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De Majo, V. & Olsson, J. (2019). Institutional foundations of disaster risk reduction policy: Exploring and elaborating on two different cases: Argentina and Sweden. Disaster Prevention and Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional foundations of disaster risk reduction policy: Exploring and elaborating on two different cases: Argentina and Sweden
2019 (English)In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore and elaborate on how institutional conditions work to the advantage and disadvantage of disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies on different levels in two countries.

Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case study design is used to study empirically two countries with very different traditions when it comes to political-administrative institutions: Argentina and Sweden.

Findings: As expected, the institutional foundations of DRR policy in Sweden are shown to be more consistent and stable than in Argentina. However, this difference is of less importance when considering the crucial role of local practices. National institutional foundations can function as support–but is not a necessary condition–for building disaster preparedness on the ground. The authors argue that national governments cannot do without institutionalized praxis-based preparedness, which is vital for both effective emergency management and learning.

Originality/value: This paper contributes to the disaster research debate by elaborating on institutional arrangements that can facilitate or hinder DRR strategies in a multi-level context. The main argument is that institutional practices on the ground are important to compensate for insufficient national institutions, either because they are weak or too distant from practical DRR. The authors also elaborate on how institutional practices can function as a source for learning and for building legitimate practical authority from the bottom up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Institutional theory, Sweden, Argentina, Public policy, Disaster preparedness, Multi-level governance, Practical authority
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71313 (URN)10.1108/DPM-08-2018-0260 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Boström, M., Andersson, E., Berg, M., Gustafsson, K. M., Gustavsson, E., Hysing, E., . . . Öhman, J. (2018). Conditions for Transformative Learning for Sustainable Development: A Theoretical Review and Approach. Sustainability, 10(12), Article ID 4479.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditions for Transformative Learning for Sustainable Development: A Theoretical Review and Approach
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2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Continued unsustainability and surpassed planetary boundaries require not only scientificand technological advances, but deep and enduring social and cultural changes. The purpose of thisarticle is to contribute a theoretical approach to understand conditions and constraints for societal changetowards sustainable development. In order to break with unsustainable norms, habits, practices, andstructures, there is a need for learning for transformation, not only adaption. Based on a critical literaturereview within the field of learning for sustainable development, our approach is a development of theconcept of transformative learning, by integrating three additional dimensions—Institutional Structures,Social Practices, and Conflict Perspectives. This approach acknowledges conflicts on macro, meso, andmicro levels, as well as structural and cultural constraints. It contends that transformative learning isprocessual, interactional, long-term, and cumbersome. It takes place within existing institutions andsocial practices, while also transcending them. The article adopts an interdisciplinary social scienceperspective that acknowledges the importance of transformative learning in order for communities,organizations, and individuals to be able to deal with global sustainability problems, acknowledging thesocietal and personal conflicts involved in such transformation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
conflict, institutional, learning, social change, social practice, structure, transformative
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70403 (URN)10.3390/su10124479 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. & Olsson, J. (2018). Considering (New Public) Civil Servants: Emerging Roles and Contexs. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 22(3), 3-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Considering (New Public) Civil Servants: Emerging Roles and Contexs
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Public organizations In the 21stcentury, are increasingly complex in terms of multiple institutional rules, norms, and practices. This complexity constitutes a difficult challenge for civil servants to find and determine appropriate identities, roles and relationships in their everyday work.  For this special issue we made a call for scholars to contribute new addressing the roles of civil servants within increasingly complex public sector organizations, focusing on a couple of interrelated research questions:

  • What is the nature of public administration taking into consideration increasing institutional complexity in terms of persistent bureaucratic traditions, new public management solutions, participatory ideals, activist sentiments among officials and so forth?
  • What are the consequences of this institutional complexity for the possibility of preserving a coherent, rule-governed public administration and what does public mean today in public administration?
  • What types of roles are civil servants playing in relation to different institutional rules and norms and various categories of actor (politicians, citizens, organizations) and how do they handle frictions and conflicts?
  • What type of conceptions of civil servants’ roles are developing, including public service ethics? What alternative and contesting role-conceptions and ethics are prevalent and supported?

This introduction should be understood as being both a summary of the current state of research in relation to civil service – its predicaments and challenges – as well as being a suggestion for future attention among scholars and practitioners. We have thus written this introduction not only with the purpose of summarizing the main components inherent in the six articles that are included in this special issue but with the hope of also spurring discussions concerning what civil service has been, currently seems to be and might become in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018
Keywords
Public service, Civil servants, Governance, Public administration, Public sector organizations
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71224 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Olsson, J. (2018). En kritisk reflektion om medieskuggor, aktörsfokusering och preferenskamouflage. In: Nord, L., Grusell, M., Bolin, N. & Falasca, K. (Ed.), Snabbtänkt - reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare: (pp. 27-27). Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En kritisk reflektion om medieskuggor, aktörsfokusering och preferenskamouflage
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt - reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Nord, L., Grusell, M., Bolin, N. & Falasca, K., Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM , 2018, p. 27-27Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM, 2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71226 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Kristianssen, A.-C. & Olsson, J. (2017). Från växeltelefoni till "one-stop shops": Framväxten av kommunala servicecenter i Sverige. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från växeltelefoni till "one-stop shops": Framväxten av kommunala servicecenter i Sverige
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under de senaste 15 åren har över 80 svenska kommuner gått från en traditionell växelverksamhet till en mer integrerad serviceyta, ofta kallad kontaktcenter, kundtjänst, medborgarservice, servicecenter, kundcenter eller liknande. Denna typ av organisationsform kallas även internationellt för ”one-stop shops” dit en medborgare kan vända sig med en mångfald av frågor och ärenden. Under de senaste 3 åren har forskare vid Örebro universitet arbetat med att utöka kunskapen om den första kontakten mellan medborgare och myndigheter, främst genom att studera kommunala servicecenter i Sverige. Rapporten bygger på en enkätundersökning genomförd under 2015 och 2016 och syftet är att ge en översikt över framväxten av denna typ av kommunala center. Vilka är de underliggande behoven som driver framväxten av dessa center? Hur sprids dessa idéer? Vilka aktörer är de mest framträdande? Varför sprids dessa center just idag? Är framväxten av dessa center inspirerade av liknande organisationsformer i privat verksamhet? Är etableringen av dessa center ett tecken på demokratiinriktade kommunala initiativ och ett tydligare medborgarfokus i offentlig förvaltning? Denna typ av kommunala one-stop shops är en till synes liten del av den kommunala verksamheten men kan således kopplas till en rad viktiga principiella frågor om offentlig förvaltning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2017. p. 50
Series
Forskarskolan Offentlig Verksamhet i Utvecklings skriftserie ; 4
Keywords
Kommunala one-stop shops, servicecenter, kontaktcenter, medborgarservice
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58617 (URN)978-91-87789-11-3 (ISBN)978-91-87789-12-0 (ISBN)
Projects
Kommunala servicecenter i Sverige
Available from: 2017-07-08 Created: 2017-07-08 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Hysing, E. & Olsson, J. (2017). Green inside activism for sustainable development: political agency and institutional change. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green inside activism for sustainable development: political agency and institutional change
2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book considers how public sector institutions can be transformed to better support sustainable development by exploring the concept of green inside activism and its importance for institutional change. The phenomenon of inside activism has been shown to be crucial for green policy change and this book focuses on public officials as green inside activists, committed to green values and engaged in social movement, acting strategically from inside public administration to change public policy and institutions in line with such value commitment. The book theorizes how green inside activism can contribute to a more sustainable development through institutional change. This theorizing builds on and relates to highly relevant theoretical arguments in the existing literature. The authors also consider the legitimacy of inside activism and how it can be reconciled with democratic ideals. This innovative work will appeal to students and scholars of public policy, political science and environmental politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. p. 187
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61301 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-56723-5 (DOI)978-3-319-56722-8 (ISBN)978-3-319-56723-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2017-10-09Bibliographically approved
Kristianssen, A.-C. & Olsson, J. (2016). A Municipal Service Center – For What and For Whom?: Understanding the Political Nature of a Public Administration Reform Process. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 20(3), 33-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Municipal Service Center – For What and For Whom?: Understanding the Political Nature of a Public Administration Reform Process
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Organizational reforms in public administration have been high on the agenda for decades. A popular type is the municipal service center (MSC) gathering citizen–government interaction in one location, physically and virtually. Previous research has mainly focused on the organizational solution and operation of MSCs. This article contributes by using a processual approach to study how priorities are handled during a reform process with fundamental effects and consequences for the organizational solution. The article is based on a deep case study of a MSC in a mid-sized Swedish municipality. The empirical data comprise documents and 29 interviews with politicians, managing directors, and other key actors. We discern a number of process factors and analyze the process in relation to four key priorities: organizational change or organizational solution, efficiency or democracy values, politicians or administrators as key actors, and citizens as customers or co-creators. The article also relates the priorities to more comprehensive public administration perspectives in the literature such as NPM and more citizen-centered perspectives. The results show that the process was characterized by a view of citizens as service-recipients and customers; a focus on efficiency and the MSC as an organizational solution, and a process pushed forward by leading public administrators with a significant influence over vital value priorities. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, Sweden: Göteborgs universitet, 2016
Keywords
Municipal service center, public administration reform, public management, processualism, value-priorities
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50231 (URN)
Projects
Örebro kommuns servicecenter
Available from: 2016-05-10 Created: 2016-05-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Hysing, E., Olsson, J. & Dahl, V. (2016). A radical public administration?: green radicalism and policy influence among local environmental officials in Sweden. Environmental Politics, 25(3), 535-552
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A radical public administration?: green radicalism and policy influence among local environmental officials in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 535-552Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Green radicalism among local environmental officials in Sweden is examined with the aims of theoretically elaborating on different dimensions of Green radicalism in the context of public administration, exploring the dimensionality of Green radicalism among officials, and examining the extent to which Green radicalism is associated with policy influence. Three types of Green radicalism are identified: Green ethics, Green institutional change, and Green activism. Survey data (N=701) show that the three theoretical dimensions are present among officials, and that there is no negative association between radicalism and influence. It is primarily officials with Green activism beliefs who perceive themselves as able to influence policy. These findings suggest a need for more nuanced understanding of and further studies into the role of public administration in the quest for more radical Green reforms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
policy change; public administration; Environmental radicalism; environmental activism; Green political theory
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38943 (URN)10.1080/09644016.2015.1116679 (DOI)000371009000008 ()2-s2.0-84958149808 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Research Council, Formas

Available from: 2014-11-23 Created: 2014-11-23 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Kristianssen, A.-C. & Olsson, J. (2016). Att sjösätta ett kommunalt servicecenter: En studie av etableringen av Örebro kommuns servicecenter. Örebro universitet: Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap, Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att sjösätta ett kommunalt servicecenter: En studie av etableringen av Örebro kommuns servicecenter
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro universitet: Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap, Örebro universitet, 2016. p. 69
Series
Forskarskolan Offentlig Verksamhet i Utvecklings rapportserie ; 2
Keywords
One-stop shops, Kommunala servicecenter, reformprocesser, policyspridning
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53279 (URN)978-91-87789-05-2 (ISBN)978-91-87789-06-9 (ISBN)
Projects
Kommunala servicecenter i Sverige
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2018-03-05Bibliographically approved
Olsson, J. (2016). Subversion in institutional change and stability: a neglected mechanism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Subversion in institutional change and stability: a neglected mechanism
2016 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. p. 120
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53607 (URN)10.1057/978-1-349-94922-9 (DOI)9781349949212 (ISBN)9781349949229 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-23 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3602-1837

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