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Publications (10 of 47) Show all publications
Eriksson, M. (2024). Living a “Digital Life” and Ready to Cope with Crises? Highlighting Young Adults’ Conceptions of Crisis and Emergency Preparedness. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 32(1), Article ID e12498.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living a “Digital Life” and Ready to Cope with Crises? Highlighting Young Adults’ Conceptions of Crisis and Emergency Preparedness
2024 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 32, no 1, article id e12498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing numbers of people are spending more and more time in digital landscapes, with many still unknown consequences for crisis and emergency management. This exploratory, in-depth, qualitative interview study (N=14) explores conceptions about local and individual crisis and emergency preparedness among a small group of young adults representing the most digitally savvy generation in Sweden. The results show that the respondents exhibit a complex and ambivalent attitude to crisis and emergency preparedness issues. Considering their digital habits and skills, the respondents emphasize their own responsibility, social ties, and expectations of help from the authorities and the local community when describing how they intend to face and manage a crisis in practice. This exploratory study contributes preliminary and tentative theoretical knowledge to a highly limited body of work specifically addressing citizens’ crisis and emergency preparedness in a digitalized world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
Keywords
risk perception, preparedness, risk communication, crisis communication, digitalization, young adults, municipalities
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-107773 (URN)10.1111/1468-5973.12498 (DOI)001062377500001 ()2-s2.0-85169461483 (Scopus ID)
Projects
DURCOM
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2020-09584
Available from: 2023-08-21 Created: 2023-08-21 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Sataøen, H. L., Østgaard Skotnes, R., Hansen, K. & Eriksson, M. (2024). Municipal risk communication challenges in the Nordic context: Organizing risk ownership. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal risk communication challenges in the Nordic context: Organizing risk ownership
2024 (English)In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

At a time when disasters, pandemics, pollution, and other crises gain prominence, local governments bear a crucial responsibility for effective risk communication. Yet, there remains a gap in our understanding of how municipalities approach risk communication before a crisis occurs. This qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and 29 semistructured interviews across two Nordic countries, raises questions about ownership of municipal risk communication: What challenges do municipalities face in managing ownership in risk communication? How does the organization of communication influence municipal risk communication? The results underscore three key considerations: First, there is a critical need for municipalities to engage in definitional clarification of risk and crisis communication. Establishing a shared understanding is paramount for effective communication strategies. Second, reframing uncertainty in municipal risk communication ownership as an opportunity is suggested. Embracing the inherent uncertainties and dependencies can offer a valuable perspective. Lastly, recognizing the underappreciation of risk communication emphasizes the imperative for municipal decision makers to address resource allocation issues. This involves ensuring that communication professionals have the confidence and resources needed, vis-à-vis other functions involved in risk management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Policy Studies Organization, 2024
Keywords
municipalities, Nordic countries, risk communication, risk ownership
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110918 (URN)10.1002/rhc3.12289 (DOI)001146348800001 ()2-s2.0-85182849441 (Scopus ID)
Projects
DURCOM
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2020-09584
Note

The study was funded by the Regional Research Fund Western Norway, which is part of the Norwegian Research Council (grant number 27196) and the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (grant number 2020‐09584).

Available from: 2024-01-22 Created: 2024-01-22 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Falkheimer, J. & Gardell, E.-K. (2023). Kristider. In: Jesper Strömbäck, Ingela Wadbring (Ed.), Snabbtänkt. Eftertänkt. En vänbok till Lars Nord: (pp. 26-27). Sundsvall: Demicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kristider
2023 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt. Eftertänkt. En vänbok till Lars Nord / [ed] Jesper Strömbäck, Ingela Wadbring, Sundsvall: Demicom , 2023, p. 26-27Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Demicom, 2023
Series
Demicoms rapportserie ; 53
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110561 (URN)978-91-89786-40-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-02 Created: 2024-01-02 Last updated: 2024-01-02
Rääf, C., Martinsson, J., Eriksson, M., Ewald, J., Javid, R. G., Hjellström, M., . . . Finck, R. (2023). Restoring areas after a radioactive fallout: A multidisciplinary study on decontamination. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 270, Article ID 107268.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Restoring areas after a radioactive fallout: A multidisciplinary study on decontamination
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, ISSN 0265-931X, E-ISSN 1879-1700, Vol. 270, article id 107268Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Land remediation is an important part of restoration measures after a radioactive fallout containing long-lived fission products such as 137Cs. In this multidisciplinary study, we focused on three main issues related to remediation of contaminated urban areas. First, we assessed how much decontamination contributes to reducing resident radiation exposure and how much this reduction depends on the timing of implemented measures. Second, we calculated direct and indirect costs of decontamination in an industrialized country such as Sweden. Finally, in a survey study, we considered reactions of Swedish citizens to being given the hypothetical option of moving to a site decontaminated after radioactive fallout and how this predicted response might influence the design of contingency plans. The main findings are that clean-up operations must be done within the first few years after a fallout to contribute significantly to reducing residual dose. If conducted within 1-2 years, large-scale decontamination can, on average, avert 20-200 manSv per km2 residential area and unit ground deposition of 137Cs (1 MBq). The estimated direct costs (in 2020 purchasing power) would amount to 100 million Euro per km2 decontaminated residential area (comparable to Japanese estimates after the Fukushima accident), generating 39,000 m3 of radioactive waste on average, mainly in the form of 137Cs-contaminated topsoil. In our survey study of 2291 Swedish respondents about their willingness to return to decontaminated homes, women, families with resident children, and high-income earners exhibited more skepticism about returning, even if authorities were to deem it safe. The demographic pattern in attitudes was similar to that found among evacuees in the Fukushima prefecture after 2011. We conclude that predefined ranges of measured 137Cs ground deposition can be used as guidance for rescue leaders in the early post-accident phase in long-term planning for affected areas. This planning should include timing and intensity of decontamination measures, duration of evacuation, and risk communication to citizens. Because some citizens expressed both high risk perception and risk aversion, however, timely and dialogic communication is unlikely to limit a shift after the incident to an older and more male-dominated population composition. There is a risk that those who can afford to do so will move away, whereas people whose wealth is locked in property (houses or businesses) will feel stuck. Perceptions of unfairness may fray the social fabric and complicate resettlement, which in some cases may mean inefficient outlay of decontamination costs. We believe that the issue of monetary compensation to affected residents requires priority in future work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Cost-benefit, Decontamination, Radiation emergency preparedness, Restoration of radioactively contaminated land, Socioeconomic effects
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-107826 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvrad.2023.107268 (DOI)001063499400001 ()37597467 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85168001924 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, MSB2017-7043
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Sataøen, H. L. & Eriksson, M. (2023). “Striking the right balance”: tensions in municipal risk communication management for preparedness. Journal of Communication Management, 27(4), 601-616
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Striking the right balance”: tensions in municipal risk communication management for preparedness
2023 (English)In: Journal of Communication Management, ISSN 1363-254X, E-ISSN 1478-0852, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 601-616Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of the study is to deepen the knowledge about municipalities’ risk communication for preparedness. This objective was pursued by analyzing how risk communication functions were organized in municipalities and by scrutinizing tensions in risk communication management.

Design/methodology/approach: The study relies on 19 qualitative, semi-structured interviews with communication practitioners in Swedish municipalities. The sample was purposive and included Swedish municipalities varying in number of inhabitants, geographical location, degree of urbanization, size and risk profile.

Findings: Risk communication is seen as a sub-field of crisis communication in municipalities’ communication management. The task of initiating risk communication activities and campaigns is frequently assigned to the municipalities’ safety units or emergency coordinators and is normally not part of communication practitioners’ duties. Municipal communication practitioners often face challenges in trying to demonstrate the significance of the practitioners’ role in risk communication and other risk-related activities within the municipality. The practitioners’ work is characterized by four categories of tensions that are identified as follows: constitutional/legal, organizational, cultural and technological.

Practical implications: The identified tensions in risk communication are important for reflexive practitioners to consider, and the paper suggests three steps that municipal communication managers can take to handle them.

Originality/value: The study contributes with novel knowledge about municipal communication management in a context of risk communication. The study challenges the existing and dominant risk communication research and offers amore contextual and reflexive understanding of actual risk communication processes inmunicipalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Risk communication, Public sector, Crisis communication, Communication management, Communication practitioner
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-106023 (URN)10.1108/JCOM-06-2022-0072 (DOI)000992593600001 ()2-s2.0-85159673619 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2020-09584
Available from: 2023-05-23 Created: 2023-05-23 Last updated: 2024-01-02
Rasmussen, J., Eriksson, M. & Martinsson, J. (2022). Citizens' Communication Needs and Attitudes to Risk in a Nuclear Accident Scenario: A Mixed Methods Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(13), Article ID 7709.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Citizens' Communication Needs and Attitudes to Risk in a Nuclear Accident Scenario: A Mixed Methods Study
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 13, article id 7709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential devastation that a nuclear accident can cause to public health and the surrounding environment demands robust emergency preparedness. This includes gaining a greater knowledge of citizens' needs in situations involving radiation risk. The present study examines citizens' attitudes to a remediation scenario and their information and communication needs, using focus group data (n = 39) and survey data (n = 2291) from Sweden. The focus groups uniquely showed that adults of all ages express health concerns regarding young children, and many also do so regarding domestic animals. Said protective sentiments stem from a worry that even low-dose radiation is a transboundary, lingering health risk. It leads to doubts about living in a decontaminated area, and high demands on fast, continuous communication that in key phases of decontamination affords dialogue. Additionally, the survey results show that less favorable attitudes to the remediation scenario-worry over risk, doubt about decontamination effectiveness, and preferences to move away from a remediation area-are associated with the need for in-person meetings and dialogue. Risk managers should thus prepare for the need for both in-person meetings and frequent information provision tasks, but also that in-person, citizen meetings are likely to feature an over-representation of critical voices, forming very challenging communication tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
nuclear accidents, decontamination, risk attitudes, communication preferences, focus group interviews, mixed methods research
National Category
Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100308 (URN)10.3390/ijerph19137709 (DOI)000822178200001 ()35805364 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85132395879 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2017-7043Örebro University
Available from: 2022-08-02 Created: 2022-08-02 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Sataøen, H. L., Skotnes, R., Hansen, K. & Eriksson, M. (2022). Who owns the risk communication? Challenges in risk communication in Swedish and Norwegian municipalities. In: : . Paper presented at NEON-konferansen, Drammen, Norway, November 22-24, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who owns the risk communication? Challenges in risk communication in Swedish and Norwegian municipalities
2022 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-103635 (URN)
Conference
NEON-konferansen, Drammen, Norway, November 22-24, 2022
Projects
DURCOM
Available from: 2023-01-27 Created: 2023-01-27 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2021). Digitaliserade kriskommunikatörer (1ed.). Örebro: MSB/Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitaliserade kriskommunikatörer
2021 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kommunikatörer har idag tillgång till ett allt frodigare utbud av webb, sociala medier, appar, e-tjänster och andra digitala kontaktytor som skapar nya möjligheter men också utmaningar i kriskommunikationen. Sedan tidigare finns vedertagna logiker för effektiv kriskommunikation – den ska vara snabb, korrekt, öppen, lättförståelig, samstämmig och empatisk. I denna skrift får vi följa samspelet mellan nya digitala verktyg och de vedertagna logikerna för kriskommunikation vid en kraftig explosion i ett bostadsområde i Linköping, Kriminalvårdens hantering av häktningen av artisten ASAP-Rocky, bakterier i dricksvatten i Vretstorp i Hallsbergs kommun samt coronavirus i Örebro kommun. I skriften presenteras även en arbetsmetodik för digitala kriskommunikatörer före, under och efter kriser. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: MSB/Örebro universitet, 2021. p. 107 Edition: 1
Keywords
Kommuner, Sociala Medier, Kommunikatörer, Riskkommunikation, Covid, Krisberedskap, Digitalisering, Kriskommunikation
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-96580 (URN)9789179271473 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2022-01-19 Created: 2022-01-19 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Engqvist, B. (2021). Medborgarnas beteende på kommunala webbsidor om risk, beredskap och kris: en pilotstudie. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medborgarnas beteende på kommunala webbsidor om risk, beredskap och kris: en pilotstudie
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna pilotstudie presenteras och analyseras statistik och användardata från kommunala webbsidor samt några andra digitala kontaktytor vilka informerar och kommunicerar om risk, beredskap och kris. Undersökningsmetoden som används och testas är webbanalys. Pilotstudien är genomför i samverkan mellan DURCOM-projektet vid Örebro universitet och Örebro kommun. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2021. p. 30
Series
DURCOM Arbetsrapport ; 1
Keywords
Riskkommunikation, Kriskommunikation, Digitala medier, Corona, Krisberedskap, Webb, Kommun
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-91841 (URN)9789179271480 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2021-05-18 Created: 2021-05-18 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2021). Riskkommunikation för kommuners krisberedskap: En kunskapsöversikt. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap/Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riskkommunikation för kommuners krisberedskap: En kunskapsöversikt
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kunskapsöversikten ger en bred bild av området kommuners riskkommunikation för krisberedskap. Översikten baseras både på den nationella och internationella forskningsarenans kunskap samt på arenan med "grå" litteratur och policydokument. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap/Örebro universitet, 2021. p. 87
Series
DURCOM Arbetsrapport ; 2
Keywords
Kommuner, Risk, Riskkommunikation, Riskhantering, Krisberedskap, Kriskommunikation, Styrning, Hemberedskap, Risk- och sårbarhetsanalys, Kommuniktörer
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-95106 (URN)9789179271985 (ISBN)
Projects
DURCOM
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2021-10-20 Created: 2021-10-20 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7602-0225

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