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Abalo, E. (2016). Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela. Journal of Language and Politics, 15(1), 94-115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
2016 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
Keywords
critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2015). Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro university
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

(De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2015. p. 124
Series
Örebro Studies in Media and Communication, ISSN 1651-4785 ; 20
Keywords
Ideology, Democracy, Hegemony, Journalism, International journalism, Post-politics, Critical discourse analysis, Media studies, Venezuela
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44127 (URN)978-91-7529-083-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, Prismahuset, Hörsal 1, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-04-08 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2014). Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela. tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, 12(2), 802-821
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
2014 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

Keywords
Democracy; Media; Journalism; Discourse; Ideology; Legitimacy; Liberalism; Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2013). Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse. In: NordMedia Conference: . Paper presented at NordMedia Conference, Oslo, Norway, August 8-11, 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse
2013 (English)In: NordMedia Conference, 2013Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39608 (URN)
Conference
NordMedia Conference, Oslo, Norway, August 8-11, 2013
Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2013). Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela. In: Ida Blom Conference: . Paper presented at Ida Blom Conference, Bergen, Norway, October 14-15, 2013. Panel: Challenging the difference engine..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
2013 (English)In: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39609 (URN)
Conference
Ida Blom Conference, Bergen, Norway, October 14-15, 2013. Panel: Challenging the difference engine.
Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E., Danielsson, M., Johansson, H. & Olsson, T. (2012). Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet (1ed.). In: Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana (Ed.), Media in the swirl: (pp. 114-125). New Delhi: Pentagon Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet
2012 (English)In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2012 Edition: 1
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26833 (URN)978-81-8274-653-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-11 Created: 2013-01-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2012). First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez. OBS - Observatorio, 6(3), 105-128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
2012 (English)In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Obercom, 2012
Keywords
Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2012). The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse. Paper presented at Communication, Crisis and Critique in Contemporary Capitalism, Bilbao, Basque Country, October 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26430 (URN)
Conference
Communication, Crisis and Critique in Contemporary Capitalism, Bilbao, Basque Country, October 2012
Available from: 2012-11-13 Created: 2012-11-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2011). Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez. Paper presented at 61st Annual ICA Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, 26-30 May 2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25732 (URN)
Conference
61st Annual ICA Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, 26-30 May 2011
Note

Session: Challenging western epistemologies : intersected constructions of difference. ERIC division

Available from: 2012-09-07 Created: 2012-09-07 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E., Danielsson, M., Johansson, H. & Olsson, T. (2010). Digital inkludering eller exkludering?: Arbetslösas användning av Arbetsförmedlingens webbplats. In: Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson (Ed.), Den ifrågasatte medborgaren: om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen (pp. 71-86). Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital inkludering eller exkludering?: Arbetslösas användning av Arbetsförmedlingens webbplats
2010 (Swedish)In: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren: om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, p. 71-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet, 2010
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25731 (URN)978-91-86491-50-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Människan i välfärdssytemen
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2018-04-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9515-4691

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