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Lidskog, R., Berg, M., Gustafsson, K. M. & Löfmarck, E. (2020). Cold Science Meets Hot Weather: Environmental Threats, Emotional Messages and Scientific Storytelling. Media and Communication, 8(1), 118-128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cold Science Meets Hot Weather: Environmental Threats, Emotional Messages and Scientific Storytelling
2020 (English)In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 118-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Science is frequently called upon to provide guidance in the work towards sustainable development. However, for science to promote action, it is not sufficient that scientific advice is seen as competent and trustworthy. Such advice must also be perceived as meaningful and important, showing the need and urgency of taking action. This article discusses how science tries to facilitate action. It claims that the use of scientific storytelling—coherent stories told by scientists about environmental trajectories—are central in this; these stories provide meaning and motivate and guide action. To do this, the storylines need to include both a normative orientation and emotional appeals. Two different cases of scientific storytelling are analyzed: one is a dystopic story about a world rushing towards ecological catastrophe, and the other is an optimistic story about a world making dramatic progress. These macrosocial stories offer science-based ways to see the world and aim to foster and guide action. The article concludes by stating that using storylines in scientific storytelling can elicit fear, inspire hope, and guide action. The storylines connect cold and distant scientific findings to passionate imperatives about the need for social transformation. However, this attachment to emotions and values needs to be done reflexively, not only in order to create engagement with an issue but also to counteract a post-truth society where passionate imperatives go against scientific knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogitatio, 2020
Keywords
Anthropocene, emotions, Factfulness, narratives, science communication, scientific storytelling, The Great Acceleration
National Category
Sociology Media and Communications
Research subject
Sociology; Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-80839 (URN)10.17645/mac.v8i1.2432 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-03-25 Created: 2020-03-25 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. & Johansson, T. (2019). Building Institutional Trust Through Service Experiences: Private Versus Public Provision Matter. Journal of public administration research and theory
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building Institutional Trust Through Service Experiences: Private Versus Public Provision Matter
2019 (English)In: Journal of public administration research and theory, ISSN 1053-1858, E-ISSN 1477-9803Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Welfare service experiences are known to shape citizens' trust in public institutions and their sup-port of the welfare state. But, there is poor understanding of how this relationship is shaped in systems of mixed provision, that is, welfare states that use public in-house as well as contracted private providers for publically funded services. Drawing on the notion of system trust this article provides a theoretical account of how mixed-provision welfare systems condition the relationship between service experience and trust, affecting the legitimacy of the state. Utilizing a random-ized vignette experiment with participants in a general citizen survey in Sweden, we investigate whether it matters for the formation of institutional trust if the welfare service is provided by a public or third-party private provider. The main result show that the spillover of trust from positive service experiences with the provider to trust in public institutions is higher in cases of public ser-vice provision. Thus, the possibility of using welfare services to build trust in the welfare system seems to be greater when public provision is used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
Sociology; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77172 (URN)10.1093/jopart/muz029 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00360
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2020-02-13Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, K. M. & Berg, M. (2019). Early career scientists in IPCC: A moderate or radical pathway towards a sustainable future?. In: : . Paper presented at Leverage Points 2019 Conference, Lüneburg, Germany, February 6-8, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early career scientists in IPCC: A moderate or radical pathway towards a sustainable future?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Global knowledge assessments such as the IPCC play a key role for our understanding of climate change, as well as the direction of policy to combat it. Thus, IPCC’s assessments have a framing effect that influences the potential and direction of sustainability transformations. The IPCC has been criticized for its natural scientific dominance which has favored a narrow set of solutions that do not address the root causes of co2 emissions, such as growth. As a consequence of this criticism there have been enduring calls for the inclusion of a broader set of perspectives in the IPCC. In this paper we present two different pathways for increased inclusion and influence of the IPCC that derive from current theoretical debates. We use these two perspectives to explore IPCC introduction of early career scientists, the role they play in the organization, and how this role is to be understood in terms of creating an opportunity for institutional change and sustainability transformations. The introduction of early career scientists partly divert from IPCC’s previous strategy to reach sustainability by enrolling world leading scientists to 'speak truth to power'. The change can be seen in the light of a growing work load, but it also involves the inclusion of a new group and the opportunity to, at least partly meet the criticism regarding lack of inclusion. Empirically, the study analyze interviews, documents, and scientific journal articles. Theoretically, the study elaborate on how the socialization process can enhance deliberative capability for sustainability transformations.

Implications for sustainability transformations: Global knowledge assessments does not per se result in sustainability transformations. Knowledge assessments may be organized in ways that either prevent or enable transformative changes. Due to its framing effect, a reflective and deliberate organization, execution, and use of knowledge assessments is crucial to enable future sustainability transformations.

Keywords
IPCC, early career scientists, deliberative capacity, institutional change, sustainability transformations
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73265 (URN)
Conference
Leverage Points 2019 Conference, Lüneburg, Germany, February 6-8, 2019
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, K. M., Berg, M., Lidskog, R. & Löfmarck, E. (2019). Intersectional boundary work in socializing new experts: The case of IPBES. Ecosystems and people, 15(1), 181-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intersectional boundary work in socializing new experts: The case of IPBES
2019 (English)In: Ecosystems and people, ISSN 2639-5908, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 181-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Expert organizations are often described as facilitators of the interactions between science and policy. In managing this boundary, they must also manage other boundaries, such as those between different knowledge systems and between different categories of actors. However, how this intersectional boundary work is performed, and what it implies, is still unexplored territory. Focusing on the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), this study contributes knowledge on the intersectionality of boundary work and how it influences the production of global policy-relevant knowledge. This is done by examining how IPBES socializes junior experts to become senior experts. This socialization process makes a number of norms and ideals visible and enables an analysis of how the know- how of boundary work is passed forward from one generation of experts to the next. The study analyzes three boundaries: between senior and junior experts, between science and policy, and between scientific knowledge and indigenous and local knowledge. The findings show how intersectional boundary work is crucial in the creation of expert organizations and policy-relevant knowledge. In the case of IPBES, this study shows how the institutionalization of the organization unintentionally has created restrictions for the boundary work between different knowledge systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Boundary work, IPBES, socialization, experts, science-policy, indigenous knowledge, local knowledge
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74975 (URN)10.1080/26395916.2019.1628105 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2020-01-30Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. & Dahl, V. (2019). Mechanisms of trust for different modes of welfare service provision. Public Management Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanisms of trust for different modes of welfare service provision
2019 (English)In: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Welfare services are an important channel for building institutional trust. But does it matter if the service is publicly or privately provided? Using SEM on individual data from public and private schools in Sweden, the authors test how the provision mode moderates the effects of positive and negative school experiences on trust in government. The results show that students' perceptions of teacher fairness are dependent on provision mode. Negative experiences are associated with decreased trust in government only in private schools. Positive experiences didn't affect trust. Thus, the use of private providers may provide greater challenges for maintaining institutional trust

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Welfare service provision, institutional trust, mixed provision systems, fairness, provision mode
National Category
Economics and Business Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75221 (URN)10.1080/14719037.2019.1630137 (DOI)000473845900001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00360_6
Available from: 2019-07-26 Created: 2019-07-26 Last updated: 2019-07-26Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. (2019). Myndigheter skapar trygghet och tillit i segregerade områden. In: : . Paper presented at Bostadsmötet 2019, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sweden, May 15-16, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Myndigheter skapar trygghet och tillit i segregerade områden
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78809 (URN)
Conference
Bostadsmötet 2019, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sweden, May 15-16, 2019
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved
Olsson, J., Berg, M., Hysing, E., Kristianssen, A.-C. & Petersén, A. (2019). Policy i teori och praktik. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy i teori och praktik
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2019 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Policy, offentliga organisationers handlingsinriktning - uttalad eller outtalad - som vägleder beslut och handlingar och som medför viktiga värdeprioriteringar, utgör själva innehållet i politiken. Den här boken ger en introduktion till hur policyprocessen fungerar i praktiken och hur policyforskare förstår och analyserar den. 

I boken första del beskrivs och problematiseras policyprocessens olika faser, från att en fråga hamnar på den politiska agendan till att en politisk reform utvärderas. I bokens andra del introduceras centrala teoritraditioner och perspektiv inom policyforskningen. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019. p. 369
Keywords
policy, offentlig förvaltning, policyprocess, policyanalys, policyproblem, agendasättning, policyformulering, politiska beslut, policyinstrument, styrmedel, governance, implementering, utvärdering, uppföljning, policyforskning, policyförändring, policyspridning
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77793 (URN)9789144128092 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-11-07 Created: 2019-11-07 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. (2019). Speaking across epistemologies: a deliberative view on authoritative knowledge for social change. In: : . Paper presented at South Africa-Sweden University Forum, SASUF, Stellenbosch, South Africa, May 6-10, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Speaking across epistemologies: a deliberative view on authoritative knowledge for social change
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78808 (URN)
Conference
South Africa-Sweden University Forum, SASUF, Stellenbosch, South Africa, May 6-10, 2019
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved
Berg, M. & Saikkonen, P. (2019). The eco-social Nordic welfare state – a distant dream or apossible future?. In: Sakari Hänninen, Kirsi-Marja Lehtelä and Paula Saikkonen (Ed.), The Relational Nordic Welfare State: Between Utopia and Ideology (pp. 162-183). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The eco-social Nordic welfare state – a distant dream or apossible future?
2019 (English)In: The Relational Nordic Welfare State: Between Utopia and Ideology / [ed] Sakari Hänninen, Kirsi-Marja Lehtelä and Paula Saikkonen, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 162-183Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78804 (URN)9781788974646 (ISBN)9781788974653 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved
Boström, M., Andersson, E., Berg, M., Gustafsson, K. M., Gustavsson, E., Hysing, E., . . . Öhman, J. (2018). Conditions for Transformative Learning for Sustainable Development: A Theoretical Review and Approach. Sustainability, 10(12), Article ID 4479.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditions for Transformative Learning for Sustainable Development: A Theoretical Review and Approach
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2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Continued unsustainability and surpassed planetary boundaries require not only scientific and technological advances, but deep and enduring social and cultural changes. The purpose of this article is to contribute a theoretical approach to understand conditions and constraints for societal change towards sustainable development. In order to break with unsustainable norms, habits, practices, and structures, there is a need for learning for transformation, not only adaption. Based on a critical literature review within the field of learning for sustainable development, our approach is a development of the concept of transformative learning, by integrating three additional dimensions—Institutional Structures, Social Practices, and Conflict Perspectives. This approach acknowledges conflicts on macro, meso, and micro levels, as well as structural and cultural constraints. It contends that transformative learning is processual, interactional, long-term, and cumbersome. It takes place within existing institutions and social practices, while also transcending them. The article adopts an interdisciplinary social science perspective that acknowledges the importance of transformative learning in order for communities, organizations, and individuals to be able to deal with global sustainability problems, acknowledging the societal and personal conflicts involved in such transformation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
conflict, institutional, learning, social change, social practice, structure, transformative
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70403 (URN)10.3390/su10124479 (DOI)000455338100145 ()2-s2.0-85057440663 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2020-01-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8695-4504

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