convenience sampling.

Data Collection and Analysis: Data were collected using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using a content analysis, co-occurrence analysis, and also x(2) analysis.

Results: Fairly equal numbers of positive and negative connotations (similar to 40%) were noted in all countries. However, the x(2) analysis showed significant differences between the countries (most positive connotations were found in India and Iran, whereas the most negative connotations were found in the United Kingdom and Portugal) regarding the informants' perception of loud music. The co-occurrence analysis results generally indicate that the category "negative emotions and actions" occurred most frequently, immediately followed by the category "positive emotions and actions." The other most frequently occurring categories included "acoustics," "physical aliment," "location," and "ear and hearing problems." These six categories formed the central nodes of the social representation of loud music exposure in the global index. Although some similarities and differences were noted among the social representations toward loud music among countries, it is noteworthy that more similarities than differences were noted among countries.

Conclusions: The study results suggest that "loud music" is perceived to have both positive and negative aspects within society and culture. We suggest that the health promotion strategies should focus on changing societal norms and regulations to be more effective in decreasing the noise-and/or music induced auditory symptoms among young adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reston, VA, United States: American Academy of Audiology, 2017
Keywords
Attitude, cross-culture, hearing loss, music listening, public health hazard, social perception, social representation, text mining
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58102 (URN)10.3766/jaaa.16046 (DOI)000402588600005 ()28590896 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85020406996 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2018-07-31Bibliographically approved
Manchaiah, V., Zhao, F., Widén, S., Auzenne, J., Beukes, E. W., Ahmadi, T., . . . Germundsson, P. (2017). Social representation of "music" in young adults: A cross-cultural study. International Journal of Audiology, 56(1), 24-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social representation of "music" in young adults: A cross-cultural study
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 24-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The present study was aimed to explore perceptions of and reactions to music in young adults (18-25 years) using the theory of social representations (TSR).

Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design and included participants from India, Iran, Portugal, United States, and United Kingdom. Data were analyzed using various qualitative and quantitative methods.

Study sample: The study sample included 534 young adults.

Results: The Chi-square analysis showed significant differences between the countries regarding the informants’ perception of music. The most positive connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Iranian participants (82.2%), followed by Portuguese participants (80.6%), while the most negative connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Indian participants (18.2%), followed by Iranian participants (7.3%). The participants’ responses fell into 19 main categories based on their meaning; however, not all categories were found in all five countries. The co-occurrence analysis results generally indicate that the category “positive emotions or actions” was the most frequent category occurring in all five countries.

Conclusions: The results indicate that music is generally considered to bring positive emotions for people within these societies, although a small percentage of responses indicate some negative consequences of music.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire, United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Music listening, hearing loss, public health hazard, attitude, social representation, text mining, cross-culture
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51922 (URN)10.1080/14992027.2016.1227481 (DOI)000390895000004 ()27609441 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84986211935 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2018-07-27Bibliographically approved
Båsjö, S., Möller, C., Widén, S., Jutengran, G. & Kähäri, K. (2016). Hearing thresholds, tinnitus, and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old children. International Journal of Audiology, 55(10), 587-596
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hearing thresholds, tinnitus, and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old children
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 55, no 10, p. 587-596Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Investigate hearing function and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old Swedish children. Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted and included otoscopy, tympanometry, pure-tone audiometry, and spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAE). A questionnaire was used to evaluate headphone listening habits, tinnitus, and hyperacusis. Study sample: A total of 415 children aged nine years.

Results: The prevalence of a hearing threshold 20 dB HL at one or several frequencies was 53%, and the hearing thresholds at 6 and 8 kHz were higher than those at the low and mid frequencies. SOAEs were observed in 35% of the children, and the prevalence of tinnitus was 5.3%. No significant relationship between SOAE and tinnitus was found. Pure-tone audiometry showed poorer hearing thresholds in children with tinnitus and in children who regularly listened with headphones.

Conclusion: The present study of hearing, listening habits, and tinnitus in nine-year old children is, to our knowledge, the largest study so far. The main findings were that hearing thresholds in the right ear were poorer in children who used headphones than in children not using them, which could be interpreted as headphone listening may have negative consequences to children’s hearing. Children with tinnitus showed poorer hearing thresholds compared to children without tinnitus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
Children, hearing loss, hearing threshold, listening habits, portable music players, SOAE, tinnitus, tympanometry
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51918 (URN)10.1080/14992027.2016.1190871 (DOI)000382980300008 ()27329351 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84975455742 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Artists and Musicians Against Tinnitus (AMMOT)

AFA insurance company

Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2018-07-16Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, J., Widén, S., Staland-Nyman, C. & Tideman, M. (2016). Post-school destination: A study of women and men with intellectual disabilities and the gender-segregated Swedish labor market. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 13(3), 217-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-school destination: A study of women and men with intellectual disabilities and the gender-segregated Swedish labor market
2016 (English)In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 217-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowledge about people with intellectual disability (ID) and their connections to the labor market is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the entry into and representation in the Swedish labor market for people with ID, discussed with a special focus on the gender perspective. This study included 2,745 individuals (30% women and 70% men) who graduated from Swedish upper secondary schools for pupils with intellectual disability (USSID) in the 2000s, and who were defined as employees in 2011. Graduation data from 2001 to 2011 were analyzed in relation to employment data from 2011 and adjusted for gender, graduation year, and educational program. Results show that men who attended a national USSID program and graduated between 2001 and 2006 were the most likely group to have a job. The authors conclude that the gender differences in the Swedish labor market are more clearly pronounced among women and men with ID in relation to employment rate, wage levels, and professions than in the general population. Education, welfare-services, and interventions specifically targeted to meet the needs of people with ID have to develop in more gender-sensitive ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2016
Keywords
Employment, gender, intellectual disability, labor market, Sweden
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51921 (URN)10.1111/jppi.12157 (DOI)000383714700003 ()2-s2.0-84971016693 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

MISA AB, Stockholm, Sweden

Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, J., Staland-Nyman, C., Widén, S. & Tideman, M. (2016). Sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning: boendegeografiska skillnader. Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning, 19(3), 241-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning: boendegeografiska skillnader
2016 (Swedish)In: Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning, ISSN 0809-2052, E-ISSN 2464-3076, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 241-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors conclude that the geographical variations identified in other parts of the Swedish welfare system also apply partly to post-USSID occupations. The article discusses whether municipal and regional affiliation is of particular significance for pupils from USSID, because of their low propensity to relocate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2016
Keywords
Post-school occupation, welfare services, geographic differences, intellectual disability, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49565 (URN)10.18261/issn.2464-3076-2016-03-03 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-03-29 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Bohlin, M. & Widén, S. (2016). University teacher and student judgements on misleading behavior in study situations. Trollhättan: University West
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University teacher and student judgements on misleading behavior in study situations
2016 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study deals with teachers’ and students’ judgments of misleading (e.g. cheating or plagiarism) behaviors during examinations. The data was collected at a university in Sweden using a questionnaire presenting specific behaviors to be judged. In total, 253 individuals completed the questionnaire. The teachers, in contrast to the students, tended to judge the behaviors presented as more serious. There was, however, plenty of variation in the judgments made by both teachers and students. Although the teachers, on average, tended to judge the behaviors as more serious, about 20% of the students were found to judge the behaviors as more serious than the average teacher. It was also found that about 20 % of the teachers judged the scenarios as less serious compared to the average student judgments. This indicates a lack of agreement among teachers and students on the definition of misleading behavior. Subjective opinions seem to play a more important role for judgment than having actual knowledge about the rules and regulations stating what misleading behaviors really are in academic work.

Abstract [sv]

Den aktuella studien undersöker lärares och studenters bedömningar av vilseledande beteenden vid högre utbildning (t.ex. fusk eller plagiat). Datainsamlingen gjordes vid en svensk högskola genom att forskningsdeltagarna blev presenterade för scenarier och fick till uppgift att bedöma i vilken grad dessa beteenden kunde bedömas som fall av fusk och plagiat. Totalt avslutade253 personer enkäten. Resultaten visade att lärarna tenderade att bedöma de beteenden som presenteras som mer allvarliga än vad studenterna gjorde men det fanns också stora variationer i bedömningar bland både lärare och studenter. Till exempel visades att, trots att lärarna i genomsnitt tenderade att bedöma beteendena som mer allvarliga, bedömde ungefär 20 % av studenterna beteendena som allvarligare än den genomsnittliga läraren. Dessutom bedömde omkring 20 % av lärarna scenarierna som mindre allvarliga jämfört med den genomsnittliga bedömningen från studenterna. Dessa resultat indikerar brist på överenstämmelse mellan lärares och studenters bedömningar och om hur vilseledande beteende definieras. I det akademiska arbetet tycks subjektiva bedömningar och betraktelsesätt spela stor roll, ibland större roll än att ha kännedom om de regler och förordningar som anger vad vilseledande beteende egentligen är.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2016. p. 26
Series
Högskolan Väst rapportserie ; 2016:4
Keywords
Misleading behavior, Cheating, plagiarism, University students, University teachers
National Category
Social Sciences Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51916 (URN)
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9184-6989

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