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Nylander, Per Åke, Docent
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Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
Källström, Å., Hellfeldt, K. & Nylander, P. Å. (2019). Parental imprisonment, child victimization and adult problems. European Journal of Criminology, 16(6), 671-688
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental imprisonment, child victimization and adult problems
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 671-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study addresses, in a Swedish sample, whether exposure to violence and/or crime during childhood, and mental health and/or behaviour problems as an adult, are overrepresented among young men and women who had a parent in prison at some time when they were a child. Results show that almost all the studied types of childhood victimization and adult problems were overrepresented, but verbal victimization, neglect, witnessing violence, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and depression were significantly overrepresented. Although the associations between having a parent in prison and childhood victimization as well as having mental health and behaviour problems are weak, these results indicate that it is important for practitioners who meet such children to be aware that they are more likely than other children not only to suffer from mental health and/or behaviour problems but also to have experienced violence and/or neglect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Prison, child, victimization, problems, parental imprisonment
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work; Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67110 (URN)10.1177/1477370818775286 (DOI)000485948300003 ()
Funder
Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare
Note

Funding Agency:

Trust of Clas Groschinsky's Memorial Fund (Stiftelsen Claes Groschinskys minnesfond)

Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved
Nylander, P. Å., Källström, Å. & Hellfeldt, K. (2018). After a childhood with a parent in prison: Relationships and well-being as a child and young adult. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 14(1), 34-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>After a childhood with a parent in prison: Relationships and well-being as a child and young adult
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Prisoner Health, ISSN 1744-9200, E-ISSN 1744-9219, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 34-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore whether young adults who had a parent in prison while growing up in Sweden are disadvantaged in terms of parental support, school well-being and functioning, and socioemotional and/or behavioral problems, compared to young adults whose parents were not in prison when they were a child.

Design/methodology/approach: Retrospective self-report information about parental imprisonment and childhood and adulthood welfare was collected from 2,500 Swedish young adults as part of the RESUME project. The 52 of these who had had a parent in prison during their childhood were compared to the young adults who had not had a parent in prison, by measuring differences concerning their family relations, school well-being, and well-being as adults, and the risk of some events occurring later in life.

Findings: Findings Having had a parent in prison was significantly related to feeling less loved during childhood, and having less contact and support from both parents during adulthood, in comparison with other young adults. In school they experienced lower well-being and were more often placed in special education than other children. They were at greater risk of not attending higher education, of planning or attempting suicide, and of being hospitalized for mental health problems than the rest of the young adults.

Research limitations/implications: Even taking into consideration the complexity of childhood conditions and the limitations of retrospective data, prison and social-services professionals should pay special attention to the fact that a child has a parent in prison.

Originality/value: This is a unique study of young adults' experiences of a childhood with parent in prison.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Young adults; Prison; Relationships; Well-being; Children; Parent
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64684 (URN)10.1108/IJPH-12-2016-0074 (DOI)000426531800005 ()29480768 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042700733 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Nylander, P. Å., Hellfeldt, K. & Källström, Å. (2018). Att ha haft en förälder i fängelse under uppväxten - har det betydelse senare i livet?. Tidskrift för kriminalvård, 73(2), 9-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att ha haft en förälder i fängelse under uppväxten - har det betydelse senare i livet?
2018 (Swedish)In: Tidskrift för kriminalvård, ISSN 0040-6821, Vol. 73, no 2, p. 9-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Fångvårdssällskapet, 2018
Keywords
förälder, fängelse
National Category
Other Social Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72798 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-25 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Hellfeldt, K., Källström, Å. & Nylander, P. Å. (2018). Efter en barndom med en förälder i fängelse: Hälsa, utsatthet och sociala relationer. In: Annelie Björkhagen Turesson & Annika Staaf (Ed.), Kriminalvården: Innanför och utanför (pp. 177-188). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efter en barndom med en förälder i fängelse: Hälsa, utsatthet och sociala relationer
2018 (Swedish)In: Kriminalvården: Innanför och utanför / [ed] Annelie Björkhagen Turesson & Annika Staaf, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 177-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71975 (URN)9789144125787 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-01-31Bibliographically approved
Nylander, P. Å. & Holm, C. (2018). Kontaktmannaskap, säkerhet och behandling i svenska fängelser - vilka professionella relationer är möjliga?. In: Bruhn, Anders & Källström, Åsa (Ed.), Relationer i socialt arbete: I gränslandet mellan profession och person (pp. 202-217). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kontaktmannaskap, säkerhet och behandling i svenska fängelser - vilka professionella relationer är möjliga?
2018 (Swedish)In: Relationer i socialt arbete: I gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Bruhn, Anders & Källström, Åsa, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 202-217Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2018
Keywords
Fängelse, relationer
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65772 (URN)978-91-47-11311-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2018-03-14Bibliographically approved
Bruhn, A. & Nylander, P. Å. (2018). Quality employment and quality public services in prisons: Rapportdel: Sweden. Leuven, Belgium
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality employment and quality public services in prisons: Rapportdel: Sweden
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leuven, Belgium: , 2018. p. 11
Series
EU-rapport. Research comissioned by EPSU, University of Leuven
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77610 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved
Bruhn, A., Nylander, P. Å. & Johnsen, B. (2017). From prison guards to… what?: Occupational development of prison officers in Sweden and Norway. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 18(1), 68-83
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From prison guards to… what?: Occupational development of prison officers in Sweden and Norway
2017 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 68-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Prison officers are a key group of civil servants in the criminal justice system. Based on a comparative study of the systems for vocationaleducation in Sweden and Norway, this article compares policies andstrategies for developing the prison officer occupation. Differencesin this domain are analysed against the backdrop of theories aboutprofessionalization and growing differences between these countriesconcerning the ends and means of prison policy in general. Datacome from interviews and documents collected in 2013–2014, aswell as a rereading of data from two earlier prison-research projects.Results show that Norway is adopting a strategy quite similar to theone behind the birth of the so-called welfare professions duringthe heyday of the social-democratic welfare state. In Sweden, thecontinuing division of labour is leading to enhanced skills amongsome specialized subgroups, such as security and programme staff,but a reduction in qualifications for the majority. The study should beof interest in relation to different strategies for developing the workof prison officers as well as of other categories of public servants.It points to growing differences between two welfare regimes thatused to be quite similar, not least concerning the prison policy field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Prison officers; prison policy;Nordic exceptionalism;professionalization;occupations occupational roles
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Criminology; Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53600 (URN)10.1080/14043858.2016.1260331 (DOI)2-s2.0-84996486735 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2018-07-28Bibliographically approved
Bruhn, A., Lindberg, O. & Nylander, P. Å. (2017). Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies: The Case of Sweden. In: Scharff Smith, Peter & Ugelvik, Thomas (Ed.), Scandinavian penal history, culture and prison practice: Embraced by the welfare state? (pp. 177-204). London: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies: The Case of Sweden
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian penal history, culture and prison practice: Embraced by the welfare state? / [ed] Scharff Smith, Peter & Ugelvik, Thomas, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 177-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of prisoners in Sweden categorized as drug abusers have increased substantially in the last 20 years according to the Swedish Prison and Probation Service (SPPS). Drug abusers are defined by SPPS as those who have used illicit drugs during the previous 12 months (Ekbom et al. 2006). In 1970 about 20 % of the prisoners could be classified as drug abusers, while they made up 28 % of the prison population in 1997 (Amilon and Edstedt 1998). In 2010 the number of prisoners with drug problems had risen to 60 % (Ekbom et al. 2011). One reason for this increase may be the sentencing policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017
Series
Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology
Keywords
Prison, Prison officers, Drug treatment, Fängelser, Narkotikabehandling, Kriminalvård
National Category
Sociology Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59118 (URN)10.1057/978-1-137-58529-5_8 (DOI)978-1-137-58528-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-18 Created: 2017-08-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Nylander, P. Å. (2016). Det hotade kontaktmannaskapet?. Tidskrift för kriminalvård, 71(4), 4-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det hotade kontaktmannaskapet?
2016 (Swedish)In: Tidskrift för kriminalvård, ISSN 0040-6821, Vol. 71, no 4, p. 4-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Det finns mycket som tyder på att vi idag ser en kursändring i Kriminavårdens syn på kontaktmannaskap, den rehabiliterande uppgift i vardagsarbetet som kriminalvårdare haft sedan 1991. Vi skisserar här den utvecklingen och vad som kan ligga bakom den.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska fångvårdssällskapet, 2016
Keywords
kontaktmannaskap, kriminalvård
National Category
Other Social Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72799 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-25 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Nylander, P. Å. (2015). Drug treatment in a Swedish women's prison: relations and identities among prison officers and prisoners. Probation Journal, 62(3), 234-250
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drug treatment in a Swedish women's prison: relations and identities among prison officers and prisoners
2015 (English)In: Probation Journal, ISSN 0264-5505, E-ISSN 1741-3079, Vol. 62, no 3, p. 234-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes life in a drug-treatment wing (a prison therapeutic community) in a Swedish women’s prison, and aims to analyse prisoners’ and prison officers’ relations and identities, through observation field notes and interviews with staff and prisoners. The studied prison has a drug-treatment programme based on Twelve Step Facilitation Therapy, with external therapists. Within the treatment wing, prison officers are abandoning the traditional staff identity for one of ‘co-therapist’. The female prisoner-identity is initially that of the ‘traditional prisoner’, but is often replaced by other situational identities such as the ‘conscious addict’ and the ‘good group-member’. In cases of frustration and threats in the wing, the more traditional identities might temporarily be ‘re-activated’. This might be a source of confusion and inner conflict, especially for the prisoners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015
Keywords
drugs, identity, prison, prisoners, relationships, women
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46869 (URN)10.1177/0264550515587973 (DOI)000443804200003 ()
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
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