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Hearn, J. & Husu, L. (2019). Age-Gender Relations in the Academic Profession: Putting the Challenges of Early Career Academics into Context. In: Marta Choroszewicz and Tracey L. Adams (Ed.), Gender, Age and Inequality in the Professions: (pp. 193-212). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age-Gender Relations in the Academic Profession: Putting the Challenges of Early Career Academics into Context
2019 (English)In: Gender, Age and Inequality in the Professions / [ed] Marta Choroszewicz and Tracey L. Adams, New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 193-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on academic professions. Some initial clarifications are made between the academic profession (as a whole), and specific disciplinary professions. Different combinations of such professions are found in different organizations, such as universities and research institutes. We move on to examine the gendered, aged and age-gendered features of these academic professions, including vertical and horizontal divisions. A particular important aspect is the long time span of entry and early career, and increasingly the lack of permanent professional positions. This can mean that even very well established academics and researchers remain on temporary contracts all their working life, or only gain a permanent position late in their career. In many countries, especially in Europe, there is increased awareness and policy development focusing on the entry level in academic careers, including the doctoral and postdoctoral levels. This applies both at a general level and in terms of gendered dimensions. We discuss early career experiences, empirical studies of early careers in academia, and key policy developments, and how these add to the study of gender, power and professions more generally at a time of their reconfiguration in many arenas. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2019
Series
Routledge studies in gender and organizations
Keywords
academic careers, age, academic professions, akademisk karriär, ålder, akademiska professioner
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74230 (URN)978-0-8153-5857-2 (ISBN)978-1-351-05246-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2018). Interrogating Science Policy in a Pro Gender Equality Setting: The Case of Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, session Science Policy and the Sustainable Development Goals: Why Is a Gender Lens Necessary?, Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interrogating Science Policy in a Pro Gender Equality Setting: The Case of Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper interrogates science policy-making through a gender lens in a country setting that strongly promotes gender equality as a societal value and as an explicit policy goal. The paper asks: can something be learnt from this kind of a setting to benefit the implementation of the targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals? Swedish society has among the smallest societal gender gaps in global comparison. With its long term history of gender equality policy and actions, and the current social democratic-green coalition government declaring itself as a “feminist government”, it provides an interesting societal setting for this kind of exercise. Gender mainstreaming the activities of public authorities is a strong policy line, including, among others, public research funding and innovation agencies, and recently universities.  The paper addresses the question in what ways are gender dimensions integrated in Swedish contemporary science policy. How are problems in this arena articulated, defined, and contested? How are gender dimensions taken into account in the governance and steering of science, in science policy strategies, and in the activities of different key stakeholders and inter-organisational activities? How does international collaboration, specifically within EU and the Nordic region, reflect on how gender dimensions are taken into account in the Swedish science policy landscape? What kind of dilemmas and contradictions can be identified? The empirical material consists mainly of science policy documents, and is supported by material generated through participant observation in some science policy arenas, such as research funding agencies and governmental advisory committees, as well as media coverage. An emerging issue in gendering of science policy-making that is of high relevance to the SDGs is highlighting the gender dimension of research content in funding of research, in addition to the gender distribution of scientific labour force and among gatekeepers and decision-makers in science.         

    

 

Keywords
science policy, gender, Sweden, gender mainstreaming, forskningspolitik, genus, Sverige, jämställdhetsintegrering
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66911 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, session Science Policy and the Sustainable Development Goals: Why Is a Gender Lens Necessary?, Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-05-15Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2018). Nordic Countries and the Nordic Region: Gender Research and Gender Studies in Northern Europe. In: Beate Kortendiek, Birgit Riegraf & Katja Sabisch (Ed.), Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung: . Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordic Countries and the Nordic Region: Gender Research and Gender Studies in Northern Europe
2018 (English)In: Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung / [ed] Beate Kortendiek, Birgit Riegraf & Katja Sabisch, Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Globally, the five countries of the Nordic region – Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden – are known to be among the most gender equal societies. However, gender segregation in labour market and education are persistent, and gender inequalities in academia and research show many patterns similar to elsewhere. Noteworthy for the region is a long tradition of Nordic regional collaboration through inter-governmental and inter-parliamentary organisations, as well as in research and non-governmental organisations; this has had a significant impact on the development of gender equality, gender research and Gender Studies on both regional and national levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden, 2018
Series
Geschlecht und Gesellschaft ; 65
Keywords
Nordic region, gender research, gender studies, cross-country collaboration, double strategy, Norden, genusforskning, genusvetenskap, regionalt samarbete, dubbelstrategi
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66912 (URN)10.1007/978-3-658-12500-4 (DOI)978-3-658-12500-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. & Callerstig, A.-C. (2018). Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Stockholm: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2018. p. 43
Series
RJ rapporterar ; 2018:1
Keywords
Research funding, gender and science, gender equality, funding organisations, gender equality policies, policy implementation, gender observers, Forskningsfinansiering, genus och vetenskap, jämställdhet, forskningsfinansiärer, gender equality policies, policyimplementering genusobservatörer
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science
Research subject
Gender Studies; Political Science; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71521 (URN)
Projects
Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur jämställdhetsperspektiv
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, n.a.
Available from: 2019-01-16 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Hearn, J., Biese, I., Choroszewicz, M. & Husu, L. (2016). Gender, diversity and intersectionality in professions and potential professions: analytical, historical and contemporary perspectives. In: Mike Dent, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Jean-Louis Denis and Ellen Kuhlmann (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism: (pp. 57-70). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender, diversity and intersectionality in professions and potential professions: analytical, historical and contemporary perspectives
2016 (English)In: The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism / [ed] Mike Dent, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Jean-Louis Denis and Ellen Kuhlmann, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016
Series
Routledge companions in business, management and accounting
Keywords
professions; gender; diversity
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sociology; Business Studies; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53868 (URN)978-1-138-01889-1 (ISBN)978-1-315-77944-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-20605-88365-62
Available from: 2016-12-10 Created: 2016-12-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hearn, J. & Husu, L. (2016). Gender equality (1ed.). In: Nancy Naples, J. M. Ryan, r.c. hoogland, M. Wickramasinghe, W. C. A. Wong (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies: . Oxford, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender equality
2016 (English)In: The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies / [ed] Nancy Naples, J. M. Ryan, r.c. hoogland, M. Wickramasinghe, W. C. A. Wong, Oxford, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Gender equality can be understood as part of the long-term historical struggles for equality and democracy. In this process, gender equality interventions are important tools in enhancing women's rights and participation, yet this striving for greater gender equality is by no means unproblematic, for example, as demonstrated by LGBTQI+ movements. There are many arguments for gender equality – feminist transformation, gender justice, gender difference, realization of individual and collective potential, and its fuller use – and many ways of framing gender equality. Within liberal feminism, gender equality involves realizing the potential of women and men equally within the current gender order. In gender-resistance feminism, the gender order cannot be made equal through gender balance, as men's dominance is too strong. Rebellion feminists seek to take apart the gendered social order by multiplying genders or doing away with them. Gender policy operates differentially at organizational and occupational levels, and in public and private sectors, with extremely variable historical contexts. Major supranational bodies, such as the United Nations, the European Union, and the Council of Europe, have been prominent in promotion of gender equality. Various critiques of gender equality are outlined. Future challenges facing gender equality and gender equality policy are noted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2016 Edition: 1
Keywords
Feminisms, gender equality, policy, politics, United Nations
National Category
Social Sciences Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54707 (URN)10.1002/9781118663219.wbegss758 (DOI)978-1-4051-9694-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-15 Created: 2017-01-15 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Palmén, R., Hearn, J. & Husu, L. (2016). Historical Perspectives and Future Scenarios. Barcelona, spain: GenPORT
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historical Perspectives and Future Scenarios
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Barcelona, spain: GenPORT, 2016. p. 17
Keywords
Gender science history future
National Category
Social Sciences Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54716 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-15 Created: 2017-01-15 Last updated: 2018-07-23Bibliographically approved
Hearn, J., Strid, S., Husu, L. & Verloo, M. (2016). Interrogating violence against women and state violence policy: Gendered intersectionalities and the quality of policy in The Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. Current Sociology, 64(4), 551-567
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interrogating violence against women and state violence policy: Gendered intersectionalities and the quality of policy in The Netherlands, Sweden and the UK
2016 (English)In: Current Sociology, ISSN 0011-3921, E-ISSN 1461-7064, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 551-567Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article builds on feminist scholarship on intersectionality to address violence against women, and state policy thereon. It takes up the challenge of analysing the complex, situated and spatial relationship between theorizing on violence against women and state policy on such violence. Drawing on extensive comparative European data, it explores the relations of gender and intersectionality, conceptualized as gendered intersectionalities, by examining how multiple inequalities are made visible and invisible in state policy and debates in the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. Attention is paid to different forms of gendered intersectionalities in policy, for example, tendencies to degender violence against women. A key aim of the article is to investigate how comparative analysis can be a starting point for assessing if, how and to what extent the inclusion of multiple inequalities could increase the quality of policy, for both reducing and stopping violence, and assisting those subject to violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2016
Keywords
Violence against women, intersectionality, comparative, policy, Europe
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology
Research subject
Political Science; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51050 (URN)10.1177/0011392116639220 (DOI)000378878000003 ()2-s2.0-84975086240 (Scopus ID)
Projects
QUING (EU 6th Framework)Feminist theorizings of intersectionality (Swedish Research Council)
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Research Council project, 'Feminist Theorizings of Intersectionality, Transversal Dialogues and New Synergies'

Available from: 2016-06-28 Created: 2016-06-28 Last updated: 2018-07-14Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. & Tainio, L. (2016). Representations of women researchers in Finnish print media: top researchers, multi-talents and experts [Representaciones de mujeres investigadoras En la prensa escrita finlandesa: investigadoras de élite, multi-talentos y expertas]. Investigaciones Feministas, 7(2), 203-224
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representations of women researchers in Finnish print media: top researchers, multi-talents and experts [Representaciones de mujeres investigadoras En la prensa escrita finlandesa: investigadoras de élite, multi-talentos y expertas]
2016 (English)In: Investigaciones Feministas, ISSN 2171-6080, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 203-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Women’s underrepresentation in the scientific community is currently on the agenda of science policy, both in Europe and internationally. The significance of media as a provider of female role models, on the one hand, and in reproducing stereotypical images of scientists, on the other hand, is often mentioned in this context. However, there is relative lack of research on how women researchers are depicted in the media, especially outside US and UK contexts. Finland provides an interesting context to study media representations of women in research, as a relatively gender equal and research intensive setting seen from a global perspective.

The media representations of women researchers in Finland were explored by analyzing person interviews in Finnish printed media: newspapers, women’s magazines and magazines aimed for general public. The data consists of 107 interviews of women researchers from all fields of research, published in 1997-2014. Overwhelming majority of the interviews was written by female journalists. The analysis focuses on both social and linguistic aspects of the interviews from a gender perspective. Women researchers were found to be represented by a variation of frames, the most common of which were the Expert and the Top Researcher. Their family context was frequently mentioned, and the interviews frequently commented their appearance(e.g. hair, physique, way of moving).

The fact that the interviewees’ family context was often highlighted in the interviews may serve to convey a message that it is possible and common to combine a career in research and family. One main result of the study was the diversity of representations of female researchers,compared to US and UK studies. The diversity of the media images of female researchers suggests that the media may provide important role models for young women, encouraging women to choose research as a profession.

Abstract [es]

La subrepresentación de las mujeres en la comunidad científica está actualmente en la agendade la política científica tanto en Europa como a nivel internacional. Por una parte, se mencionaa menudo el significado de los medios como proveedor de modelos femeninos, y por otra parte,de reproducción de imágenes estereoscópicas de científicos, por otro. Sin embargo, hay unarelativa falta de investigación sobre cómo se representan las mujeres investigadores en los medios de comunicación, especialmente fuera de los Estados Unidos y el Reino Unidocontextos. Finlandia ofrece un contexto interesante para estudiar las representaciones de losmedios de comunicación de las mujeres en la investigación, como un enfoque de igualdad degénero y de intensidad de investigación visto desde una perspectiva global.Las representaciones mediáticas de las mujeres investigadoras en Finlandia se exploraronanalizando entrevistas personales en medios impresos finlandeses: periódicos, revistas femeninas y revistas destinadas al público en general. Los datos se refieren a 107 entrevistas de mujeres investigadores de todos los campos de investigación, publicadas entre 1997-2014. Laabrumadora mayoría de las entrevistas fue escrita por mujeres periodistas. El análisis se centraen los aspectos sociales y lingüísticos de las entrevistas desde una perspectiva de género. Seencontró que las mujeres investigadoras estaban representadas en una variedad de marcos dereferencia, siendo los más comunes el de Experta e Investigadora de Élite. Su contexto familiarfue mencionado con frecuencia, y las entrevistas frecuentemente comentaban su apariencia(pelo, físico, forma de moverse).El hecho de que el contexto familiar de las entrevistadas se destaque a menudo en lasentrevistas puede servir para transmitir un mensaje de que es posible y común combinar unacarrera en la investigación y en la familia. Uno de los principales resultados del estudio fue la diversidad de representaciones de las investigadoras, en comparación con los estudiosrealizados en los Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido. La diversidad de las imágenes de losmedios de comunicación de las investigadoras sugiere que los medios de comunicación pueden proporcionar importantes modelos a seguir para las mujeres jóvenes, alentando a las mujeres aelegir la investigación como una profesión.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Madrid, Spain: Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2016
Keywords
Research career, women scientists, media, Finland, academia, public representations, Forskarkarriär; kvinnliga forskare, media, Finland, akademin, offentliga representationer
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology Languages and Literature
Research subject
Gender Studies; Linguistics; Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54809 (URN)10.5209/INFE.53796 (DOI)000407558700011 ()
Note

The article is published in English, but the special issue of the table of contents of the Spanish journal it has been published in has listed it with a Spanish title. In the special issue, there are several articles in English, majority in Spanish.

Available from: 2017-01-18 Created: 2017-01-18 Last updated: 2017-09-05Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2015). A Comprehensive National Approach to Promote Gender Equality in Science: The Case of Norway. In: Willie Pearson, Jr.; Lisa M. Frehill; Connie L. McNeely (Ed.), Advancing Women in Science: an International Perspective (pp. 327-329). Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Comprehensive National Approach to Promote Gender Equality in Science: The Case of Norway
2015 (English)In: Advancing Women in Science: an International Perspective / [ed] Willie Pearson, Jr.; Lisa M. Frehill; Connie L. McNeely, Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer Publishing Company, 2015, p. 327-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer Publishing Company, 2015
Keywords
science policy; equality awards; Norway; Nordic countries; equality interventions, forskningspolitik; jämställdhetspris; Norge; Nordiska länder; jämställdhetsinterventioner
National Category
Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41568 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-08629-3 (DOI)978-3-319-08628-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-08629-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1681-0724

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