To Örebro University

oru.seÖrebro University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 57) Show all publications
Karlsson, M., Karlsson, F., Åström, J. & Denk, T. (2022). The effect of perceived organizational culture on employees’ information security compliance. Information and Computer Security, 30(3), 382-401
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of perceived organizational culture on employees’ information security compliance
2022 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, E-ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 382-401Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the connection between different perceived organizational cultures and information security policy compliance among white-collar workers.

Design/methodology/approach: The survey using the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument was sent to white-collar workers in Sweden (n = 674), asking about compliance with information security policies. The survey instrument is an operationalization of the Competing Values Framework that distinguishes between four different types of organizational culture: clan, adhocracy,market and bureaucracy.

Findings: The results indicate that organizational cultures with an internal focus are positively related to employees’ information security policy compliance. Differences in organizational culture with regards to control and flexibility seem to have less effect. The analysis shows that a bureaucratic form of organizational culture is most fruitful for fostering employees’ information security policy compliance.

Research limitations/implications: The results suggest that differences in organizational culture are important for employees’ information security policy compliance. This justifies further investigating the mechanisms linking organizational culture to information security compliance.

Practical implications: Practitioners should be aware that the different organizational cultures do matter for employees’ information security compliance. In businesses and the public sector, the authors see a development toward customer orientation and marketization, i.e. the opposite an internal focus, that may have negative ramifications for the information security of organizations.

Originality/value: Few information security policy compliance studies exist on the consequences of different organizational/information cultures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022
Keywords
Organizational culture, Information security policy compliance, Competing values framework, Information security policy, Information security culture, Bureaucratic culture
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-96073 (URN)10.1108/ics-06-2021-0073 (DOI)000731588700001 ()2-s2.0-85121446066 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2021-12-17 Created: 2021-12-17 Last updated: 2022-06-14Bibliographically approved
Alexopoulou, S., Åström, J. & Karlsson, M. (2022). The grey digital divide and welfare state regimes: a comparative study of European countries. Information Technology and People, 35(8), 273-291
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The grey digital divide and welfare state regimes: a comparative study of European countries
2022 (English)In: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 35, no 8, p. 273-291Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Technology access, digital skills, and digital services are increasingly prerequisites for public life and accessing public services. The digital divide in contemporary societies matters for efforts to digitalize the welfare state. Research has already mapped individual determinants of digital exclusion and the existence of an age-related digital divide. However, far less attention has been paid to variations in digital inclusion between countries and to their potential explanations related to political systems. This study explores the influence of variations in welfare regimes on the digital divide among seniors (aged 65+) in Europe.

Design/methodology/approach: This article presents time-series cross-sectional analyses of the relationship between welfare state regimes and digital inclusion among seniors in European countries. The analyses are based on data from Eurostat, the World Bank, and the UN E-Government Survey.

Findings: The authors find extensive variation in the digital inclusion of citizens between welfare regimes and argue that considering regime differences improves the understanding of these variations. The findings indicate that the age-related digital divide seems to be least evident in countries with more universalistic welfare regimes and most evident in countries where seniors rely more on their families.

Originality/value: This is the first comparative study of the association between welfare state regimes and digital inclusion among seniors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022
Keywords
Digital divide, Digital inclusion, Seniors, Welfare regimes
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100215 (URN)10.1108/ITP-11-2020-0803 (DOI)000828217000001 ()2-s2.0-85134625977 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-07-24 Created: 2022-07-24 Last updated: 2022-12-27Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Åström, J. & Adenskog, M. (2021). Democratic Innovation in Times of Crisis: Exploring Changes in Social and Political Trust. Policy & Internet, 13(1), 113-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Innovation in Times of Crisis: Exploring Changes in Social and Political Trust
2021 (English)In: Policy & Internet, E-ISSN 1944-2866, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 113-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Estonian Citizens’ Assembly (ECA) was initiated in late 2012 as a direct consequence of a legitimacy crisis of Estonian political parties and representative institutions. The spark igniting this crisis was the unravelling of a scheme of illegal party financing. The response from the governmental institutions took the form of a democratic innovation involving public crowd-sourcing and deliberative mini-publics. This study reports on a survey among the participants in the online crowd-sourcing process of the ECA (n=847). The study examines how this democratic innovation influenced participants’ social and political trust as well as the impact of participants predispositions and level of satisfaction with the ECA on changes in trust. We find that participants that had positive predispositions and who were satisfied with the ECA were more likely to gain trust. Further, we also find that the participants in general became more distrustful of political institutions, while their participation fostered increased social trust. This outcome departs from the intentions of the Estonian institutions which organized the ECA, and sheds new light on the role of democratic innovations in the context of legitimacy crises. This is an important step forward in the scholarly understanding of the relationship between democratic innovation and trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Keywords
Online participation, political trust, social trust, democratic innovation, crowdsourcing, Estonian Citizens’ Assembly, deliberation
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-83524 (URN)10.1002/poi3.248 (DOI)000556034600001 ()2-s2.0-85089022471 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-06-24 Created: 2020-06-24 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. (2021). Digital Democracy and the European Union (1ed.). In: Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt; Karin Leijon; Anna Michalski; Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), The European Union and the Technology Shift: (pp. 237-261). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Democracy and the European Union
2021 (English)In: The European Union and the Technology Shift / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt; Karin Leijon; Anna Michalski; Lars Oxelheim, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, p. 237-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021 Edition: 1
Series
Interdisciplinary European Studies
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-93918 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-63672-2 (DOI)9783030636715 (ISBN)9783030636722 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-08-25 Created: 2021-08-25 Last updated: 2021-08-26Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. (2020). Mellan utopi och dystopi: EU och den digitala demokratin (1ed.). In: Antonia Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), EU och teknologiskiftet: Europaperspektiv 2020 (pp. 263-290). Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan utopi och dystopi: EU och den digitala demokratin
2020 (Swedish)In: EU och teknologiskiftet: Europaperspektiv 2020 / [ed] Antonia Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim, Santérus Förlag, 2020, 1, p. 263-290Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santérus Förlag, 2020 Edition: 1
Series
Europaperspektiv, ISSN 1403-3879 ; 23
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79833 (URN)978-91-7359-150-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-06 Created: 2020-02-06 Last updated: 2020-02-07Bibliographically approved
Åström, J. & Karlsson, M. (2020). Trust in citizens and forms of political participation: The view of public managers. In: Sara Hofmann, Csaba Csáki, Noella Edelmann, Thomas Lampoltshammer, Ulf Melin, Peter Parycek, Gerhard Schwabe, Efthimios Tambouris (Ed.), Electronic Participation: 12th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2020, Linköping, Sweden, August 31 – September 2, 2020. Paper presented at 12th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2020, Linköping, Sweden, August 31 – September 2, 2020 (pp. 15-25). Springer, 12220
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trust in citizens and forms of political participation: The view of public managers
2020 (English)In: Electronic Participation: 12th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2020, Linköping, Sweden, August 31 – September 2, 2020 / [ed] Sara Hofmann, Csaba Csáki, Noella Edelmann, Thomas Lampoltshammer, Ulf Melin, Peter Parycek, Gerhard Schwabe, Efthimios Tambouris, Springer, 2020, Vol. 12220, p. 15-25Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Like all forms of collaborative governance, new forms of citizen participation include risk-taking and therefore depend on mutual trust between thecollaborating actors. While there is a huge body of research on citizens’ trust ingovernments, public officials’ trust in citizens has received very little scholarlyattention. In order to address this gap, this paper draws on a recent survey of arepresentative sample of public managers in local Swedish government(N=1430). Do public managers think that citizens are trustworthy? Does trust incitizens impact which forms of citizen participation public managers prefer?Even though public officials are more trusting than the general populous, weshow that not every public official do trust citizens. Furthermore, the results showpublic managers’ trust in citizens influences their attitudes towards new forms ofparticipation. Just as citizens’ political trust has a positive impact on some formsof participation, but not on others, managers’ trust in citizens matters more forsome forms of participation than others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349
Keywords
Citizen Participation, E-Participation, Public officials, Public managers, Trust
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-83525 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-58141-1_2 (DOI)000776470900002 ()978-3-030-58140-4 (ISBN)978-3-030-58141-1 (ISBN)
Conference
12th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2020, Linköping, Sweden, August 31 – September 2, 2020
Available from: 2020-06-24 Created: 2020-06-24 Last updated: 2024-03-04Bibliographically approved
Öhlén, M. & Karlsson, M. (2018). East-West convergence or divergence? The (possible) influence of the European People’s Party on affiliated parties in Central and Eastern Europe 1990-2014. In: : . Paper presented at Swedish Network for European Studies in Political Science: Annual Spring Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 19-20, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>East-West convergence or divergence? The (possible) influence of the European People’s Party on affiliated parties in Central and Eastern Europe 1990-2014
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the (possible) ideological influence of Europarties on their member parties in Central and Eastern Europe. The specific focus of the study is the Christian democratic European People’s Party (EPP) and the main theoretical point of departure is the theoretical framework for Europarty cooperation, developed by Poguntke and von dem Berge. The analysis is based on elections manifesto data from 1990 to 2015. The aim is to provide an overview on possible trends of convergence (or divergence) between the Western and Eastern EPP-affiliated parties and to evaluatethe extent of influence that the EPP has exerted on Christian democratic and conservative parties in Central and Eastern Europe. The analysis is based on a mean-value comparison of the West European member parties and the affiliated parties from post-communist countries when it comes to Left-Right positions and issue specific positions. Furthermore the analysis is complemented with in-depth analysis of specific cases. Finally the relevance of party size is evaluated in relation to ideological convergence and Europarty influence.

Keywords
ideological convergence, europarty, europeanisation, christian democracy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-112382 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Network for European Studies in Political Science: Annual Spring Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 19-20, 2018
Available from: 2024-03-15 Created: 2024-03-15 Last updated: 2024-03-19Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Denk, T. & Åström, J. (2018). Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management. Information and Computer Security, 26(2), 213-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management
2018 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 213-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the occurrence of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values among white-collar workers. Further, analyzes are conducted of the relationship between white-collar workers' perceptions of the culture of their organizations and value conflicts involving information security.

Design/methodology/approach: Descriptive analyses and regression analyses were conducted on survey data gathered among two samples of white-collar workers in Sweden.

Findings: Value conflicts regarding information security occur regularly among white-collar workers in the private and public sectors and within different business sectors. Variations in their occurrence can be understood partly as a function of employees' work situations and the sensitivity of the information handled in the organization. Regarding how perceived organizational culture affects the occurrence of value conflicts, multivariate regression analysis reveals that employees who perceive their organizations as having externally oriented, flexible cultures experience value conflicts more often.

Research limitations/implications: The relatively low share of explained variance in the explanatory models indicates the need to identify alternative explanations of the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security.

Practical implications: Information security managers need to recognize that value conflicts occur regularly among white-collar workers in different business sectors, more often among workers in organizations that handle sensitive information, and most often among white-collar workers who perceive the cultures of their organizations as being externally oriented and flexible.

Originality/value: The study addresses a gap in the information security literature by contributing to the understanding of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values. This study has mapped the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security among white-collar professionals and shows that the occurrence of value conflicts is associated with work situation, information sensitivity and perceived organizational culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Organizational culture, Information security, Bureaucracy, Value conflicts
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68488 (URN)10.1108/ICS-08-2017-0058 (DOI)000439563900005 ()2-s2.0-85049925201 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Åström, J. (2018). Social media and political communication: Innovation and normalisation in parallel. Journal of Language and Politics, 17(2), 305-323
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social media and political communication: Innovation and normalisation in parallel
2018 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 305-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the Internet has come to play a greater role in politics, there has been a growing scholarly interest in how digital and social media are changing politics. The competition between the innovation and normalization hypotheses has been at the center of the debate. This article sets out to identify evidence of innovation and normalization in terms of how politicians communicate in- and the level of influence they are attaining within the political blogosphere. The analyses conducted show paradoxical results as we find that those groups of politicians who are utilizing political communication in the blogosphere in more innovative and progressive ways – mirroring the hopes and expectations about how social media might influence politicians and political communication – have weaker positions within the blog network compared to other politicians. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Keywords
social media, blogging, political communication, political representation, interactivity, individualism, gender, political parties
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61860 (URN)10.1075/jlp.17006.kar (DOI)000433035300009 ()2-s2.0-85046898130 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-19 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved
Berndtsson, J., Johansson, P. & Karlsson, M. (2018). Value conflicts and non-compliance: Attitudes to whistleblowing in Swedish organisations. Information and Computer Security, 26(2), 246-258
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value conflicts and non-compliance: Attitudes to whistleblowing in Swedish organisations
2018 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 246-258Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore potential value conflicts between information security work and whistleblowing activities by analysing attitudes to whistleblowing among white-collar workers in Swedish organisations.

Design/methodology/approach: The study is conducted using survey data among (n = 674) Swedish white-collar workers. Statistical analyses are conducted to explore variations in acceptance of whistleblowing and analyse the relationship between acceptance for whistleblowing and information security attitudes and behaviours.

Findings: The study finds strong support for whistleblowing in both public and private spheres, and by both private and public sector employees. The study also finds stronger acceptance for intra-organisational whistleblowing, while support for external whistleblowing is low. Finally, the study shows that the whistleblowing activities might be perceived as coming in conflict with information security work, even as the support for including whistleblowing functions in information security practices is high.

Research limitations/implications: With a focus on one country, the study is limited in terms of empirical scope. It is also limited by a relatively small number of respondents and survey items relating to whistleblowing, which in turn affects its explanatory value. However, the study does provide unique new insight into a specific form of non-compliance, i.e. whistleblowing, which merits further investigation.

Originality/value: Few studies exist that combine insights from the fields of whistleblowing and information security research. Thus, this study provides a basis for further investigation into attitudes and behaviours linked to whistleblowing in public and private organisations, as well as attendant value conflicts related to information security management and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Whistleblowing, Sweden, Information security, Organizations, Value conflicts, Non-compliance
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68489 (URN)10.1108/ICS-08-2017-0057 (DOI)000439563900007 ()2-s2.0-85049920364 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5485-8577

Search in DiVA

Show all publications