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Asnafi, N., Shams, T., Aspenberg, D. & Öberg, C. (2019). 3D Metal Printing from an Industrial Perspective: Product Design, Production, and Business Models. Berg- und Huttenmännische Monatshefte (BHM), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>3D Metal Printing from an Industrial Perspective: Product Design, Production, and Business Models
2019 (English)In: Berg- und Huttenmännische Monatshefte (BHM), ISSN 0005-8912, E-ISSN 1613-7531, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper is focused on automotive stamping tools and dies as well as the impact of 3D metal printing and metals related 3D-printing on design and production of such tools and dies. The purpose has been to find out the current industrial potential of 3D-printing as far as lead time, costs, shapes, material usage, metal piece size, surface roughness, hardness, strength, and machinability are concerned. The business transformational impact of 3D-printing is also addressed in this paper. The obtained results show that the lead time can be halved, the costs are somewhat higher, and the strength, hardness, surface roughness, and machinability of the 3D-printed metallic tools and dies are as good as those of the conventionally made. The maximum size of a metal piece that can be 3D-printed today by Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) is, in the best case, 500 mm × 500 mm × 500 mm. 3D-printing can also be used for the pattern to make the mold box in iron and steel casting. It is also possible to eliminate the casting pattern, since the mold box can be 3D-printed directly. All this has started to have a large business impact, and it is therefore of great significance to outline and execute an action plan almost immediately.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vienna: Springer, 2019
Keywords
3D-printing, Additive manufacturing, Metal, PBF, SLA, Automotive, Stamping, Tools, Dies, Design, Topology optimization, Production, Maraging steel, Business transformation
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72486 (URN)10.1007/s00501-019-0827-z (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-02-15 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Laurell, C., Öberg, C. & Sandström, C. (2019). How sustainable is the sharing economy?: On the sustainability connotations of sharing economy platforms. Journal of Cleaner Production, 206, 419-429
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How sustainable is the sharing economy?: On the sustainability connotations of sharing economy platforms
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 206, p. 419-429Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The sharing economy has evolved and spread to various sectors of the economy. Its early idea linked to the creation of more sustainable uses of resources. Since then, the development of the sharing economy has included a professionalization with self-employed suppliers rather than peers, and the question is whether the platforms following this development maintain the focus on sustainability. This paper describes and classifies the sustainability connotation of sharing economy platforms. It analyses 121 platforms derived through social media analytics to figure out whether they describe themselves as sustainable. The findings suggest that the sustainability connotation closely connects to specific sectors such as fashion, on-demand services and logistics. Meanwhile, the dominant role model platforms do not communicate about being sustainable. These findings contribute to previous research through (1) giving a systematic empirical account on the way various sharing economy platforms describe themselves in terms of sustainability, (2) pointing out the differences among the platforms, and (3) indicating the diversity in sustainability connotation among various sectors of the economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Platform, Sharing economy, Social media analytics, Sustainability
National Category
Environmental Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70361 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.196 (DOI)000449449100036 ()2-s2.0-85054876983 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-29 Created: 2018-11-29 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved
Asnafi, N., Shams, T., Aspenberg, D. & Öberg, C. (2018). 3D Metal Printing from an Industrial Perspective: Product Design, Production and Business Models. In: Metal Additive Manufacturing Conference 2018 Proceedings: Industrial perspectives in Additive Technologies. Paper presented at Metal Additive Manufacturing Conference, Vienna, Austria, November 21-23, 2018 (pp. 304-313). Vienna, Austria: ASMET
Open this publication in new window or tab >>3D Metal Printing from an Industrial Perspective: Product Design, Production and Business Models
2018 (English)In: Metal Additive Manufacturing Conference 2018 Proceedings: Industrial perspectives in Additive Technologies, Vienna, Austria: ASMET , 2018, p. 304-313Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper is focused on automotive stamping tools and dies and the impact of 3D metal printing and metals related 3D printing on design and production of such tools and dies. The purpose has been to find out the current industrial potential of 3D printing, as far lead time, costs, shapes, material usage, metal piece size, surface roughness, hardness, strength, and machinability are concerned. The business transformational impact of 3D printing is also addressed in this paper. The obtained results show that the lead time can be halved, the costs are somewhat higher, and the strength, hardness, surface roughness and machinability of the 3D printed metallic tools and dies are as good as those of the conventionally made. The maximum size of a metal piece that can be 3D printed today by Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) is in the best case 500 mm x 500 mm x 500 mm. 3D printing can also be used to make the pattern used to make the mold box in iron and steel casting. It is also possible to eliminate the casting pattern, since the mold box can be 3D printed directly. All this has started to have a large business impact and it is therefore of great significance to outline and execute an action plan almost immediately.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vienna, Austria: ASMET, 2018
Keywords
3D Printing, Additive Manufacturing, Metal, PBF, SLA, Automotive, Stamping, Tools, Dies, Design, Topology Optimization, Production, Maraging Steel, Business Transformation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70753 (URN)
Conference
Metal Additive Manufacturing Conference, Vienna, Austria, November 21-23, 2018
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2018-12-16 Created: 2018-12-16 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Öberg, C., Shams, T. & Asnafi, N. (2018). Additive Manufacturing and Business Models: Current Knowledge and Missing Perspectives. Technology Innovation Management Review, 8(6), 15-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive Manufacturing and Business Models: Current Knowledge and Missing Perspectives
2018 (English)In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 15-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Additive manufacturing, that is 3D printing technology, may change the way companies operate their businesses. This article adopts a business model perspective to create an understanding of what we know about these changes. It summarizes current knowledge on additive manufacturing within management and business research, and it discusses future research directions in relation to business models for additive manufacturing. Using the scientific database Web of Science, 116 journal articles were identified. The literature review reveals that most research concerns manufacturing optimization. A more holistic view of the changes that additive manufacturing may bring about for firms is needed, as is more research on changed value propositions, and customer/sales-related issues. The article contributes to previous research by systematically summarizing additive manufacturing research in the business and management literature, and by highlighting areas for further investigation related to the business models of individual firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Carleton University Graphic Services, 2018
Keywords
3D printing, additive manufacturing, business model, literature review
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68151 (URN)10.22215/timreview/1162 (DOI)000437486500003 ()
Available from: 2018-07-26 Created: 2018-07-26 Last updated: 2018-07-26Bibliographically approved
Liu, Y., Öberg, C., Tarba, S. Y. & Xing, Y. (2018). Brand management in mergers and acquisitions: Emerging market multinationals venturing into advanced economies. International Marketing Review, 35(5), 710-732
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brand management in mergers and acquisitions: Emerging market multinationals venturing into advanced economies
2018 (English)In: International Marketing Review, ISSN 0265-1335, E-ISSN 1758-6763, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 710-732Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on emerging market companies that internationalize into advanced economies by means of acquisitions and to investigate brand management during post-acquisition integration from a multi-level perspective and to identify how a brand management strategy can be constructed. It takes into account the influences of country-of-origin image, corporate brand and brand portfolio to obtain a granular view of post-acquisition brand management.

Design/methodology/approach – A multiple case study approach was adopted. By using case studies and storytelling qualitative research methods, the empirical setting was related to the acquisitions undertaken by Chinese companies in Germany.

Findings – The authors identified three mechanisms for brand management in the post-acquisition integration of emerging market companies – namely, transferring, dynamically redeploying and categorizing – that underpin the interconnection and combined influence of country-of-origin image at the national level, corporate brand at the organizational level and brand portfolio at the product level.

Practical implications – Brand has been viewed as a strategic asset in Chinese cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As). Brand management is a dynamic process that involves learning and interaction between the acquirer and target. The research offers a practical guideline for both acquirers and targets in managing brand in the context of acquisitions undertaken by emerging market companies in advanced economies.

Originality/value – The findings provide important insights into the brand management strategies adopted in Chinese cross-border M&As in particular, and emerging market companies venturing into advanced economies in general. The interlinking of country, company and product levels introduces new ideas to the brand literature related to acquisitions, and the setting of Chinese companies acquiring German ones constitutes an important contribution to the understanding of the different ways in which companies from emerging economies may pursue branding strategies in the context of cross-border M&As.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
China, Acquisition, Brand management, Germany, Multi-level, Redeployment
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61330 (URN)10.1108/IMR-01-2017-0011 (DOI)000442523400001 ()2-s2.0-85048738173 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities  KBJB17003536

Available from: 2017-10-08 Created: 2017-10-08 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved
Aramo-Immonen, H., Carlborg, P., Geissinger, A., Hasche, N., Kask, J., Linton, G., . . . Shams, T. (2018). Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research. In: : . Paper presented at 34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research
Show others...
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

IMP research is often treated as an empirical perspective describing complexities of repeated business-to-business exchanges and their embeddedness. While building on some common understandings and concepts, this paper asks: How homogeneous is the IMP research? This paper uses cluster analysis to capture the roots and various sub-groups of IMP research as means to depict the question of homogeneity (i.e. a core focus in the research) or heterogeneity (i.e. using references from other fields or specific to sub-fields) of the IMP thought. In this scientific work in progress paper we introduce how we design to use bibliographical methods in order to harvest data from an extensive amount of IMP-related articles written from the 1970’s onwards. In this first attempt to reveal IMP we used overall 294 articles yielded to 10,615 co-citation relationships. A threshold of minimum number of citations of a cited reference was set to five (5) to capture such references that have been cited in multiple publications. We introduce visual mapping of defined subject area clusters and as an example we describe shortly clusters. Perhaps not surprisingly our findings suggest that IMP research is not so homogenous, with at least four clear clusters of IMP-research each utilizing different key references.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69133 (URN)
Conference
34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018
Note

I publikationen står det felaktigt Sarah Shahin Moghadam. Det korrekta ska vara Sara Shahin Moghadam.

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Öberg, C. (2018). Customer roles in M&A integration. International Studies of Management and Organization, 48(1), 43-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Customer roles in M&A integration
2018 (English)In: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 43-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Arts & Sciences Press, 2018
Keywords
Acquisitions, customer, integration, merger
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38034 (URN)10.1080/00208825.2018.1407084 (DOI)2-s2.0-85042218535 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-11-04 Created: 2014-10-23 Last updated: 2019-01-22Bibliographically approved
Aramo-Immonen, H., Suominen, A., Öberg, C. & Jussila, J. J. (2018). Innovation enablers attracting Gen Z at future workplace. In: Iain Bitran, Steffen Conn, K.R.E Huizingh, Olga Kokshagina, Marko Torkkeli, Marcus Tynnhammar (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Stockholm): . Paper presented at XXIX ISPIM Innovation Conference – Innovation, The Name of The Game, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-20, 2018. LUT
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation enablers attracting Gen Z at future workplace
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Stockholm) / [ed] Iain Bitran, Steffen Conn, K.R.E Huizingh, Olga Kokshagina, Marko Torkkeli, Marcus Tynnhammar, LUT , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Increased focus in popular press has been directed at how individuals born at different times differ in their preferences and ways of acting. Generation Z (Gen Z) refers to individuals born in the 1990s that are often described to be self-centred but also entrepreneurial, potentially based on how the abilities to get at permanent position has changed during the last decades. The purpose of this study is to investigate: What does Gen Z consider important organizational innovation factors at a future workplace? Based on a questionnaire directed at individuals as part of Gen Z, we focus our analysis on innovation enablers, to thereby also see how Gen Z’s expectations fit with needs to continuously and increasingly rapidly renew operations. With this study we contribute to a greater academic understanding of a new and in Sweden relatively unexplored Gen Z. The practical implication of the study is to provide employers with guidelines on how to create successful innovation incubation environments at their workplace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
LUT, 2018
Series
LUT Scientific and Expertise Publications, Reports, E-ISSN 2243-3376 ; 78
Keywords
Generation Z, generation Y, innovation management, Gen Z, innovation enablers, future workplace, Sweden
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68814 (URN)978-952-335-219-3 (ISBN)
Conference
XXIX ISPIM Innovation Conference – Innovation, The Name of The Game, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-20, 2018
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2018-09-10Bibliographically approved
Hasche, N. & Öberg, C. (2018). Legitimisation through the network: The case of emerging market firm internationalisation. In: : . Paper presented at 44th European International Business Academy Conference (EIBA 2018), Poznan, Poland, December 13-15, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legitimisation through the network: The case of emerging market firm internationalisation
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the role of networks when emerging-economy firms enter into advanced- economy markets. More specifically, it focuses on how advanced-economy market supplier networks are created by the emerging-economy firm to legitimate it vis-á-vis advanced-economy customers. The purpose of the paper is to examine how emerging-economy firms establish supplier networks in advanced-economy markets in order to gain legitimacy with customers in other advanced-economy markets. The paper thereby highlights a different role of networks in internationalisation than what is portrayed in previous research and illustrates this through two case studies. The supplier networks in advanced economies are used to gain knowledge but also reputation, and thus deals with the liability of outsidership beyond what is described in previous research. The construct of a supplier network to reach a customer network points at two different networks and the connectivity between in them as a means for an emerging-economy firm to become accepted. 

Keywords
China, Emerging markets, Legitimacy, Network
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70815 (URN)
Conference
44th European International Business Academy Conference (EIBA 2018), Poznan, Poland, December 13-15, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Hallberg, P., Hasche, N., Kask, J. & Öberg, C. (2018). Quality management systems as indicators for stability and change in customer-supplier relationships. The IMP Journal, 12(3), 483-497
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality management systems as indicators for stability and change in customer-supplier relationships
2018 (English)In: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 483-497Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper extends the discussion on stability and change through focus on specific relationship characteristics. Quality management systems prescribe established routines for supplier selection and monitoring, and may thereby designate the nature and longevity of customer-supplier relationships. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the effects of quality management systems on stability and change in different forms of customer-supplier relationships.

Design/methodology/approach: A number of illustrative examples based on participatory data and interviews help to capture different types of customer-supplier relationships (private/public; certified/non-certified) related to quality management systems.

Findings: While certified customers in most sectors only need to prove that their suppliers have procedures in place, many customers equate this with requiring that their suppliers should be certified. The paper further shows that customers replace deeper understandings for their suppliers' procedures with the requirement that they be certified.

Originality/value: The paper contributes to the existing literature through integrating quality management systems literature with the business network approach. For business network studies, the discussion on quality management systems as constricting regimes is interesting and provides practical insights to the business network studies as such quality management systems increase in importance and spread.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Certification, Business relationships, ISO, Quality management systems, Stability and change
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70700 (URN)10.1108/IMP-01-2018-0006 (DOI)000451212800006 ()
Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2632-6378

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