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Monteagudo, C., Scander, H., Nilsen, B. & Yngve, A. (2017). Folate intake in a Swedish adult population: Food sources and predictive factors. Food & Nutrition Research, 61, Article ID 1328960.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Folate intake in a Swedish adult population: Food sources and predictive factors
2017 (English)In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 61, article id 1328960Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Folate plays an important role in cell metabolism, but international studies show that intake is currently below recommendations, especially among women. The study objective was to identify folate food sources by food group, gender, and age group, and to identify factors influencing folate intake, based on food consumption data for Swedish adults in the 2010-11 Riksmaten study.

Methods: The sample included a representative Swedish population aged 18-80 years (n = 1657; 56.3% female). Food and nutrient intakes were estimated from self-reported food records during 4 consecutive days. Food consumption was categorized into 26 food groups. Stepwise regression was used to analyze food groups as folate sources for participants. Factors predicting the highest folate intake (third tertile) were determined by logistic regression analysis.

Results: Vegetables and pulses represented the most important folate source for all age groups and both genders, especially in women aged 45-64 years (49.7% of total folate intake). The next folate source in importance was dairy products for the youngest group (18-30 years), bread for men, and fruit and berries for women. The likelihood of being in the highest tertile of folate intake (odds ratio = 1.69, 95% confidence interval 1.354-2.104) was higher for men. Influencing factors for folate intake in the highest tertile were low body mass index and high educational level in the men, and high educational level, vegetarian diet, organic product consumption, nonsmoking, and alcohol consumption within recommendations in the women.

Conclusion: This study describes the folate intake per food group of Swedish adults according to the 2010-11 Riksmaten survey, identifying vegetables and pulses as the most important source. Data obtained on factors related to folate consumption may be useful for the development of specific nutrition education programs to increase the intake of this vitamin in high-risk groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Dietary habits, Riksmaten study, vegetable consumption, lifestyle habits, demographic differences
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58796 (URN)10.1080/16546628.2017.1328960 (DOI)000403008600001 ()28659736 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agency:

University of Granada 

Available from: 2017-07-26 Created: 2017-07-26 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Rivas, A., Monteagudo, C., Heras-Gonzalez, L., Mariscal-Arcas, M., Lorenzo-Tovar, M. L. & Olea-Serrano, F. (2016). Association of bisphenol A exposure with dietary quality indices in Spanish schoolchildren. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 94, 25-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association of bisphenol A exposure with dietary quality indices in Spanish schoolchildren
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2016 (English)In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, ISSN 0278-6915, E-ISSN 1873-6351, Vol. 94, p. 25-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young children, whose growth and development are highly dependent on the endocrine system, are particularly vulnerable to endocrine disruptor exposure. The main objectives of this study were to measure BPA migration levels from cans, fruit juice bottles/packs, and microwave containers used for food/drinks consumed by a sample of 6- to 8-year old schoolchildren in Spain and to estimate the relationship between their resulting BPA exposure and diet quality index scores (Mediterranean Diet Score and Breakfast Quality Index). The mean BPA concentration was 11.8 ng/mL for vegetable cans, 22.1 ng/mL for pulse cans, 3.6 ng/mL for juice bottles/packs, and 1.2 ng/mL for microwave containers. Results revealed a significant association between the Mediterranean Diet Score and low BPA exposure of the children. BPA exposure below the median level was significantly associated with a higher score in both the first-grade (P = 0.030) and second-grade (p = 0.0001) groups. However, no association was found between BPA exposure and the Breakfast Quality Index. In conclusion, children with a stronger adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet appear to be less exposed to BPA migrating from food packaging and microwave containers. Further research is warranted on the inadvertent exposure of children to endocrinedisrupting chemicals from these sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United, Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Bisphenol A, breakfast quality index (BQI), Cchildren, mediterranean diet score (MDS)
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51540 (URN)10.1016/j.fct.2016.05.010 (DOI)000380414900004 ()27208728 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84971407361 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Spanish Ministry of Health FIS 14/01040

Available from: 2016-08-03 Created: 2016-08-02 Last updated: 2018-07-16Bibliographically approved
Benhammou, S., Heras-González, L., Ibáñez-Peinado, D., Barceló, C., Hamdan, M., Rivas, A., . . . Monteagudo, C. (2016). Comparison of Mediterranean diet compliance between European and non-European populations in the Mediterranean basin. Appetite, 107, 521-526
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of Mediterranean diet compliance between European and non-European populations in the Mediterranean basin
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2016 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 107, p. 521-526Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fruit, vegetables, cereals, and olive oil are common elements of the Mediterranean diet (MD), but each country in the Mediterranean basin has its own gastronomic customs influenced by socio-cultural, religious, and economic factors. This study compared the dietary habits of three Mediterranean populations with different cultures and lifestyles, a total of 600 adults (61.9% females) between 25 and 70 yrs from Spain, Morocco, and Palestine. All participants completed a self administered questionnaire, including sociodemographic and anthropometric items, a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire adapted to the foods consumed in each country, and three 24-h recalls. MD adherence was estimated with the MD Serving Score (MDSS). All populations showed a moderate adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. In comparison to the Palestine population, MDSS-assessed adherence to the MD was 6.36-fold higher in the Spanish population and 3.88-fold higher in the Moroccan population. Besides the country of origin, age was another predictive factor of MD adherence, which was greater (higher MDSS) in participants aged over 50 yrs than in those aged 30 yrs or younger. This preliminary study contributes initial data on dietary differences between European and non-European countries in the Mediterranean basin. The Spanish diet was shown to be closer to MD recommendations than the diet of Morocco or Palestine. Given the impact of good dietary habits on the prevention of chronic non-transmittable diseases, health policies should focus on adherence to a healthy diet, supporting traditional dietary patterns in an era of intense commercial pressures for change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Mediterranean diet adherence, Mediterranean basin, Dietary habits, Food intake
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53772 (URN)10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.117 (DOI)000389389000061 ()27596949 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84987788657 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID fellowship) II-ACV2009/11  BOE-A-2009-14001

Andalusian Regional Government (Nutrition, Diet, Risks Assessment) AGR255

Health Department of Granada City Council, Spain 2869

Available from: 2016-12-05 Created: 2016-12-05 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Monteagudo, C., Mariscal-Arcas, M., Heras-Gonzalez, L., Ibañez-Peinado, D., Rivas, A. & Olea-Serrano, F. (2016). Effects of maternal diet and environmental exposure to organochlorine pesticides on newborn weight in Southern Spain. Chemosphere, 156, 135-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of maternal diet and environmental exposure to organochlorine pesticides on newborn weight in Southern Spain
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2016 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 156, p. 135-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An appropriate eating pattern is essential during childbearing years and pregnancy to ensure a healthy pregnancy and newborn. Our group developed a Mediterranean Diet Score for Pregnancy (MDS-P) based on the MD and the specific need of pregnant women for Fe, Ca, and folic acid. Humans are daily exposed to endocrine disruptors, which may alter body weight and hormone system regulation. This study analyzed the relationship of maternal diet and in utero exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with newborn weight in mothers and newborns from Southern Spain. Higher MDS-P score, folic acid supplementation, and greater in utero exposure to endosulfan-diol and endosulfan-1 were related to higher newborn weight. MDS-P score was not associated with maternal weight gain during pregnancy (above or below 12 Kg). Residues from one or more OCPs were detected in 96.5% of umbilical cord serum samples from 320 newborns. The most frequent residues were endosulfans (96.5%). The presence of endosulfan-diol, endosulfan-I, p-p´DDT, folic acid supplementation, and a higher MDS-P (>8) were predictive factors for newborn overweight (>3500 g). Conversely, smoking during pregnancy, shorter gestation time (32-36 vs. 37-39 weeks), and lesser maternal weight gain during pregnancy predicted lower newborn weight (<2500 g). These results indicate prenatal exposure to OCPs in Southern Spain and its possible impact on the weight of healthy full-term newborns. Further studies are warranted to interpret the consequences of this exposure and identify preventive measures. Adherence to the MD and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy emerged as predictive factors for overweight in newborns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Organochlorine pesticides, umbilical cord blood, prenatal exposure, mediterranean diet
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50314 (URN)10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.04.103 (DOI)000377732700017 ()27174826 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84965071702 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Andalusian Regional Government AGR255

Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Mariscal-Arcas, M., Monteagudo, C., Hernandez-Elizondo, J., Benhammou, S., Lorenzo, M. L. & Olea-Serrano, F. (2015). Differences in food intake and nutritional habits between Spanish adolescents who engage in ski activity and those who do not. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 31(2), 936-943
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in food intake and nutritional habits between Spanish adolescents who engage in ski activity and those who do not
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2015 (English)In: Nutrición Hospitalaria, ISSN 0212-1611, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 936-943Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Increasing obesity among adolescents in the industrialized world may result from poor nutritional habits and inadequate exercise.

AIM: To determine differences in food intake, nutritional habits, and body mass index between Spanish adolescents who engage in ski activity and those who do not.

METHODS: A socio-demographic survey, food frequency questionnaire, 24-hr dietary recall, and physical activity questionnaire were completed by 300 Spanish schoolchildren aged 10 to 18 yrs. RESULTS were compared (Student's t, chi-square and Fisher's exact test) between adolescents engaged (SP) and not engaged (N-SP) in skiing according to their sex.

RESULTS: SP adolescents devoted > 4 h/day to physical activity versus < 1 h for N-SP adolescents. No significant differences were found in nutrient intake or nutritional habits between SP and N-SP adolescents. Protein and fat intakes of both groups were above recommended levels. A higher proportion of N-SP than SP males were overweight. Logistic regression analysis showed that the maintenance of a normal weight was favored by the practice of skiing, the consumption of sugar-free drinks, and supplementation with vitamins/mineral salts and was negatively associated with body weight dissatisfaction, intake of nutritional supplements other than vitamins or minerals, and the consumption of snacks.

CONCLUSIONS: The diet of this adolescent population was poorly balanced. Engagement in physical activity appears to be a key factor in maintaining a healthy body mass index.

Abstract [es]

Antecedentes: El aumento de la obesidad entre los adolescentes en países desarrollados puede ser consecuencia de malos hábitos alimentarios y falta de actividad.

Objetivo: Determinar las diferencias en la ingesta de alimentos, hábitos nutricionales e índice de masa corporal entre adolescentes españoles que practican esquí y los que no lo hacen.

Métodos: Una muestra de 300 adolescentes españoles de 10 a 18 años completó una encuesta que incluyó variables sociodemográficas, un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos, recordatorio de 24h y un cuestionario de actividad física. Se utilizaron test de comparación paramétricos y no paramétricos para comparar los resultados entre adolescentes que practican (SP) y no practican (N-SP) esquí, en función al sexo.

Resultados: Los adolescentes SP dedicaron más de 4h diarias a la realización de actividad física mientras que los adolescentes N-SP dedicaron menos de 1 hora diaria a la actividad física. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la ingesta de nutrientes o los hábitos nutricionales entre adolescentes SP y N-SP. La ingesta de proteínas y lípidos de ambos grupos estuvo por encima de los niveles recomendados. El sobrepeso fue más frecuente entre adolescentes N-SP. El análisis de regresión logística mostró que el mantenimiento de un peso normal se ve favorecido por la práctica del esquí, el consumo de bebidas sin azúcar y la suplementación con vitaminas/minerales y se asoció negativamente con la insatisfacción con el peso corporal, el consumo de suplementos nutricionales distintos a vitaminas o minerales y el consumo de aperitivos.

Conclusiones: La dieta de esta población adolescente fue desequilibrada. La participación en la actividad física parece ser un factor clave en el mantenimiento de un índice de masa corporal saludable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aula Medica Ediciones, 2015
Keywords
Food intake, Nutritional habits, Adolescents, Physical activity, Sport, Ingesta de alimentos, Hábitos nutricionales, Adolescentes, Actividad física, Deporte
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46640 (URN)10.3305/nh.2015.31.2.8267 (DOI)000348825500053 ()25617584 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84923787705 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (FPU program)

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Monteagudo, C., Mariscal-Arcas, M., Rivas, A., Lorenzo-Tovar, M. L., Tur, J. A. & Olea-Serrano, F. (2015). Proposal of a mediterranean diet serving score. PLoS ONE, 10(6), Article ID e0128594.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proposal of a mediterranean diet serving score
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2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 6, article id e0128594Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous studies have demonstrated a relationship between Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes, etc. The study aim was to validate a novel instrument to measure MD adherence based on the consumption of food servings and food groups, and apply it in a female population from southern Spain and determining influential factors.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 1,155 women aged 12-83 yrs, classified as adolescents, adults, and over-60-yr-olds. All completed a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The Mediterranean Dietary Serving Score (MDSS) is based on the latest update of the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, using the recommended consumption frequency of foods and food groups; the MDSS ranges from 0 to 24. The discriminative power or correct subject classification capacity of the MDSS was analyzed with the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve, using the MDS as reference method. Predictive factors for higher MDSS adherence were determined with a logistic regression model, adjusting for age. According to ROC curve analysis, MDSS evidenced a significant discriminative capacity between adherents and non-adherents to the MD pattern (optimal cutoff point=13.50; sensitivity=74%; specificity=48%). The mean MDSS was 12.45 (2.69) and was significantly higher with older age (p<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed highest MD adherence by over 60-year-olds with low BMI and no habit of eating between meals.

CONCLUSIONS: The MDSS is an updated, easy, valid, and accurate instrument to assess MD adherence based on the consumption of foods and food groups per meal, day, and week. It may be useful in future nutritional education programs to prevent the early onset of chronic non-transmittable diseases in younger populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library Science, 2015
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46638 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0128594 (DOI)000355699100038 ()26035442 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84935007960 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (FPU Program, PhD fellowship) AP2008-03703

European Union Commission QLK4-1999-01 422  FOOD-CT-2004-506319

Health Department of Granada City Council-University of Granada 2260

Andalusian Regional Government (Research Group AGR-255), Spain

Spanish Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs (Programme for Promotion of Biomedical Research and Health Sciences) 11/01791  Red Predimed-RETIC RD06/0045/1004  CIBEROBN CB12/03/30038

Balearic Islands Gov. 35/2011

EU FEDER fund 35/2011

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Palacin-Arce, A., Monteagudo, C., Beas-Jimenez, J. d., Olea-Serrano, F. & Mariscal-Arcas, M. (2015). Proposal of a nutritional quality index (NQI) to evaluate the nutritional supplementation of sportspeople. PLoS ONE, 10(5), Article ID e0125630.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proposal of a nutritional quality index (NQI) to evaluate the nutritional supplementation of sportspeople
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2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, article id e0125630Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Numerous supplements are used by sportspeople. They are not always appropriate for the individual or the sports activity and may do more harm than good. Vitamin and mineral supplements are unnecessary if the energy intake is sufficient to maintain body weight and derives from a diet with an adequate variety of foods. The study objectives were to evaluate the main nutrients used as supplements in sports and to propose a nutritional quality index (NQI) that enables sportspeople to optimize their use of supplements and detect and remedy possible nutritional deficits.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nutritional study was performed in 485 sportspeople recruited from Centros Andaluces de Medicina del Deporte, (CAMD). All completed socio-demographic, food frequency, and lifestyle questionnaires. The nutritional quality of their diet and need for supplementation were evaluated by scoring their dietary intake with and without supplementation, yielding two NQI scores (scales of 0-21 points) for each participant.

RESULTS: A superior mean NQI score was obtained when the supplements taken by participants were not included (16. 28 (SD of 3.52)) than when they were included (15.47 (SD: 3.08)), attributable to an excessive intake of some nutrients through supplementation.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that sportspeople with a varied and balanced diet do not need supplements, which appear to offer no performance benefits and may pose a health risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library Science, 2015
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46639 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0125630 (DOI)000353943000083 ()25938239 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84929103963 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Junta de Andalucia FMD2010SC0071

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Monteagudo, C., Téllez, F., Heras-González, L., Ibañez-Peinado, D., Mariscal-Arcas, M. & Olea-Serrano, F. (2015). School dietary habits and incidence of dental caries. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 32(1), 383-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School dietary habits and incidence of dental caries
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2015 (English)In: Nutrición Hospitalaria, ISSN 0212-1611, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 383-388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: healthy dietary habits are considered to improve oral health and tooth quality. Caries treatment comprises tooth restoration with dental composites and sealants, almost all (> 90%) of which contain bisphenol A (BPA). Study hypotheses were: a) breakfast and oral hygiene habits are important factors in dental caries development; and b) dental caries treatment with epoxy-resins entails a risk of oral exposure to monomers migrating from the polymeric material. We evaluated caries in the teeth of a Spanish school population and determined the percentage treated with dental composites.

OBJECTIVE: to relate consumption of breakfast components and oral hygiene habits to dental caries and determine the presence of sealants/composites as potential sources of BPA exposure.

METHODS: subjects: 582 schoolchildren from Granada city (Southern Spain) aged 7 yrs; mean (SD) of 7.55 (0.64) yrs.

RESULTS: caries was detected in 21.7% of their teeth. Mean breakfast quality index (BQI) score, based on nutritional questionnaires, was 5.18 (1.29). Breakfast with foods rich in simple sugars representing > 5% of total daily energy was consumed by 24% of the population and was significantly associated with caries frequency in binary logistic regression analysis. Biscuit consumption was reported by 35.8% and significantly associated with caries frequency. Breakfast intake of bakery products/ cereals and of dairy products showed a significant inverse association with caries frequency. No significant relationship was observed between caries and BQI score or oral hygiene factors.

CONCLUSION: further research is required to elucidate the role of diet in caries and the associated risk of exposure to estrogenic xenobiotics such as BPA.

Abstract [es]

Introducción: los hábitos alimentarios saludables in-fluyen sobre la salud oral. El tratamiento de la caries comprende la restauración dental con selladores y com-posites dentales, la mayoría con bisfenol A (BPA). Hipótesis: a) el desayuno y hábitos de higiene oral son factores importantes en el desarrollo de caries; b) el tratamiento de la caries con epoxirresinas conlleva riesgo de exposi-ción oral a monómeros plásticos.

Objetivo: relacionar la ingesta del desayuno y los hábitos de higiene oral con la caries dental y determinar la presencia de selladores/composites como fuentes potenciales de exposición al BPA.

Métodos: se analizaron 582 niños/as en edad escolar de Granada (sur de España) de 7 años de edad (7,55 [0,64] años). Se empleó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos, 3 recordatorios de 24 h y variables de estilo de vida, incluyendo la higiene bucodental. La calidad del desayuno fue estimada con el Breakfast Quality Index (BQI).

Resultados: se detectó un 21,7% de caries. El valor medio del BQI fue 5,18 (1,29). El 24% de la población realizó un desayuno con alimentos ricos en azúcares simples (> 5% de la energía total), asociado significativamente con la frecuencia de caries en el análisis de regresión logística. El 35,8% de los participantes tomaron galletas; asociado significativamente con la frecuencia de caries. La ingesta de productos de panadería, cereales y lácteos mostró una asociación inversamente significativa con la frecuencia de caries.

Conclusión: se necesitan más investigaciones para aclarar el papel de la dieta en la caries y el riesgo de exposición a xenobióticos estrogénicos, como el BPA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aula Medica Ediciones, 2015
Keywords
Dental caries, School dietary, Breakfast, Dental composites, Caries dental, Dieta escolar, Desayuno, Composites dentales
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46599 (URN)10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.9086 (DOI)000357841700056 ()26262743 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84936770391 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Granada City Council C-3507-00  AGR255

Granada City Council-Universidad Empresa AGR255

Spanish Ministry of Health (FIS) PI14/01040

Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Monteagudo, C., Dijkstra, S. C. & Visser, M. (2015). Self-perception of body weight status in older Dutch adults. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 19(6), 612-618
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-perception of body weight status in older Dutch adults
2015 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 612-618Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION:

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity is highest in older persons and a correct self-perception of body weight status is necessary for optimal weight control. The aim of this study was to determine self-perception of, and satisfaction with, body weight status, and to compare current versus ideal body image in a large, nationally representative sample of older people. Furthermore, determinants of misperception were explored.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.

SETTING: The Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), conducted in a population-based sample in the Netherlands.

PARTICIPANTS: 1295 men and women aged 60-96 years.

MEASUREMENTS: Body weight status was assessed using measured weight and height. Self-perceived body weight status, satisfaction with body weight and current and ideal body image were also assessed. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association of age, educational level and objectively measured BMI with underestimation of body weight status.

RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was 19.9% in men and 29.3% in women. The agreement between objective and self-perceived body weight status was low (Kappa < 0.2). Among overweight and obese persons, 42.1% of men and 44.1% of women were (very) dissatisfied with their body weight status and >99% of obese participants desired to be thinner (ideal body image < current image). Only 4.4% of obese men and 12.3% of obese women perceived their body weight status correctly. Higher age (women), lower educational level (men) and higher BMI (all) were associated with greater underestimation of body weight status.

CONCLUSION: Many older persons misperceive their body weight status. Future actions to improve body weight perception in older persons are necessary to increase the impact of public health campaigns focussing on a healthy body weight in old age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keywords
Obesity, aged, misperception, weight satisfaction, body image
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46632 (URN)10.1007/s12603-015-0486-z (DOI)000355983600002 ()26054497 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84939418286 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sports of the Netherlands

Ministry of Education of Spain AP2008-03703

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
Hamdan, M., Monteagudo, C., Lorenzo-Tovar, M.-L., Tur, J.-A., Olea-Serrano, F. & Mariscal-Arcas, M. (2014). Development and validation of a nutritional questionnaire for the Palestine population. Public Health Nutrition, 17(11), 2512-2518
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and validation of a nutritional questionnaire for the Palestine population
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2014 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 11, p. 2512-2518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Dietary habits vary widely among regions and cultural groups, and FFQ need to be designed for specific populations. The objectives of the present study were to develop and test the repeatability and relative validity of a medium-length semi-quantitative FFQ for measuring the energy and macronutrient intakes of a specific population and to contribute a methodological framework for this procedure.

Setting: Palestinian families in the Hebron area.

Design: After a preliminary survey of a subgroup of homemakers using 3 d diet recall, stepwise multiple regression analysis was used for selected nutrients to choose foods for inclusion in the FFQ.

Subjects: The FFQ was administered to a study population of 169 women representing the same number of families.

Results: The Wilcoxon test and Bland-Altman plots were used to compare the FFQ results with the mean 3 d diet recall results. A high level of concordance was found, validating the FFQ. In this population, the mean consumption of SFA was above recommendations and the intakes of vitamin D, folic acid, Ca, Fe and K were deficient.

Conclusions: The availability of diet assessment instruments designed for specific populations and cultures is of immense value to researchers and policy makers. The study describes a simple and effective method to develop and validate an FFQ for a given population of interest.

Keywords
FFQ, Palestinian families, Nutritional questionnaire validation
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46644 (URN)10.1017/S1368980013002711 (DOI)000344544600016 ()24129027 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84910679883 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
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