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Hasselbladh, H. & Bejerot, E. (2020). Representing and intervening in Swedish education-Mediating and adjudicating by grading numbers. Financial Accountability and Management, 36(1), 20-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representing and intervening in Swedish education-Mediating and adjudicating by grading numbers
2020 (English)In: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 20-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Educational reforms are attempts to transform and reconstitute conceptions of knowledge, the practice of teaching and the forms of subjectivity associated with being a teacher, pupil, and parent. We will investigate a particular aspect of the extensive changes that have swept across the landscape of Swedish education over the last decades. We will show how the grading system has come to fulfill a mediating role between progressivist educational ideas and neo-liberal notions of individual choice and entrepreneurship, by way of adjudicating and mediating educational performance for individual pupils, schools, and the education system at large. The aggregated output of the grading system is used for instrumental purposes such as performance management, quality management, and bench marking in the school system. Grading and its associated practices extend throughout the entire school system, defining success and failure from individual classrooms to the national level as the dominant form of representing school performance. The grading system was initially intended to reshape the inner workings of education in Sweden but subsequently became the "gold standard" deployed in various managerial practices. Our analysis demonstrate the performative powers when seemingly innocent techniques are put to use in public sector reforms and new worlds are made and unmade by complex constellations of seemingly mundane techniques and ideational frameworks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2020
Keywords
educational reform, governmentality, grading, management control, system, the functions of accounting
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76053 (URN)10.1111/faam.12213 (DOI)000481784300001 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, SGO14-1205: 1
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hasselbladh, H. & Ydén, K. (2019). Why Military Organizations Are Cautious About Learning?. Armed forces and society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why Military Organizations Are Cautious About Learning?
2019 (English)In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article argues that military organizations display a more rigorous form of collective sensemaking than ordinary bureaucratic organizations. Military organizing is predicated on the rigorous modes of thinking and acting that follow from the particular military propensity to impose order on chaos. This trait is antithetical to modern notions of “the learning organization,” in which exploring variety and experimenting and testing out unproven methods are central. We identify two sets of structural conditions that constitute the sociocognitive landscape of military organizations and discuss how the military logic of action might be enacted in different sociocultural contexts. Our framework is brought to bear on recent research on international military missions, and in the concluding section, we summarize our arguments and discuss their wider implications in terms of trade-offs between adaptability and other capabilities in the design of military forces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
military organization, learning organizations, international missions, military logic of action
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76096 (URN)10.1177/0095327X19832058 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved
Bejerot, E., Hasselbladh, H., Forsberg, T., Parding, K., Sehlstedt, T. & Westerlund, J. (2018). Förberedd för läraryrket? Lärare under 40 år av reformer. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 24(1-2), 7-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förberedd för läraryrket? Lärare under 40 år av reformer
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2018 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Studien belyser hur gymnasielärare retrospektivt uppfattar att de förberetts för sitt yrke under lärarutbildningen. Enkätsvar från 1554 gymnasielärare kategoriserades efter den tidsperiod då de examinerades. Frågan om hur väl förberedda de nyexaminerade lärarna var för sitt yrke kopplas till de nationella reformer som styrde lärarutbildningen under den period som läraren studerade. Medan utbildningen i praktisk yrkeskunskap uppfattas ha försämrats över tid, har andra områden förbättrats. Lärosäte hade inte något samband med respondenternas svarsmönster. Slutsatsen är att utbildningsreformerna har samband med förändringar i utbildningens måluppfyllelse, att förbereda lärarstudenter för sitt yrke, samt att utbildningens anpassning till yrkets krav försämrats över tid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73941 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-25 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved
Abdelnour, S., Hasselbladh, H. & Kallinikos, J. (2017). Agency and Instituions in Organization Studies. Organization Studies, 38(12), 1775-1792
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agency and Instituions in Organization Studies
2017 (English)In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 38, no 12, p. 1775-1792Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Agency and institutions are essential concepts within institutional theory. In this Perspectives issue, we draw on a select group of Organization Studies articles to provide an overview of the topic of agency and institutions. We first consider different ways of defining agency and institutions and examine their implications for institutional theory. We then analyse the relationship of actors and institutions through four lenses – the wilful actor, collective intentionality, patchwork institutions and modular individuals. Our analysis leads us to dissociate agency from individuals and view it as a capacity or quality that stems from resources, rights and obligations tied to the roles and social positions actors occupy. Roles and social positions are institutionally engineered. It is social actors qua occupants of roles and positions (not individuals) that enter the social ‘stage’ and exercise agency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
actors, agency, institutional theory, institutions, modular individuals
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61507 (URN)10.1177/0170840617708007 (DOI)000415787100006 ()
Available from: 2017-10-12 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
Bejerot, E., Gustavsson, M., Hasselbladh, H., Forsberg Kankkunen, T. & Ekberg, K. (2017). Occupational Control on Drift: National and Local Intervention in Clinical Work at Emergency Departments. Professions & Professionalism, 7(2), 1-15, Article ID e1765.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational Control on Drift: National and Local Intervention in Clinical Work at Emergency Departments
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2017 (English)In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-15, article id e1765Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Swedish emergency departments, various initiatives have been introduced in order to reduce long waiting times for patients: lean methods, targets for waiting times related to revenues, interprofessional teams, and different forms of triage systems. This study focuses on the physicians’ views on dilemmas related to these interventions. The study is based on the interviews with 14 physicians in four emergency departments. The interviews have been analysed thematically and presented in the form of brief narratives. The study follows changes from clinical practice to the national policy level. The changes appear to be ineffective or counterproductive—waiting times are rather getting longer, but the measures have a number of other effects. Decisions are taken at a central level and are carried out by means of rules, incentives, and projects and end in the medical profession being displaced from the central position they have held in the working processes of health care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, 2017
Keywords
Discretion, emergency care, New Public Management, physicians, teamwork, work environment
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62711 (URN)10.7577/pp.1765 (DOI)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2017-11-22Bibliographically approved
Hasselbladh, H. & Bejerot, E. (2017). Performative policy: the case of Swedish healthcare reforms. Critical Policy Studies, 11(3), 291-310
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performative policy: the case of Swedish healthcare reforms
2017 (English)In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 291-310Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article we analyze public sector change as a profoundly constructed phenomenon – as performative reforms. Public sector reforms, of which policy processes are an integral part, are constituted and realized through long chains of interventions.Communicative–discursive interventions posit and constitute problemsas real and important, while technocratic interventions, such as plans, analyses, and schemes construct new imagined worlds for possible and attractive instrumental solutions. Our empirical results display circular movements of three modes ofchange, making up a continuous policy cycle in the transformation of Swedish health, reiterated on different levels of the system, indifferent scales, and with different actors involved.

The continuity of the reforms is to a large extent the result of a successful institutionalization of the policy cycle and its content. It is stabilized as a set of discourse and social technologies, distributed throughout the entire healthcare system and almost impossibleto question.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
Performative policy, governmentality, healthcare, institutional transformation, policy cycle
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50528 (URN)10.1080/19460171.2016.1166973 (DOI)000419815900003 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Note

Funding Agency:

FAS  2001-2425

Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Bejerot, E., Gustavsson, M., Forsberg Kankkunen, T., Hasselbladh, H. & Ekberg, K. (2015). Akutmottagningarnas konstanta kaos: styrning, det oförutsedda och motstånd. In: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference 10: . Paper presented at FALF konferens 2015: Arbetslivets förhållanden och villkor – mellan kontinuitet och förändring, Landskrona, Sweden, June 10-12, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Akutmottagningarnas konstanta kaos: styrning, det oförutsedda och motstånd
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2015 (Swedish)In: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference 10, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under många år har det funnits ett brett missnöje med långa väntetider på akutmottagningarna på svenska sjukhus. Media har skrivit mycket om detta område, politiker och huvudmän har introducerat en rad interven-tioner och myndigheter har inspekterat, mätt och jämfört för att stimulera ”best practice”. Men resultatet av allt detta är negativt – väntetiderna på akutmottagningarna har ökat under senare år! Vad kan detta bero på? Kan orsaken vara att styrformerna varit felaktigt utformade, att det under perioden skett andra förändringar vars effekter beslutsfattarna inte förutsåg, eller kan det vara läkargruppens motstånd till effektiviserande åtgärder som ligger bakom uteblivna förbättringar? I denna studie beskrivs dels de politiska initiativ och interventioner som gjorts på nationell nivå för att komma tillrätta med väntetiderna under 2010-talet, dels utfallet av dessa insatser så som de uppfattas av läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar. I analysen intresserar vi oss särskilt för läkarnas inflytande och eventuella motstånd till förändringar.

Initialt gjordes intervjuer med 14 läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar på fyra sjukhus. De tillhör både den nya specialiteten akutvårdsläkare och andra specialiteter som är “gästdoktorer” på akuten. Intervjuerna gjor-des för att få kunskap inför en enkätundersökning, och har för detta arbete analyserats tematiskt med fokus på styrning, förändringar och dilemman i arbetet. Efter analysen av intervjuerna och identifiering av de styrfor-mer som respondenterna tog upp, studerades de rapporter och beslut som låg bakom dessa styrformer. Vilken kunskap baserades de på? Vilka hade inflytande på utformningen av förändringarna? Hur har styrningen anpassats över tid i relation till de svårigheter som akutmottagningarna har att klar av att möta målen?

Den styrning som de intervjuade läkarna tar upp som kontraproduktiv är relaterad till överorganisatoriska direktiv och mål som är kopplade till prestationsmätningar av olika slag. Ett par exempel: För akutmottag-ningarna finns landstingsspecifika mål att i stort sett alla patienter på akuten ska vara färdigbehandlade inom fyra timmar. Det är ett mål som ständigt fallerar, som medför negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser för kliniken, men framför allt ger en känsla av misslyckande. På vissa enheter har styrningen lett till att man organiserat om arbetet för att förbättra mätresultaten – inte vården. Andra förändringar handlar om ett nationellt föränd-ringsprogram för att med stöd av lean effektivisera arbetssättet, det vill säga hur arbetsuppgifterna organiseras på mottagningarna. Även här beskriver respondenterna problem avseende arbetmiljö och vårdkvalitet.

Analysen indikerar att styrformerna utmanar den professionella identiteten och skapar nya dilemman. Men det finns i praktiken inga möjligheter för läkarna att göra motstånd; man kan föra fram synpunkter, men de beaktas inte, man kan på individnivå strunta i något delmoment, men det är i det lilla. Resultaten diskuteras i termer av makt och motstånd. I förlängningen bör denna studie utvidgas med intervjuer av chefer och besluts-fattare.

Keywords
Akutmottagningar, läkarprofessionen
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62658 (URN)
Conference
FALF konferens 2015: Arbetslivets förhållanden och villkor – mellan kontinuitet och förändring, Landskrona, Sweden, June 10-12, 2015
Available from: 2017-03-15 Created: 2017-11-17 Last updated: 2017-11-22Bibliographically approved
Hasselbladh, H. (2015). Editorial. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31(1), 1-2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44348 (URN)10.1016/j.scaman.2014.11.003 (DOI)000351184300001 ()2-s2.0-84930355062 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-04-20 Created: 2015-04-20 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Bejerot, E., Forsberg Kankkunen, T. & Hasselbladh, H. (2015). Två decennier av New Public Management: arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 21(3), 23-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Två decennier av New Public Management: arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård
2015 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47315 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Bejerot, E., Hasselbladh, H. & Kankkunen Forsberg, T. (2014). Classroom heterogeneity in Swedish schools: policies and teachers’ opinion. In: Velferdsmodeller i endring : Implikasjoner for praktisk profesjonsutøvelse og profesjonsutdanning. Paper presented at NORDPRO-konferensen, Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, Norway, October 22-23, 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classroom heterogeneity in Swedish schools: policies and teachers’ opinion
2014 (English)In: Velferdsmodeller i endring : Implikasjoner for praktisk profesjonsutøvelse og profesjonsutdanning, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

After the reform in 1962 Sweden had an educational system that mixed a certain amount of level grouping and theoretical and practical streams with social coherence in the sense that classes contained pupils opting for different alternatives in those respects. In the first part of the 1990s a series of rapid reforms entirely transformed Swedish education which, amongst other things, abolished all forms of differentiated teaching and different tracks. The new school is an entirely unitary school, underpinned by principles of inclusiveness. As such, the reforms are a remarkable example of reforms committed to ideological (in the wide sense) principles, which is testified by the way they were orchestrated and subsequently evaluated. To this day, there is a consensus within politics, top administration and academia th at any form of differentiation of levels or into tracks is detrimental at it stigmatize andperpetuate class society. The present study presents how the Swedish education was made to a completely unitary system in a series of intervention, ranging from a new grading system to a thoroughly redesigned teacher education. The main empirical contribution is a survey which display how teachers regard the effects of the different forms of heterogeneity at classroom level that often follow suit with a unitary school system. The effects of heterogeneity at the classroom level are a highly charged issue not only in Sweden and extent research is at best ambiguous regarding the effects. Teachers in theoretical subjects from lower and upper secondary schools were included (n=973, response rate 63 percent). The results show that heterogeneity is largest where the pupils are socio-economically disadvantaged. A large share of the teachersr eports that they find it difficult to fulfil the needs of both weak and strong pupils. Heterogeneity also seems to be connected to other aspects of the teachers working conditions, such as influence, tasks that are perceived as illegitimate and emotional strain. These results are finally discussed with reference to the ideological commitments that shaped the advent of these reforms and that still prevail.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62712 (URN)
Conference
NORDPRO-konferensen, Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, Norway, October 22-23, 2014
Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0298-896X

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