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Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
D'Orazio, P., Scholtens, B., de Mariz, F., González-Ruiz, J. D., Ullah, S., Adegbite, O., . . . Berg, M. (2023). Catalyzing the transformation to sustainable finance. One Earth, 6(10), 1271-1276
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Catalyzing the transformation to sustainable finance
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2023 (English)In: One Earth, ISSN 2590-3330, E-ISSN 2590-3322, Vol. 6, no 10, p. 1271-1276Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The modern financial system has enabled a globalized economy by leveraging investments for production, consumption, and the trade of goods and services. However, this system has also engendered a series of wicked problems and externalities, including but not limited to climate change, environmental pollution, biodiversity loss, and inequalities that significantly challenge the well-being of nature and people. The system is also currently inadequate with regards to financing sustainable development, as recognized by the 2015 Addis Ababa Action Agenda. This Voices asks: what must be done to transform today's financial system for a sustainable future?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-109714 (URN)10.1016/j.oneear.2023.09.011 (DOI)001110444600001 ()2-s2.0-85174158996 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-14 Created: 2023-11-14 Last updated: 2023-12-11Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. & Olsson, J. (2023). Managing public value conflicts – Institutional strategies and the greening of public pension funds. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 39(4), Article ID 101301.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing public value conflicts – Institutional strategies and the greening of public pension funds
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 39, no 4, article id 101301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Greening public organizations demands the acknowledgment and reconciliation of tensions and conflicts between core values. This is a challenge that public pension funds have come to face as the call for sustainability has reached the finance sector. Building on the value pluralism debate and institutional theory this article provides a theoretical elaboration of strategies for managing value conflict in public organizations, discussing how value conflict management may promote or inhibit institutional change. The empirical analysis explores how sustainability-related value conflicts are managed within Swedish public pension funds. Political goals and ideals of sustainable finance are pushing funds to promote sustainability through their investments, thus, to consider and promote further values than financial return. Previous research has mainly focused on the financial profitability of sustainability concerns. This study shows that economic value calculation remains the dominant approach within funds, downplaying any conflict between environmental and financial goals. However, to maintain institutional legitimacy under increasing external pressure, the funds have implemented complementary strategies, such as organizational separation of value-related tasks, and different principles for prioritizing value-based actions. The funds thereby avoid ethical reasoning which they fear would lead to subjectivity. In conclusion, the implications for organizational change are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Public management, Value conflict management, Value pluralism, Rational economic calculation, Sustainability goals, Ethical reasoning
National Category
Political Science Sociology
Research subject
Political Science; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-108383 (URN)10.1016/j.scaman.2023.101301 (DOI)001082006200001 ()2-s2.0-85171467774 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018 00912
Available from: 2023-09-20 Created: 2023-09-20 Last updated: 2023-12-08
Berg, M. (2023). Review of: Democratic Norms of Earth System Governance: Deliberative Politics in the Anthropocene [Review]. Contemporary Sociology, 52(4), 317-319
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of: Democratic Norms of Earth System Governance: Deliberative Politics in the Anthropocene
2023 (English)In: Contemporary Sociology, ISSN 0094-3061, E-ISSN 1939-8638, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 317-319Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-107401 (URN)10.1177/00943061231181317a (DOI)001032409000007 ()
Note

Democratic Norms of Earth System Governance: Deliberative Politics in the Anthropocene, by Walter F. Baber and Robert V. Bartlett New York: Cambridge University Press, 2021. 260 pp. $115.00 cloth. ISBN: 9781108831222.

Available from: 2023-08-07 Created: 2023-08-07 Last updated: 2023-12-07Bibliographically approved
Lidskog, R. & Berg, M. (2022). Expertise, lay/local knowledge and the environment. In: Luigi Pellizzoni; Emanuele Leonardi; Viviana Asara (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Environmental Politics: (pp. 257-269). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expertise, lay/local knowledge and the environment
2022 (English)In: Handbook of Critical Environmental Politics / [ed] Luigi Pellizzoni; Emanuele Leonardi; Viviana Asara, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, p. 257-269Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As an epistemic authority providing valid knowledge and measures for handling current environmental problems or preventing new ones from occurring, environmental expertise is a crucial factor in regulation and in the development of environmental discourses. At the same time, scientific expertise is also questioned; its capacity to deliver both trustworthy and relevant knowledge is contested. This situation constitutes the point of departure for this chapter, which critically discusses the meaning and implications of environmental expertise. Starting with an exploration of current trends within, and challenges to, expertise, it discusses why expertise needs to comprise other forms of knowledge than only scientific ones. It presents several theoretical proposals for tackling the situation of contested expertise, all of which stress the need to re-draw the boundaries between experts and non-experts. The chapter investigates how these proposals differ in terms of who, what, why and how to include non-scientific knowledge. By way of conclusion, it raises questions about the role of expertise in the current quest for social transformation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022
Series
Elgar handbooks in energy, the environment and climate change
Keywords
boundary work, democratised science, expertise, lay expertise, public inclusion, science, social transformation.
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102671 (URN)10.4337/9781839100673.00026 (DOI)9781839100666 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-12 Created: 2022-12-12 Last updated: 2022-12-13Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. (2021). Value Judgments at the Heart of Green Transformation: The Leverage of Pension Fund Investors. Global Environmental Politics, 21(3), 77-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value Judgments at the Heart of Green Transformation: The Leverage of Pension Fund Investors
2021 (English)In: Global Environmental Politics, ISSN 1526-3800, E-ISSN 1536-0091, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 77-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the urgency for green transformation grows, the question of whether finance capital can be harnessed to promote green transformation has been raised. Public pension funds are of particular interest since they are publicly governed, have long-term interest, and are growing in proportion to the global investment capital. However, transformative change demands a reprioritization of fundamental values in terms of trade-offs among economic, environmental, and social ends. This article identifies shifts in value judgments in public pension fund investments and particularly focuses on the institutional constraints by which value (re)priorities are resisted by investigating Swedish public pension funds. While there are signs of environmental embedding of the economy, I also note neutralization of the role and investment strategies of the funds, which has a stabilizing rather than a transformative function. The neutralization constrains deep green transformation, which demands politicization of the role of institutional investors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MIT Press, 2021
National Category
Sociology Political Science
Research subject
Sociology; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-93914 (URN)10.1162/glep_a_00613 (DOI)000685646100005 ()2-s2.0-85112468589 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018-00912
Available from: 2021-08-25 Created: 2021-08-25 Last updated: 2021-09-02Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. & Johansson, T. (2020). Building Institutional Trust Through Service Experiences: Private Versus Public Provision Matter. Journal of public administration research and theory, 30(2), 290-306
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building Institutional Trust Through Service Experiences: Private Versus Public Provision Matter
2020 (English)In: Journal of public administration research and theory, ISSN 1053-1858, E-ISSN 1477-9803, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 290-306Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Welfare service experiences are known to shape citizens' trust in public institutions and their sup-port of the welfare state. But, there is poor understanding of how this relationship is shaped in systems of mixed provision, that is, welfare states that use public in-house as well as contracted private providers for publically funded services. Drawing on the notion of system trust this article provides a theoretical account of how mixed-provision welfare systems condition the relationship between service experience and trust, affecting the legitimacy of the state. Utilizing a random-ized vignette experiment with participants in a general citizen survey in Sweden, we investigate whether it matters for the formation of institutional trust if the welfare service is provided by a public or third-party private provider. The main result show that the spillover of trust from positive service experiences with the provider to trust in public institutions is higher in cases of public ser-vice provision. Thus, the possibility of using welfare services to build trust in the welfare system seems to be greater when public provision is used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2020
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Sociology; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77172 (URN)10.1093/jopart/muz029 (DOI)000537423700007 ()2-s2.0-85084416465 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00360
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2020-08-11Bibliographically approved
Lidskog, R., Berg, M., Gustafsson, K. M. & Löfmarck, E. (2020). Cold Science Meets Hot Weather: Environmental Threats, Emotional Messages and Scientific Storytelling. Media and Communication, 8(1), 118-128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cold Science Meets Hot Weather: Environmental Threats, Emotional Messages and Scientific Storytelling
2020 (English)In: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 118-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Science is frequently called upon to provide guidance in the work towards sustainable development. However, for science to promote action, it is not sufficient that scientific advice is seen as competent and trustworthy. Such advice must also be perceived as meaningful and important, showing the need and urgency of taking action. This article discusses how science tries to facilitate action. It claims that the use of scientific storytelling—coherent stories told by scientists about environmental trajectories—are central in this; these stories provide meaning and motivate and guide action. To do this, the storylines need to include both a normative orientation and emotional appeals. Two different cases of scientific storytelling are analyzed: one is a dystopic story about a world rushing towards ecological catastrophe, and the other is an optimistic story about a world making dramatic progress. These macrosocial stories offer science-based ways to see the world and aim to foster and guide action. The article concludes by stating that using storylines in scientific storytelling can elicit fear, inspire hope, and guide action. The storylines connect cold and distant scientific findings to passionate imperatives about the need for social transformation. However, this attachment to emotions and values needs to be done reflexively, not only in order to create engagement with an issue but also to counteract a post-truth society where passionate imperatives go against scientific knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogitatio, 2020
Keywords
Anthropocene, emotions, Factfulness, narratives, science communication, scientific storytelling, The Great Acceleration
National Category
Sociology Media and Communications
Research subject
Sociology; Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-80839 (URN)10.17645/mac.v8i1.2432 (DOI)000527401800003 ()2-s2.0-85089893986 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-03-25 Created: 2020-03-25 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, K. M. & Berg, M. (2020). Early-career scientists in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: A moderate or radical path towards a deliberative future?. Environmental Sociology, 6(3), 242-253
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early-career scientists in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: A moderate or radical path towards a deliberative future?
2020 (English)In: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 242-253Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has been criticized for having a limited impact on policy decisions and actions. To enhance the IPCC’s impact, it has been argued that the organization needs to adopt a more inclusive assessment process. However, what that means in terms of institutional changes is contested. Two main strands are discernible in the literature: studies advocating for moderate versus radical changes. In light of these two possible pathways, this study analyzes how the new role of Chapter Scientist shapes the conditions for socialization and what implications this may have for the future direction of the IPCC’s deliberative capacity. By identifying the norms and logic that guide inclusion in the role of Chapter Scientists, the study sheds light on which path the organization is moving. The study shows how the IPCC sustains a moderate path of inclusion and deliberation, as well as illustrates how the introduction of the role of Chapter Scientists could open up the organization to more radical institutional changes, which some view as essential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
IPCC, Chapter Scientists, early-career scientists, socialization, institutional change, science-policy relations
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81382 (URN)10.1080/23251042.2020.1750094 (DOI)000533157100001 ()2-s2.0-85084264783 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-00545
Available from: 2020-04-28 Created: 2020-04-28 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. (2020). En stark kraft i miljöfrågor: Recension av: Miljöframgångar. Från freonförbud till klimatlag [Review]. Kemisk tidskrift (2), 32-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En stark kraft i miljöfrågor: Recension av: Miljöframgångar. Från freonförbud till klimatlag
2020 (Swedish)In: Kemisk tidskrift, ISSN 2003-2722, no 2, p. 32-33Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Kemisamfundet, 2020
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-82057 (URN)
Note

Engström, Mats, 1960-. - Miljöframgångar : från freonförbud till klimatlag / Mats Engström.. - 2020. - ISBN: 9789188589811

Available from: 2020-05-27 Created: 2020-05-27 Last updated: 2020-05-27Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, K. M. & Berg, M. (2019). Early career scientists in IPCC: A moderate or radical pathway towards a sustainable future?. In: : . Paper presented at Leverage Points 2019 Conference, Lüneburg, Germany, February 6-8, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early career scientists in IPCC: A moderate or radical pathway towards a sustainable future?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Global knowledge assessments such as the IPCC play a key role for our understanding of climate change, as well as the direction of policy to combat it. Thus, IPCC’s assessments have a framing effect that influences the potential and direction of sustainability transformations. The IPCC has been criticized for its natural scientific dominance which has favored a narrow set of solutions that do not address the root causes of co2 emissions, such as growth. As a consequence of this criticism there have been enduring calls for the inclusion of a broader set of perspectives in the IPCC. In this paper we present two different pathways for increased inclusion and influence of the IPCC that derive from current theoretical debates. We use these two perspectives to explore IPCC introduction of early career scientists, the role they play in the organization, and how this role is to be understood in terms of creating an opportunity for institutional change and sustainability transformations. The introduction of early career scientists partly divert from IPCC’s previous strategy to reach sustainability by enrolling world leading scientists to 'speak truth to power'. The change can be seen in the light of a growing work load, but it also involves the inclusion of a new group and the opportunity to, at least partly meet the criticism regarding lack of inclusion. Empirically, the study analyze interviews, documents, and scientific journal articles. Theoretically, the study elaborate on how the socialization process can enhance deliberative capability for sustainability transformations.

Implications for sustainability transformations: Global knowledge assessments does not per se result in sustainability transformations. Knowledge assessments may be organized in ways that either prevent or enable transformative changes. Due to its framing effect, a reflective and deliberate organization, execution, and use of knowledge assessments is crucial to enable future sustainability transformations.

Keywords
IPCC, early career scientists, deliberative capacity, institutional change, sustainability transformations
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73265 (URN)
Conference
Leverage Points 2019 Conference, Lüneburg, Germany, February 6-8, 2019
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8695-4504

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