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Khan, Faisal Ahmad
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Goswami, M., Khan, F. A., Ibrisevic, A., Olsson, P.-E. & Jass, J. (2018). Development of Escherichia coli-based gene expression profiling of sewage sludge leachates. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 125(5), 1502-1517
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of Escherichia coli-based gene expression profiling of sewage sludge leachates
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Applied Microbiology, ISSN 1364-5072, E-ISSN 1365-2672, Vol. 125, no 5, p. 1502-1517Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The impact of municipal waste on pathogenic microorganisms released into the environment is a public health concern. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of sewage sludge and antibiotic contaminants on stress response, virulence and antibiotic resistance in a pathogenic Escherichia coli.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of sewage sludge leachates on uropathogenic E. coli CFT073 were determined by monitoring the expression of 45 genes associated with antibiotic/metal resistance, stress response and virulence using RT-qPCR. The E. coli gene expression was validated using sub-inhibitory concentrations of tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. E. coli exposed to sewage sludge or sewage sludge-fly ash leachates altered the expression of 5 antibiotic and metal resistance, 3 stress response and 2 virulence associated genes. When antibiotics were combined with sludge or sludge-fly ash the antibiotic-associated gene expression was altered.

CONCLUSIONS: E. coli treated with two sludge leachates had distinct gene expression patterns that were altered when the sludge leachates were combined with tetracycline, although to a lesser extent with ciprofloxacin.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: The E. coli multigene expression analysis is a potential new tool for assessing the effects of pollutants on pathogenic microbes in environmental waters for improved risk assessment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2018
Keywords
Ecotoxicity, Gene expression, Resistance, Sludge, Stress response, Virulence
National Category
Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67511 (URN)10.1111/jam.14028 (DOI)000447408400024 ()29928772 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85050482911 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, Dnr 20110177
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved
Khan, F. A., Hellmark, B., Ehricht, R., Söderquist, B. & Jass, J. (2018). Related carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella isolates detected in both a hospital and associated aquatic environment in Sweden. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 37(12), 2241-2251
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Related carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella isolates detected in both a hospital and associated aquatic environment in Sweden
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0934-9723, E-ISSN 1435-4373, Vol. 37, no 12, p. 2241-2251Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbapenem antibiotics are one of the last-resort agents against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. The occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in wastewater and aquatic environments is an indication of MDR bacteria in the community. This study evaluated CPE in aquatic environments and compared them to the local hospital isolates in Sweden. Phenotypic and genotypic analyses of antibiotic resistance of environmental and clinical CPE were performed. The relatedness of the isolates and possible clonal dissemination was evaluated using phylogenetic and phyloproteomic analysis. Klebsiella oxytoca carrying carbapenemase genes (blaVIM-1, blaIMP-29) were isolated from wastewater and the recipient river, while K. oxytoca (blaVIM-1) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (blaVIM-1, blaOXA-48, blaNDM-1, blaKPC-3) were isolated from patients at the local clinics or hospital. The K. oxytoca classified as sequence type 172 (ST172) isolated from the river was genotypically related to two clinical isolates recovered from patients. The similarity between environmental and clinical isolates suggests the dispersion of blaVIM-1 producing K. oxytoca ST172 from hospital to aquatic environment and the likelihood of its presence in the community. This is the first report of CPE in aquatic environments in Sweden; therefore, surveillance of aquatic and hospital environments for CPE in other urban areas is important to determine the major transfer routes in order to formulate strategies to prevent the spread of MDR bacteria.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Antimicrobial resistance, Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, Extended spectrum beta-lactamase, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Multidrug resistance
National Category
Infectious Medicine Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68676 (URN)10.1007/s10096-018-3365-9 (DOI)000449921100003 ()30171482 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053311566 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 219-2014-837
Note

Funding Agency:

Nyckelfonden at Orebro University Hospital 

Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved
Kumar, R., Pradhan, A., Khan, F. A., Lindström, P., Ragnvaldsson, D., Ivarsson, P., . . . Jass, J. (2015). Comparative analysis of stress induced gene expression in caenorhabditis elegans following exposure to environmental and lab reconstituted complex metal mixture. PLoS ONE, 10(7), Article ID e0132896.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative analysis of stress induced gene expression in caenorhabditis elegans following exposure to environmental and lab reconstituted complex metal mixture
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2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 7, article id e0132896Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metals are essential for many physiological processes and are ubiquitously present in the environment. However, high metal concentrations can be harmful to organisms and lead to physiological stress and diseases. The accumulation of transition metals in the environment due to either natural processes or anthropogenic activities such as mining results in the contamination of water and soil environments. The present study used Caenorhabditis elegans to evaluate gene expression as an indicator of physiological response, following exposure to water collected from three different locations downstream of a Swedish mining site and a lab reconstituted metal mixture. Our results indicated that the reconstituted metal mixture exerted a direct stress response in C. elegans whereas the environmental waters elicited either a diminished or abrogated response. This suggests that it is not sufficient to use the biological effects observed from laboratory mixtures to extrapolate the effects observed in complex aquatic environments and apply this to risk assessment and intervention.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45584 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0132896 (DOI)000358193100095 ()26168046 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110183
Note

Funding Agencies:

Örebro Universitet J62200

Boliden Mineral AB

Envix Nord AB

ALS Scandinavia AB

Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
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