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Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2017). Effects of foreign acquisitions on R&D and high-skill activities. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 163-187
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of foreign acquisitions on R&D and high-skill activities
2017 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 163-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using Swedish microdata, we find no evidence for the concerns circulating in the public debate that foreign acquisitions lead to reductions in both R&D expenditures and high-skilled activities in targeted domestic firms for either MNEs or non-MNEs. Previous studies have only focused on larger firms. In this paper, we are able to study the impact on smaller firms (fewer than 50 employees), which is important because 90% of the firms acquired meet this criterion. For this group of firms, there is no information on R&D, but by using the register of educational attainment, we obtain data on the share of high skilled labor in all Swedish firms irrespective of size. Interestingly, we find that among smaller firms, foreign enterprises tend to acquire high-productive, skill-intensive firms (cherry-picking). After the acquisitions, skill upgrading appears in acquired smaller, non-MNE firms, particularly in the service sector. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
foreign acquisition, skill upgrading, R&D intensity, propensity score matching
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58059 (URN)10.1007/s11187-016-9815-9 (DOI)000405395600009 ()2-s2.0-85007524899 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Global value chains and the costs of structural change
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0859
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2017). Utländska uppköp: hot eller möjlighet?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 45(7), 41-55
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utländska uppköp: hot eller möjlighet?
2017 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 41-55Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nationalekonomiska Föreningen / Swedish Economic Society, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65111 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-00859
Available from: 2018-02-21 Created: 2018-02-21 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K. & Hansson, P. (2016). Are workers more vulnerable in tradable industries?. Review of World Economics, 152(2), 283-320
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are workers more vulnerable in tradable industries?
2016 (English)In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 152, no 2, p. 283-320Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reduced trade barriers and lower costs of transportation and information have meant that a growing part of the economy has been exposed to international trade. In particular, this is the case in the service sector. We divide the service sector into a tradable and a non-tradable part using an approach to identify tradable industries utilizing a measure of regional concentration of production. We examine whether the probability of displacement is higher and income losses after displacement greater for workers in tradable services and manufacturing (tradable) than in non-tradable services. We also analyze whether the probability of re-employment is higher for workers displaced from tradable services and manufacturing than from non-tradable services. We find that in the 2000s the probability of displacement is relatively high in tradable services in comparison to non-tradable services and manufacturing. On the other hand, the probability of re-employment is higher for those displaced from tradable services. The largest income losses are found for those who had been displaced from manufacturing. Interestingly, the income losses of those displaced from manufacturing seems mainly to be due to longer spells of non-employment, whereas for those displaced in tradable services lower wages in their new jobs compared to their pre-displacement jobs appears to play a larger role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
Displacement costs, re-employment, earnings losses, tradable services
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49842 (URN)10.1007/s10290-016-0249-x (DOI)000378901200003 ()2-s2.0-84960114853 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Globala värdekedjor och strukturomvandlingens kostnader
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0859
Available from: 2016-04-14 Created: 2016-04-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K. & Hansson, P. (2015). Är anställda i branscher exponerade för internationell handel mer sårbara?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 43(1), 40-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Är anställda i branscher exponerade för internationell handel mer sårbara?
2015 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 40-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Minskade handelshinder och lägre kostnader för transporter och information har inneburit att en växande del av ekonomin har exponerats för internationell handel. I denna artikel delar vi in ekonomin i tre delar – tillverkningsindustri, exponerad och icke-exponerad tjänstesektor – och jämför kostnaderna av att bli av med jobbet i dessa. Kostnaderna kan exempelvis bestå av perioder av arbetslöshet eller lägre lön i det nya arbetet jämfört med i det gamla. Vi finner att dessa kostnader är högre i branscher som är exponerade för internationell handel, framför allt för dem som har friställts inom tillverkningsindustrin.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42880 (URN)
Projects
Globala värdekedjor och strukturomvandlingens kostnader
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0859
Available from: 2015-02-23 Created: 2015-02-23 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2012). Do firms learn by exporting or learn to export?: Evidence from small and medium-sized enterprises. Small Business Economics, 39(2), 453-472
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do firms learn by exporting or learn to export?: Evidence from small and medium-sized enterprises
2012 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 453-472Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a matching approach, we compare the productivity trajectories of future export-entrants and matched nonentrants. Future exporters have higher productivity than do nonentrants before entry into international markets, which indicates self-selection into exports. More interestingly, we also observe a productivity increase among export-entrants relative to nonentrants before export entry. This might be explained by higher investments in physical capital prior to export entry. We find no evidence that the productivity gap between export-entrants and nonentrants continues to grow after export entry. Our results suggest that learning to export occurs but that learning by exporting does not. In contrast to previous studies on Swedish manufacturing, we focus particularly on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012
Keywords
Productivity, Learning to export, Learning by exporting, Matching
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25716 (URN)10.1007/s11187-010-9314-3 (DOI)000305806900011 ()2-s2.0-84863103666 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2017-10-11Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2012). Jobs and exposure to international trade within the service sector in Sweden. The World Economy, 35(5), 578-608
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jobs and exposure to international trade within the service sector in Sweden
2012 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 578-608Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To establish in which service industries there is international trade (or it may potentially exist), we calculate locational Ginis for different industries. The basic idea is that from this measure of regional concentration of different activities within a country we can identify industries where there appears to be regional trade, and hence also a potential for international trade. Based on our method, we find that: (i) the number of employed in tradable service appears to be at least as large as in the manufacturing sector, (ii) tradable service is much more skill intensive than manufacturing, and (iii) lately, the employment in tradable service has increased substantially. We argue that the last mentioned result is consistent with the substantial growth of skilled labour in Sweden since the mid-1990s (Rybczynski effect) and factors leading to increased relative demand for skilled labour. Particularly, increased competition from and offshoring to low-wage countries seem recently to have had a considerable impact on the creation of skilled jobs and the displacement of less skilled jobs in the tradable sector in Sweden. Furthermore, we apply a similar method as for industries to identify tradable occupations. Using our classification of tradable industries and tradable occupations in a Mincer type wage equation, we find that workers in such industries and occupations receive a wage premia of 1213 per cent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23063 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9701.2011.01413.x (DOI)000303598200003 ()2-s2.0-84860563923 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-05-31 Created: 2012-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2011). Tjänsteexporten allt viktigare för Sverige. Ekonomisk Debatt, 39(7), 28-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tjänsteexporten allt viktigare för Sverige
2011 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 28-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Den svenska utrikeshandeln domineras av varuhandeln. Endast runt 30 procent av den totala exporten utgörs av export av tjänster, medan tjänstesektorns andel av BNP eller av den totala sysselsättningen är avsevärt större än tillverkningsindustrins. Tjänsteexporten har emellertid på senare år vuxit snabbare än varuexporten och det finns, som redogörs för i uppsatsen, anledning att hävda att tjänstehandelns betydelse i förhållande till varuhandeln underskattas. I uppsatsen analyseras hur det internationella specialiseringsmönstret ser ut inom den svenska tjänstesektorn och dessutom diskuteras det ökade samspelet mellan varu- ochtjänsteproducerande sektorer. Slutligen argumenteras för att tjänstehandeln behöver belysas bättre i den ekonomiska statistiken.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39864 (URN)
Note

Tillväxtanalys är statistikansvarig myndighet för statistikområdet Konkurser och offentliga ackord.

Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2018-05-06Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Hansson, P. & Lindvert, M. (2010). Är exportfrämjandet motiverat?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 38(1), 31-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Är exportfrämjandet motiverat?
2010 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 31-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Enligt handelsminister Ewa Björling är handels- och investeringsfrämjande åtgärder avgörande för att säkra Sveriges position som en framgångsrik handelsnation och en viktig spelare på den globala marknaden. Hon menar också att i tider av ekonomisk oro, när den globala handeln minskar, blir handels- och investeringsfrämjandet än mer angeläget (Ds 2009:35, s 7–8). I denna artikel diskuteras vilka samhällsekonomiska motiv som kan ligga bakom exportfrämjande åtgärder och huruvida det finns empiriskt stöd för sådana. Vår slutsats är att även om det finns både teoretiska argument och empiriska belägg för att offentligt finansierade satsningar på exportfrämjande åtgärder har effekt, överskattas sannolikt dessa insatsers betydelse.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39865 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Bandick, R. & Hansson, P. (2009). Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden. Review of World Economics, 145(1), 111-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 145, no 1, p. 111-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We observe a substantial increase in foreign ownership in Sweden in the 1990s. Did that have any effect on relative demand for skilled labor? Has technology transfers-often associated with inward FDI-led to an increased demand for skills due to skilled-biased technical change? Are there any grounds for the concerns in the public Swedish debate that more skilled activities have been moved to other countries where the headquarters are located? Estimating relative labor demand at the firm level and using propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation, we obtain support for that relative demand for skilled labor tend to rise in non-multinationals (non-MNEs)-but not in multinationals (MNEs)-that become foreign-owned. Other interesting findings are that larger presence of foreign MNEs in an industry appears to have a positive impact on the relative demand for skills in Swedish MNEs within the same industry and that the elasticity of substitution between skilled and less-skilled labor seems to be lower in MNEs than in non-MNEs.

Keywords
Foreign ownership, Skill upgrading, Wage differentials
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-13340 (URN)10.1007/s10290-009-0002-9 (DOI)000265083800007 ()
Available from: 2011-01-12 Created: 2011-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Hansson, P., Karpaty, P., Lindvert, M., Lundberg, L., Poldahl, A. & Yun, L. (2007). Svenskt näringsliv i en globaliserad värld: Effekter av internationaliseringen på produktivitet och sysselsättning. Östersund: Institutet för tillväxtpolitiska studier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Svenskt näringsliv i en globaliserad värld: Effekter av internationaliseringen på produktivitet och sysselsättning
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2007 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Institutet för tillväxtpolitiska studier, 2007. p. 229
Series
ITPS A, ISSN 1652-8468 ; 2007:004
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67813 (URN)
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2575-6114

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