oru.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Ekbäck, Maria PalmetunORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8408-9588
Alternative names
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Evenhamre, K., Ekbäck, M. P. & Lindberg, M. (2017). Correlations Between Disease-specific DLQI and Generic WHOQOL-BREF Quality of Life Instruments in a Clinical Population with Mixed Dermatological Diagnoses: A Pilot Study. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 97(2), 270-272
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correlations Between Disease-specific DLQI and Generic WHOQOL-BREF Quality of Life Instruments in a Clinical Population with Mixed Dermatological Diagnoses: A Pilot Study
2017 (English)In: Acta Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, E-ISSN 1651-2057, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 270-272Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, Sweden: Society for the Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 2017
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52182 (URN)10.2340/00015555-2531 (DOI)000393895500022 ()27599430 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85012024092 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro County

Available from: 2016-10-05 Created: 2016-09-14 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved
Ekbäck, G., Ordell, S., Ekbäck, M. P., Ekbäck, G., Unell, L. & Johansson, A.-K. (2016). Reporting dental caries disease in longitudinal studies - a suggestion. Swedish Dental Journal, 40(2), 173-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reporting dental caries disease in longitudinal studies - a suggestion
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 173-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In general, most infectious and/or lifestyle-related diseases are defined as being present when sufficient signs or symptoms occurs in an individual. The term "sufficient" is a relative concept and a disease can therefore be measured with different degrees of certainty. These symptoms are commonly defined in such a way that it is possible to determine the incidence and prevalence of the disease and also the proportion of individuals that are cured from the disease. If dental caries is an individual disease which can be compared to other diseases regarding incidence and prevalence, it is important to determine for how long an individual must be free from new signs of the disease before being considered cured or free from the disease and to define the "sufficient" signs or symptoms needed for a diagnose. Based on these thoughts, the purpose of this study was to calculate caries incidence and prevalence in a group of adolescents from a definition of dental caries based on ICD-10. This study included all 12 year olds in 1990 who attended a clinical dental examination in 1990-1995 in Orebro County, Orebro, Sweden, yearly during these six years. Dental caries disease at the individual level was defined as Ko2.1 (dentinal caries) according to ICD-bo while freedom of caries was defined as the absence of Ko2.1 during a three-year period. In this study the yearly prevalence was 12%, the three year cumulative incidence was 18% and the incidence rate 13%. Results of this study highlight the poor outcomes in curing caries disease in this age-group, according to the criteria in this study, as only 17% of the children with caries at the outset of the study were free from the disease three years later. Defining both a practical level to measure signs of dental caries, and the period an individual must be free from them to be classified as cured from the disease create new opportunities to compare and communicate the disease of dental caries with other diseases. This way of registration is also of advantage for planning purposes as there the centre of interest must be the individual patient and not the tooth or surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish Dental Journal, 2016
Keywords
dental caries, incidence, longitudinal, prevalence, terminology
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53649 (URN)000386982400007 ()
Note

Funding Agencies:

Department of Dentistry, Örebro County, Sweden

Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergotland County, Sweden

Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-25 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved
Ekbäck, M. P., Benzein, E., Lindberg, M. & Årestedt, K. (2013). Health-Related Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety Correlate with the Degree of Hirsutism. Dermatology, 227(3), 278-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health-Related Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety Correlate with the Degree of Hirsutism
2013 (English)In: Dermatology, ISSN 1018-8665, E-ISSN 1421-9832, Vol. 227, no 3, p. 278-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hirsutism has a negative impact on women’s quality of life. The relation between quality of life, anxiety, depression and the level of hairiness has not been described.

Aims: To investigate the correlations between the levels of hairiness, quality of life, anxiety and depression. Methods: 200 patients from Malmö, Örebro and Uppsala, who had been in contact with the clinics for problems with excessive hair growth, were invited to answer a self-administered questionnaire including sociodemographic questions, EQ- 5D index score, Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Ferriman- Gallwey scale (F-G); of these, 127 women participated in the study.

Results: The mean values were: EQ-5D index 0.73 (SD = 0.27), EQ visual analogue scale 61.0 (SD = 22.6), HADSanxiety 9.5 ± 5.3 and HADS-depression 6.5 ± 4.6. The mean DLQI was 11.8 ± 8.4, indicating a very large effect on patients’ lives. All were significantly correlated with the amount of hairiness.  

Conclusions: Higher levels of hair growth were significantly correlated with a lower level of quality of life and symptoms of both anxiety and depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2013
Keywords
hirsutism, ferriman-gallwey scale, poor health-related quality of life, dermatology life quality index, eq-5d index score, hospital, anxiety and depression scale, low health status

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32708 (URN)10.1159/000355356 (DOI)000327675500014 ()24107472 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agency: Nyckelfonden; Örebro County Council

Available from: 2013-12-10 Created: 2013-12-10 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Ekbäck, M. P. (2013). Hirsutism and quality of life with aspects on social support, anxiety and depression. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro university
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hirsutism and quality of life with aspects on social support, anxiety and depression
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hirsutism is excessive hair growth in women. The prevalence is estimated at 5%. The aim of this thesis was to describe different aspects of how life is affected for women suffering from hirsutism. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Study I showed that hirsutism deeply affects women’s experiences of their bodies in a negative way and was experienced as a life sorrow. In Study II the patient-physician relationship was described. The patient-physician relationship from the patient’s perspective was suboptimal, as most meetings included feelings of being rejected and even humiliation. In Study III the aim was to translate and psychometrically evaluate an instrument that measures perceived social support, “The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support” (MSPSS). The translation was performed according to WHO:s official process, and validation was performed in a sample that consisted of 281 participants, 127 women with hirsutism (main sample) and 154 nursing students. MSPSS had good psychometric properties with regard to factor structure, construct validity, internal consistency and reproducibility. Study IV described different aspects of HRQoL in the main sample, the correlation of anxiety, depression, level of hairiness, age and BMI. The F-G scores were dichotomized into minor (F-G ≤14) and major (F-G≥15) hair growth. Higher levels of hair growth were significantly correlated to a lower level of QoL measured by DLQI, EQ-5D and symptoms of both anxiety and depression measured by HADS. Study V investigated if social support was associated with quality of life and outcome of HRQoL compared to a reference group of women (n=1115). SF-36, the MSPSS and the F-G scale were used. Compared to the reference group, women with hirsutism reported lower quality of life in all dimensions of SF-36 (p<0.01) The dimension most affected was vitality (VT=41.2), which had a lower value than has been reported for patients with MS and myasthenia gravis. A Multiple Regression Analysis showed a significant relation between quality of life and social support, indicating its importance for the ability to adapt, in spite of low quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2013. p. 90
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 98
Keywords
hirsutism, HRQoL, EQ-5D, DLQI, HADS, SF-36, MSPSS
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32020 (URN)978-91-7668-979-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-13, Bomanssonsalen, Örebro universitetssjukhus, S Grev Rosengatan, 703 62 Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-15 Created: 2013-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Ekbäck, M. [., Wijma, K. & Benzein, E. (2009). "It is always on my mind": women's experiences of their bodies when living with hirsutism. Health Care for Women International, 30(5), 358-372
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"It is always on my mind": women's experiences of their bodies when living with hirsutism
2009 (English)In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 358-372Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many women suffer from excessive hair growth, often in combination with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). It is unclear how hirsutism influences such women's experiences of their bodies. Our aim is to describe and interpret women's experiences of their bodies when living with hirsutism. Interviews were conducted with 10 women with hirsutism. We used a qualitative latent content analysis. Four closely intertwined themes were disclosed: the body was experienced as a yoke, a freak, a disgrace, and as a prison. Hirsutism deeply affects women's experiences of their bodies in a negative way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2009
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Research subject
Dermatology and Venerology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11650 (URN)10.1080/07399330902785133 (DOI)19350434 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-08-27 Created: 2010-08-27 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved
Ekbäck, M. [., Årestedt, K., Benzein, E. & Lindberg, M.Social support and quality of life among women diagnosed with hirsutism.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social support and quality of life among women diagnosed with hirsutism
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Women with hirsutism report more anxiety, depression and lower quality of life. However, their social situation with a family and employment does not differ from other women. Social support is a factor that might increase quality of life in chronic diseases. Little is known about social support and skin diseases.

Objectives: The aim was to evaluate the relation between health-related quality of life and social support among women with hirsutism.

Methods: A questionnaire including socio-demographic questions, Short Form 36 (SF-36), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and a self-estimation of hairiness using the Ferriman-Gallway scale (F-G scale) was filled out by 127. MSPSS has three sub-scales (family, friends, significant others) and a total score, that was used for calculation.

Results: Compared to a Swedish population based reference group women with hirsutism reported lower quality of life in all dimensions of SF-36 (p<0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between the MSPSS and SF-36 in the initial and adjusted model.

Conclusions: There is a significant positive relation between quality of life and social support, demonstrating its importance for the ability to adapt to problems associated with hirsutism. It can be postulated that social support is important for the quality of life in chronic skin diseases wich merits further investigations.

Keywords
hirsutism; health-related quality of life; social support.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32839 (URN)
Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-19 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8408-9588

Search in DiVA

Show all publications