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Hearn, J. & Husu, L. (2019). Age-Gender Relations in the Academic Profession: Putting the Challenges of Early Career Academics into Context. In: Marta Choroszewicz and Tracey L. Adams (Ed.), Gender, Age and Inequality in the Professions: (pp. 193-212). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age-Gender Relations in the Academic Profession: Putting the Challenges of Early Career Academics into Context
2019 (English)In: Gender, Age and Inequality in the Professions / [ed] Marta Choroszewicz and Tracey L. Adams, New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 193-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on academic professions. Some initial clarifications are made between the academic profession (as a whole), and specific disciplinary professions. Different combinations of such professions are found in different organizations, such as universities and research institutes. We move on to examine the gendered, aged and age-gendered features of these academic professions, including vertical and horizontal divisions. A particular important aspect is the long time span of entry and early career, and increasingly the lack of permanent professional positions. This can mean that even very well established academics and researchers remain on temporary contracts all their working life, or only gain a permanent position late in their career. In many countries, especially in Europe, there is increased awareness and policy development focusing on the entry level in academic careers, including the doctoral and postdoctoral levels. This applies both at a general level and in terms of gendered dimensions. We discuss early career experiences, empirical studies of early careers in academia, and key policy developments, and how these add to the study of gender, power and professions more generally at a time of their reconfiguration in many arenas. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2019
Series
Routledge studies in gender and organizations
Keywords
academic careers, age, academic professions, akademisk karriär, ålder, akademiska professioner
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74230 (URN)978-0-8153-5857-2 (ISBN)978-1-351-05246-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2019). Gender challenges in research funding. Global Dialogue, 9(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender challenges in research funding
2019 (English)In: Global Dialogue, E-ISSN 2519-8688, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Madrid: Centre for World Dialogue, 2019
Keywords
Academia, research funding, research funding organisations, gender in science
National Category
Social Sciences Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79677 (URN)
Note

Global Dialogue is published in addition to English also in French, Spanish, Chinese (traditional), Chinese (simplified), Farsi, Hindi, Portuguese, Arabic, Japanese, Russian, Polish, Turkish, Romanian, Kazakh, Indonesian, Bengali.

Available from: 2020-02-01 Created: 2020-02-01 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. & Callerstig, A.-C. (2019). Gender challenges in research funding: Nordic and European perspectives. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Science and Technology Studies Conference, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland, June 13-14, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender challenges in research funding: Nordic and European perspectives
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Academic careers continue to be gendered, in the Nordic region, Europe and globally. Access to research funding is one of the keys to success in academic careers, providing essential support for research development and publishing. Success in the competition for external research funding is currently used as one measure of scientific excellence at both individual and institutional levels. International research on the allocation of research funding and gender has not demonstrated a systematic gender bias in men’s favour, but has produced rather contradictory results on different funding systems and instruments. However, excellence-marked funding has been shown to be especially gender biased. In external competitive funding the national research funding agencies play an important role. In Europe, the research funding organisations in the Nordic countries, especially Sweden and Norway, have been among the most pro-active in engaging with gender (in)equalities in the funding systems throughout the 2000s (see, e.g., EC 2009). On the basis of ongoing and recent Nordic and European research projects the authors are engaged with (including a gender equality review of the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Science [Riksbankens Jubileumsfond] grant allocation processes, and a new four-year H2020 project GRANTeD), and recent policy initiatives, the presentation discusses gender challenges in research funding dynamics. These have been identified across the funding process and cycle, in: patterns of application behaviour, peer review, evaluation criteria and procedures, excellence initiatives, policies and practices of funding bodies, access to data by gender, decision-making, and the very allocation of funding. Until recently, how gender and other key power axes may intersect in the funding cycle is relatively rarely addressed in policy and monitoring in this arena, with the intersection of age and gender perhaps as an exception in this respect.

 

Keywords
gender equality, research funding, research policy, research funding organisations, Jämställdhet, forskningsfinansiering, forskningspolitik, forskningsfinansiärer
National Category
Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78271 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Science and Technology Studies Conference, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland, June 13-14, 2019
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondEU, Horizon 2020, 824574
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2019). Gender equality in Nordic academia: advances and challenges. In: Dragica Vujadinović and Zorana Antonijević (Ed.), RODNA RAVNOPRAVNOST U VISOKOM OBRAZOVANJU: Koncepti, prakse i izazovi (pp. 63-73). Novi Sad, Serbia: Akademska knjiga
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender equality in Nordic academia: advances and challenges
2019 (English)In: RODNA RAVNOPRAVNOST U VISOKOM OBRAZOVANJU: Koncepti, prakse i izazovi / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović and Zorana Antonijević, Novi Sad, Serbia: Akademska knjiga , 2019, p. 63-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The five Nordic countries – Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden – are considered high achievers in global comparisons of overall gender equality of society (World Economic Forum, 2017a). Political will in the region to advance gender equality in academia is high. Gender equality promotion in higher education, academia, and research has been on the national policy agendas for four decades, since the late 1970s and early 1980s, through various national level interventions and measures, especially so in Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Gender equality is addressed in the university legislation in Norway and Sweden, and in Finland the Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination legislation especially gives educational institutions a duty to promote equality and prevent discrimination. Universities in Finland, Norway, and Sweden have for decades been legally obliged to engage in equality planning. These three countries also show the highest proportion of women on scientific boards in the European Union, approaching gender parity, and the highest proportion of women among university Vice-Chancellors in the EU. Despite this, unequal gendered structures in academic careers and gender segregation of disciplinary fields prevail. Taking the proportion of women among full professors as one indicator of gender equality in academia, the Nordic region does not excel in a European comparison, neither in the share of women in the professoriate, nor the pace of diminishing the gender gap among professors. This article interrogates the Nordic paradox of high overall gender equality in society, political will, and active policy regulation to advance gender equality in academia and science, on the one hand, and the unequal gendered structures in academic careers and inequalities in resource allocation, including research funding, on the other. Some differences and similarities between the five Nordic countries will be highlighted and discussed, along with historical developments, policy landscapes, and continuing resistances to advancement of gender equality, both within and outside academia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Novi Sad, Serbia: Akademska knjiga, 2019
Keywords
Gender equality interventions, gender equality plans, political will, gender segregation, gender balance, gendered careers, gender mainstreaming, women professors, excellence funding, committees on women and science
National Category
Social Sciences Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Sociology
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78204 (URN)978-86-6263-279-1 (ISBN)
Note

The book includes articles in English and in Serbian.

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. & Koskinen (Koskinen-Sandberg), P. (2019). Płeć a obszary doskonałości w badaniach technicznych i inżynieryjnych: porównanie europejskie. In: Renata Siemienska (Ed.), Kariery akademickie kobiet i mężczyzn: Różne czy podobne? (pp. 29-50). Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar Spółka
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Płeć a obszary doskonałości w badaniach technicznych i inżynieryjnych: porównanie europejskie
2019 (Polish)In: Kariery akademickie kobiet i mężczyzn: Różne czy podobne? / [ed] Renata Siemienska, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar Spółka , 2019, p. 29-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar Spółka, 2019
Keywords
technologial research, engineering, European union, publishing, excellence, awards, gender equality
National Category
Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Sociology
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78205 (URN)978-83-7383-867-3 (ISBN)
Projects
EU FP6 project PROMETEA Empowering Women Engineers Careers in Industrial and Academic Research
Note

An earlier version of this article has been published as "Gendering excellence in technological reseach: a comparative European perspective" in Journal of technology management & innovation, ISSN 0718-2724, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 127-139

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-02Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2019). Scientific Careers, Organisations and Knowledge Production: Why and How Does Gender Matter?. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference "Gender Studies and Research in 2019 – Centenary Achievements and Perspectives", Vilnius University, Lithuania, November 21-23, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scientific Careers, Organisations and Knowledge Production: Why and How Does Gender Matter?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Keywords
gender and science, academia, academic careers, gender equality, gender equality policy
National Category
Other Social Sciences Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79681 (URN)
Conference
International Conference "Gender Studies and Research in 2019 – Centenary Achievements and Perspectives", Vilnius University, Lithuania, November 21-23, 2019
Note

Keynote presentation

Available from: 2020-02-01 Created: 2020-02-01 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2018). Interrogating Science Policy in a Pro Gender Equality Setting: The Case of Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, session Science Policy and the Sustainable Development Goals: Why Is a Gender Lens Necessary?, Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interrogating Science Policy in a Pro Gender Equality Setting: The Case of Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper interrogates science policy-making through a gender lens in a country setting that strongly promotes gender equality as a societal value and as an explicit policy goal. The paper asks: can something be learnt from this kind of a setting to benefit the implementation of the targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals? Swedish society has among the smallest societal gender gaps in global comparison. With its long term history of gender equality policy and actions, and the current social democratic-green coalition government declaring itself as a “feminist government”, it provides an interesting societal setting for this kind of exercise. Gender mainstreaming the activities of public authorities is a strong policy line, including, among others, public research funding and innovation agencies, and recently universities.  The paper addresses the question in what ways are gender dimensions integrated in Swedish contemporary science policy. How are problems in this arena articulated, defined, and contested? How are gender dimensions taken into account in the governance and steering of science, in science policy strategies, and in the activities of different key stakeholders and inter-organisational activities? How does international collaboration, specifically within EU and the Nordic region, reflect on how gender dimensions are taken into account in the Swedish science policy landscape? What kind of dilemmas and contradictions can be identified? The empirical material consists mainly of science policy documents, and is supported by material generated through participant observation in some science policy arenas, such as research funding agencies and governmental advisory committees, as well as media coverage. An emerging issue in gendering of science policy-making that is of high relevance to the SDGs is highlighting the gender dimension of research content in funding of research, in addition to the gender distribution of scientific labour force and among gatekeepers and decision-makers in science.         

    

 

Keywords
science policy, gender, Sweden, gender mainstreaming, forskningspolitik, genus, Sverige, jämställdhetsintegrering
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66911 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, session Science Policy and the Sustainable Development Goals: Why Is a Gender Lens Necessary?, Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-05-15Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. (2018). Nordic Countries and the Nordic Region: Gender Research and Gender Studies in Northern Europe. In: Beate Kortendiek, Birgit Riegraf & Katja Sabisch (Ed.), Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung: . Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordic Countries and the Nordic Region: Gender Research and Gender Studies in Northern Europe
2018 (English)In: Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung / [ed] Beate Kortendiek, Birgit Riegraf & Katja Sabisch, Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Globally, the five countries of the Nordic region – Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden – are known to be among the most gender equal societies. However, gender segregation in labour market and education are persistent, and gender inequalities in academia and research show many patterns similar to elsewhere. Noteworthy for the region is a long tradition of Nordic regional collaboration through inter-governmental and inter-parliamentary organisations, as well as in research and non-governmental organisations; this has had a significant impact on the development of gender equality, gender research and Gender Studies on both regional and national levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS Wiesbaden, 2018
Series
Geschlecht und Gesellschaft ; 65
Keywords
Nordic region, gender research, gender studies, cross-country collaboration, double strategy, Norden, genusforskning, genusvetenskap, regionalt samarbete, dubbelstrategi
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66912 (URN)10.1007/978-3-658-12500-4 (DOI)978-3-658-12500-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Husu, L. & Callerstig, A.-C. (2018). Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Stockholm: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2018. p. 43
Series
RJ rapporterar ; 2018:1
Keywords
Research funding, gender and science, gender equality, funding organisations, gender equality policies, policy implementation, gender observers, Forskningsfinansiering, genus och vetenskap, jämställdhet, forskningsfinansiärer, gender equality policies, policyimplementering genusobservatörer
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science
Research subject
Gender Studies; Political Science; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71521 (URN)
Projects
Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds beredningsprocesser ur jämställdhetsperspektiv
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, n.a.
Available from: 2019-01-16 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Hearn, J., Biese, I., Choroszewicz, M. & Husu, L. (2016). Gender, diversity and intersectionality in professions and potential professions: analytical, historical and contemporary perspectives. In: Mike Dent, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Jean-Louis Denis and Ellen Kuhlmann (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism: (pp. 57-70). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender, diversity and intersectionality in professions and potential professions: analytical, historical and contemporary perspectives
2016 (English)In: The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism / [ed] Mike Dent, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Jean-Louis Denis and Ellen Kuhlmann, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016
Series
Routledge companions in business, management and accounting
Keywords
professions; gender; diversity
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sociology; Business Studies; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53868 (URN)978-1-138-01889-1 (ISBN)978-1-315-77944-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-20605-88365-62
Available from: 2016-12-10 Created: 2016-12-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1681-0724

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