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Denk, Thomas
Publications (10 of 37) Show all publications
Karlsson, M., Denk, T. & Åström, J. (2018). Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management. Information and Computer Security, 26(2), 213-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of organizational culture and value conflicts in information security management
2018 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 213-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the occurrence of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values among white-collar workers. Further, analyzes are conducted of the relationship between white-collar workers' perceptions of the culture of their organizations and value conflicts involving information security.

Design/methodology/approach: Descriptive analyses and regression analyses were conducted on survey data gathered among two samples of white-collar workers in Sweden.

Findings: Value conflicts regarding information security occur regularly among white-collar workers in the private and public sectors and within different business sectors. Variations in their occurrence can be understood partly as a function of employees' work situations and the sensitivity of the information handled in the organization. Regarding how perceived organizational culture affects the occurrence of value conflicts, multivariate regression analysis reveals that employees who perceive their organizations as having externally oriented, flexible cultures experience value conflicts more often.

Research limitations/implications: The relatively low share of explained variance in the explanatory models indicates the need to identify alternative explanations of the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security.

Practical implications: Information security managers need to recognize that value conflicts occur regularly among white-collar workers in different business sectors, more often among workers in organizations that handle sensitive information, and most often among white-collar workers who perceive the cultures of their organizations as being externally oriented and flexible.

Originality/value: The study addresses a gap in the information security literature by contributing to the understanding of value conflicts between information security and other organizational values. This study has mapped the occurrence of value conflicts regarding information security among white-collar professionals and shows that the occurrence of value conflicts is associated with work situation, information sensitivity and perceived organizational culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Organizational culture, Information security, Bureaucracy, Value conflicts
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68488 (URN)10.1108/ICS-08-2017-0058 (DOI)000439563900005 ()2-s2.0-85049925201 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Åberg, M. & Denk, T. (2017). Democratization and Secularization: Towards a Process-Oriented Model. Politics, Religion & Ideology, 18(2), 175-197
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratization and Secularization: Towards a Process-Oriented Model
2017 (English)In: Politics, Religion & Ideology, ISSN 2156-7689, E-ISSN 2156-7697, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 175-197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of secularization remains underdeveloped in theoretical studies of democratization. We hold that the relation between the two processes is difficult to analyse by help of standard, cross-sectional analysis. We therefore propose a process-oriented model of democratization in relation to secularization. We suggest that these processes do not unfold in random patterns. Theoretically they follow one of four distinct paths: democratization may precede secularization, secularization may precede democratization, democratization may occur without secularization, and democratization and secularization may occur as parallel processes. The contrasts between our model and cross-sectional analysis become particularly obvious when the first and the fourth paths are considered in historical perspective: secularism (as an independent variable) is in both cases positively correlated with democracy (the dependent variable), even though these processes are reversed temporally (path one), or even occur simultaneously (path four). The model therefore demonstrates the need for further research on the relation between democratization and secularization. This includes the problem of why certain states tend to follow certain paths; whether countries may shift between paths; the problem of democratic consolidation; the role of state-formation to secularization and democratization; and the contextual dependence of the model, including the relation between institutions and values/behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59140 (URN)10.1080/21567689.2017.1327851 (DOI)000404932800003 ()
Note

Funding Agency:

Academy of Finland  260 746

Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Åström, J. & Denk, T. (2017). Generationslarmet. In: Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria (Ed.), Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 (pp. 155-168). Göteborg: SOM-institutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Generationslarmet
2017 (Swedish)In: Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 / [ed] Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2017, p. 155-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Finns det ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre i Sverige? Andelen äldre i Sverige ökar med högre kostnader för vård, omsorg och pensioner som följd. Denna utveckling förutsätter att mer resurser omfördelas mellan generationer, vilket kan förväntas öka motsättningarna mellan äldre och yngre. Med detta som bakgrund undersöker kapitlet om människor upplever att motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre ökar i Sverige. Resultaten visar att 32 procent upplever ökade motsättningar mellan generationer, medan 24 procent inte anser att motsättningar ökar. Andelen som upp-lever ökade motsättningar är högre bland lågutbildade än högutbildade. Även personer som anser att allt mindre resurser går till att tillgodose äldres behov upplever i större utsträckning att motsättningarna ökar. Kapitlet visar också att upplevelsen av ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre är oförändrad sedan 2001. Den sammantagna bilden är att Sverige inte präglas av intensiva motsättningar mellan generationer som formar grunden för politiska konfliktlinjer mellan äldre och yngre.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: SOM-institutet, 2017
Series
SOM-rapport, ISSN 0284-4788 ; 70
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62797 (URN)978-91-89673-39-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Christensen, H. S. (2016). How to classify political cultures?: A comparison of three methods of classification. Quality and quantity, 50(1), 177-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to classify political cultures?: A comparison of three methods of classification
2016 (English)In: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 177-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To study the composition of political cultures, it is necessary to classify citizens according to a theoretical typology of political subcultures. Different methods of classification have been used for confronting this challenge, but the choice of method is rarely discussed in any detail because most studies apply a method without considering implications or possible alternatives. This is unfortunate because the choice of method has important consequences for the ensuing results. With this article, we aim to determine the implications of different methods for classification and hereby call attention to the importance of this choice for comparative research on political culture. We compare three commonly used methods of classification: critical thresholds, factor analysis and cluster analysis. These methods are used for classifying respondents from the 2008 European Social Survey according to a typology of political subcultures. Based on empirical analyses, we conclude that: (a) the choice of method of classification affects the outcome of the analysis, (b) cluster analysis and factor analysis may result in classifications that do not adequately reflect the theoretical typology, and (c) cluster analysis and factor analysis provide classifications that differ depending on analytical level. While the results do not show that either method is inherently superior, they clearly demonstrate that the choice of method should be recognized as a critical part of the research process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
Methods of classification; Political culture; Cluster analysis; Factor analysis; Critical thresholds; Comparative survey analysis
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48046 (URN)10.1007/s11135-014-0143-3 (DOI)000370164400010 ()2-s2.0-84953839361 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Lehtinen, S. (2016). Two modes of democratisation: transition and state-formation. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 50(6), 2331-2346
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Two modes of democratisation: transition and state-formation
2016 (English)In: Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, ISSN 0033-5177, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 2331-2346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies about democracies on a global level have assumed that democratisation occurs when an autocratic regime moves toward becoming a democratic regime. This article recognises an alternative mode to democratic transition: democratisation by state-formation, which occurs when democratic regimes are established in new states as an outcome of state-formation. The article describes how cases of democratisation can be classified according the two modes of democratisation. Furthermore, the classification is applied in illustrative analyses of democratisation on the global level during 1800-2007. The analyses describe how transition and state-formation have affected the global number of democracies. These analyses indicate that both modes of democratisation have empirical relevance and that the classification provides a more complete description of the global development of democracies than previous studies. The main conclusion of this article is therefore a proposal for future studies to include both modes to understand and explain democratisation on the global level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
Classification; Democratisation; Democratic transition; State-formation; State-building
National Category
Other Social Sciences Mathematics
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55094 (URN)10.1007/s11135-015-0265-2 (DOI)000385199300001 ()2-s2.0-84944711602 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-01-31 Created: 2017-01-31 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Anckar, C. (2015). Introduktion (1ed.). In: Thomas Denk, Carsten Anckar (Ed.), Komparativ politik: Nio politiska system (pp. 15-39). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduktion
2015 (Swedish)In: Komparativ politik: Nio politiska system / [ed] Thomas Denk, Carsten Anckar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 15-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48050 (URN)9789144096865 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Anckar, C. (Eds.). (2015). Komparativ politik: Nio politiska system (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Komparativ politik: Nio politiska system
2015 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015. p. 295 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48049 (URN)978-91-44-09686-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2018-02-26Bibliographically approved
Denk, T., Christensen, H. S. & Bergh, D. (2015). The Composition of Political Culture: A Study of 25 European Democracies. Studies in comparative international development, 50(3), 358-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Composition of Political Culture: A Study of 25 European Democracies
2015 (English)In: Studies in comparative international development, ISSN 0039-3606, E-ISSN 1936-6167, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 358-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Civic Culture by Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba is a path-breaking work within political science. Although The Civic Culture still provides inspiration for studies, new approaches to political culture have identified alternative citizen orientations that may be replacing the value orientations identified at the time. The more recent studies have examined specific attitudes such as political trust, party identification, and political efficacy or types of political subcultures such as critical citizens, stealth citizens or disenchanted citizens. These studies provide insights into the developments of specific attitudinal orientations, but do not discern the mix of political orientations among the population, which The Civic Culture suggests is central for democratic stability. The implications of these changes for the composition of political cultures are therefore still unknown. In this article, we, as suggested by The Civic Culture, examine the composition of political cultures to shed new light on the differences in political culture between old and new democracies. We use the fourth round of the European Social Survey to examine this question in 25 European democracies. The results suggest that there is a need to revise some of the main conclusions of The Civic Culture when it comes to the connection between political culture and democratic stability. Although civic citizens are widespread in old democracies, there is no single political culture sustaining a stable democracy. We also find considerable heterogeneity in the composition of the political cultures within old and new democracies alike, suggesting that there may be considerable variation in the cultural conditions for creating a stable democracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keywords
Political culture; Civic culture; Cultural composition; Political orientations; Democracy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48047 (URN)10.1007/s12116-015-9174-6 (DOI)000359388400004 ()2-s2.0-84938744728 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Lehtinen, S. (2014). Contextual analyses with QCA-methods. Quality and quantity, 48(6), 3475-3487
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contextual analyses with QCA-methods
2014 (English)In: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 48, no 6, p. 3475-3487Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Contextual analyses are essential in comparative research, as they investigate the importance of contextual conditions for causal relationships. During the last decades, an increasing number of comparative studies have also focused on how contextual conditions affect causal relationships. At the same time, new comparative methods have been developed based on set-theoretical logics. Two of the most prominent methods are csQCA and fsQCA, which are used in comparative studies with increasing frequency. However, the conventional design for contextual analysis is still based on quantitative methods and the use of interaction-factors. This article discusses why the use of interaction-factors is not suitable together with QCA-methods. Instead of the conventional design, the article presents an alternative design for contextual analyses with QCA-methods grounded on subgroup-design. Based on one recently-developed methodology comparative multilevel analysis (CMA), some guidelines for performing contextual analyses with two set-theoretical methods (csQCA and fsQCA) are presented. As illustrated with examples, the combination of CMA and QCA provides opportunities to use QCA for contextual analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
Keywords
Contextual analysis; QCA; Comparative multilevel analysis; Fuzzy-set; Interaction
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48048 (URN)10.1007/s11135-013-9968-4 (DOI)000343294900035 ()
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Denk, T. & Lehtinen, S. (2014). Hur identifieras stater?: Jämförelse av alternativa tillvägagångssätt. Politiikka, 56(4), 312-319
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur identifieras stater?: Jämförelse av alternativa tillvägagångssätt
2014 (Swedish)In: Politiikka, ISSN 0032-3365, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 312-319Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Political Science Association, 2014
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48052 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
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