oru.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 68) Show all publications
Rai, N., Sjöberg, V., Forsberg, G., Karlsson, S., Olsson, P.-E. & Jass, J. (2019). Metal contaminated soil leachates from an art glass factory elicit stress response, alter fatty acid metabolism and reduce lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science of the Total Environment, 651, 2218-2227
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metal contaminated soil leachates from an art glass factory elicit stress response, alter fatty acid metabolism and reduce lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 651, p. 2218-2227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study evaluated the toxicity of metal contamination in soils from an art glass factory in Smaland Sweden using a Caenorhabditis elegans nematode model. The aim of the study was to chemically analyze the soil samples and study the biological effects of water-soluble leachates on the nematodes using different physiological endpoints. The total metal content showed that As, Cd and Pb were at levels above the guideline values for soils in areas around the factory. Less than 10% of the total metal content in the soil was found in the water-soluble leachates, however, Al, As, Fe and Pb remained higher than the guideline values for safe drinking water. Exposure of C. elegans to the water-soluble leachates, at both post-hatching larvae stage (L1-young adult) for 48 h and at the young adult stage (L4) for 6 h, showed significant gene alteration. Although the nematodes did not exhibit acute lethality, lifespan was significantly reduced upon exposure. C. elegans also showed altered gene expression associated with stress response and fat metabolism, as well as enhanced accumulation of body fat. The study highlighted the significance of assessing environmental samples using a combination of gene expression analysis, fatty acid metabolism and lifespan for providing valuable insight into the negative impact of metals. The altered fat metabolism and reduced lifespan on exposure to soil leachates motivates further studies to explore the mechanism of the toxicity associated with the metals present in the environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Contaminated soil, Water-soluble leachates, Ecotoxicology, Lipid metabolism, Heavy metals, Glass manufacturing
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70482 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.067 (DOI)000450551600055 ()30326454 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054622934 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20150084
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved
Zeiner, M. & Sjöberg, V. (2019). Mountain pine needles as a bio-monitor of potentially toxic elements in higher elevations. In: Books of Abstracts: . Paper presented at 18th Austrian Chemistry Days, Linz, Austria, September 24-27.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mountain pine needles as a bio-monitor of potentially toxic elements in higher elevations
2019 (English)In: Books of Abstracts, 2019Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Pine needles are considered useful bio-monitors. Their waxy surface allows them to accumulate various air pollutants. Furthermore, long-term studies are possible, since the needles can reach an age of up to ten years. Mountain pines (Pinus mugo), locally called Latschen, grow amongst others in the Alps in a height of approx. 1000 m to 2200 m. Thus, they seem appropriate specimens to monitor air pollution by potentially toxic elements in higher elevations.

Needle samples were collected on the northern slopes in the Lower Inn Valley (Tirol, Austria). Different sampling sites were selected between Münster and Innsbruck, the altitude ranging from 1200 m to 2000 m. From each sample tree fresh needles, one-year-old and two and more year old needles were taken. The elemental contents in all samples were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after microwave assisted acid digestion.

Compared to results for pines needles from lower altitudes, differences were mainly found in the contents of essential macro elements, but less regarding potentially toxic elements, such as Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb.

National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77004 (URN)978-3-900554-78-1 (ISBN)
Conference
18th Austrian Chemistry Days, Linz, Austria, September 24-27
Available from: 2019-10-03 Created: 2019-10-03 Last updated: 2019-10-07Bibliographically approved
Åhlgren, K., Sjöberg, V. & Bäckström, M. (2018). Leaching of U, V, Ni and Mo from Alum Shale Waste as a Function of Redox and pH - Suggestion for a Leaching method. In: Wolkersdorfer, Ch., Sartz, L., Weber, A., Burgess, J. and Tremblay, G. (Ed.), Mine Water: Risk to Opportunity. Paper presented at 11th ICARD, IMWA, WISA MWD 2018 Conference – Risk to Opportunity, Pretoria, South Africa, 10-14 September, 2018 (pp. 782-787). Pretoria, South Africa: Tshwane University of Technology, II
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leaching of U, V, Ni and Mo from Alum Shale Waste as a Function of Redox and pH - Suggestion for a Leaching method
2018 (English)In: Mine Water: Risk to Opportunity / [ed] Wolkersdorfer, Ch., Sartz, L., Weber, A., Burgess, J. and Tremblay, G., Pretoria, South Africa: Tshwane University of Technology , 2018, Vol. II, p. 782-787Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Alum shale residues in the form of nes and ash were leached at di erent pH and redox conditions. Total concentrations and mineral analysis indicate loss of some elements in burned shale, and redistribution of others. Uranium and nickel were shown to be more leachable from nes than from ashes. Decreased pH favoured leaching of Ni, U and V, whereas increased pH resulted in increased leaching of molybdenum. Redox conditions a ected leaching of Mo and V, but not U and Ni. us the method can be used as an estimate for leaching at di erent redox and pH conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pretoria, South Africa: Tshwane University of Technology, 2018
Keywords
Kvarntorp, alum shale, leaching, uranium, vanadium
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71961 (URN)978-0-620-80650-3 (ISBN)
Conference
11th ICARD, IMWA, WISA MWD 2018 Conference – Risk to Opportunity, Pretoria, South Africa, 10-14 September, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, V. & Karlsson, S. (2017). LC-MP AES as a screening tool for metal-DOC interactions in ARD. In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings. Paper presented at 16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017 (pp. 43-43).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LC-MP AES as a screening tool for metal-DOC interactions in ARD
2017 (English)In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings, 2017, p. 43-43Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) such as humic and fulvic acids have a high ability to form stable complexes with many metal ions. Also otherwise insoluble elements may be mobilized by complexolysis. Detection of the humic substances can be made with size exclusion chromatography (SEC) with UV/Vis and fluorescence detection. To detect the metals that different organic compounds carry the metal content in the eluent can be analyzed. However, the phosphate buffer that is used in the reference method is not well suited since phosphate and hydrogen phosphate ions are excellent complexing agents for many metals. In this work ammonium nitrate buffer was evaluated and used.

To decrease the analytical cost and streamline the analytical procedure an LC-system (Agilent 1260) was connected to an MP AES (Agilent 4200). After separation and spectroscopic measurements the eluent was lead to the nebulizer and the metal content in the eluent was determined as a function of time.

When acidic shale residues come in contact with wood chips, acidic hydrolysis and microbial degradation generate a complex mixture of hydrophilic organic compounds and acid rock drainage (ARD). If no subsequent condensation occurs the released organics would mainly contain low molecular weight carbon compounds (LMWOC). The fluorescence at 443 nm after exitation at 345 nm reveals that compounds of humic and fulvic character are present in the leachates. The content of manganese in the more complex forms of organic compounds is limited and it is mainly associated with LMWOC. Hence, humic compounds are not a good carrier of manganese in this type of system.

By using ammonium nitrate as buffer solution the separation was almost identical to the phosphate buffer. The results show that LC and MP AES can be used for analysis of the metal content as a function of size of organic carriers, such as humic substances and LMWOC. By using MP AES for metal analysis, operating cost is significantly decreased compared to hitherto used methods based on ICP. The results also indicate that substances with humic character form during acidic and microbial degradation of wood. From an environmental perspective this is of importance since several organic compounds facilitate metal mobilization.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64736 (URN)
Conference
16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, S., Sjöberg, V. & Allard, B. (2017). Metal transport dynamics in a small watershed - Dylta bruk, Sweden. In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings. Paper presented at 16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017 (pp. 23-23).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metal transport dynamics in a small watershed - Dylta bruk, Sweden
2017 (English)In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings, 2017, p. 23-23Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Metal transport in small streams in boreal catchments is a function of weathering rate, water balance and redistribution mechanisms. Because of these highly dynamic processes long term water quality changes are difficult to determine but needed in order to assess the impact of several local and largescale changes on local water quality.

The field site is situated at Dyltabruk, some 20 km North of Örebro in South Central Sweden. The 4 km2 catchment has deciduous and coniferous species on a granitic moraine with some 20% ofmires and fens adjacent to the oldest sulphur mine in Sweden. Grab samples were collected weekly since 2006 but more frequent during periods with large changes in water balance. The samples were analysed for general hydrochemical parameters (temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), inorganic carbon (IC), fulvic and humic acids and dissolved oxygen), dissolved principal anions, principal and trace metals. Standardized analytical procedures were applied. Temperature, precipitation and other climatic parameters were recorded some 2 km from thesite every 15 minutes.

The results showed a general concentration pattern where the water balance had the largest single influence. The concentrations had a seasonality inversely related to the ground water level. Inter annual variations of one to two orders of magnitude were observed for group 1 and 2 elements. For transition metals with high affinity to solid matter as well as DOC the variation reached three to four orders of magnitude. Only aluminium and iron had concentrations that occasionally exceeded solubility limits which resulted in a similar inter annual variation.

During the study period the average annual temperature and precipitation were no different (p 0.05) from the previous ten years but rainfall intensities increased. In a long term perspective the concentrations for all metals except calcium had positive trends. The tendencies remained when normalizing against chloride. The same was found for DOC, nitrate and sulphate. Hence, there is an accelerating loss of most elements that is not limited by weathering. It is uncertain, however, if the positive trends for DOC depend on increased production or a balancing release from the supply in mires and fens. In addition, there is also an indication of increasing inter annual concentration changescwith time. Although not exclusively proven such phenome would occur as a result of increased rainfall intensity. It is therefore likely that the accelerating loss of elements is a result of increased weathering rather than increasing water discharge.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64734 (URN)
Conference
16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Gärdek, O. & Sjöberg, V. (2017). Retention of metals by optimized steel slag. In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings. Paper presented at 16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017 (pp. 24-24).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Retention of metals by optimized steel slag
2017 (English)In: Bio-geo interactions: basic knowledge to application: 16th Symposium on remediation in Jena “Jenaer Sanierungskolloquium”. Conference proceedings, 2017, p. 24-24Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Silicon reduced Argon Oxygen Decarburization slag (Si-AOD) is a common by-product from manufacturing of stainless steel. In this work the possibility to use the slag as adsorbent for some selected metals (Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb) is tested. The slag was obtained from Outokumpu, Avesta, Sweden as one black, powder like, and one greenish, pumice-stone like. Due to its small grain size the black Si-AOD was not suitable as a filter material since it quickly clogged and formed almost impermeable layers. However, the greenish Si-AOD with its porous structure showed good permeability and seems to be good as a filter material. Its ability to remove the selected elements from an aqueous solution was tested at different metal concentrations, ionic strengths and pH. The absorption capacity was tested in columns each holding 30 gram of the greenish Si-AOD and 300 mL of the aqueous phase was passed through the material. Six fractions of 50 mL each were collected and analyzed with respect to pH and metal content to estimate the retention capacity. With an initial concentration of 10 mg/L (Ni, Cu and Zn) and 1 mg/L (Cr and Pb) an almost 100% adsorption was obtained. The adsorption seemed to follow the Freundlich adsorption isotherm and with a 1/n-value of 0.13 the adsorption process is probably chemical. The adsorption capacity of the surface was estimated to be at least 80 μeqv/g. Hence a liquid to solid ratio of up to 100 can be reached with the used metal solution before the retention capacity of the slag is depleted

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64735 (URN)
Conference
16th Symposium on remediation, Jena, Germany, October 5-6, 2017
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Åhlgren, K., Sjöberg, V., Sartz, L. & Bäckström, M. (2017). Understanding Groundwater composition at Kvarntorp, Sweden, from leaching tests and multivariate statistics. In: Wolkersdorfer, C.; Sartz, L.; Sillanpää, M.; Häkkinen, A. (Ed.), 13th International Mine Water Association Congress – Mine Water & Circular Economy: Proceedings, Volume 2. Paper presented at 13th International Mine Water Association Congress – "Mine Water & Circular Economy – A Green Congress" (IMWA 2017), Rauha, Lappeenranta, Finland, June 25-30, 2017 (pp. 770-776). International Mine Water Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Groundwater composition at Kvarntorp, Sweden, from leaching tests and multivariate statistics
2017 (English)In: 13th International Mine Water Association Congress – Mine Water & Circular Economy: Proceedings, Volume 2 / [ed] Wolkersdorfer, C.; Sartz, L.; Sillanpää, M.; Häkkinen, A., International Mine Water Association , 2017, p. 770-776Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Due to oil production from alum shale, the Kvarntorp area is heavily polluted. A waste deposit consisting mostly of shale ash and fines is of important concern. Groundwater shows that parameters such as pH, U, V, Ni and Mo are different at different localities around the deposit. Leaching tests indicate that burned and unburned shale residues leave different signatures on leachates. Principal component analysis of groundwater and leaching tests suggest that ground-water is affected by the waste deposit and that it is more influenced by shale ash than by fines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Mine Water Association, 2017
Series
Tutkimusraportit – Research Reports, ISSN 2243-3376 ; 3
Keywords
Alum shale, Kvarntorp, Shale oil, Leaching, Uranium
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64732 (URN)978-952-335-065-6 (ISBN)978-952-335-066-3 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International Mine Water Association Congress – "Mine Water & Circular Economy – A Green Congress" (IMWA 2017), Rauha, Lappeenranta, Finland, June 25-30, 2017
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Åhlgren, K., Sjöberg, V., Sartz, L. & Bäckström, M. (2017). Understanding Groundwater Composition at Kvarntorp, Sweden, from Leaching Tests and Multivariate Statistics. In: Wolkersdorfer, C., Sartz, L., Sillanpää, M. and Häkkinen, A (Ed.), Mine Water & Circular Economy: . Paper presented at IMWA 2017, Mine Water & Circular Economy, 13th International Mine Water Association Congress, Lappeenranta, Finland, 25-30 June, 2017 (pp. 770-776). Lappeenranta, Finland: Lappeenranta University of Technology, II
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Groundwater Composition at Kvarntorp, Sweden, from Leaching Tests and Multivariate Statistics
2017 (English)In: Mine Water & Circular Economy / [ed] Wolkersdorfer, C., Sartz, L., Sillanpää, M. and Häkkinen, A, Lappeenranta, Finland: Lappeenranta University of Technology , 2017, Vol. II, p. 770-776Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Due to oil production from alum shale, the Kvarntorp area is heavily polluted. A waste deposit consisting mostly of shale ash and fines is of important concern. Groundwater shows that parameters such as pH, U, V, Ni and Mo are different at different localities around the deposit. Leaching tests indicate that burned and unburned shale residues leave different signatures on leachates. Principal component analysis of groundwater and leaching tests suggest that ground-water is affected by the waste deposit and that it is more influenced by shale ash than by fines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lappeenranta, Finland: Lappeenranta University of Technology, 2017
Keywords
Alum shale, Kvarntorp, Shale oil, Leaching, Uranium
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71956 (URN)978-952-335-065-6 (ISBN)
Conference
IMWA 2017, Mine Water & Circular Economy, 13th International Mine Water Association Congress, Lappeenranta, Finland, 25-30 June, 2017
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, V. (2017). Utilization of waste materials for extraction of strategic metals: a biogeochemical approach. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilization of waste materials for extraction of strategic metals: a biogeochemical approach
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Worldwide the modern society produces vast amounts of waste materials containing strategic and valuable metals. Some of them are of substantial economic or environmental significance if controlled recovery of metals can be performed or if uncontrolled release to the environment occurs.

By cultivating Agrostis capillaris on historical sulfidic mine waste the leachate composition can be altered and its volume reduced. In combination with additives such as bark compost and water works granules the concentration of several hazardous metals decreased significantly already after eight weeks. Limited actions can therefore be used to decrease the environmental impact from such waste.

Shale in general contains considerable amounts of strategic metals. If naturally occurring microorganisms are provided with a source of nutrients, increased mobilization of strategic metals can be obtained. By using wood chips as the nutrient source the mobilization of vanadium and uranium increased significantly. Highest mobilization efficiency was observed when the carbon source was put on top of the shale.

Analysis of strategic metals is often performed by argon plasma techniques such as ICP-QMS. However, the use of argon increases the analytical costs. If isotopic information is not needed and slightly higher uncertainties can be accepted, several strategic metals can successfully be quantified by the nitrogen plasma based MP AES. The analytical cost can then be cut with more than 99%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2017. p. 79
Series
Örebro Studies in Environmental Science, ISSN 1650-6278 ; 17
Keywords
biogeochemistry, ICP-QMS, MP AES, strategic metals, vanadium, uranium, mine waste, steel slag, shale residues
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53960 (URN)978-91-7529-174-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-02-17, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, C., Karlsson, S., Sjöberg, V. & von Kronhelm, T. (2016). Municipal sludge ash for abatement of ARD. In: Drebenstedt, C. & Paul, M. (Ed.), Mining Meets Water – Conflicts and Solutions: IMWA 2016 in Leipzig, Germany, July 11–15, 2016. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the International-Mine-Water-Association (IMWA 2016), Leipzig, Germany, July 11-15, 2016 (pp. 699-705). Freiberg: TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Institute of Mining and Special Civil Engineering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal sludge ash for abatement of ARD
2016 (English)In: Mining Meets Water – Conflicts and Solutions: IMWA 2016 in Leipzig, Germany, July 11–15, 2016 / [ed] Drebenstedt, C. & Paul, M., Freiberg: TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Institute of Mining and Special Civil Engineering , 2016, p. 699-705Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Abatement of ARD with passive treatment systems can quite often rely only on pH-control if the iron content is high enough and to allow for the formation of ferric hydrous oxides, which act as efficient adsorbents. The stability of ferric hydrous oxides is sensitive to lowering of pH as well as Eh why they must be controlled. Hence, it would be favourable to use a well ordered adsorbent that is stable over time and under the chemical conditions of ARD. Municipal waste water sludge is a growing problem in many countries and incineration under oxidative conditions can be used to oxidize anthropogenic organic molecules which pose a threat to the environment. Sludge ashes rendering from wastewater treatment in which iron is used as a flocculation agent have high concentrations of calcium/ magnesium and ferric oxides, and should therefore, in theory be a suitable candidate for treatment of ARD. This study has therefore focused on the ability for these ashes to act as a sorbent for the removal of metals from ARD. The stability and potential release of metals from the material were quantified in batch experiments by extraction at pH 2-10, resulting in equilibrium concentrations (at pH 8) of 11.9, 0.08 and 24.1 mg L-1 for Al, Fe and Mn respectively. However, after washing with water the corresponding values were 0.01, 0.03 and 0.09 mgL(-1). In fact, after washing the sludge ash is stable from pH 4 to 10, with only slightly higher concentrations found at pH 2. Batch experiments on metal adsorption from ARD showed more than 99% sorption of Cr, Cu, Pb and V, corresponding values for Co, Ni and Zn were 56, 86 and 34% respectively. The overall results from this study show that sludge ashes are a promising solution for treatment of ARD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Freiberg: TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Institute of Mining and Special Civil Engineering, 2016
Keywords
Metals, sorption, equilibrium, sludge, ashes
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-58802 (URN)000402663400110 ()978-3-86012-533-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Annual Meeting of the International-Mine-Water-Association (IMWA 2016), Leipzig, Germany, July 11-15, 2016
Note

Funding Agency:

Sakab-Kumla foundation 

Available from: 2017-07-26 Created: 2017-07-26 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7845-6495

Search in DiVA

Show all publications