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Ekblad, A. & Bastviken, D. (2019). Deforestation releases old carbon. Nature Geoscience, 12(7), 499-500
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deforestation releases old carbon
2019 (English)In: Nature Geoscience, ISSN 1752-0894, E-ISSN 1752-0908, Vol. 12, no 7, p. 499-500Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2019
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75211 (URN)10.1038/s41561-019-0394-7 (DOI)000473104300003 ()
Available from: 2019-07-26 Created: 2019-07-26 Last updated: 2019-07-26Bibliographically approved
Baskaran, P., Ekblad, A., Soucémarianadin, L. N., Hyvönen, R., Schleucher, J. & Lindahl, B. D. (2019). Nitrogen dynamics of decomposing Scots pine needle litter depends on colonizing fungal species. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 95(6), Article ID fiz059.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nitrogen dynamics of decomposing Scots pine needle litter depends on colonizing fungal species
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2019 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, ISSN 0168-6496, E-ISSN 1574-6941, Vol. 95, no 6, article id fiz059Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In boreal ecosystems plant production is often limited by low availability of nitrogen. Nitrogen retention in below-ground organic pools plays an important role in restricting recirculation to plants and thereby hampers forest production. Saprotrophic fungi are commonly assigned to different decomposer strategies, but how these relate to nitrogen cycling remains to be understood. Decomposition of Scots pine needle litter was studied in axenic microcosms with the ligninolytic litter decomposing basidiomycete Gymnopus androsaceus or the stress tolerant ascomycete Chalara longipes. Changes in chemical composition were followed by 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy and nitrogen dynamics was assessed by the addition of a 15N tracer. Decomposition by C. longipes resulted in nitrogen retention in non-hydrolysable organic matter, enriched in aromatic and alkylic compounds, whereas the ligninolytic G. androsaceus was able to access this pool, counteracting nitrogen retention. Our observations suggest that differences in decomposing strategies between fungal species play an important role in regulating nitrogen retention and release during litter decomposition, implying that fungal community composition may impact nitrogen cycling at the ecosystem level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
13C CP/MAS NMR, 15N tracer, functional guilds, litter decomposition, nitrogen cycling, saprotrophic fungi
National Category
Ecology Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74566 (URN)10.1093/femsec/fiz059 (DOI)000474762800003 ()31069387 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065782720 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-1747
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-07-29Bibliographically approved
Kyaschenko, J., Ovaskainen, O., Ekblad, A., Hagenbo, A., Karltun, E., Clemmensen, K. E. & Lindahl, B. D. (2019). Soil fertility in boreal forest relates to root-driven nitrogen retention and carbon sequestration in the mor layer. New Phytologist, 221(3), 1492-1502
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soil fertility in boreal forest relates to root-driven nitrogen retention and carbon sequestration in the mor layer
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2019 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 221, no 3, p. 1492-1502Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Boreal forest soils retain significant amounts of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in purely organic layers, but the regulation of organic matter turnover and the relative importance of leaf litter and root‐derived inputs are not well understood.

We combined bomb 14C dating of organic matter with stable isotope profiling for Bayesian parameterization of an organic matter sequestration model. C and N dynamics were assessed across annual depth layers (cohorts), together representing 256 yr of organic matter accumulation. Results were related to ecosystem fertility (soil inorganic N, pH and litter C : N).

Root‐derived C was estimated to decompose two to 10 times more slowly than leaf litter, but more rapidly in fertile plots. The amounts of C and N per cohort declined during the initial 20 yr of decomposition, but, in older material, the amount of N per cohort increased, indicating N retention driven by root‐derived C.

The dynamics of root‐derived inputs were more important than leaf litter dynamics in regulating the variation in organic matter accumulation along a forest fertility gradient. N retention in the rooting zone combined with impeded mining for N in less fertile ecosystems provides evidence for a positive feedback between ecosystem fertility and organic matter turnover.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Science Ltd., 2019
Keywords
Bayesian inference, bomb C, decomposition, ecosystem fertility, fungal guilds, leaf- and root-derived C, long-term dynamics, stable isotopes
National Category
Soil Science Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69262 (URN)10.1111/nph.15454 (DOI)000459828900031 ()30281792 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054357249 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-1747Academy of Finland, 284601, 309581The Research Council of Norway, 223257
Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Weber, M. E., Lantzsch, H., Dekens, P., Das, S. K., Reilly, B. T., Martos, Y. M., . . . Wolfgramm, P. (2018). 200,000 years of monsoonal history recorded on the lower Bengal Fan - strong response to insolation forcing. Global and Planetary Change, 166, 107-119
Open this publication in new window or tab >>200,000 years of monsoonal history recorded on the lower Bengal Fan - strong response to insolation forcing
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2018 (English)In: Global and Planetary Change, ISSN 0921-8181, E-ISSN 1872-6364, Vol. 166, p. 107-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We conducted a multidisciplinary study to provide the stratigraphic and palaeoclimatic context of monsoonal rainfall dynamics and their responses to orbital forcing for the Bay of Bengal. Using sediment lightness we established an age model at orbital resolution for International Ocean Discovery Programme (IODP) Core U1452C-1H that covers the last 200 ka in the lower Bengal Fan. The low-resolution delta O-18 of G. sacculifer is consistent with global delta O-18 records, at least for major glacial-to-interglacial transitions. The variability of total organic carbon, total nitrogen, and the delta C-13 composition of organic matter indicate the marine origin of organic matter. Marine primary productivity likely increased during insolation minima, indicative for an enhanced NE monsoon during glacials and stadials. Pristine insolation forcing is also documented for wet-bulk density, red green color variability, and grain-size variations, indicating that darker and coarser-grained material deposited at higher sedimentation rates during insolation minima. Stronger NE monsoon likely amplified ocean-atmosphere interactions over the Indian Ocean, leading to stronger upwelling through shoaling the thermocline, and higher delivery of sediment to the Bay of Bengal due to higher soil erosion on land. In addition, lower glacial and stadial sea levels as well as stronger westward surface circulation favored delivery of coarser-grained fluvial material to the lower Bengal Fan. At the same time the stronger NE monsoon might have increased the aeolian supply. Total inorganic carbon, the Ca/Ti ratio, and biogenic silica vary dominantly on obliquity frequencies, suggesting mobilization and transport of lithogenic material primarily during lowered sea levels and/or higher influence of the Northern Hemisphere westerlies on the dust transport from the Tibetan Plateau. The close resemblance of sediment lightness and the climate record of Antarctic ice cores over multiple glacial cycles indicate close relationship between high southern latitude and tropical Asian climate through shifts in position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The Bengal Fan monsoonal record shows very clear and strict responses to insolation forcing in the lower part from -200 ka to the Younger Toba Tuff during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 7 - 5, and less distinct response patterns after deposition of the ash during MIS 4- 2, consistent with low-amplitude changes in insolation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68035 (URN)10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.04.003 (DOI)000435624000009 ()2-s2.0-85047249754 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Deutsche Forschungsgemein-schaft (DFG -Priority Programme 527)  We2039/14-1 

United States Science Support Program Post Expedition Awards  T354A11  CA OCE-0652315 

California State University Council on Ocean Affairs, Science and Technology (CSU-COAST)  

UGC  NCAOR/IODP/20.15/15(III) 

IODP-India grant  NCAOR/IODP/20.15/15(III) 

Oregon ARCS Foundation 

Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved
Vowles, T., Lindwall, F., Ekblad, A., Bahram, M., Furneaux, B. R., Ryberg, M. & Björk, R. G. (2018). Complex effects of mammalian grazing on extramatrical mycelial biomass in the Scandes forest-tundra ecotone. Ecology and Evolution, 8(2), 1019-1030
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complex effects of mammalian grazing on extramatrical mycelial biomass in the Scandes forest-tundra ecotone
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2018 (English)In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 1019-1030Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mycorrhizal associations are widespread in high-latitude ecosystems and are potentially of great importance for global carbon dynamics. Although large herbivores play a key part in shaping subarctic plant communities, their impact on mycorrhizal dynamics is largely unknown. We measured extramatrical mycelial (EMM) biomass during one growing season in 16-year-old herbivore exclosures and unenclosed control plots (ambient), at three mountain birch forests and two shrub heath sites, in the Scandes forest-tundra ecotone. We also used high-throughput amplicon sequencing for taxonomic identification to investigate differences in fungal species composition. At the birch forest sites, EMM biomass was significantly higher in exclosures (1.36 +/- 0.43g C/m(2)) than in ambient conditions (0.66 +/- 0.17g C/m(2)) and was positively influenced by soil thawing degree-days. At the shrub heath sites, there was no significant effect on EMM biomass (exclosures: 0.72 +/- 0.09g C/m(2); ambient plots: 1.43 +/- 0.94). However, EMM biomass was negatively related to Betula nana abundance, which was greater in exclosures, suggesting that grazing affected EMM biomass positively. We found no significant treatment effects on fungal diversity but the most abundant ectomycorrhizal lineage/cortinarius, showed a near-significant positive effect of herbivore exclusion (p=.08), indicating that herbivory also affects fungal community composition. These results suggest that herbivory can influence fungal biomass in highly context-dependent ways in subarctic ecosystems. Considering the importance of root-associated fungi for ecosystem carbon balance, these findings could have far-reaching implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Betula nana, Betula pubescens subsp, czerepanovii, ectomycorrhiza, extramatrical mycelia, herbivory, mountain birch forest, shrub heath
National Category
Environmental Sciences Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65647 (URN)10.1002/ece3.3657 (DOI)000425822800019 ()29375775 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85038005177 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Eesti Teadusfondi  PUT1317 

Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning 214-2010-1411

Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved
Sterkenburg, E., Clemmensen, K. E., Ekblad, A., Finlay, R. D. & Lindahl, B. D. (2018). Contrasting effects of ectomycorrhizal fungi on early and late stage decomposition in a boreal forest. The ISME Journal, 12(9), 2187-2197
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contrasting effects of ectomycorrhizal fungi on early and late stage decomposition in a boreal forest
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2018 (English)In: The ISME Journal, ISSN 1751-7362, E-ISSN 1751-7370, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 2187-2197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Symbiotic ectomycorrhizal fungi have received increasing attention as regulators of below-ground organic matter storage. They are proposed to promote organic matter accumulation by suppressing saprotrophs, but have also been suggested to play an active role in decomposition themselves. Here we show that exclusion of tree roots and associated ectomycorrhizal fungi in a boreal forest increased decomposition of surface litter by 11% by alleviating nitrogen limitation of saprotrophs-a "Gadgil effect". At the same time, root exclusion decreased Mn-peroxidase activity in the deeper mor layer by 91%. Our results show that ectomycorrhizal fungi may hamper short-term litter decomposition, but also support a crucial role of ectomycorrhizal fungi in driving long-term organic matter oxidation. These observations stress the importance of ectomycorrhizal fungi in regulation of below-ground organic matter accumulation. By different mechanisms they may either hamper or stimulate decomposition, depending upon stage of decomposition and location in the soil profile.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2018
National Category
Soil Science Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67218 (URN)10.1038/s41396-018-0181-2 (DOI)000441581700008 ()29880913 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048073238 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2007-1365 2011-1747
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Hagenbo, A., Clemmensen, K. E., Finlay, R. D., Kyaschenko, J., Lindahl, B. D., Fransson, P. & Ekblad, A. (2017). Changes in turnover rather than production regulate biomass of ectomycorrhizal fungal mycelium across a Pinus sylvestris chronosequence. New Phytologist, 214(1), 424-431
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changes in turnover rather than production regulate biomass of ectomycorrhizal fungal mycelium across a Pinus sylvestris chronosequence
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2017 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 214, no 1, p. 424-431Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In boreal forest soils, ectomycorrhizal fungi are fundamentally important for carbon (C) dynamics and nutrient cycling. Although their extraradical mycelium (ERM) is pivotal for processes such as soil organic matter build-up and nitrogen cycling, very little is known about its dynamics and regulation.

In this study, we quantified ERM production and turnover, and examined how these two processes together regulated standing ERM biomass in seven sites forming a chronosequence of 12- to 100-yr-old managed Pinus sylvestris forests. This was done by determining ERM biomass, using ergosterol as a proxy, in sequentially harvested in-growth mesh bags and by applying mathematical models.

Although ERM production declined with increasing forest age from 1.2 to 0.5 kg ha(-1)  d(-1) , the standing biomass increased from 50 to 112 kg ha(-1) . This was explained by a drastic decline in mycelial turnover from seven times to one time per year with increasing forest age, corresponding to mean residence times from 25 d up to 1 yr.

Our results demonstrate that ERM turnover is the main factor regulating biomass across differently aged forest stands. Explicit inclusion of ERM parameters in forest ecosystem C models may significantly improve their capacity to predict responses of mycorrhiza-mediated processes to management and environmental changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
chronosequence, ectomycorrhiza, ergosterol, extramatrical mycelium, extraradical mycelium, fungal biomass, production, turnover
National Category
Forest Science
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57414 (URN)10.1111/nph.14379 (DOI)000398130300038 ()27997034 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85007380512 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, grant no 2011-1747

Available from: 2017-04-25 Created: 2017-04-25 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Gkarmiri, K., Mahmood, S., Ekblad, A., Alström, S., Högberg, N. & Finlay, R. (2017). Identifying the Active Microbiome Associated with Roots and Rhizosphere Soil of Oilseed Rape. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 83(22), Article ID e01938-17.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying the Active Microbiome Associated with Roots and Rhizosphere Soil of Oilseed Rape
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2017 (English)In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 0099-2240, E-ISSN 1098-5336, Vol. 83, no 22, article id e01938-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RNA stable isotope probing and high-throughput sequencing were used to characterize the active microbiomes of bacteria and fungi colonizing the roots and rhizosphere soil of oilseed rape to identify taxa assimilating plant-derived carbon following (13)CO2 labeling. Root- and rhizosphere soil-associated communities of both bacteria and fungi differed from each other, and there were highly significant differences between their DNA- and RNA-based community profiles. Verrucomicrobia, Proteobacteria, Planctomycetes, Acidobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, Actinobacteria, and Chloroflexi were the most active bacterial phyla in the rhizosphere soil. Bacteroidetes were more active in roots. The most abundant bacterial genera were well represented in both the (13)C- and (12)C-RNA fractions, while the fungal taxa were more differentiated. Streptomyces, Rhizobium, and Flavobacterium were dominant in roots, whereas Rhodoplanes and Sphingomonas (Kaistobacter) were dominant in rhizosphere soil. "Candidatus Nitrososphaera" was enriched in (13)C in rhizosphere soil. Olpidium and Dendryphion were abundant in the (12)C-RNA fraction of roots; Clonostachys was abundant in both roots and rhizosphere soil and heavily (13)C enriched. Cryptococcus was dominant in rhizosphere soil and less abundant, but was (13)C enriched in roots. The patterns of colonization and C acquisition revealed in this study assist in identifying microbial taxa that may be superior competitors for plant-derived carbon in the rhizosphere of Brassica napusIMPORTANCE This microbiome study characterizes the active bacteria and fungi colonizing the roots and rhizosphere soil of Brassica napus using high-throughput sequencing and RNA-stable isotope probing. It identifies taxa assimilating plant-derived carbon following (13)CO2 labeling and compares these with other less active groups not incorporating a plant assimilate. Brassica napus is an economically and globally important oilseed crop, cultivated for edible oil, biofuel production, and phytoextraction of heavy metals; however, it is susceptible to several diseases. The identification of the fungal and bacterial species successfully competing for plant-derived carbon, enabling them to colonize the roots and rhizosphere soil of this plant, should enable the identification of microorganisms that can be evaluated in more detailed functional studies and ultimately be used to improve plant health and productivity in sustainable agriculture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2017
Keywords
Brassica napus, bacteria, carbon allocation, fungi, high-throughput sequencing, rhizosphere microbiome, root microbiome
National Category
Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62486 (URN)10.1128/AEM.01938-17 (DOI)000414001000020 ()28887416 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85032669754 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2011-1211
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Ohlsson, K. E., Yang, B., Ekblad, A., Boman, C., Nyström, R. & Olofsson, T. (2017). Stable carbon isotope labelled carbon dioxide as tracer gas for air change rate measurement in a ventilated single zone. Building and Environment, 115, 173-181
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stable carbon isotope labelled carbon dioxide as tracer gas for air change rate measurement in a ventilated single zone
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2017 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 115, p. 173-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbon dioxide (CO2) has often been used as tracer gas for measurement of the air change rate A (h(-1)) in buildings. In such measurements, a correction is required for the presence of indoor CO2, which commonly consists of atmospheric CO2 mixed with human respired CO2. Here, C-13 isotope-labelled CO2 was employed as tracer gas, and cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) was used for simultaneous measurement of the two isotope analogues (CO2)-C-12 and (CO2)-C-13. This enabled the simultaneOtts measurement of the (CO2)-C-13 tracer gas, with correction for background (CO2)-C-13, and the concentration of indoor CO2, allowing for presence of occupants. The background correction procedute assumes that the isotope delta of the background indoor CO2 equals delta(B)= -19%(0), based on the prior information that the carbon isotope ratio R-B = C-13/C-12 of all carbon in the bio-geosphere of earth is in the interval 0.010900 < R-B < 0.011237. Evidence supported that lambda could be accurately measured, using the new (CO2)-C-13 tracer method, even when the background (CO2)-C-13 concentration varied during the measurement time interval, or when the actual delta(B) value differed from the assumed value. The measurement uncertainty for lambda was estimatdd at 3%. Uncertainty in A due to uncertainty in R-B, u(RB)(lambda), was estimated to increase with a decreasing amount of (CO2)-C-13 tracer. This indicated that at least 4 ppm tracer must be used, in order to obtain u(RB)(lambda)/lambda < 2%. The temporal resolution of the lambda measurement was 1.25/lambda h.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2017
Keywords
Air change rate, Ventilation efficiency, Tracer technique, Cavity ring-down spectroscopy, C-13-CO2, Isotope labelled carbon dioxide
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57508 (URN)10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.01.021 (DOI)000397363000015 ()2-s2.0-85010877288 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, U., Roos, A., Lind, Y., Hope, K., Ekblad, A. & Kärrman, A. (2016). Comparison of PFASs contamination in the freshwater and terrestrial environments by analysis of eggs from osprey (Pandion haliaetus), tawny owl (Strix aluco), and common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). Environmental Research, 149, 40-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of PFASs contamination in the freshwater and terrestrial environments by analysis of eggs from osprey (Pandion haliaetus), tawny owl (Strix aluco), and common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
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2016 (English)In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 149, p. 40-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The level of PFAS (per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances) contamination in freshwater and terrestrial Swedish environments in 2013/2014 was assessed by analyzing a range of perfluorinated alkyl acids, fluorotelomer acids, sulfonamides, sulfonamidoethanols and polyfluoralkyl phosphate diesters (diPAPs) in predator bird eggs. Stable isotopes ((13)C and (15)N) were analyzed to elucidate the dietary source. The tawny owl (Strix aluco, n=10) and common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus, n=40), two terrestrial species, and the osprey (Pandion haliaetus, n=30), a freshwater specie were included. In addition, a temporal trend (1997-2001, 2008-2009, 2013) in osprey was studied as well. The PFAS profile was dominated by perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) in eggs from osprey and tawny owl, while for common kestrel perfluorinated carboxylic acids (∑PFCA) exceeded the level of PFOS. PFOS concentration in osprey eggs remained at the same level between 1997 and 2001 and 2013. For the long-chained PFCAs, there were a significant increase in concentrations in osprey eggs between 1997 and 2001 and 2008-2009. The levels of PFOS and PFCAs were about 10 and five times higher, respectively, in osprey compared to tawny owl and common kestrel. Evidence of direct exposure from PFCA precursor compounds to birds in both freshwater and terrestrial environment was observed. Low levels of diPAPs were detected in a few samples of osprey (<0.02-2.4ng/g) and common kestrel (<0.02-0.16ng/g) eggs, and 6:2 FTSA was detected in a majority of the osprey eggs (<6.3-52ng/g). One saturated telomer acid (7:3 FTCA), which is a transformation marker from precursor exposure, was detected in all species (<0.24-2.7ng/g). The (15)N data showed higher levels in osprey eggs compared to tawny owl and common kestrel, indicating that they feed on a 2-3 times higher trophic level. We conclude that ospreys are continuously exposed to PFAS at levels where adverse toxic effects have been observed in birds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Diego, USA: Academic Press, 2016
Keywords
diPAPs, PFAS, Bird of prey, Freshwater, Terrestrial
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50315 (URN)10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.038 (DOI)000378366000006 ()27174782 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84965046283 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA)  2220-14-004

Available from: 2016-05-27 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4384-5014

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