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Östman, Johan
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Ekström, M. & Östman, J. (2015). Information, interaction and creative production: The effects of three forms of Internet use on youth democratic engagement. Communication Research, 42(6), 796-818
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information, interaction and creative production: The effects of three forms of Internet use on youth democratic engagement
2015 (English)In: Communication Research, ISSN 0093-6502, E-ISSN 1552-3810, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 796-818Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the effects of informational, interactional and creative forms of Internet use on behavioral and cognitive indicators of youth democratic engagement. Data from an extensive two-wave panel survey of Swedish adolescents (N = 1,520) were examined. Results show that the effects of informational and interactional Internet use on political participation are indirect, with online political interactions acting as an intervening variable. In addition, creative production was found to be a direct positive predictor of online and offline political participation, but negatively related to political knowledge. The effects were statistically significant even when accounting for self-selection and previous levels of democratic engagement. Taken together, these findings contribute novel theoretical insights into the mechanisms by which Internet use may encourage or hinder youths’ democratic engagement.

Keywords
Internet use, political participation, democratic engagement, political knowledge, youth
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27194 (URN)10.1177/0093650213476295 (DOI)000358082800003 ()2-s2.0-84937215780 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Political Socialization and Human Agency: The Development of Civic Engagement from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2013-01-31 Created: 2013-01-31 Last updated: 2018-08-28Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. (2014). The Influence of Media Use on Environmental Engagement: A Political Socialization Approach. Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, 8(1), 92-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Influence of Media Use on Environmental Engagement: A Political Socialization Approach
2014 (English)In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 92-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Current research suggests that the media play an important part in informing and engaging citizens in environmental issues. Building on these findings, this study adopts a political socialization approach to citizens' involvement in everyday-life pro-environmental behavior. Multivariate analysis of recent survey data from Swedish adolescents (N = 1148) demonstrates direct as well as indirect relationships between frequency of news media use, talk about environmental issues with parents and peers, and extent of pro-environmental behavior. The findings are consistent with the notion that news media use promotes behavior by raising awareness of environmental issues. The results are also discussed in terms of a citizen-communication framework according to which interpersonal communication translates environmental information gleaned from news sources to adolescents' everyday-life reality, thereby motivating pro-environmental behavior. Future directions for examining causal mechanisms in more detail are discussed.

Keywords
pro-environmental behavior, political socialization, news media, media influence, adolescents
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41110 (URN)10.1080/17524032.2013.846271 (DOI)000333655100007 ()2-s2.0-84894070061 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, G. & Östman, J. (2013). Cooperativeness or Adversarialness?: Politics and the Watchdog Function in Key Moments of News Production. In: : . Paper presented at 63rd Annual International Communication Association (ICA) Conference 17-21 June, London, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cooperativeness or Adversarialness?: Politics and the Watchdog Function in Key Moments of News Production
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32860 (URN)
Conference
63rd Annual International Communication Association (ICA) Conference 17-21 June, London, UK
Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Ekström, M. & Östman, J. (2013). Family talk, peer talk, and young people’s civic orientation. European Journal of Communication, 28(3), 294-308
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family talk, peer talk, and young people’s civic orientation
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 294-308Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on interpersonal communication in the family and among peers in order to empirically examine the general idea that everyday civic talk might develop young people’s civic orientation. Two questions are addressed: (1) What is the significance of civic talk in relation to key dimensions of young people’s civic orientation? (2) What does civic talk in peer settings specifically contribute to young people’s civic orientation? The study is based on survey data from high school students and their parents (N = 1148). The findings offer clear support to the idea that civic talk in everyday contexts matters for young people’s development of political knowledge, democratic values and different forms of civic practices. Civic talk in peer settings contributes uniquely to all dimensions of youths’ civic orientation. Implications of the findings for political socialization research and theories of the democratic mechanisms of civic talk are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013
Keywords
deliberative democracy, political talk, civic orientation, political communication, youth
National Category
Communication Studies Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21575 (URN)10.1177/0267323113475410 (DOI)000319520100005 ()2-s2.0-84871273392 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Political Socialization and Human Agency: The Development of Civic Engagement from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. (2013). When private talk becomes public political expression: examining a practice-field hypothesis of youth political development. Political Communication, 30(4), 602-619
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When private talk becomes public political expression: examining a practice-field hypothesis of youth political development
2013 (English)In: Political Communication, ISSN 1058-4609, E-ISSN 1091-7675, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 602-619Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research indicates the importance of interpersonal communication in the political socialization process. Investigations of political talk have mostly been restricted to frequency, and the theorizing of its effects centered on cognitive outcomes such as knowledge and ideological identification. This study examined the part played by private political talk in promoting expressive forms of political participation among adolescents. Recent survey panel data from Swedish 13–18-year-olds were analyzed. Results showed that frequency of private political talk predicted the extent of public political expression even when self-selection and previous levels of political expression were accounted for. Data offered some support for an expected interaction of private political talk and political interest in predicting public expression. The overall findings are consistent with the theoretical idea that political talk offers adolescents opportunities to enact participation in safe settings, and that this is a mechanism that can explain why talking about politics is favorable for political development during adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, USA: Taylor & Francis, 2013
Keywords
political socialization, political participation, political talk, youth
National Category
Communication Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25802 (URN)10.1080/10584609.2012.737437 (DOI)000325785800005 ()
Projects
Political Socialization and Human Agency: The Development of Civic Engagement from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2012-09-11 Created: 2012-09-11 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. (2012). Information, expression, participation: how involvement in user-generated content relates to democratic engagement among young people. New Media and Society, 14(6), 1004-1021
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information, expression, participation: how involvement in user-generated content relates to democratic engagement among young people
2012 (English)In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 1004-1021Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A number of studies have linked citizens’ involvement in user-generated content (UGC) on the internet to democratic engagement. Whereas previous research implies a view of UGC involvement as the processing of political information, this study conceptualizes and operationalizes UGC involvement in terms of a distinct audience experience based on expressivity, performance and collaboration. Analysis of survey data from Swedish adolescents in the 13–17 age range shows that UGC involvement predicts offline as well as online political participation. In contrast to informational media use, however, UGC involvement is negatively related to political knowledge. The findings are compatible with recent theories suggesting that the expressive, performative and collaborative features of UGC involvement can promote political participation. Implications of the findings for youth democratic engagement are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012
Keywords
internet use; political knowledge; political participation; user-generated content; youth
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21574 (URN)10.1177/1461444812438212 (DOI)000307721700007 ()2-s2.0-84861362588 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Political Socialization and Human Agency: The Development of Civic Engagement from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. & Ekström, M. (2011). Information, entertainment and civic orientation among adolescents: exploring differential effects of media use. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, Boston, MA, 26-30 May.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information, entertainment and civic orientation among adolescents: exploring differential effects of media use
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21578 (URN)
Conference
Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, Boston, MA, 26-30 May
Projects
Political Socialization and Human Agency: The Development of Civic Engagement from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, G. & Östman, J. (2010). Receptionsanalys (2ed.). In: Mats Ekström, Larsåke Larsson (Ed.), Metoder i kommunikationsvetenskap: (pp. 305-330). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Receptionsanalys
2010 (Swedish)In: Metoder i kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström, Larsåke Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 2, p. 305-330Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010 Edition: 2
National Category
Media Studies Communication Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21577 (URN)978-91-44-06763-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. (2009). Journalism at the borders: the constitution of nationalist closure in news decoding. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalism at the borders: the constitution of nationalist closure in news decoding
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation is a contribution to the social analysis of nationalism. Its disciplinary context comprises the field of empirical studies that explore how forms of mediated quasi interaction can function in processes of reproduction and transformation of nationality. The study poses the question of how news journalism can establish national frames of reference within which social reality is made meaningful by citizens.

The research design facilitates a novel contribution to a field of research that is largely dominated by analyses of media output. Two distinct but intertwined domains are empirically studied: news as a form of discourse and the moment of news decoding as a form of social interaction between readers and texts.

The results from the empirical studies show that phenomena deemed undesirable by the prevailing moral order tend to be symbolically expelled from the national community that news audiences recognize as their own. As a conclusion, two sets of structures and mechanisms are identified as generative of this logic. Their joint articulation in news decoding can establish nationalist closure of meaning by connecting morality to nationality.

First, certain established interpretive repertoires can be brought into play in the moment of decoding. These function ideationally to depict other nations and ethnic minorities pejoratively. Thus they indirectly give meaningful content to the nation and its majority population. The invocation of such frameworks of meaning tends to employ discursive resources from the news domain itself. This is a feature that ultimately reveals the subordination of news reception to elite news journalism as a knowledgeable institution.

Second, as a textual system, news discourse can function interpersonally to establish a configuration of identities and relations between itself, the news consumer and other institutions and actors in society. In accordance with this configuration, the audience can incorporate the position of being citizens (in a moral sense) and national members (in a geopolitical or an ethnic sense). The character of these identities and relations is an effect of news journalism being an inherently national institution, and of the normative presuppositions built into the structure of news values itself.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2009. p. 231
Series
Örebro Studies in Media and Communication, ISSN 1651-4785 ; 8Örebro Studies in Conditions of Democray, ISSN 1653-5561 ; 3
Keywords
nationalist closure, nationalism, morality, news journalism, preferred meanings, encoding/decoding, interpretive repertoires, referential, metalinguistic
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-7351 (URN)978-91-7668-679-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-09-25, Hörsal HSF, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-04 Created: 2009-06-22 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Östman, J. (2007). Border journalism and the articulation of national horizons. In: Birgitta Höijer (Ed.), Ideological horizons in media and citizen discourses: theoretical and methodological approaches (pp. 75-93). Göteborg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Border journalism and the articulation of national horizons
2007 (English)In: Ideological horizons in media and citizen discourses: theoretical and methodological approaches / [ed] Birgitta Höijer, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2007, p. 75-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordicom, 2007
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-14586 (URN)978-91-89471-45-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-02-11 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
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