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Svantesson Sandberg, M. & Heidenreich, K. (2018). Do analysis methods need to be altered when using software program?. In: : . Paper presented at The third Nordic Conference in Nursing Research – Methods and Networks for the future, Oslo, Norway, June 13-15, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do analysis methods need to be altered when using software program?
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Do analysis methods need to be altered when using software program? Software program facilitating qualitative data analysis are here to stay, but data analysis methods may not be adapted for this aid.

Objective: To reflect on the feasibility to follow qualitative data analysis methods when using data analysis software in a basic way.

Method: Presentation of three different analysis of data, using different data analysis methods, aided by QSR NVivo©.

Results: On the conference we report on own experiences of using QSR NVivo© when following the methods of content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman [1], framework method according to Gale et. al [2] and phenomenological hermeneutical method according to Lindseth and Norberg [3]. Furthermore, we will discuss how NVivo may facilitate analysis, but also how it may threaten the sense of the whole and impede co-assessment.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67249 (URN)
Conference
The third Nordic Conference in Nursing Research – Methods and Networks for the future, Oslo, Norway, June 13-15, 2018
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved
Svantesson, M., Silén, M. & James, I. (2018). It's not all about moral reasoning: Understanding the content of Moral Case Deliberation. Nursing Ethics, 25(2), 212-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>It's not all about moral reasoning: Understanding the content of Moral Case Deliberation
2018 (English)In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 212-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Moral Case Deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support described as a facilitator-led collective moral reasoning by healthcare professionals on a concrete moral question connected to their practice. Evaluation research is needed, but, as human interaction is difficult to standardise, there is a need to capture the content beyond moral reasoning. This allows for a better understanding of Moral Case Deliberation, which may contribute to further development of valid outcome criteria and stimulate the normative discussion of what Moral Case Deliberation should contain.

Objective: To explore and compare the content beyond moral reasoning in the dialogue in Moral Case Deliberation at Swedish workplaces.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was applied for analysing audio-recordings of 70 periodic Moral Case Deliberation meetings at 10 Swedish workplaces. Moral Case Deliberation facilitators and various healthcare professions participated, with registered nurses comprising the majority.

Ethical considerations: No objection to the study was made by an Ethical Review Board. After oral and written information was provided, consent to be recorded was assumed by virtue of participation.

Findings: Other than ‘moral reasoning’ (median (md): 45% of the spoken time), the Moral Case Deliberations consisted of ‘reflections on the psychosocial work environment’ to a varying extent (md: 29%). Additional content comprised ‘assumptions about the patient’s psychosocial situation’ (md: 6%), ‘facts about the patient’s situation’ (md: 5%), ‘concrete problem-solving’ (md: 6%) and ‘process’ (md: 3%).

Conclusion: The findings suggest that a restorative function of staff’s wellbeing in Moral Case Deliberation is needed, as this might contribute to good patient care. This supports outcome criteria of improved emotional support, which may include relief of moral distress. However, facilitators need a strategy for how to proceed from the participants’ own emotional needs and to develop the use of their emotional knowing to focus on the ethically difficult patient situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Clinical ethics, ethics consultation, ethics rounds, healthcare professionals, Moral Case Deliberation, psychosocial aspects, qualitative research
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58289 (URN)10.1177/0969733017700235 (DOI)000429899900008 ()28421865 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85044337153 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
Heidenreich, K., Bremer, A., Materstvedt, L. J., Tidefelt, U. & Svantesson, M. (2018). Relational autonomy in the care of the vulnerable: health care professionals' reasoning in Moral Case Deliberation (MCD). Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, 21(4), 467-477
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relational autonomy in the care of the vulnerable: health care professionals' reasoning in Moral Case Deliberation (MCD)
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2018 (English)In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 467-477Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Moral Case Deliberation (MCD), healthcare professionals discuss ethically difficult patient situations in their daily practice. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the content of MCD and there is a need to shed light on this ethical reflection in the midst of clinical practice. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the content of healthcare professionals' moral reasoning during MCD. The design was qualitative and descriptive, and data consisted of 22 audio-recorded inter-professional MCDs, analysed with content analysis. The moral reasoning centred on how to strike the balance between personal convictions about what constitutes good care, and the perceived dissonant care preferences held by the patient. The healthcare professionals deliberated about good care in relation to demands considered to be unrealistic, justifications for influencing the patient, the incapacitated patient's nebulous interests, and coping with the conflict between using coercion to achieve good while protecting human dignity. Furthermore, as a basis for the reasoning, the healthcare professionals reflected on how to establish a responsible relationship with the vulnerable person. This comprised acknowledging the patient as a susceptible human being, protecting dignity and integrity, defining their own moral responsibility, and having patience to give the patient and family time to come to terms with illness and declining health. The profound struggle to respect the patient's autonomy in clinical practice can be understood through the concept of relational autonomy, to try to secure both patients' influence and at the same time take responsibility for their needs as vulnerable humans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Netherlands, 2018
Keywords
Clinical ethics, ethics consultation, health care professionals, moral case deliberation, ualitative research
National Category
Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63400 (URN)10.1007/s11019-017-9818-6 (DOI)000451022600004 ()29243015 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85038102190 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved
Prenkert, M., Carlsson, E., Svantesson, M. & Anderzén-Carlsson, A. (2017). Healthcare-professional patients’ conceptions of being ill and hospitalised: a phenomenographic study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(11-12), 1725-1736
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Healthcare-professional patients’ conceptions of being ill and hospitalised: a phenomenographic study
2017 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 11-12, p. 1725-1736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and Objectives: To describe the variation of conceptions of being ill and hospitalised, from the perspective of health-care-professional-patients.

Background: Previous literature focuses on either physicians' or nurses' experiences of being a patient, without aiming at determining a variation of ways of understanding that phenomena. Nor have we been able to identify any study reporting other health-care-professionals' experiences.

Design: This study has an inductive descriptive design.

Methods: Qualitative interviews with health care professionals (n=16), who had been hospitalised for at least two days. Phenomenographic data analysis was conducted.

Results: The feelings of security were based on knowledge, insight and trust, and acceptance of the health care system. Being exposed and totally dependent due to illness provoked feelings of vulnerability and insecurity. The patients used their knowledge to achieve participation in the care. The more severe they perceived their illness to be, the less they wanted to participate and the more they expressed a need for being allowed to surrender control. The patients' ideal picture of care was sometimes disrupted and based on their experience they criticised care and made suggestions that could contribute to general care improvements.

Conclusions: Health-care-professional patients' have various conceptions of being ill and hospitalised. Based on the general nature of the many needs expressed, we believe that the some insights provided in this study can be transferred so as to also be valid for lay patients. Possibly, an overhaul of routines for discharge planning and follow-up, and adopting a person-centred approach to care, can resolve some of the identified shortcomings. Finally, the results can be used for the purpose of developing knowledge for health-care professions and for educational purposes.

Relevance to clinical practice: The results can be used for the purpose of develop-ing knowledge for healthcare professions and for educational purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
Health care professionals, patient safety, phenomenography, qualitative studies, quality of life
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52724 (URN)10.1111/jocn.13604 (DOI)000400992400028 ()27685871 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85019022838 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-11 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-09-05Bibliographically approved
Rasoal, D., Kihlgren, A. & Svantesson, M. (2017). ‘It’s like sailing’: experiences of the role as facilitator during moral case deliberation. Clinical Ethics, 12(3), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘It’s like sailing’: experiences of the role as facilitator during moral case deliberation
2017 (English)In: Clinical Ethics, ISSN 1477-7509, E-ISSN 1758-101X, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Moral case deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support, and there seems to be different ways of facilitating thedialogue. This paper aimed to explore the personal experiences of Swedish facilitators of their role in moral casedeliberations. Being a facilitator was understood through the metaphor of sailing: against the wind or with it. Therole was likened to a sailor’s set of skills: to promote security and well-being of the crew, to help crew navigate theirmoral reflections, to sail a course into the wind against homogeneity, to accommodate the crew’s needs and just sail withthe wind, and to steer towards a harbour with authority and expertise. Balancing the disparate roles of being accom-modative and challenging may create a free space for emotions and ideas, including self-reflection and consideration ofmoral demands. This research opens the question of whether all these skills can be taught through systematic training orwhether facilitators need to possess the characteristics of being therapeutic, pedagogical, provocative, sensitive andauthoritarian.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United Kingdom: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 2017
Keywords
Ethics, clinical ethics, ethics consultation, moral case deliberation, healthcare professionals
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Medical Ethics
Research subject
Health and Medical Care Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64287 (URN)DOI: 10.1177/1477750917710882 (DOI)2-s2.0-85029502486 (Scopus ID)
Projects
NUPARC
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, C., Bremer, A., Blomberg, K. & Svantesson, M. (2017). Responsibility and compassion in prehospital support to survivors of suicide victim - Professionals' experiences. International Emergency Nursing, 35, 37-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responsibility and compassion in prehospital support to survivors of suicide victim - Professionals' experiences
2017 (English)In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 35, p. 37-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59079 (URN)10.1016/j.ienj.2017.06.004 (DOI)000417590900007 ()28687433 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021705021 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Research Commi-tee, Örebro University Hospital OLL-497431

Available from: 2017-08-12 Created: 2017-08-12 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Svantesson-Sandberg, M., Griffiths, F., Bassford, C. & Slowther, A. (2017). Values in conict during the decision making process surrounding admission to intensive care: Ethnographic study in six British hospitals. In: : . Paper presented at 2017 The European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics (EACME) Annual Conference, Barcelon, Spain, September 7-9, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Values in conict during the decision making process surrounding admission to intensive care: Ethnographic study in six British hospitals
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67398 (URN)
Conference
2017 The European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics (EACME) Annual Conference, Barcelon, Spain, September 7-9, 2017
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved
de Snoo-Trimp, J., Widdershoven, G., Svantesson, M., de Vet, R. & Molewijk, B. (2017). What Outcomes do Dutch Healthcare Professionals Perceive as Important Before Participation in Moral Case Deliberation?. Bioethics, 31(4), 246-257
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Outcomes do Dutch Healthcare Professionals Perceive as Important Before Participation in Moral Case Deliberation?
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2017 (English)In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 246-257Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There has been little attention paid to research on the outcomes of clinical ethics support (CES) or critical reflection on what constitutes a good CES outcome. Understanding how CES users perceive the importance of CES outcomes can contribute to a better understanding, use of and normative reflection on CES outcomes.

Objective: To describe the perceptions of Dutch healthcare professionals on important outcomes of moral case deliberation (MCD), prior to MCD participation, and to compare results between respondents.

Methods: This mixed-methods study used both the Euro-MCD instrument and semi-structured interviews. Healthcare professionals who were about to implement MCD were recruited from nursing homes, hospitals, psychiatry and mentally disabled care institutions.

Results: 331 healthcare professionals completed the Euro-MCD instrument, 13 healthcare professionals were interviewed. The outcomes perceived as most important were more open communication', better mutual understanding', concrete actions', see the situation from different perspectives', consensus on how to manage the situation' and find more courses of action'. Interviewees also perceived improving quality of care, professionalism and the organization as important. Women, nurses, managers and professionals in mentally disabled care rated outcomes more highly than other respondents.

Conclusions: Dutch healthcare professionals perceived the MCD outcomes related to collaboration as most important. The empirical findings can contribute to shared ownership of MCD and a more specific use of MCD in different contexts. They can inform international comparative research on different CES types and contribute to normative discussions concerning CES outcomes. Future studies should reflect upon important MCD outcomes after having experienced MCD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
clinical ethics support, moral case deliberation, outcomes
National Category
Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57863 (URN)10.1111/bioe.12354 (DOI)000399710800003 ()28417518 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85017634203 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Svantesson, M., Carlsson, E., Prenkert, M. & Anderzen-Carlsson, A. (2016). 'Just so you know, the patient is staff': healthcare professionals' perceptions of caring for healthcare professional-patients. BMJ Open, 6(1), Article ID e008507.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Just so you know, the patient is staff': healthcare professionals' perceptions of caring for healthcare professional-patients
2016 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 1, article id e008507Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To explore healthcare professionals' conceptions of the care of patients who are also healthcare professionals.

Design: Explorative, with a qualitative, phenomenographic approach.

Participants and setting: 16 healthcare personnel within different professions (doctors, nurses, assistant nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists) were interviewed about the care of 32 patients who were themselves members of different healthcare professions, in one healthcare organisation in Sweden.

Results: The care of patients who are healthcare professionals was conceived in five different ways, as: usual, dutiful, prioritised and secure, insecure and responsive. An initial conception was that their care was usual, just as for any other patient, and also a perceived duty to treat them and to protect their right to be a patient-as any other patient. Exploring further, informants described that these patients did receive secure and prioritised care, as the informants experienced making a greater commitment, especially doctors giving privileges to doctor-patients. A conception of insecure care infused the informants' descriptions. This comprised of them feeling intimidated in their professional role, feeling affected by colleagues' stressful behaviour and ambiguity whether the healthcare professional-patient could be regarded as a competent professional. The deepest way of understanding care seemed to be responsive care, such as acknowledging and respecting the patient's identity and responding to their wishes of how treatment was to be met.

Conclusions: Caring for healthcare professionals seems to trigger different ethical approaches, such as deontology and ethics of care. According to ethics of care, the findings may indeed suggest that these patients should be cared for just as any other patients would be, but only if this means that they are cared for as persons, that is, they are given 'person-centred care'. This would imply balancing between acknowledging the vulnerable patient in the colleague and acknowledging the identity of the colleague in the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group, 2016
National Category
General Practice
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48945 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008507 (DOI)000369993900023 ()26787244 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro County Region Research Committee OLL-393461  OLL-238541  6930 GBP

Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Svensson, M., Nilsson, U. & Svantesson, M. (2016). Patients’ experience of mood while waiting for day surgery. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(17-18), 2600-2608
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients’ experience of mood while waiting for day surgery
2016 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 17-18, p. 2600-2608Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives: The aim was to describe the moods experienced by people waiting for day surgery.

Background: Except for anxiety, there is a lack of knowledge about the moods experienced by patients while waiting for day surgery, as well as the impact of mood during the perioperative period. Preoperative anxiety is common and has multiple negative effects. A deeper knowledge of preoperative moods and how they are experienced is needed and may be useful for improving perioperative care.

Design: Qualitative descriptive design.

Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews (n = 20) with adults waiting for day surgery in a Swedish university hospital. Data were analysed with inductive content analysis.

Results: The informants described a variety of moods and mood-influencing reasons. The main category that emerged was, ‘feeling hope about regaining health as a help to balance mood’ regardless of mood. This category was abstracted from the generic categories ‘experiencing a harmonious mood’ and ‘experiencing a shifting mood’. The subcategories were ‘feeling calm and at ease despite concerns and fear’, ‘experiencing expectation’, ‘feeling trust and confidence’, ‘shifting between expectancy and anxiety’, ‘feeling vulnerable and exposed, and ‘feeling uncertainty’.

Conclusions: The findings contribute to the knowledge about that regardless of mood, feeling hope about regaining health may help patients to balance their mood during the waiting period.

Relevance to clinical practice: The results can have implications with respect to developing and improving preoperative care, such as having clinicians extend offers of individual assistance and information during the waiting period to patients experiencing shifting mood. Instilling hopefulness in patients who are waiting for day surgery by means of clinical staff attitudes and interactions may help patients to develop healthy coping strategies and thereby improve their physical and emotional well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2016
Keywords
Affect, anxiety, calm, expressed emotion, hope, nursing care, preoperative care, state of mood
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51934 (URN)10.1111/jocn.13304 (DOI)000388920400022 ()27349201 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84987941984 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Research Committee of Orebro County, Sweden

Department of Health and Medicine, Orebro University

Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0679-5695

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