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Ervo, L. (2019). Harmonisation or Fragmentation of National Law?: An East Nordic Perspective. In: Anna Nylund and Magne Strandberg (Ed.), Civil Procedure and Harmonisation of Law: The Dynamics of EU and International Treaties (pp. 77-98). Intersentia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harmonisation or Fragmentation of National Law?: An East Nordic Perspective
2019 (English)In: Civil Procedure and Harmonisation of Law: The Dynamics of EU and International Treaties / [ed] Anna Nylund and Magne Strandberg, Intersentia, 2019, p. 77-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Intersentia, 2019
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72390 (URN)9781780686936 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2018). Current consumer problems and alternative dispute resolution in banking - East-Scandinavian comparisons. In: Beatriz Belando Garin och Carmen Boldó Roda (Ed.), Vías Extrajudiciales de Protección del Inversor e Instrumentos en la Financiación de Empresas: (pp. 145-161). Thomson Reuters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Current consumer problems and alternative dispute resolution in banking - East-Scandinavian comparisons
2018 (English)In: Vías Extrajudiciales de Protección del Inversor e Instrumentos en la Financiación de Empresas / [ed] Beatriz Belando Garin och Carmen Boldó Roda, Thomson Reuters , 2018, p. 145-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thomson Reuters, 2018
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69316 (URN)978-84-9177-703-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-05 Created: 2018-10-05 Last updated: 2018-10-08Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2018). International cooperation and evidence in the Nordic, Baltic, and former socialist countries; continental Europe and common law Europe. In: La prueba en el proceso: Evidence in the process. Paper presented at II Conferencia Internacional & XXVI Jornadas Iberoamericanas de Derecho Procesal, Salamanca, Spain, October 17-19, 2018 (pp. 555-580). Atelier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International cooperation and evidence in the Nordic, Baltic, and former socialist countries; continental Europe and common law Europe
2018 (English)In: La prueba en el proceso: Evidence in the process, Atelier , 2018, p. 555-580Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atelier, 2018
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70679 (URN)978-84-17466-26-8 (ISBN)
Conference
II Conferencia Internacional & XXVI Jornadas Iberoamericanas de Derecho Procesal, Salamanca, Spain, October 17-19, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2018). The Status of the Case-Law from the European Court of Human Rights in the National Legal Practice – a Question of the Local Legal Culture?: East-Scandinavian Comparisons. Teisės apžvalga / Law review, 18(2), 46-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Status of the Case-Law from the European Court of Human Rights in the National Legal Practice – a Question of the Local Legal Culture?: East-Scandinavian Comparisons
2018 (English)In: Teisės apžvalga / Law review, E-ISSN 2029-4239, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 46-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Too often it has been taken for granted that East-Scandinavian countries, Finland and Sweden share similar societies, similar culture and even legal mentality. Very often there is a shared or similar jurisprudence, sometimes even identical single legal rules in Finland and Sweden due to the historical background, deep co-operation of Nordic legislators especially before the EU-memberships and because Finland has often copied the Swedish legislation. However, the interpretations and therefore the way of legal thinking varies between Finland and Sweden, in the other words, the legal culture in the neighboring countries are not identical. Swedish legislative culture is much more dialogic compared with the Finnish one. The Finnish way to “run things” instead of to discuss and reflect is the main difference between the Finnish and Swedish cultures of realizing things.

This might be one reason to the current difference that ECHR and case law based on it, is lively discussed by academics in Finland and easily followed by courts too, whereas this common law –based way of interpretation (the contents of the convention is developed by case-law and not amending the text) is not that familiar way to make legal changes in Sweden. Formally, the convention is valid and binding in both countries and that history is much longer in Sweden since 1959 whereas - mainly thanks to political reasons – Finland could join in the convention in the beginning of 90´s but the factual effects at least into the Finnish procedural law has been really enormous and very fundamental whereas in Sweden the ECHR and its article 6 are not the main factors in the procedural law.

In this article, the status of the case-law from the European court of human rights is compared with East-Scandinavian countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lithuania: Vytautas Magnus University, 2018
Keywords
Comparative studies, critical legal positivism, East-Scandinavian countries, European Court of Human Rights, fair trial, implementation of human right
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70816 (URN)10.7220/2029-4239.18.2 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2017). Le procedure di appello in Svezia, nel confronto con l’ordinamento finlandese. Judicium, il processo civile in Italia e in Europa (4), 395-422
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Le procedure di appello in Svezia, nel confronto con l’ordinamento finlandese
2017 (Italian)In: Judicium, il processo civile in Italia e in Europa, ISSN 2533-0632, no 4, p. 395-422Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [it]

Sia in Svezia che in Finlandia (Paesi appartenenti all’area legale scandinava) esistono tre gradi di giurisdizione. Dopo un primo appello è consentito, a certe condizioni, un secondo appello dinanzi alla Corte suprema di entrambi gli ordinamenti. Si osservano le regole contenute nel c.p.c. svedese del 1948 (quale ripetutamente modificato negli ultimi anni, segnatamente nel 2008) e nel c.p.c. finlandese, anch’esso oggetto di incisive riforme (sin dal 1993) volte a migliorarne, come in Svezia, la efficienza e ad introdurvi l’uso delle nuove tecnologie. Il legislatore ha previsto in ambedue gli stati l’istituto del c.d. permesso per appellare, che subordina l’accesso al giudice superiore (inclusa la Corte suprema) ad una autorizzazione preventiva variamente modulata. La fisionomia dell’appello è quella di un giudizio diretto a riesaminare la decisione emessa nel grado inferiore e non a permettere lo svolgimento di una ulteriore fase del giudizio (attraverso l’assunzione di nuove prove): se in Svezia questo modello si è definitivamente consolidato, diversamente accade in Finlandia, dove esistono ancora forti resistenze che riflettono la tradizionale preoccupazione dei finlandesi per i diritti processuali delle parti.

Abstract [en]

In Sweden, like in Finland too, there are three instances in the general courts which are district courts, courts of appeal and the Supreme Court. Both Sweden and Finland are civil law countries and they belong to the Scandinavian legal family. The current Swedish Code of Judicial Procedure (SCJP) dates from 1948. In 2008, a rather substantial reform, the so-called more modern process (EMR) entered into force. The main aim of the reform was to create an efficient and purposive procedure in the general courts. The reform became famous thanks to the extensive use of modern technology by hearings. Through new rules it is now possible to let everyone in a trial participate through a video conference. Also the Finnish Code of Judicial Procedure (FCJP) has undergone major changes since the 1990s. In 1993, legislation entered into force to harmonise the system of general lower courts and to reform the civil procedure. Both in Sweden and Finland, the trend is to focus on the procedures in district courts and to limit the chances to appeal fully. Therefore in both countries, the leaves for appeal are nowadays covering, not only the Supreme Courts like has traditionally been the case, but also the courts of appeals. In addition, the courts of appeal donÅLt try the case fully but focus more on evaluating the correctness of the decision made in the district court. Also evidence is not that much on focus any more at the appeal procedures even if the case still can be appealed on problems in the evidence too. Especially in Finland, there have been many proposals for enforcing this type of thinking but the tradition of two full procedures as parties’ right has deep roots in Finland and the discussion has therefore been hot.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pisa: Pacini Editore, 2017
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64500 (URN)
Note

Detta nummer av tidskriften utkom våren 2018

Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2018-05-28Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2017). Non-controversial jurisdiction in Finland and Sweden. In: Argounov, V. V. (Ed.), Voluntary (Non-Contentious) Jurisdiction Around The World: (pp. 168-186). Moscow, Russia: Gorodets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-controversial jurisdiction in Finland and Sweden
2017 (English)In: Voluntary (Non-Contentious) Jurisdiction Around The World / [ed] Argounov, V. V., Moscow, Russia: Gorodets , 2017, p. 168-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this Chapter I will compare voluntary jurisdiction in East-Scandinavian countries, which are Finland and Sweden. I will discuss the terminology, the nature of voluntary jurisdiction, the recent development, the regulatory basis like actors and forums as well as the scope and procedure including effects, appellation and execution of voluntary jurisdiction in the named countries. Also the fresh statistics will be given. In the end the problems, outcomes, reforms and visions will be taken up.

In Finland and Sweden the voluntary jurisdiction is taken care both by the general courts and administrative bodies depending on the situation. Especially in Finland, the scope of the voluntary jurisdiction has become wider under the recent decades. On the one hand this is due to the fact that there has been a need to create totally new forms to solve problems especially in the field of insolvency law because of the first economic crisis in the beginning of 90´s. Those kinds of examples are reorganizations of firms and loan arrangements of private persons. Also some types of cases which have earlier been normal civil cases have been changed into voluntary jurisdiction. These kinds of examples are divorce cases with their secondary claims and procedures where a person is declared legally incompetent. However, at the same time many registration issues which earlier happened at courts have been moved to administrative bodies and they are no longer taking court resources which can focus better on the disputed cases. In Sweden, the development has been similar. In 2011, many types of cases in the voluntary jurisdiction were moved from the district courts to the competence of the administrative authorities. The idea was that the courts should focus on adjudication and the other authorities should take care of pure administrative issues.

The opinions of the nature of the voluntary jurisdiction do vary a lot especially in the Finnish legal doctrine. Some scholars see it as administration when some others think it is almost pure civil proceedings. This dichotomy will be detailed discussed in the article.

Nowadays it is stressed that the legal services should be cheap, simple and rapid for the individuals. The voluntary jurisdiction and the non-contentious cases easily fulfill the named requirements. Therefore it can be even recommended to cover more and more cases by that system. However, at the same time it makes the legal system incoherent and difficultly controllable. Therefore one of the more general problems is that the field of the voluntary jurisdiction is very heterogeneous in the both countries. Not even the terminology iswell established. With the concept of the voluntary jurisdiction it is possible to refer to the non-contentious civil, criminal and administrative cases, in the other words to the different sorts of adjudication. In addition, it usually covers also pure administration like registrations.

In the Chapter all the mentioned issues and many more will be discussed in a detailed and comparative way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Moscow, Russia: Gorodets, 2017
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46874 (URN)978-5-906815-95-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2017). Parental responsibilities as procedures - anything legal in it?. In: Azcárraga Monzonís, C. & Quinzá Redondo, P. (Ed.), Tratado de Mediación: Tomo III: Mediación en conflictos de familia (pp. 97-123). Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental responsibilities as procedures - anything legal in it?
2017 (English)In: Tratado de Mediación: Tomo III: Mediación en conflictos de familia / [ed] Azcárraga Monzonís, C. & Quinzá Redondo, P., Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch , 2017, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2017
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53866 (URN)9788491694038 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-09 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2017). Should fair trial rights be redefined?: civil litigation as a societal discussion. In: A. Uzelac and C.H. van Rhee (Ed.), Revisiting Procedural Human Rights: Fundamentals of Civil Procedure and the Changing Face of Civil Justice (pp. 77-92). Cambridge, UK: Intersentia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Should fair trial rights be redefined?: civil litigation as a societal discussion
2017 (English)In: Revisiting Procedural Human Rights: Fundamentals of Civil Procedure and the Changing Face of Civil Justice / [ed] A. Uzelac and C.H. van Rhee, Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2017, p. 77-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2017
Series
Ius Commune Europaeum ; 157
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-40119 (URN)9781780685335 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-02 Created: 2015-01-02 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Persson, A. H. & Ervo, L. (2017). The Swedish Goup proceedings. London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Goup proceedings
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2017. p. 20
National Category
Law Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62734 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Ervo, L. (2017). Välimiesmenettely vaihtoehtoisena riidanratkaisumenettelynä Suomessa ja Ruotsissa. Defensor Legis (4), 661-679
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Välimiesmenettely vaihtoehtoisena riidanratkaisumenettelynä Suomessa ja Ruotsissa
2017 (Finnish)In: Defensor Legis, ISSN 0356-262X, no 4, p. 661-679Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsingfors: Finlands advokatförbund, 2017
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61300 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2171-6580

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