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Biography [eng]

PhD in history, title of docent in sports science. Alsarve is a researcher in sports science at Örebro University, Sweden, and Jyväskylä University, Finland. His research interests include sports, gender, violence, democracy, and historical change. In 2021 Alsarve was rewarded the ‘Little Prize for Sports Science’ by the Swedish Central Association for the Promotion of Athletics.

Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Alsarve, D. (2024). Achieving gender equity: barriers and possibilities at board level in Swedish sport. European Sport Management Quarterly, 24(1), 286-302
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achieving gender equity: barriers and possibilities at board level in Swedish sport
2024 (English)In: European Sport Management Quarterly, ISSN 1618-4742, E-ISSN 1746-031X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 286-302Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research questions How is the 'problem' of gender equity described, perceived and experienced by female and male board members in Swedish sport today? What key dilemmas can be identified in the realisation of a gender equitable sport management? Research methods The article builds on research conducted on three Swedish ball sport federations during 2020-2021 and is based on a total number of 27 (12 males, 15 females) structured interviews with top leaders. The methodology employs Fraser's concept of gender justice and the need to pay attention to cultural and economic dimensions in transformative interventions. Results and Findings Three dilemmas relating to the realisation of gender equity are analysed: between quotas and stigmatisation, overcoming gender equity as a side-project and how the democratic infrastructure of Swedish sport enables men's continued dominance. The findings indicate that one-dimensional (affirmative) interventions dominate, which in turn explain why achieving gender equity in Swedish sport is difficult, i.e. cultural interventions only limit the chances of achieving gender equity. Implications To implement transformative interventions, cultural and economic resources need to be equally recognised and redistributed so that the organisations' gender order is deconstructed and participation on equally recognised terms secured.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Gender equity, hegemony, redistribution, organisations, recognition
National Category
Gender Studies Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100885 (URN)10.1080/16184742.2022.2112256 (DOI)000841134700001 ()2-s2.0-85136057177 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-08-31 Created: 2022-08-31 Last updated: 2024-05-20Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. (2024). Brothers, bruises, and the will to win: a social-ecological hegemony perspective on Swedish ice hockey's past. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 27(5), 681-700
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brothers, bruises, and the will to win: a social-ecological hegemony perspective on Swedish ice hockey's past
2024 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 681-700Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The tradition of Swedish ice hockey as a masculine-dominated territory that encourages characteristics like roughness, aggressiveness, and to some extent violence has been hotly debated. Using historical articles from the Swedish Hockey magazine, and with a perspective combining hegemony with the social-ecological model of violence prevention, this study develops an interpretation of how masculinity traits and violence in Swedish ice hockey interconnect. The historical case provides findings for this interconnection, with meanings of masculinity and a competitive commitment as permeating threads. Triggered by individuals, but also connected to coaches' encouragements, organizations' endeavours, societal, and financial forces, the negotiations around playing styles and allowance levels have been permeated by ideals of masculinity; ideals that enforce the current hegemonic gender order. Ultimately, the article contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of sport violence as an issue that not only impacts or can be utilized by sport organizations and players/practitioners but also its broader societal implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
social ecological model, hegemonic masculinity, masculinity, sport, gender
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-109558 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2023.2270487 (DOI)001085869200001 ()2-s2.0-85174289891 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2019-0039
Available from: 2023-11-06 Created: 2023-11-06 Last updated: 2024-05-20Bibliographically approved
Svensson Primus, R., Alsarve, D. & Svensson, D. (2023). Between Grassroots Democracy and Professional Commercialism in Sweden (1ed.). In: Mihaly Szerovay; Arto Nevala; Hannu Itkonen (Ed.), Football in the Nordic countries: practices, equality and influence (pp. 64-76). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Grassroots Democracy and Professional Commercialism in Sweden
2023 (English)In: Football in the Nordic countries: practices, equality and influence / [ed] Mihaly Szerovay; Arto Nevala; Hannu Itkonen, London: Routledge, 2023, 1, p. 64-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the late 19th century, football entered Sweden's coastal cities, such as Malmö, Halmstad and Gothenburg. The sport grew quickly, and the Swedish Football Association (SvFF) was founded in 1904. In the following decades, the popularity of football increased and in the 1950s it was perceived as the national sport of Sweden. However, at that time the sport was non-professional and in practice only for men. In order to keep up with hardening international competition, SvFF overturned the amateur regulations in 1967. Professionalisation was slow due to the lack of revenue but accelerated for male players after the Bosman ruling in 1995. Women's football developed gradually from the 1960s and in 1972 a national league organised by SvFF was formed. Youth football also grew substantially. Despite the differences in resources football became well-established amongst both men and women. However, the tensions between idealism, voluntarism and inclusion on the one hand, and commercialism, professionalism and selection, on the other hand, remain. This is best exemplified by the 51% rule, which states that clubs must be majority-owned by the members. This is hailed by some as a guarantee for democratic football, while others argue that it restricts clubs’ financial development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023 Edition: 1
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110000 (URN)9781003280729 (ISBN)9781032249131 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-12-01 Created: 2023-12-01 Last updated: 2024-01-26Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. & Gregory, M. R. (2023). Beyond the public light: Political strongmen, masculine embodiment and sports organizations (1ed.). In: Jeff Hearn; Kadri Aavik; David L. Collinson; Anika Thym (Ed.), Routledge Handbook on Men, Masculinities and Organizations: Theories, Practices and Future of Organizing. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond the public light: Political strongmen, masculine embodiment and sports organizations
2023 (English)In: Routledge Handbook on Men, Masculinities and Organizations: Theories, Practices and Future of Organizing / [ed] Jeff Hearn; Kadri Aavik; David L. Collinson; Anika Thym, London: Routledge, 2023, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter we expand the analysis of sports, organizations, and masculinity to include behaviour often hidden in private communications by broadening the definition of the ‘locker room’ to include social media and other online spaces. Drawing upon high-profile events, research on male-dominated sports, and arguments on sports and hegemonic masculinities, we illustrate how strongmen create locker room spaces to embody narratives of hegemonic masculinities that disparage and mock certain groups. Demonstrating their values and ideas on whiteness, masculinity, and domination, the strongmen’s misogynist, homophobic, and racist language constructs women, LGBTQ + individuals, and ethnic minorities as inferior. In particular, the weaponization of misogyny and homophobia serves as a warning not only to women and gay men, but also to ‘non-feminized’ heterosexual men whose behaviour or ideas fall outside dominant ‘normative’ constructions of masculinity. By focussing on hidden (or not intended to be public) communication between men in sports organizations, our analysis illustrates that demeaning behaviour is, on the part of some white men, a response to their fear of social change – prompting an examination of the fragility of hegemonic masculinity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023 Edition: 1
Keywords
Locker room, hegemonic masculinity, masculine embodiment, sports, strongmen
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-109999 (URN)10.4324/9781003193579-24 (DOI)9781003193579 (ISBN)9781032045153 (ISBN)9781032045160 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-12-01 Created: 2023-12-01 Last updated: 2023-12-01Bibliographically approved
Tjønndal, A., Wågan, F. A. & Alsarve, D. (2023). Hockey Dads, Party Boys and Devoted Players? Digital Representations of Men and Masculinities Amongst Norwegian and Swedish Ice Hockey Players. Men and Masculinities, 26(1), 3-163
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hockey Dads, Party Boys and Devoted Players? Digital Representations of Men and Masculinities Amongst Norwegian and Swedish Ice Hockey Players
2023 (English)In: Men and Masculinities, ISSN 1097-184X, E-ISSN 1552-6828, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 3-163Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Men’s elite ice hockey is one of the most commercialised, popular and patriarchal sports in the global north. With reference to the scarce corpus of ice hockey research from non-American countries, in this article we examine the online portrayals of men who play professional ice hockey in 2 clubs in Norway and Sweden. We pose two research questions and theoretically informed hypothetical assumptions associated with them that we evaluate with the overall aim of broadening the empirical scope of critical studies on men and masculinities in ice hockey. Using a quantitative content analysis, we compare and cross-analyse the online representations of men and masculinities by investigating the Instagram posts of 21 players from Frölunda HC and Vålerenga Hockey. The results demonstrate the importance of a situational and contextual understanding of hegemonic masculinity and broaden the scope of the ‘ice hockey playing man’ that is often perceived as a narrow stereotype.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
sports, sociology, ice hockey, bodies, media
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102884 (URN)10.1177/1097184x221148205 (DOI)000901463400001 ()
Projects
Ishockey i förändring; maskulinitetsideal och våldsnormer i svensk ishockey ca 1965 till idag
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2019-0039
Available from: 2023-01-02 Created: 2023-01-02 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. & Strand, S. (2023). Idrottens ansvar att förebygga mäns våld mot kvinnor.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrottens ansvar att förebygga mäns våld mot kvinnor
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 60
Series
Centrum för idrottsforskning 2023:3
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science; Criminology; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-106173 (URN)978-91-988551-2-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-06-02 Created: 2023-06-02 Last updated: 2023-06-05Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. (2023). Photography, sport and the hegemony of men: a material(-)discursive perspective. Rethinking history, 27(2), 248-269
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photography, sport and the hegemony of men: a material(-)discursive perspective
2023 (English)In: Rethinking history, ISSN 1364-2529, E-ISSN 1470-1154, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 248-269Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the focus is on a theoretical discussion about how to analyse masculinities and power in historical research based on imagery and visual sources from a material-discursive point of departure. The argument is that analysing photographs in sport and the material-discursive representation of men/masculinities could contribute to a broader understanding of men’s hegemony. The article adds to the field of visual literacy and connects research on visual materials, sports history and critical gender studies. The past of Swedish ice hockey constitutes the case, while the understanding of men/masculinities departs from research by Jeff Hearn, Raewyn Connell and other scholars within the critical studies on men and masculinities field. Using four specific photographs from the Swedish magazine Hockey, the analysis exemplifies how their materiality and discursivity relate to a broader cultural context of the hegemony of men and masculinities. For example, cultural dominance strategies, visual techniques that ‘activate’ a photographed (or objectified) male subject and entitlement are discussed, and how these include discursive and material meanings of masculinity, status, and domination and how such embodiments interconnect with a contextual configuration of the dominant hegemony of men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Visual literacy, critical studies on men and masculinities, hegemony, visual method, methodology, power
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-105177 (URN)10.1080/13642529.2023.2184974 (DOI)000947116700001 ()2-s2.0-85150603395 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Ishockey i förändring; maskulinitetsideal och våldsnormer i svensk ishockey ca 1965 till idag
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2019-0039
Available from: 2023-03-24 Created: 2023-03-24 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. & Johansson, E. (2022). A gang of ironworkers with the scent of blood: A participation observation of male dominance and its historical trajectories at Swedish semi-professional ice hockey events. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 57(1), 54-72
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A gang of ironworkers with the scent of blood: A participation observation of male dominance and its historical trajectories at Swedish semi-professional ice hockey events
2022 (English)In: International Review for the Sociology of Sport, ISSN 1012-6902, E-ISSN 1461-7218, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 54-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ice hockey has traditionally been a male-dominated culture that has both promoted and legitimised masculine dominance and gender inequality. The question is, how might ice hockey games, or other male-dominated sports, be organised differently and thus become more gender equal? Our ambition in this article is to initiate a discussion about how the construction of gender in ice hockey events operationalises or opposes the dominance of men and the marginalisation of women. The specific purpose is to identify techniques that configure men/masculinities as dominant in the ice hockey culture. Taking critical studies of men and masculinities as the point of departure, with a specific focus on the situational aspects of gender construction, this case study makes use of participatory observations of eight qualification games in Swedish semi-professional ice hockey. Our results show that men and certain types of masculinity dominate in the events framing the game and how this links the ice hockey players and the club with the local body-worker culture and its industrial, economic and historical context. Identification with these men is ideally created amongst male spectators, given that children and women do not have the same obvious place in the event’s narrative. Some clubs seek to include women and children in their matches, which affects both the atmosphere and the situation. By focusing on the events’ introductions and general narratives, and how they make use of a (masculine) version of the place’s past in the present, we discuss how the ice hockey culture contributes to the current hegemony of men and masculinities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022
Keywords
gender inequality, gender intervention, ice hockey, power, sport event
National Category
History Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-90694 (URN)10.1177/1012690221998576 (DOI)000628970800001 ()2-s2.0-85102420798 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Ishockey i förändring
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2019-0039
Available from: 2021-03-31 Created: 2021-03-31 Last updated: 2023-03-10Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. (2022). Historicizing Machoism in Swedish Ice Hockey. International Journal of the History of Sport, 38(16), 1688-1709
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historicizing Machoism in Swedish Ice Hockey
2022 (English)In: International Journal of the History of Sport, ISSN 0952-3367, E-ISSN 1743-9035, Vol. 38, no 16, p. 1688-1709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Male ice hockey has long been regarded as a hyper-masculine sport. More importantly, the so-called machoism has been institutionalized in the ice hockey culture and, due to its comprehensive legitimacy and complexity, it has been impossible to problematize, challenge and ultimately change from within. Identifying ice hockey’s cultural promises, guidelines, psyche, and societal contributions, the controlling of changes is illuminated, which, taken together, help to deepen the understanding of machoism’s stability in sport. Although the journal Hockey is the main historical source, interviews, the media, and biographies have also been used. As Sweden is located between what was then the Soviet Union and North America, the Swedish Ice Hockey Association was inspired by these dominating ice hockey models. The professional and, mostly, Canadian hockey style gradually gained ground. In short, the appreciated masculine ideals interlinked with commercial forces and the tactical strategies of the game. By showing the culture’s stability and complexity, previous research on masculine domination in ice hockey is nuanced and complemented. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
Keywords
hegemony, institutionalized machoism, dominance, cultural stability, male privilege
National Category
History Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
History; Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-96856 (URN)10.1080/09523367.2021.2022649 (DOI)000745924000001 ()2-s2.0-85123497773 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Ishockey i förändring; Maskulinitetsideal och våldsnormer i svensk ishockey ca 1965 till idag
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2019-0039
Available from: 2022-01-28 Created: 2022-01-28 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Alsarve, D. (2022). ldrott, jämställdhet och organisatorisk makt: Möjligheter och hinder för kvinnor och män att nå höga ledarpositioner inom lagidrott. Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ldrott, jämställdhet och organisatorisk makt: Möjligheter och hinder för kvinnor och män att nå höga ledarpositioner inom lagidrott
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro universitet, 2022. p. 84
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-97304 (URN)978-91-87789-60-1 (ISBN)978-91-87789-59-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Sätt bollen i rullning
Funder
Riksidrottsförbundet
Available from: 2022-02-08 Created: 2022-02-08 Last updated: 2022-02-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4985-3595

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