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Salekin, R. T., Andershed, H., Batky, B. D. & Bontemps, A. P. (2018). Are Callous Unemotional (CU) Traits Enough?. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 1-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are Callous Unemotional (CU) Traits Enough?
2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A guiding question for this special section, sparked by the increasing number of studies on callous -unemotional traits (CU traits) and the DSM-5 Limited Prosocial Emotion (LPE) specifier, is whether CU traits are enough to identify a clinically meaningful subgroup of youth with conduct problems or whether other psychopathic traits contribute. Seven empirical papers and two commentary papers address this question to varying degrees and in different ways with some papers "competing" various models against one another along with other papers investigating distinct correlates of the psychopathy factors. Findings across the papers suggest that there could be benefits to examining the broader construct of psychopathy in addition to examining its underpinning dimensions rather than CU traits alone. Two commentary papers also shed light on the importance of psychopathic traits in children with Conduct Disorder (CD) and provide insights for future work on this topic. It is hoped that the articles and commentary will generate new ideas for research and practice that could have implications for the treatment of those individuals with CD and psychopathic traits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Psychopathy, Child, Dimensions, GM traits, CU traits, CD
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66266 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9663-9 (DOI)000427993800001 ()2-s2.0-85043385795 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Andershed, H., Colins, O. F., Salekin, R. T., Lordos, A., Kyranides, M. N. & Fanti, K. A. (2018). Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 16-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits. Youth with CP scoring high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions (Psychopathic Personality + CP) showed the most robust and highest risk for future and stable CP, aggression, and substance use, followed by youth who were high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions but displayed no concurrent CP (Psychopathic Personality Only) and CP youth with low levels of psychopathic traits (CP Only). Youth with CP who merely manifested callous-unemotional traits (Callous-Unemotional + CP) were only at risk for future CP. The findings suggest that the CU traits-based approach for subtyping children with CP is less informative compared to a subtyping approach using various psychopathic traits dimensions in predicting future and stable forms of various antisocial outcomes. These findings and their consistency with prior work indicate the need for additional research to examine the various psychopathic traits dimensions rather than focusing solely on CU traits, especially for CP subtyping purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct problems, Psychopathic traits, Aggression, Substance use
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66268 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9659-5 (DOI)000427993800003 ()29576680 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043369679 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

European Community  224903  FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-3-IRG

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Frogner, L., Gibson, C. L., Andershed, A.-K. & Andershed, H. (2018). Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 88(2), 211-225
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
2018 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 211-225Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2018
Keywords
callous-unemotional traits; conduct problems; early childhood; psychopathic traits
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53547 (URN)10.1037/ort0000205 (DOI)000427477500010 ()27786502 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994236781 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Colins, O. F., Andershed, H., Salekin, R. T. & Fanti, K. A. (2018). Comparing Different Approaches for Subtyping Children with Conduct Problems: Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 6-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing Different Approaches for Subtyping Children with Conduct Problems: Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct
2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 6-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to compare two youth psychopathy models (i.e., callous-unemotional versus multidimensional model) in their ability to predict future and stable conduct problems (CP). At baseline, mothers and fathers of 321 boys and 369 girls (ages 7-12) completed measures that tap callous-unemotional and other psychopathic traits. Parent-reported CP was collected at baseline and at 6- and 12 month follow-ups. Children were assigned to mutually exclusive groups based on their levels of CP and psychopathic traits. Children with CP who manifested callous-unemotional traits (Callous-Unemotional + CP) were occasionally at risk for future and stable CP. Yet, across gender, children with CP scoring high on all psychopathic trait dimensions (Psychopathic Personality + CP) showed the most robust and highest risk for future and stable CP. Also, Callous-Unemotional + CP children, and children who were only high in CP, often were at similar risk for future CP. The findings suggest that the callous-unemotional model is less sufficient than the multidimensional model in predicting future and stable CP. This can be concluded for both boys and girls and calls for more research reconsidering the multidimensional nature of psychopathy for CP subtyping purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Antisocial process screening device, Inventory of callous-unemotional traits, Psychopathy, Conduct disorder, Limited prosocial emotions
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66267 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9653-y (DOI)000427993800002 ()29576679 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043356222 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation  CHILD/0308(BE)/18

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Somma, A., Andershed, H., Borroni, S., Salekin, R. T. & Fossati, A. (2018). Psychopathic Personality Traits in Relation to Self-report Delinquency in Adolescence: Should We Mind About Interaction Effects?. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 69-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychopathic Personality Traits in Relation to Self-report Delinquency in Adolescence: Should We Mind About Interaction Effects?
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 69-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to investigate if interaction effects among Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) Grandiose-Manipulative (GM), Callous-Unemotional (CU), and Impulsive-Irresponsible (II) may add significant information in predicting self-reports of juvenile delinquent behavior among adolescents. A sample of 558 Italian high school students were administered the YPI and the Self-Reports of Delinquency Scale (SRDS) in order to evaluate interaction effects among YPI GM, CU, and II dimensions. Results showed a significant effect for a three-way interaction among the three YPI dimensions in predicting the SRDS total score, beta = .19, p < .01. In conclusion, the findings seem to underline that a three-factor model of psychopathy may help clinicians and researchers in predicting self-reported delinquency better than the individual factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
YPI, Psychopathy, GMtraits, CU traits, Delinquency, Interaction effects
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66272 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9658-6 (DOI)000427993800008 ()2-s2.0-85043358754 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Frogner, L., Andershed, A.-K. & Andershed, H. (2018). Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 26-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems
2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 26-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemotional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Children with CP and psychopathic personality had higher baseline and stable levels of ADHD symptoms than children with CP only or children with CP and concurrent CU traits, while baseline levels of fearlessness did not differ. They were also more likely to display stable levels of the risky combination of CP and ADHD symptoms. Results were similar for boys and girls. Findings indicate that there are reasons to consider other traits and behaviors as specifiers for subgroups of children with CP over and above CU traits, in order to optimize both diagnostic practice and treatment outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct problems, Early childhood, Fearlessness, Psychopathic traits
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66269 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9651-0 (DOI)000427993800004 ()29576681 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043391139 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2007-2440
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Wang, M.-C., Colins, O. F., Deng, Q., Deng, J., Huang, Y. & Andershed, H. (2018). The Child Problematic Traits Inventory in China: A multiple informant-based validation study. Psychological Assessment, 30(7), 956-966
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Child Problematic Traits Inventory in China: A multiple informant-based validation study
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2018 (English)In: Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1040-3590, E-ISSN 1939-134X, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 956-966Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to further test the reliability and validity of a newly developed instrument designed to assess psychopathic traits in children, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). Teachers and mothers of 686 approximately 6- to 12-year-old children (48.1% girls) completed the CPTI. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the proposed 3-factor structure of the CPTI teacher and parent versions and good to excellent internal consistency of the teacher- and mother-based CPTI scores were found. The validity of the teacher- and mother-based CPTI scores was supported by revealing the expected relations with conduct problems, hyperactivity, and various dimensions of temperament. In conclusion, the results suggest that the CPTI holds promise as a teacher- and parent-rated tool for assessing psychopathic traits in Chinese children, although more research is needed to see if these findings can be generalized to other Chinese samples and settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2018
Keywords
psychopathy, CPTI, Chinese, callous-unemotional, conduct problems
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66051 (URN)10.1037/pas0000545 (DOI)000437476100012 ()29565612 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85044179117 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Natural Science Foundation of China  31400904 

Guangzhou University's training program for top-notch young people  BJ201715 

Foundation of Guangzhou Shishu Gaoxiao Project  1201431330 

Available from: 2018-03-27 Created: 2018-03-27 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved
Fanti, K. A., Kyranides, M. N., Lordos, A., Colins, O. F. & Andershed, H. (2018). Unique and Interactive Associations of Callous-Unemotional Traits, Impulsivity and Grandiosity with Child and Adolescent Conduct Disorder Symptoms. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 40-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unique and Interactive Associations of Callous-Unemotional Traits, Impulsivity and Grandiosity with Child and Adolescent Conduct Disorder Symptoms
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 40-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The construct of psychopathy remains underrepresented in the clinical diagnosis of Conduct Disorder (CD) as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) only addresses one out of the three dimensions of child psychopathy, Callous Unemotional (CU) traits. This study tests if and to what extent there are unique and interactive associations of CU traits, impulsivity, and grandiosity with child and adolescent CD symptoms. Data were collected from two separate community samples of children (N = 1599; Mage = 9.46, SD = 1.65; 52% female) and adolescents (N = 2719; Mage = 16.99, SD = 0.99; 49% female), who were followed longitudinally after a year. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted, testing cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with CD symptoms, taking into account all three psychopathy dimensions. The cross-sectional findings indicate that only youth presenting a combination of all three psychopathy dimensions scored above the clinical cut-off score for CD. On the other hand, longitudinal findings provided evidence that the combination of high initial levels of CD and CU traits as well as the combination between CD, grandiosity, and impulsivity can lead to clinical levels of future CD symptoms. Findings also indicated that CU traits and impulsivity more strongly predicted adolescent than child CD symptoms, and that CU traits were more strongly associated with boys' than girls' CD symptoms. Findings support the inclusion of CU traits as a specifier for the diagnosis of CD, and provide evidence that other psychopathy dimensions can also help clinicians to better understand and treat youth with CD, and should be considered for future revisions of the DSM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Callous unemotional traits, Impulsivity, Grandiosity, Conduct disorder, Psychopathy, Interactions
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66270 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9655-9 (DOI)000427993800005 ()2-s2.0-85043384425 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Fanti, K. A., Kyranides, M. N., Georgiou, G., Petridou, M., Colins, O. F., Tuvblad, C. & Andershed, H. (2017). Callous-unemotional, impulsive-irresponsible, and grandiose-manipulative traits: Distinct associations with heart rate, skin conductance, and startle responses to violent and erotic scenes. Psychophysiology, 54(5), 663-672
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callous-unemotional, impulsive-irresponsible, and grandiose-manipulative traits: Distinct associations with heart rate, skin conductance, and startle responses to violent and erotic scenes
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2017 (English)In: Psychophysiology, ISSN 0048-5772, E-ISSN 1469-8986, Vol. 54, no 5, p. 663-672Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine whether callous-unemotional, grandiose-manipulative, and impulsive-irresponsible dimensions of psychopathy are differentially related to various affective and physiological measures, assessed at baseline and in response to violent and erotic movie scenes. Data were collected from young adults (N = 101) at differential risk for psychopathic traits. Findings from regression analyses revealed a unique predictive contribution of grandiose-manipulative traits in particular to higher ratings of positive valence for violent scenes. Callous-unemotional traits were uniquely associated with lower levels of sympathy toward victims and lower ratings of fear and sadness during violent scenes. All three psychopathy dimensions and the total psychopathy scale showed negative zero-order correlations with heart rate at baseline, but regression analyses revealed that only grandiose manipulation was uniquely predictive of lower baseline heart rate. Grandiose manipulation was also significantly associated with lower baseline skin conductance. Regarding autonomic activity, findings resulted in a unique negative association between grandiose manipulation and heart rate activity in response to violent scenes. In contrast, the impulsive-irresponsible dimension was positively related with heart rate activity to violent scenes. Finally, findings revealed that only callous-unemotional traits were negatively associated with startle potentiation in response to violent scenes. No associations during erotic scenes were identified. These findings point to unique associations between the three assessed dimensions of psychopathy with physiological measures, indicating that grandiose manipulation is associated with hypoarousal, impulsive irresponsibility with hyperarousal, and callous-unemotional traits with low emotional and fear responses to violent scenes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
Callous-unemotional, Grandiose manipulation, Impulsive-irresponsible, Psychopathy, Heart rate, Skin conductance, Startle modulation
National Category
Psychology Neurology Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57669 (URN)10.1111/psyp.12837 (DOI)000399686900002 ()28169424 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85012253456 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-05-16 Created: 2017-05-16 Last updated: 2018-07-31Bibliographically approved
Nylander, I., Todkar, A., Granholm, L., Vrettou, M., Bendre, M., Boon, W., . . . Comasco, E. (2017). Evidence for a Link Between Fkbp5/FKBP5, Early Life Social Relations and Alcohol Drinking in Young Adult Rats and Humans. Molecular Neurobiology, 54(8), 6225-6234
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evidence for a Link Between Fkbp5/FKBP5, Early Life Social Relations and Alcohol Drinking in Young Adult Rats and Humans
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2017 (English)In: Molecular Neurobiology, ISSN 0893-7648, E-ISSN 1559-1182, Vol. 54, no 8, p. 6225-6234Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Alcohol misuse has been linked to dysregulation of stress, emotion, and reward brain circuitries. A candidate key mediator of this association is the FK506-binding protein (FKBP5), a negative regulator of the glucocorticoid receptor. The aim of the present study was to further understand the Fkbp5/FKBP5-related genetic underpinnings underlying the relationship between early life social relations and alcohol drinking. The effect of maternal separation and voluntary alcohol drinking on Fkbp5 expression was investigated in the brain of young adult rats, whereas the interaction effect of the functional FKBP5 single nucleotide polymorphism rs1360780 genotype and parent-child relationship on problematic drinking was examined in young adult humans. In rats, Fkbp5 expression in the nucleus accumbens and ventral tegmental area, core regions of the reward system, was affected in a region-dependent manner and in opposite direction by maternal separation and alcohol drinking. Fkbp5 expression in the cingulate cortex was affected by the combined effect of maternal separation and alcohol drinking. In humans, the TT genotype, in the presence of a poor relationship between the child and parents, was associated with problematic drinking behavior. The present findings suggest that Fkbp5 expression in mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic regions associates with early life stress-mediated sensitivity to alcohol drinking and that FKBP5 genotype interacts with parent-child relationship to influence alcohol drinking. These findings are the first to point to a role of FKBP5 in propensity to alcohol misuse and call for studies of the underlying molecular mechanisms to identify potential drug targets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Humana Press, 2017
Keywords
Alcohol, brain, expression, FKBP5, genotype, stress
National Category
Substance Abuse Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52875 (URN)10.1007/s12035-016-0157-z (DOI)000409039000040 ()27709495 (PubMedID)
Funder
The Swedish Brain Foundation, PS2013-0052Swedish Research Council, K2012-61X-22090-01-3 2015-00495
Note

Funding Agencies:

Fredrik and Ingrid Thuring foundation  

Lars Hiertas Minne foundation  

Lundbergs and Karlssons foundation  

Ankarstrands foundation  

Alcohol Research Council of the Swedish Alcohol Retailing Monopoly  

European Foundation for Alcohol Research  EA 11 30 

Swedish Alcohol Monopoly Research Council  

Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (FAS/FORTE)  

Uppsala and Orebro Regional Research Council  

Fredrik and Ingrid Thurings Foundation  

County Council of Västmanland  

Konig-Soderstromska Foundation  

Svenska Spel Research Foundation  

National Board of Health and Welfare  

EU FP7-People-Cofund  INCA 600398 

Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2017-09-15Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8163-6558

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