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Pettersson, C., Larsson, M., Geidne, S. & Petersén, A. (2017). TB United: Ett projekt om ensamkommande ungdomars behov av fritidsaktiviteter samt attityder till och erfarenheter av alkohol, narkotika, dopning och tobak. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>TB United: Ett projekt om ensamkommande ungdomars behov av fritidsaktiviteter samt attityder till och erfarenheter av alkohol, narkotika, dopning och tobak
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Tegelbruket i Örebro är en föreningsdriven mötesplats, öppen för alla, men med fokus på ungdomar och unga vuxna. Under 2016 beviljades Tegelbruket medel från Folkhälsomyndigheten för projektet TB United. TB Uniteds övergripande mål var att skapa ett arbetssätt för ANDT-förebyggande arbete med ensamkommande ungdomar utifrån fritiden som arena. Denna rapport är en beskrivning av projektets genomförande och resultat. Studiens innehåll är baserat på tidigare forskning, beprövad erfarenhet, intervjuer med ensamkommande ungdomar och vuxna inom mottagningsstrukturen samt röster från en avslutande workshop med nyckelpersoner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2017. p. 26
Keywords
Ensamkommande ungdomar, fritid, alkohol, narkotika, dopning, tobak, Tegelbruket
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Medical Care Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57568 (URN)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2017-05-04 Created: 2017-05-04 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M., Pettersson, C., Skoog, T. & Eriksson, C. (2016). Enabling relationship formation, development, and closure in a one-year female mentoring program at a non-governmental organization: a mixed-method study. BMC Public Health, 16(1), Article ID 179.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling relationship formation, development, and closure in a one-year female mentoring program at a non-governmental organization: a mixed-method study
2016 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Mental health problems among young women aged 16-24 have increased significantly in recent decades, and interventions are called for. Mentoring is a well-established preventative/promotive intervention for developing adolescents, but we have yet to fully understand how the relationship between the mentor and the protégé forms, develops, and closes. In this study, we focused on a female mentoring program implemented by a Swedish non-governmental organization, The Girls Zone. First, we examined the psychological and social characteristics of the young women who chose to take part in the program as protégés. Second, we investigated adolescent female protégés’ own experiences of the relationship process based on a relational-cultural theory perspective.

Methods: The mixed-method study included 52 questionnaires and five semi-structured interviews with young women aged 15–26 who had contacted The Girls Zone between 2010 and 2012 in order to find a mentor. Their experience of the mentoring relationships varied in duration. Data were analysed statistically and with inductive qualitative content analysis.

Results: The group of protégés was heterogeneous in that some had poor mental health and some had good mental health. On the other hand, the group was homogenous in that all its members had shown pro-active self-care by actively seeking out the program due to experiences of loneliness and a need to meet and talk with a person who could listen to them. The relationships were initially characterized by feelings of nervousness and ambivalence. However, after some time, these developed into authentic, undemanding, non-hierarchical relationships on the protégés’ terms. The closure of relationships aroused feelings of both abandonment and developing strength.

Conclusions: Mentorships that are in line with perspectives of the relational-cultural theory meet the relationship needs expressed by the female protégés. Mentor training should focus on promoting skills such as active listening and respect for the protégé based on an engaged, empathic, and authentic approach in a non-hierarchical relationship. These insights have the potential to inform interventions in several arenas where young women create authentic relationships with older persons, such as in school, in traditional health care contexts, and in youth recreation centres. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kingdom: BioMed Central, 2016
Keywords
Mixed methods, Mentoring, Gender, Intervention, Emerging adulthood, Young women, Prevention, NGO, Relationship process, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48134 (URN)10.1186/s12889-016-2850-2 (DOI)000370666500001 ()26905222 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84958967859 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Genusinriktad ANDT prevention - Förebyggande och främjande verksamhet för unga tjejer
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-02-09 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M., Pettersson, C., Eriksson, C. & Skoog, T. (2016). Initial motives and organizational context enabling female mentors' engagement in formal mentoring: a qualitative study from the mentors' perspective. Children and youth services review, 71, 17-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Initial motives and organizational context enabling female mentors' engagement in formal mentoring: a qualitative study from the mentors' perspective
2016 (English)In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 71, p. 17-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mentoring aimed at supporting young people and their development shows promising results, but its delivery is threatened by the difficulty of recruiting sufficient numbers of mentors and keeping them engaged over time. The aim of this study was to help overcome this problem by examining female mentors’ motives for engaging in formal voluntary mentoring of young women, and exploring how organizations can facilitate these mentors’ satisfaction in staying engaged over time. Based on qualitative interviews with 12 mentors in a Swedish non-governmental organization, the Girls Zone, we show six categories of mentor motives related to initial motivation for engagement: self-interested reasons, empowering women, being a responsible citizen, sense of compassion, self-awareness, and longing for meaningfulness. In addition, we show five categories related to the organizational work of satisfying mentors: a win-win relationship, a feeling of ambivalence despite clear responsibilities and contributions, customized support and guidance, a caring organizational identity, and a commitment to pursue with feelings of duty and emotional connection. Using Self-Determination Theory as the framework to guide our understanding of the findings, we conclude that mentors’ motivations for engaging as mentors are linked to the fulfillment of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Practical recommendations are offered in light of the findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Motives, organizational context, self-determination theory, female mentors, community-based mentoring
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53053 (URN)10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.026 (DOI)000390642400004 ()2-s2.0-84992409200 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M., Pettersson, C. & Eriksson, C. (2016). Systerskap för att främja tjejers hälsa: En studie av Tjejzonens storasysterverksamhet 2011-2015. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Systerskap för att främja tjejers hälsa: En studie av Tjejzonens storasysterverksamhet 2011-2015
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2016. p. 54
Keywords
Mentorskap, tjejer, volontärer, hälsa, intervention, idéburen organisation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53342 (URN)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2016-11-01 Created: 2016-11-01 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Fredriksson, I., Eriksson, C., Geidne, S., Green, S., Larsson, M. & Pettersson, C. (2015). Alcohol, drug, tobacco and doping prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003–2012. Paper presented at 8th European Public Health Conference Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices, Milan, Italy, October 14-17, 2015. European Journal of Public Health, 25(Suppl. 3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol, drug, tobacco and doping prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003–2012
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2015 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, no Suppl. 3Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:  In Sweden, there is a strong political belief that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are important in health promotion and prevention, particularly in the areas of alcohol, drugs, doping and tobacco (ANDT). The Government therefore annually allocates about 2 million euros for this work. This study highlights the involved NGOs, added values and obstacles within NGOs ANDT prevention and conditions required for a successful preventive work.

Method:  The study is based on 375 project grants including 190 unique projects implemented by 60 NGOs between the years 2003–2012 (Figure 1). In surveys every two years, a total of 168 questionnaires were answered by 112 different project leaders. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used for analysis.

Results:  There is a wide range and variety of different NGOs working with ANDT prevention. Added value of NGOs prevention work is that they counterbalance the public sector, have a familiarity and cultural competence that are important for the target groups and they possess a unique force in its voluntariness. Perceived barriers are shortterm project funds, time constraints, limited target group, lack of knowledge and trust from the surrounding society. Successful ANDT prevention requires a well-functioning organization with clear structures and support functions, a goal-oriented and knowledge-based work, support from the public sector and R & D as well as collaboration between different actors.

Conclusion:  With good organisational conditions and proper support NGOs can be an important complement to public ANDT prevention. They have an ability to reach and attract vulnerable target groups not reached by public interventions. There is a unique power and determination in NGOs.

Main messages:  NGOs play an important role and are an important complement within ANDT prevention. NGOs uniqueness creates an important added value in ANDT prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2015
Keywords
NGO, ANDT prevention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45918 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckv176.061 (DOI)
Conference
8th European Public Health Conference Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices, Milan, Italy, October 14-17, 2015
Projects
Kraft och vilja
Funder
Swedish National Institute of Public Health
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2018-10-19Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M., Pettersson, C., Skoog, T. & Eriksson, C. (2015). NGOs as a complement to youth mental health services aimed at young females in Sweden. In: 8th European Public Health Conference: Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices. Paper presented at 8th European Public Health Conference. Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices. Milan, Italy 14 - 17 October, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>NGOs as a complement to youth mental health services aimed at young females in Sweden
2015 (English)In: 8th European Public Health Conference: Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices, 2015Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: During adolescence, mental health problems, including anxiety and loneliness, among girls increase drastically. The perceived problems among this group do not match the inclusion criteria for mental health services and barriers to access occur. In Sweden, both the government and the voluntary sector provide services to youth. The Girls Zone (Tjejzonen) is a Swedish NGO, which targets young females. Its goal is to prevent mental health problems and to strengthen girls´ self-esteem, confidence, and trust by offering a female mentoring program. How can a NGO constitute a complement to the mental health services for young girls with mental health problems?                                                                       

Methods: In a qualitative, ecologically sensitive study young females aged 15 to 26 (n=5), women mentors (n=12) and organization managers (n=3) were interviewed and national supervisory reports on youth health services were included in inductive qualitative content analyses.                                                                                                              

Results: The analyzes show a variety of differences between the youth mental health services and the Girls Zone. Added value of the NGO is the availability, including support without inclusion criteria and a great potential to act based on young females conditions, needs and preferences including a possibility to establish a relationship with a female mentor without demand and hierarchy.                                                                                    

Conclusion: NGOs can act as important complements to the youth mental health service. A salutogenic perspective on young female’s mental health based on the Convention of Rights of the Children can empower young girls and reduce barriers for access to youth mental health service for those with severe mental health problems.                                          

Main messages: NGOs are important actors in the prevention of mental health problems among young females. NGOs can meet the needs and preferences of the target groups and facilitate empowering processes in preventing mental health problems among young females.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45912 (URN)
Conference
8th European Public Health Conference. Health in Europe – from global to local policies, methods and practices. Milan, Italy 14 - 17 October, 2015
Projects
Med Kraft och vilja
Funder
Swedish National Institute of Public Health
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, C.-G. C., Fredriksson, I., Fröding, K., Geidne, S. & Pettersson, C. (2014). Academic practice-policy partnerships for health promotion research: experiences from three research programs. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42(15 Suppl), 88-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic practice-policy partnerships for health promotion research: experiences from three research programs
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2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, no 15 Suppl, p. 88-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The development of knowledge for health promotion requires an effective mechanism for collaboration between academics, practitioners, and policymakers. The challenge is better to understand the dynamic and ever-changing context of the researcher-practitioner-policymaker-community relationship.

AIMS: The aims were to explore the factors that foster Academic Practice Policy (APP) partnerships, and to systematically and transparently to review three cases.

METHODS: Three partnerships were included: Power and Commitment-Alcohol and Drug Prevention by Non-Governmental Organizations in Sweden; Healthy City-Social Inclusion, Urban Governance, and Sustainable Welfare Development; and Empowering Families with Teenagers-Ideals and Reality in Karlskoga and Degerfors. The analysis includes searching for evidence for three hypotheses concerning contextual factors in multi-stakeholder collaboration, and the cumulative effects of partnership synergy.

RESULTS: APP partnerships emerge during different phases of research and development. Contextual factors are important; researchers need to be trusted by practitioners and politicians. During planning, it is important to involve the relevant partners. During the implementation phase, time is important. During data collection and capacity building, it is important to have shared objectives for and dialogues about research. Finally, dissemination needs to be integrated into any partnership. The links between process and outcomes in participatory research (PR) can be described by the theory of partnership synergy, which includes consideration of how PR can ensure culturally and logistically appropriate research, enhance recruitment capacity, and generate professional capacity and competence in stakeholder groups. Moreover, there are PR synergies over time.

CONCLUSIONS: The fundamentals of a genuine partnership are communication, collaboration, shared visions, and willingness of all stakeholders to learn from one another

Keywords
Health promotion, research strategy, practice-based research, participatory research, review
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-40262 (URN)10.1177/1403494814556926 (DOI)000345467900013 ()25416579 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Board of Health and Welfare

Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning

National Institute of Public Health

Swedish Public Health Agency

Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Fredriksson, I., Geidne, S., Green, S., Pettersson, C., Larsson, M. & Eriksson, C. (2014). Jordmån för ett framgångsrikt ANDT-förebyggande arbete inom den idéburna sektorn. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 91(1), 30-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jordmån för ett framgångsrikt ANDT-förebyggande arbete inom den idéburna sektorn
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2014 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 91, no 1, p. 30-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Regeringsföreträdare och representanter för civila sektorn förutspår fortsatt växande idéburet engagemang, allt fler idéburna aktörer samt ökad professionalisering inom sektorn. Detta innebär att olika kunskaper och kompetenser blir allt viktigare för de idéburna organisationerna. Syftet med artikeln är att belysa jordmån för att kunna bedriva ett framgångsrikt ANDT-förebyggande arbete (Alkohol, Narkotika, Dopning, Tobak) inom en idéburen organisation. I resultatet framhålls vikten av att samhällets förebyggande aktörer accepterar varandras styrkor samt kompletterar varandra utifrån dessa. För att nå framgång i det förebyggande arbetet lyfts vikten av ett strukturerat, målinriktat, forsknings- och kunskapsbaserat arbete. Att vissa ekonomiska och politiska förutsättningar är uppfyllda framhålls också som viktigt för att nå framgång. Likaså en närmre kontakt och ett utökat samarbete mellan myndigheter, idéburna och forskare.

Abstract [en]

Government representatives and representatives of the civil sector predicts continued growth in civil society commitment, more and more actors in NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) and increased professionalization of the sector. This means that different knowledge and skills are increasingly important for the NGOs. The aim of this article is to describe preconditions for conducting a successful ANDT prevention (Alcohol, Drugs, Doping, Tobacco) within a NGO. This result emphasizes the importance of community prevention stakeholders accepting each other’s strengths and complementarities. The importance of a structured, goal-oriented, research and knowledge-based work for success in prevention work is emphasized. Important for success is that certain economic and political conditions are fulfilled. Similarly, a closer contact and cooperation between government agencies, non-profit and researchers is also needed.

Keywords
Projektledare, idéburen sektor, civila samhället, ANDT-förebyggande arbete
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35024 (URN)
Available from: 2014-05-13 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, C. & Larsson, M. (2014). Kan systerskap främja unga tjejers hälsa?. In: : . Paper presented at Barnrättsdagarna. Tema: Psykisk ohälsa bland barn. Örebro, 8-9 april, 2014..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan systerskap främja unga tjejers hälsa?
2014 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Tjejer rapporterar att de mår psykiskt sämre, har lägre självförtroende och mer psykosomatiska besvär än killar. Den psykiska ohälsan bland tjejer har också ökat de senaste åren. Tjejzonen är en idéburen organisation som riktar sig till tjejer och unga kvinnor mellan 12-25 år. Målet med verksamheten är att erbjuda unga tjejer en plats för möten och samtal i syfte att stärka dem och förebygga psykisk ohälsa. Tjejzonen driver projekten ”Storasyster mot droger” och ”Storasyster på nätet”. Genom projekten ska tjejers självkänsla, självförtroende och tillit stärkas i syfte att förebygga psykisk ohälsa, främja jämställdhet och vara drogförebyggande. Projekten utgår från att bilda par av Storasystrar och Lillasystrar. En Storasyster är en tjej som Lillasystern kan prata med, bli peppad av och få stöd från. Storasystern ska vara cirka 10 år äldre än Lillasystern. Skillnaderna mellan projekten är att i ”Storasyster mot droger-projektet” träffas Storasyster och Lillasyster i verkliga livet (live) genom fysiska möten två gånger i månaden. I projektet ”Storasyster på nätet” träffas Storasyster och Lillasyster istället på en gång i veckan webben och chattar.

Sedan 2011 pågår en studie som genomförs av forskare i Folkhälsovetenskap vid Örebro universitet. Studien syftar bland annat till att undersöka vilka tjejer som söker sig till Tjejzonens verksamhet och vilka motiv de har för det. Tjejer som kontaktat Tjejzonen för att få en Storasyster har erbjudits att delta i en enkätundersökning med enkäter vid 3 tillfällen. Totalt ingår 110 tjejer i åldern 15-26 år i studien. Tjejerna har antingen har haft en Storasyster live eller på nätet. 

Resultaten visar att de unga tjejer som valt att kontakta Tjejzonen för att få en Storasyster rapporterar att de mår psykiskt dåligt. De har ett behov av att få någon att prata med. Det var också vanligt att tjejerna kände sig ledsna och ensamma. En bild från enkätundersökningen är att dessa tjejer har ett behov av stöd och insatser för att stärka deras psykiska hälsa. Samtidigt är det viktigt att se den handlingskraft som finns hos dessa unga tjejer. Majoriteten av tjejerna har själva funnit information om Tjejzonens verksamhet och tagit kontakt med organisationen. Det kan tolkas som en inneboende styrka och vilja att förändra och förbättra sina liv.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35034 (URN)
Conference
Barnrättsdagarna. Tema: Psykisk ohälsa bland barn. Örebro, 8-9 april, 2014.
Projects
Kraft och vilja
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, C., Fröding, K., Hulldin, J., Jensen, J., Larsson, M., Pettersson, C. & Tinnfält, A. (2014). Kompetenta familjer med ungdomar: Ideal och realitet i familjestödet i Karlskoga och Degerfors kommuner. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kompetenta familjer med ungdomar: Ideal och realitet i familjestödet i Karlskoga och Degerfors kommuner
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2014 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2014. p. 171
Series
Studies in Public Health Science, Örebro University ; 2014:1
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35095 (URN)978-91-7668-993-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-05-20 Created: 2014-05-20 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6633-1636

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