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Hultkrantz, L., Karpaty, P. & Vimefall, E. (2017). Education-earnings linkage for assessing societal benefits of interventions for children and youth in Sweden. Psychosocial Intervention, 26(3), 171-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education-earnings linkage for assessing societal benefits of interventions for children and youth in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 171-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Some long-term societal benefits of early psychosocial interventions supporting children and youth at various developmental risks can be estimated with school results as a mediatory. In this paper we develop causal education-earnings links for educational achievement thresholds at the end of the nine-year compulsory school (CS) and the three-year upper secondary school (USS) in Sweden. Gross earnings are calculated with age profiles estimated on micro-level register data for the whole population. We also estimate the indirect costs of education (forgone earnings) with this data and find that they can be ignored. For the base case, we calculate the expected net present value of meeting minimum requirements for transition from CS to a national USS-program to €112,000 (SEK 1.1 million) and for graduation from such a program to €163,000 (SEK 1.6 million).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Child development; Cost-benefit; Program evaluation, Desarrollo infantil; Coste-beneficio; Evaluación del programa
National Category
Economics Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59114 (URN)10.1016/j.psi.2017.06.001 (DOI)000428615700006 ()2-s2.0-85026541877 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L., Karpaty, P. & Savsin, S. (2017). Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data. The World Economy, 40(2), 240-274
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data
2017 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 240-274Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper was to analyse effects on firm–level relative demand for skilled labour due to imports of intermediates (offshoring) and exports of intermediates (inshoring). The study is based on a data set of Swedish manufacturing firms, 1997–2002, using trade flows in intermediate goods and services, respectively. Descriptive data show that goods inshoring is much larger than goods offshoring, while the reverse is true for services. There is, however, a strong increase in services inshoring over the study period. Controlling for potential endogeneity in offshoring and inshoring, our results indicate that there is a positive effect of services offshoring on the skill composition of workers in Swedish firms, while no such causality can be established from inshoring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35856 (URN)10.1111/twec.12396 (DOI)000396889400001 ()2-s2.0-84964389348 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-08-05 Created: 2014-08-05 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Hatzigeorgiou, A., Karpaty, P., Kneller, R. & Lodefalk, M. (2016). Do Immigrants Spur Offshoring?: Firm-Level Evidence. In: : . Paper presented at 2016 American Economic Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, USA, January 3-5, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do Immigrants Spur Offshoring?: Firm-Level Evidence
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Offshoring provides firms with opportunities for internationalization and growth. But, offshoring comes at a cost, especially in presence of inadequate information and trust friction. Immigrant employees could reduce such offshoring transaction costs through their knowledge of former home countries and via access to foreign networks. This is the first firm-level study on migration and offshoring. In estimating a firm-level gravity model on new employer-employee data for approximately 12,000 Swedish firms during the time period 1998-2007, we are able to show that immigrant employees have a significant and positive impact on offshoring. Hiring one additional foreign-born worker can spur offshoring with up to three percent on average, and even more to low-income countries. The findings of this study could have potentially important policy implications. In addition to showing that immigrants could provide options for countries that aim to promote offshoring, the results introduce a completely new channel through which migration may promote development, through offshoring. This could encourage governments of developed nations to enhance their emphasis on migration as a tool for supporting private sector development in emerging economies.

Keywords
Offshoring; migration; networks; trust; information; trade barriers
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47389 (URN)
Conference
2016 American Economic Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, USA, January 3-5, 2016
Projects
Migration, integration och företagens globalisering
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, W2013-0425:1
Available from: 2016-01-13 Created: 2016-01-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L., Karpaty, P. & Savsin, S. (2016). Firm-level effects of offshoring of materials and services on relative labor demand. Review of World Economics, 152(2), 321-350
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm-level effects of offshoring of materials and services on relative labor demand
2016 (English)In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 152, no 2, p. 321-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on firm-level data over the period 1997-2002 for the Swedish manufacturing sector the objective of this paper is to analyze relative labor demand effects due to offshoring, separating between materials and services offshoring and also geographical location of trade partner. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that offshoring of materials or services lead to out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms. Rather, this paper finds evidence that the aggregate effects from offshoring lead to increasing relative demand of high-skilled labor, mainly due to services offshoring to middle income countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
offshoring, firm-level data, relative employment, translog cost function
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47589 (URN)10.1007/s10290-015-0243-8 (DOI)000378901200004 ()2-s2.0-84954329126 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2007-0228:1
Note

An earlier version of this article is published in

Savsin, S. (2014). The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring.  (Licentiate dissertation). Örebro: Örebro University

Available from: 2016-01-19 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Bandick, R., Görg, H. & Karpaty, P. (2016). Foreign acquisitions, domestic multinationals, and R&D. In: Multinational enterprises and host country development: (pp. 53-77). Singapore: World Scientific
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foreign acquisitions, domestic multinationals, and R&D
2016 (English)In: Multinational enterprises and host country development, Singapore: World Scientific, 2016, p. 53-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our aim in this paper is to evaluate the causal effect of foreign acquisition on research and development (R&D) intensity in targeted domestic firms. We are able to distinguish domestic multinational enterprises (MNEs) and non-MNEs, which allows us to investigate the fear that the change in ownership of domestic MNEs to foreign MNEs leads to a reduction in R&D activity in the country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that foreign acquisition of domestic firms leads to a relocation of R&D activity in Swedish MNEs. Rather, in this paper, we find robust evidence that foreign acquisitions lead to increasing R&D intensity in acquired domestic MNEs and non-MNEs. © 2016 by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: World Scientific, 2016
Series
World Scientific studies in international economics, ISSN 1793-3641 ; 53
Keywords
Foreign acquisitions, Multinational firms, R&D
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62302 (URN)10.1142/9789814749237_0004 (DOI)2-s2.0-85019932654 (Scopus ID)978-981-4749-24-4 (ISBN)978-981-4749-22-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-11-10 Last updated: 2019-04-02Bibliographically approved
Karpaty, P. & Tingvall, P. G. (2015). Offshoring and Home Country R&D. The World Economy, 38(4), 655-676
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Offshoring and Home Country R&D
2015 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 655-676Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

National concerns are occasionally raised against offshoring economic activities to other countries. While most of the existing literature has focused on the effects on labour demand and productivity, the effects on domestic R&D have largely been neglected. Using Swedish firm-level data, we analyse the effects of material offshoring on the R&D intensity of domestic firms. The results suggest that the overall impact of offshoring on R&D is negative. The negative effect on home country R&D stems from offshoring by small firms from other high-income countries. Conversely, offshoring increases home country R&D among large firms. As large firms perform the bulk of Swedish R&D, the net effect of offshoring on R&D is positive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44679 (URN)10.1111/twec.12226 (DOI)000353906000004 ()2-s2.0-84927783851 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Torsten Söderbergs Research Foundation

Available from: 2015-05-22 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). Service offshoring and corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?. Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 15(4), 363-381
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Service offshoring and corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?
2015 (English)In: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 363-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze how service offshoring by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in source countries. The results suggest that firms avoid corrupt countries and that corruption reduces the volume of service offshoring. Analyzing firm heterogeneity, we find that large and internationalized firms are the ones that are the most sensitive to corruption. In addition, sensitivity to corruption tends to increase with falling income in source countries. These results suggest that the gains from reduced corruption may be the greatest for poor countries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keywords
Corruption; Services; Offshoring; Gravity model; Firm level data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62296 (URN)10.1007/s10842-015-0197-5 (DOI)000442796600004 ()2-s2.0-84957940732 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2017-11-10 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
Bandick, R., Goerg, H. & Karpaty, P. (2014). Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 116(4), 1091-1115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 1091-1115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our aim in this paper is to evaluate the causal effect of foreign acquisition on research and development (R&D) intensity in targeted domestic firms. We are able to distinguish domestic multinational enterprises (MNEs) and non-MNEs, which allows us to investigate the fear that the change in ownership of domestic MNEs to foreign MNEs leads to a reduction in R&D activity in the country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that foreign acquisition of domestic firms leads to a relocation of R&D activity in Swedish MNEs. Rather, in this paper, we find robust evidence that foreign acquisitions lead to increasing R&D intensity in acquired domestic MNEs and non-MNEs.

Keywords
Foreign acquisitions; multinational firms; R&D
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38240 (URN)10.1111/sjoe.12071 (DOI)000342739200007 ()2-s2.0-84902734029 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-11-03 Created: 2014-10-30 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karpaty, P. & Kneller, R. (2011). Demonstration or congestion?: Export spillovers in Sweden. Review of World Economics, 147(1), 109-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demonstration or congestion?: Export spillovers in Sweden
2011 (English)In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 147, no 1, p. 109-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A key feature of the Swedish economy over the last two decades has been the rapid internationalisation of its economy, both through FDI and exports. In this paper we consider their inter-relationship, examining whether there have been spillovers from foreign firms to the export performance of domestic firms. We also contribute to the empirical modelling of export spillovers. We do this by exploiting information on whether foreign MNE sales are intra-firm or inter-firm, and by allowing for heterogeneity in the characteristics of the sender and receiver of spillovers. Our results indicate that foreign MNEs had positive effects on Swedish exports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer, 2011
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15258 (URN)10.1007/s10290-010-0075-5 (DOI)000288709600006 ()2-s2.0-79953025503 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-04-14 Created: 2011-04-14 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Bandick, R. & Karpaty, P. (2011). Employment effects of foreign acquisition. International Review of Economics and Finance, 20(2), 211-224
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment effects of foreign acquisition
2011 (English)In: International Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1059-0560, E-ISSN 1873-8036, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 211-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the employment effects of. foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s; a period characterized by a dramatic increase in foreign ownership. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in acquired firms and it seems that the employment of skilled labor increases more than that of less-skilled labor. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects are more pronounced in acquired non-MNEs than in Swedish MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over by foreign MNEs, but not in acquired Swedish MNEs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011
Keywords
Foreign acquisitions, Labor demand, Matching, Difference-in-difference, Multinational enterprises
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-17092 (URN)10.1016/j.iref.2010.06.001 (DOI)000288528800010 ()2-s2.0-79551681369 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-09-06 Created: 2011-09-02 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5830-9831

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