oru.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Giannotta, Fabrizia
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Özdemir, M. & Giannotta, F. (2014). Improving dissemination of evidence‐based programs through researcher–practitioner collaboration. New Directions for Youth Development, 141, 107-116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving dissemination of evidence‐based programs through researcher–practitioner collaboration
2014 (English)In: New Directions for Youth Development, ISSN 1533-8916, E-ISSN 1537-5781, Vol. 141, p. 107-116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Prevention field has achieved major advances in developing, implementing, and testing the efficacy of preventive interventions in controlled settings. Nevertheless, there is still a gap in translating the success of programs in efficacy trials into real-life settings. Dissemination of evidence-based programs is a major challenge. The authors argue that promoting adoption of evidence-based programs requires further improvements in three areas, and collaboration between researchers and practitioners. First, there is a need to develop a holistic assessment system encompassing both risk/need and readiness assessments. Second, there is need for new methods for improving implementation quality. Third, prevention research needs to focus more on identifying the mechanisms that explain how programs work and the core elements of the program. Both researchers and practitioners have roles and opportunities to collaborate to achieve developments in these areas.

Keywords
Prevention, implementation, dissemination, researcher-practitioner collaboration
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology; Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34934 (URN)10.1002/yd.20090 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-05-04 Created: 2014-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F., Vigna-Taglianti, F., Galanti, M. R., Scatigna, M. & Faggiano, F. (2014). Short-Term Mediating Factors of a School-Based Intervention to Prevent Youth Substance Use in Europe. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5), 565-573
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Short-Term Mediating Factors of a School-Based Intervention to Prevent Youth Substance Use in Europe
Show others...
2014 (English)In: Journal of Adolescent Health, ISSN 1054-139X, E-ISSN 1879-1972, Vol. 54, no 5, p. 565-573Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate factors mediating the effects of a European school-based intervention (Unplugged) based on a social influence approach to youths' substance use.

Methods: Schools in seven European countries (n = 143, including 7,079 pupils) were randomly assigned to an experimental condition (Unplugged curriculum) or a control condition (usual health education). Data were collected before (pretest) and 3 months after the end of the program (posttest). Multilevel multiple mediation models were applied to the study of effect mediation separately for tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use. Analyses were conducted on the whole sample, and separately on baseline users and nonusers of each substance.

Results: Compared with the control group, participants in the program endorsed less positive attitudes toward drugs; positive beliefs about cigarettes, alcohol, and cannabis; and the normative perception of peers using tobacco and cannabis. They also increased in knowledge about all substances and refusal skills toward tobacco. Decreased positive attitudes toward drugs, increase in refusal skills, and reappraisal of norms about peer using tobacco and cannabis appeared to mediate the effects of the program on the use of substances. However, mediating effects were generally weak and some of them were only marginally significant.

Conclusions: This study lends some support to the notion that school-based programs based on a social influence model may prevent juvenile substance use through the modification of attitudes, refusal skills, and normative perceptions. (C) 2014 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Mediation, Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, School-based intervention, Social influence approach, Prevention, Substance use
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35206 (URN)10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.10.009 (DOI)000334506600011 ()
Available from: 2014-06-03 Created: 2014-06-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Geidne, S., Gianotta, F., Pettersson, C. & Eriksson, C. (2014). “SMART - The contract concept”: a Swedish program preventing alcohol and tobacco use among youth. In: : . Paper presented at The 14th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, September 3-6 2014, Cesme, Turkey.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“SMART - The contract concept”: a Swedish program preventing alcohol and tobacco use among youth
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Theoretical background

From a public health perspective, adolescent´s drug use is a phenomenon of concern. Multi-component interventions and parental support programs are effective in reducing adolescent’s drug use.  However those types of interventions usually do not reach parents with low Socio Economic Status (SES). School based interventions are the most appropriate to reach all youth, independently of their SES. To test this assumption, this study aims at describing the youth that participate in a popular school based intervention in Sweden.  The program is called “SMART - the contract concept” and has a long history in Sweden, involving around 30 000 youth each year, 10 to 16 years old. It consists in “a contract” where the adolescent commit not to smoke or drink alcohol and to behave properly. A requirement is that the contract is signed by the adolescent’s parent. The schools use positive reinforcement to sustain the youth’s choice by offering benefits and discounts. The aim of the program is to prevent and/or postpone various drug debuts.

Research question and significance

This study investigates whether SES is related to the participation in the program. The effects of duration of participation on alcohol and cigarettes use, delinquency, type of relationship with peers and parents are also analyzed.

Methods

A cross-sectional analysis, using self-report questionnaires collected in five schools in a middle-sized city in Sweden, is used in the present study, which is the first part in an on-going longitudinal study.  486 students in grade 7 (89 % response rate, 50% girls) participated. The majority of students and parents were born in Scandinavia (90%/83%). We performed ANCOVAs and multinomial logistic regressions.

Results and interpretation of findings

Students born in Scandinavia were more likely to have participated in school years 5 and 6 compared to students born elsewhere. They were also more likely to stay in the program until school year 7. Gender did not affect the participation. Students that never signed the contract were more often alcohol consumer, committed higher number of delinquent acts, have less established rules at home and have a worse relationship with their parents than those who signed the contract at least once. Finally the results clearly show that the longer the students stayed in the program, independently of SES, the less they smoke, drink alcohol and commit delinquent acts. The well-known and wide-spread but never evaluated program “the contract concept” shows promising results in this study.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37070 (URN)
Conference
The 14th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, September 3-6 2014, Cesme, Turkey
Available from: 2014-09-22 Created: 2014-09-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F., Ortega, E. & Stattin, H. (2013). An attachment family-based intervention to prevent adolescents' problem behaviors: a pilot study in Italy. Child and Youth Care Forum, 42(1), 71-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An attachment family-based intervention to prevent adolescents' problem behaviors: a pilot study in Italy
2013 (English)In: Child and Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890, E-ISSN 1573-3319, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 71-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

In spite of the proven effectiveness of parenting based programs to prevent adolescent risk behaviors, such programs are rarely implemented in Mediterranean countries.

Objective

This pilot study was aimed at assessing the feasibility and the effects of a parenting based universal prevention program (Connect) in Italy.

Methods

Our sample comprised 147 mothers and 147 youths, aged 11–14 (M = 12.46, SD = .72). We adopted a quasi-experimental design. Forty percent of the parents in the sample were in the intervention condition (receiving 10 one hour lessons a week). ANCOVAs and Cohen’s d coefficients were used to compute intervention effects.

Results

The results showed that, despite difficulty in recruiting parents, the program held promising effects regarding the prevention of alcohol use at a universal level (Cohen’s d = .55); the intervention also marginally decreased the level of non-empathic answers from parents, at least in the short term (Cohen’s d = .32).

Conclusions

This study highlighted the importance of focusing on families to prevent problem behaviors in adolescence. It also points to the need for new strategies to engage parents in universal prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2013
Keywords
Parenting intervention, Tobacco use, Alcohol use, Early adolescence, Attachment
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28953 (URN)10.1007/s10566-012-9189-3 (DOI)000314045400005 ()2-s2.0-84872922686 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F. & Özdemir, M. (2013). School bonding and alcohol use in Italian early adolescents: what comes first?. Merrill-Palmer quarterly, 59(3), 280-303
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School bonding and alcohol use in Italian early adolescents: what comes first?
2013 (English)In: Merrill-Palmer quarterly, ISSN 0272-930X, E-ISSN 1535-0266, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 280-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has identified school bonding as protective against substance use during adolescence. However, there is still a question as to whether school involvement predicts changes in substance use or if substance use actually predicts changes in level of school bonding. This study investigated the relationship between school bonding and alcohol use, which is commonly recognized as gateway drug, during early adolescence. A three-wave longitudinal analysis was conducted on a sample composed of 161 Italian adolescents (51% boys, 49% girls, mean age = 11.14 years, standard deviation =. 40). Associations were analyzed by using crossed-lagged autoregressive models in MPlus. Findings revealed that greater school involvement decreased alcohol consumption from Grade 6 to Grade 7. However, greater alcohol use decreased school involvement from Grade 7 to Grade 8. Findings of this study underlined the importance of choosing the right time for prevention.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30730 (URN)10.1353/mpq.2013.0013 (DOI)000322902100002 ()
Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F. & Özdemir, M. (2012). Alcohol use and delinquency: is positive school experience an antecedent or a consequence?. In: : . Paper presented at 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA), Spetses, Greece, August 29 – September 1, 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol use and delinquency: is positive school experience an antecedent or a consequence?
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41146 (URN)
Conference
13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA), Spetses, Greece, August 29 – September 1, 2012
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Ortega, E., Giannotta, F., Latina, D. & Ciairano, S. (2012). Cultural adaptation of the strengthening families program 10-14 to Italian families. Child and Youth Care Forum, 41(2), 197-212
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural adaptation of the strengthening families program 10-14 to Italian families
2012 (English)In: Child and Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890, E-ISSN 1573-3319, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 197-212Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The family context has proven to be a useful target in which to apply prevention efforts aimed at child and adolescent health risk behaviors. There are currently a variety of cultural adaptation models that serve to guide the international adaptation of intervention programs.

The cultural adaptation process and program reception of the Strengthening Families Program 10-14 (SFP 10-14) was described in this article. The implementation context is one in which strong family bonds and high family communication are the norm.

We described our cultural adaptation process comparing our efforts to the recommended stages of the main current cultural adaptation models. We pilot tested and implemented the adapted version of our program with a total of 35 families in the city of Turin Italy.

This study showed that the SFP 10-14 may indeed be quite suitable for Italian families given the particularities of Italian society regarding strong family bonds and extended social networks. We described the language translation, cultural adaptation process for program materials, staff training, onsite supervision, and the process evaluation feedback that were undertaken as part of the adaptation efforts.

The field of prevention could greatly benefit from the identification of tools and techniques that are applicable to populations with diverse social and cultural backgrounds. The family is extremely important for Italians and represents a rich context in which prevention efforts could be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012
Keywords
Family, Italy, Risk behaviors, Prevention, Cultural adaptation
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22551 (URN)10.1007/s10566-011-9170-6 (DOI)000301859800006 ()2-s2.0-84858620385 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-04-16 Created: 2012-04-16 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F. & Özdemir, M. (2012). Parenting programs to prevent conduct problems in children: can we detect an interventionist effect?. In: : . Paper presented at 3rd International Conference of the European Society for Prevention Research, Krakow, Poland, December 6-7, 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parenting programs to prevent conduct problems in children: can we detect an interventionist effect?
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41145 (URN)
Conference
3rd International Conference of the European Society for Prevention Research, Krakow, Poland, December 6-7, 2012
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F., Settanni, M., Kliewer, W. & Ciairano, S. (2012). The role of threat appraisal in the relation between peer victimization and internalizing problems in early Italian adolescents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42(9), 2077-2095
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of threat appraisal in the relation between peer victimization and internalizing problems in early Italian adolescents
2012 (English)In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0021-9029, E-ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 42, no 9, p. 2077-2095Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Appraisals are a key, but understudied part of the coping process. In the current study, the mediating role of threat appraisals in the relation between relational and physical victimization by peers and internalizing and externalizing problems was investigated in a sample of 155 Italian adolescents (52% female; M age = 12.2 years) using a cross-sectional design. Structural equation modeling revealed that appraisals of threat (negative self-evaluation, negative evaluation by others, loss of relationship) mediated associations between peer victimization and internalizing problems. Moreover, peer victimization affected externalizing behaviors, but this link was not mediated by threat appraisal. Implications for interventions with youth are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28951 (URN)10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00931.x (DOI)000308299700001 ()2-s2.0-84865791633 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2018-05-12Bibliographically approved
Giannotta, F., Ortega, E. & Ciairano, S. (2011). A two-year follow-up investigation of parenting and peer influences on tobacco use onset among Italian early adolescents. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8(5), 573-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A two-year follow-up investigation of parenting and peer influences on tobacco use onset among Italian early adolescents
2011 (English)In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 1740-5629, E-ISSN 1740-5610, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 573-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of peer and family influences on tobacco use onset among Italian early adolescents at two-year follow-up. Participants were 161 adolescents aged 11 to 12 (M = 11.14, SD = 0.39; 49% female) living in the northwest of Italy. Multiple logistic regressions were used. Results indicated that increases in positive family climate were negatively associated with lifetime smoking among non-smokers at two-year follow-up. Additionally, parental knowledge of child daily activities decreased lifetime smoking at two-year follow-up. Moderation analyses revealed that parental knowledge reduced the effect of peers' influence on youth smoking onset at two-year follow-up. This study underlined the influence of parenting practices in preventing early smoking initiation in Italy.

Keywords
Early adolescents, Parenting, Parents' tobacco use, Peers' tobacco use, Smoking onset
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22321 (URN)10.1080/17405629.2011.579408 (DOI)000299788000005 ()
Available from: 2012-04-02 Created: 2012-04-02 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications