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Karlsson, M., Denk, T. & Åström, J. (2018). Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management. Information and Computer Security, 26(2), 213-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management
2018 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 213-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the occurrence of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values among white-collar workers. Further, analyzes are conducted of the relationship between white-collar workers' perceptions of the culture of their organizations and value conflicts involving information security.

Design/methodology/approach: Descriptive analyses and regression analyses were conducted on survey data gathered among two samples of white-collar workers in Sweden.

Findings: Value conflicts regarding information security occur regularly among white-collar workers in the private and public sectors and within different business sectors. Variations in their occurrence can be understood partly as a function of employees' work situations and the sensitivity of the information handled in the organization. Regarding how perceived organizational culture affects the occurrence of value conflicts, multivariate regression analysis reveals that employees who perceive their organizations as having externally oriented, flexible cultures experience value conflicts more often.

Research limitations/implications: The relatively low share of explained variance in the explanatory models indicates the need to identify alternative explanations of the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security.

Practical implications: Information security managers need to recognize that value conflicts occur regularly among white-collar workers in different business sectors, more often among workers in organizations that handle sensitive information, and most often among white-collar workers who perceive the cultures of their organizations as being externally oriented and flexible.

Originality/value: The study addresses a gap in the information security literature by contributing to the understanding of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values. This study has mapped the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security among white-collar professionals and shows that the occurrence of value conflicts is associated with work situation, information sensitivity and perceived organizational culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Organizational culture, Information security, Bureaucracy, Value conflicts
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68488 (URN)10.1108/ICS-08-2017-0058 (DOI)000439563900005 ()2-s2.0-85049925201 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Åström, J. (2018). Social media and political communication: Innovation and normalisation in parallel. Journal of Language and Politics, 17(2), 305-323
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social media and political communication: Innovation and normalisation in parallel
2018 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 305-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the Internet has come to play a greater role in politics, there has been a growing scholarly interest in how digital and social media are changing politics. The competition between the innovation and normalization hypotheses has been at the center of the debate. This article sets out to identify evidence of innovation and normalization in terms of how politicians communicate in- and the level of influence they are attaining within the political blogosphere. The analyses conducted show paradoxical results as we find that those groups of politicians who are utilizing political communication in the blogosphere in more innovative and progressive ways – mirroring the hopes and expectations about how social media might influence politicians and political communication – have weaker positions within the blog network compared to other politicians. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Keywords
social media, blogging, political communication, political representation, interactivity, individualism, gender, political parties
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61860 (URN)10.1075/jlp.17006.kar (DOI)000433035300009 ()2-s2.0-85046898130 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-19 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved
Adenskog, M., Åström, J., Eirtö, T., Karlsson, M., Ruoppila, S. & Thiel, S.-K. (2017). Balancing Potential and Risk: The Living Lab Approach in Mobile Participation Research. Paper presented at 9th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2017, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, September 4-7, 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (10429), 12-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balancing Potential and Risk: The Living Lab Approach in Mobile Participation Research
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2017 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, no 10429, p. 12-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Living labs as a research approach have been said to hold many promises regarding the evaluation of state-of-the art technologies in real-world contexts, for instance by allowing close cooperation with various stakeholders. At the same time, a living lab approach is connected with substantial complexity and increased risk. This paper elaborates on a conducted living lab with the objective to explore challenges and opportunities of mobile participation. For this purpose, a novel mobile application enabling interaction between citizens and city authorities was tested over a period of five months in Turku, Finland. In this paper, we describe identified risks associated with a living lab approach to mobile participation research. We conclude with an overall evaluation regarding the appropriateness of the living lab approach within the e-participation research field and provide recommendations on how to balance potential and risk in future projects. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2017
Keywords
Mobile participation, citizen participation, urban planning, living lab, trust
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64481 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-64322-9_2 (DOI)000431902300002 ()2-s2.0-85028959886 (Scopus ID)
Conference
9th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2017, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, September 4-7, 2017
Note

Funding Agency:

JPI Urban Europe

Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved
Åström, J. (2017). Citizen Participation. In: Orum, Anthony (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies: . Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Citizen Participation
2017 (English)In: The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies / [ed] Orum, Anthony, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53937 (URN)978-1-118-56845-3 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-12-13 Created: 2016-12-13 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Åström, J., Jonsson, M. & Karlsson, M. (2017). Democratic Innovations: Reinforcing or changing perceptions of trust?. International Journal of Public Administration, 40(7), 575-587
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Innovations: Reinforcing or changing perceptions of trust?
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 575-587Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Declining trust in representative institutions is considered one of the most significant political problems of our time. It is often suggested that democratic innovations—or mechanisms which aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process—can help reverse this trend. However, empirical research about actual effects of participation on trust is scarce, and weakened by causality problems. With survey data representing 1,470 participants in a landmark Swedish e-petition system, the article shows that both generalized attitudes and process evaluations matter in how trust is affected by democratic innovations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Citizen participation; democratic innovations; e-petitions; public trust
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48957 (URN)10.1080/01900692.2016.1162801 (DOI)000415699700004 ()2-s2.0-84978523941 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Building pervasive participation
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Åström, J. & Denk, T. (2017). Generationslarmet. In: Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria (Ed.), Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 (pp. 155-168). Göteborg: SOM-institutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Generationslarmet
2017 (Swedish)In: Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 / [ed] Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2017, p. 155-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Finns det ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre i Sverige? Andelen äldre i Sverige ökar med högre kostnader för vård, omsorg och pensioner som följd. Denna utveckling förutsätter att mer resurser omfördelas mellan generationer, vilket kan förväntas öka motsättningarna mellan äldre och yngre. Med detta som bakgrund undersöker kapitlet om människor upplever att motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre ökar i Sverige. Resultaten visar att 32 procent upplever ökade motsättningar mellan generationer, medan 24 procent inte anser att motsättningar ökar. Andelen som upp-lever ökade motsättningar är högre bland lågutbildade än högutbildade. Även personer som anser att allt mindre resurser går till att tillgodose äldres behov upplever i större utsträckning att motsättningarna ökar. Kapitlet visar också att upplevelsen av ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre är oförändrad sedan 2001. Den sammantagna bilden är att Sverige inte präglas av intensiva motsättningar mellan generationer som formar grunden för politiska konfliktlinjer mellan äldre och yngre.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: SOM-institutet, 2017
Series
SOM-rapport, ISSN 0284-4788 ; 70
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62797 (URN)978-91-89673-39-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, F., Karlsson, M. & Åström, J. (2017). Measuring employees’ compliance: The importance of value pluralism. Information and Computer Security, 25(3), 279-299
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring employees’ compliance: The importance of value pluralism
2017 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 1434-5250, E-ISSN 2220-3796, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 279-299Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate two different types of compliance measures: the first measure is a value-monistic compliance measure, whereas the second is a value-pluralistic measure, which introduces the idea of competing organisational imperatives.

Design/methodology/approach: A survey was developed using two sets of items to measure compliance. The survey was sent to 600 white-collar workers and analysed through ordinary least squares.

Findings: The results suggest that when using the value-monistic measure, employees' compliance was a function of employees' intentions to comply, their self-efficacy and awareness of information security policies. In addition, compliance was not related to the occurrence of conflicts between information security and other organisational imperatives. However, when the dependent variable was changed to a value-pluralistic measure, the results suggest that employees' compliance was, to a great extent, a function of the occurrence of conflicts between information security and other organisational imperatives, indirect conflicts with other organisational values.

Research limitations/implications: The results are based on small survey; yet, the findings are interesting and justify further investigation. The results suggest that relevant organisational imperatives and value systems, along with information security values, should be included in measures for employees' compliance with information security policies.

Practical implications: Practitioners and researchers should be aware that there is a difference in measuring employees' compliance using value monistic and value pluralism measurements.

Originality/value: Few studies exist that critically compare the two different compliance measures for the same population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017
Keywords
Employees' compliance, Field surveys, Information security policy compliance, Value pluralism
National Category
Information Systems Political Science
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56342 (URN)10.1108/ICS-11-2016-0084 (DOI)000406886300004 ()2-s2.0-85026881516 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Attitude
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2017-03-15 Created: 2017-03-15 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Karlsson, F. & Åström, J. (2017). Organisationskulturens påverkan på informations­säkerhetsarbetet (1ed.). In: Jonas Hallberg, Peter Johansson, Fredrik Karlsson, Frida Lundberg, Björn Lundgren och Marianne Törner (Ed.), Informationssäkerhet och organisationskultur: (pp. 25-40). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisationskulturens påverkan på informations­säkerhetsarbetet
2017 (Swedish)In: Informationssäkerhet och organisationskultur / [ed] Jonas Hallberg, Peter Johansson, Fredrik Karlsson, Frida Lundberg, Björn Lundgren och Marianne Törner, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 25-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Organisationskulturen sägs ofta vara en central del i att styra en modern organisation. I detta kapitel resonerar vi kring sambandet mellan den kultur som enligt svenska tjänstemän finns i deras organisationer och informationssäkerheten i dessa organisationer. Denna kunskap är viktig dels för att kunna använda förändring av organisationskulturen som ett sätt att åstadkomma ökad informationssäkerhet, dels för att kunna förutse konsekvenserna av att allt fler organisationer idag förändras i riktning mot vad som enligt vår studie skapar sämre förutsättningar för informationssäkerhet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017 Edition: 1
Keywords
informationssäkerhet, organisationskultur, tjänstemän
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Informatics; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61547 (URN)9789144121406 (ISBN)
Projects
Attitude (MSB)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Thiel, S.-K., Fröhlich, P., Ruoppila, S., Åström, J., Baldauf, M. & Tscheligi, M. (2016). 3rd International Workshop on Pervasive Participation. In: Proceedings of the NordiCHI '16: The 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - game changing design. Paper presented at 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (NordiCHI 2016), Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept of Appl Informat Technol, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 23-27, 2016. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>3rd International Workshop on Pervasive Participation
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2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the NordiCHI '16: The 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - game changing design, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The proposed workshop aims to develop the concept of Pervasive Participation further by reviewing current forms of advanced e-participation that utilize latest pervasive technologies such as feature-rich smartphones and technically enriched appliances embedded in urban environments and brainstorming ideas for effectively leveraging of in-situ participation as well as the combination of mobile and stationary forms of participation. Drawing on the expertise of an interdisciplinary group of participants, the objective of the workshop is to both raise awareness for the increasingly relevant topic of technology-enabled forms of public participation as well as jointly develop requirements and prototype concepts for innovative strategies that engage a broader range of citizens, thus also encouraging less motivated people. The outcome is envisioned as a list of requirements for Pervasive Participation that combine mobile and stationary engagement methods in an engaging way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016
Keywords
e-participation, pervasive participation, mobile participation, in-situ participation, urban planning, participation barriers
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54690 (URN)10.1145/2971485.2987687 (DOI)000390298600148 ()2-s2.0-84997428745 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-4763-1 (ISBN)
Conference
9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (NordiCHI 2016), Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept of Appl Informat Technol, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 23-27, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Åström, J. & Karlsson, M. (2016). The feminine style, the male influence, and the paradox of gendered political blogspace. Information, Communication and Society, 19(11), 1636-1652
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The feminine style, the male influence, and the paradox of gendered political blogspace
2016 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 19, no 11, p. 1636-1652Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores gender differences in politic al communication among blogging politicians. The article sets out to explore two ba seline questions: (1) Are distinct gendered ‘blogstyles’ to be found among political representa tives? and (2) How do gender and gendered blogstyles interplay and affect the impact of political blogs? The empirical study draws on a survey targeting blogging politicians in Sweden (N=523). The analysis identifies substantial differences in how female and male poli ticians communicate in the blogosphere as well as the outcomes in terms of feedback and impac t. Female politicians, to a greater degree than their male counterparts, utilize blogging for the purpose of fostering a stronger connection with their readers as well as to enquire about ideas and policy perspectives. This strategy seems to be successful for fostering quali tative feedback from readers yet female bloggers have far less impact than their male colle ges. We discuss two potential understandings of these results; relating to gender stereotypes and the network power structure of the blogosphere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
Keywords
Gender; politics; social media; e-democracy; blogs; blogging
National Category
Political Science Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Political Science; Sociology; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48117 (URN)10.1080/1369118X.2016.1154088 (DOI)000378924100009 ()2-s2.0-84961199429 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-08 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7291-2875

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