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Göransson, C., Wengström, Y., Ziegert, K., Langius-Eklöf, A., Eriksson, I., Kihlgren, A. & Blomberg, K. (2017). Perspectives of health and self-care among older persons: to be implemented in an interactive interactive information and communication technology-platform. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(23-24), 4745-4755
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives of health and self-care among older persons: to be implemented in an interactive interactive information and communication technology-platform
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 23-24, p. 4745-4755Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To acquire knowledge regarding the contents to be implemented in an interactive ICT-platform perceived to be relevant to health and self-care among older persons based on the literature, healthcare professionals and the older persons themselves.

BACKGROUND: The growing ageing population places demands on the healthcare system to promote healthy ageing and to strengthen the older person's self-care ability. This requires innovative approaches to facilitate communication between the older person and healthcare professionals, and to increase the older person's participation in their care. An information and communication technology-platform (ICT-platform) could be used for this purpose, but the content needs to be relevant to both the older persons and the healthcare professionals.

DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative design.

METHODS: This study was based on three samplings: a scoping review of the literature (n=20 articles), interviews with healthcare professionals (n=5), and a secondary analysis of interviews with older persons (n=8) and nursing assistants (n=7). The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS: Four areas were identified to be of relevance to older persons' perceived health: frame of mind, having relationships and social activities, physical ability and concerns, and maintaining self-care. Self-care was described in the literature and by the healthcare professionals more than by the older persons.

CONCLUSIONS: The results show a concordance in the data samplings that give a clear indication of the areas relevant to older persons' health and self-care that can be integrated in an interactive ICT-platform for use in regular daily care assessments. Descriptions of self-care was limited indicating a possible gap in knowledge that requires further research.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Areas relevant to older persons' health and self-care could be used for regular assessment to support and promote healthy ageing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
Health status, information-communication technology, nursing care, older persons, qualitative content analysis, self-care
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56862 (URN)10.1111/jocn.13827 (DOI)000416319600087 ()28334519 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, Örebro University  

School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University 

Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Holmefur, M., Sundberg, K., Wettergren, L. & Langius-Eklöf, A. (2015). Measurement properties of the 13-item sense of coherence scale using Rasch analysis. Quality of Life Research, 24(6), 1455-1463
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurement properties of the 13-item sense of coherence scale using Rasch analysis
2015 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 1455-1463Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The sense of coherence (SOC) scale is widely used and has an extensive history in research. The psychometric properties of the SOC scale have been investigated using classic test theory, but modern test theory enables a more multifaceted investigation of the properties of the SOC scale. The aim of this study was to explore the measurement properties of the SOC scale using the Rasch measurement model.

Methods: SOC questionnaires from a sample of 623 healthy adults were analysed using Rasch analysis. Aspects analysed were rating scale functioning, item fit, unidimensionality, differential item functioning (DIF), targeting, and reliability.

Results: Rating scale analysis showed that the seven scale steps were not utilized in the intended manner and that a shortening to five categories would be beneficial. Twelve out of the 13 items showed acceptable goodness-of-fit and 43 % of the variance was explained by the SOC dimension in the principal components analysis. There was no DIF between subgroups in the sample. The items were well targeted to the sample SOC level with no ceiling or floor effects. Item and person reliability were good and the person separation index was 2.05 indicating that the scale can separate three different levels of SOC, which corresponds well to its theoretical base.

Conclusions: The SOC scale is generally well functioning; however, the three components of SOC seem to influence the PCA results. The scale would benefit from a reduction from seven to five scale steps, which would need to be investigated further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2015
Keywords
Sense of coherence, Rasch analysis, Outcome measure, Questionnaire
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39205 (URN)10.1007/s11136-014-0866-6 (DOI)000355822000015 ()25427429 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84930484271 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2014-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Lindner, H. Y. N., Langius-Eklöf, A. & Hermansson, L. M. N. (2014). Test-retest reliability and rater agreements of assessment of capacity for myoelectric control version 2.0. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 51(4), 635-644
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Test-retest reliability and rater agreements of assessment of capacity for myoelectric control version 2.0
2014 (English)In: Journal of rehabilitation research and development, ISSN 0748-7711, E-ISSN 1938-1352, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 635-644Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control (ACMC) is an observation-based tool that evaluates ability to control a myoelectric prosthetic hand. Validity evidence led to ACMC version 2.0, but the test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of the ACMC have never been evaluated. Investigation of rater agreements in this version was also needed because it has new definitions in certain rating categories and items. Upper-limb prosthesis users (n = 25, 15 congenital, 10 acquired; mean age 27.5 yr) performed one standardized activity twice, 2 to 5 wk apart. Activity performances were video-recorded and assessed by two ACMC raters. Data were analyzed by weighted kappa, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Bland-Altman method. For test-retest reliability, weighted kappa agreements were fair to excellent (0.52 to 1.00), ICC2,1 was 0.94, and one user was located outside the limits of agreement in the Bland-Altman plot. MDC95 was less than or equal to 0.55 logits (1 rater) and 0.69 logits (2 raters). For interrater reliability, weighted kappa agreements were fair to excellent in both sessions (0.44 to 1.00), and ICC2,1 was 0.95 (test) and 0.92 (retest). Intrarater agreement (rater 1) was also excellent (ICC3,1 0.98). Evidence regarding the reliability of the ACMC is satisfactory and MDC95 can be used to indicate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rehibilitation Research & Development Service, 2014
Keywords
ACMC, assessment, capacity, myoelectric con - trol, myoelectric prosthetic hand, prosthesis, prosthetic hand control, rater agreement, test-retest, upper limb
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32494 (URN)10.1682/JRRD.2013.09.0197 (DOI)000340895400012 ()25144176 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84905671717 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

Health Care Sciences Postgraduate School, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden

Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Sundberg, K., Langius [Langius-Eklöf], A., Blomberg, K., Isaksson, A.-K. & Wengström, Y. (2013). Feasibility and acceptability of an interactive mobile phone application for early detection of patient reported symptom distress in prostate cancer. Paper presented at 17th ECCO / 38th ESMO / 32nd ESTRO European Cancer Congress on Reinforcing Multidisciplinarity, SEP 27-OCT 01, 2013, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS. European Journal of Cancer, 49, S280-S280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feasibility and acceptability of an interactive mobile phone application for early detection of patient reported symptom distress in prostate cancer
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2013 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 49, p. S280-S280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: For immediate and continuous dialogue between patients and caregivers new approaches in modern technology are encouraged today. In cooperation with a Swedish health management company, we developed an interactive mobile phone application for the assessment of symptom distress, evidence-based self-care advice and an alerting function of severe symptoms with instant access to professionals in real time. By using this technique patients can communicate symptoms with instant support while cared for out-side hospital but at the same time reassured that their condition is monitored by the professionals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the application for patients with prostate cancer during radiotherapy and for the involved health care staff.

Material and Methods: Evidence-based symptoms and related selfcareadvices were implemented in the application after literature review and interviews with patients and health care professionals. Nine patients diagnosed with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy treatment were recruited to test the application for two weeks. The patients reported in the electronic symptom questionnaire daily. After the two weeks they were interviewed about their experience. Nurses directly involved in the care and treatment of the participating patients were interviewed at the end of study.

Results: Overall, patients and nurses reported positive experiences of using the mobile phone system. The patients considered the application helpful and easy to use although there were some suggestions for further development of the electronic questionnaire. Most of the patients had read the self-care advice and found them useful. The alerting system was activated in several cases; the nurses found it useful to identify and manage problematic symptoms early and the patients felt safe and well cared for. Some of the nurses considered the monitoring system time-consuming and made suggestions for improvement.

Conclusions: Both patients and nurses could see the potential for using the mobile application in clinical practice. The system enables the involvement of the patients and the alerts showed problematic symptoms promoting timely interventions. The results support further development and testing of the system in full-scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
nursing, oncology
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-36298 (URN)000326843602049 ()
Conference
17th ECCO / 38th ESMO / 32nd ESTRO European Cancer Congress on Reinforcing Multidisciplinarity, SEP 27-OCT 01, 2013, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS
Note

Volume 49, Supplement 2, September 2013, Pages S154–S297, POSTER 1342 

Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Hälleberg-Nyman, M., Gustafsson, M., Langius-Eklöf, A., Johansson, J.-E., Norlin, R. & Hagberg, L. (2013). Intermittent versus indwelling urinary catheterisation in hip surgery patients: a randomised controlled trial with cost-effectiveness analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(12), 1589-1598
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intermittent versus indwelling urinary catheterisation in hip surgery patients: a randomised controlled trial with cost-effectiveness analysis
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 50, no 12, p. 1589-1598Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Hip surgery is associated with the risk of postoperative urinary retention. To avoid urinary retention hip surgery patients undergo urinary catheterisation. Urinary catheterisation, however, is associated with increased risk for urinary tract infection (UTI). At present, there is limited evidence for whether intermittent or indwelling urinary catheterisation is the preferred choice for short-term bladder drainage in patients undergoing hip surgery.

Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate differences between intermittent and indwelling urinary catheterisation in hip surgery patients in relation to nosocomial UTI and cost-effectiveness.

Design Randomised controlled trial with cost-effectiveness analysis.

Setting The study was carried out at an orthopaedic department at a Swedish University Hospital.

Methods One hundred and seventy hip surgery patients (patients with fractures or with osteoarthritis) were randomly allocated to either intermittent or indwelling urinary catheterisation. Data collection took place at four time points: during stay in hospital, at discharge and at 4 weeks and 4 months after discharge.

Results Eighteen patients contracted nosocomial UTIs, 8 in the intermittent catheterisation group and 10 in the indwelling catheterisation group (absolute difference 2.4%, 95% CI −6.9–11.6%) The patients in the intermittent catheterisation group were more often catheterised (p < 0.001) and required more bladder scans (p < 0.001) but regained normal bladder function sooner than the patients in the indwelling catheterisation group (p < 0.001). Fourteen percent of the patients in the intermittent group did not need any catheterisation. Cost-effectiveness was similar between the indwelling and intermittent urinary catheterisation methods.

Conclusions Both indwelling and intermittent methods could be appropriate in clinical practice. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages but by not using routine indwelling catheterisation, unnecessary catheterisations might be avoided in this patient group.

Keywords
Cost-effectiveness, Hip arthroplasty, Hip fractures, Intermittent catheterisation, Indwelling catheterisation, Randomised controlled trial
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30879 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2013.05.007 (DOI)000327225300003 ()23768410 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84886100755 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-09-19 Created: 2013-09-19 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Hälleberg-Nyman, M., Gustafsson, M., Langius-Eklöf, A. & Isaksson, A.-K. (2013). Patients' experiences of bladder emptying in connection with hip surgery: an issue but of varying impact. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(12), 2686-2695
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' experiences of bladder emptying in connection with hip surgery: an issue but of varying impact
2013 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 69, no 12, p. 2686-2695Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe patients' experiences of bladder emptying and urinary catheterization in connection with hip surgery.

Background: The capacity of bladder emptying in connection with hip surgery is affected by pain, medication and confinement to bed. In connection with such surgery urinary catheterization is often performed, either intermittent or indwelling. Hip surgery patients' experiences of urinary catheterization and urination have not been studied before.

Design: A qualitative study with descriptive design was conducted among hip surgery patients.

Methods: Thirty face-to-face interviews were conducted from October 2009-March 2010 and analysed with inductive qualitative content analysis.

Results: The main category An issue but of varying impact' illustrated the patients' experiences of bladder emptying and urinary catheterization. Five generic categories were identified: ability to urinate, catheter is convenient, bothersome bladder emptying, intrusion on dignity and concern about complications. Irrespectively of whether the patients were able to urinate or were catheterized, the bladder emptying situation was not as usual. It was described as uncomplicated and experienced as being positive if the patients were able to urinate by themselves or when catheterization was experienced as convenient. Some patients did not want to be catheterized, approving it only reluctantly. Independently of the method for bladder emptying, the patients in our study would choose the same method next time.

Conclusions: The patients undergoing hip surgery seem to experience bladder emptying as an issue but of varying impact. Both bladder emptying through micturition and bladder emptying through catheterization are described in positive and negative terms.

Keywords
bladder emptying, hip arthroplasty, hip fractures, nursing, patient experiences, qualitative research, urinary catheterization
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32757 (URN)10.1111/jan.12156 (DOI)000327018400010 ()23614577 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84887679741 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish Association of Health Professionals Research Committee Orebro County Council

Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Wengström, Y., Eklöf, A. L., Sundberg, K. & Blomberg, K. (2013). Symptom management for cancer patients via mobile phones. Paper presented at 17th ECCO / 38th ESMO / 32nd ESTRO European Cancer Congress on Reinforcing Multidisciplinarity, SEP 27-OCT 01, 2013, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS. European Journal of Cancer, 49, S62-S62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Symptom management for cancer patients via mobile phones
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 49, p. S62-S62Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In the front line in cancer care is to systematically integratepatient reported outcomes (PRO) in clinical practice. The development ofthis research program is based on The Participatory Care Model, and buildson how patients can be integrated in their care. The aim is to evaluate the effects of an interactive e-health solution for assessment of symptom burden, generating instant self-care advice and instant access to health care professionals.

Methods: The hypothesis is that the intervention promotes safe and participatory care and thereby improves clinical management and health care costs. The experimental multicenter studies incorporate a mixedmethod approach. Ongoing studies include patients with pancreatic and prostate cancer using the mobile phone application in comparison to control groups in standard care. Outcomes are collected before and after treatment by questionnaires concerning capacity to understand, communicate health needs and promote healthy behaviors (health literacy), symptom burden and management and quality of life and from records and registers about disease progress and health care costs. Interviews concern participatory and meaningful care. Studies are ongoing for patients with prostate and pancreatic cancer and elderly populations living at home or in care homes.

Results: By using technology patients are able to communicate symptoms and receive instant support while cared for on an outpatient basis and at the same time feel reassured that their condition is monitored by health care professionals facilitating safe and participatory care.

Keywords
nursing, oncology
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-36299 (URN)000326843600227 ()
Conference
17th ECCO / 38th ESMO / 32nd ESTRO European Cancer Congress on Reinforcing Multidisciplinarity, SEP 27-OCT 01, 2013, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS
Note

Special Session (Mon, 30 Sep, 13:15−14:15)Symptom Management via the Internet:

274 Symptom management for cancer patients via mobile phones

Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Thorstensson, S., Hertfelt Wahn, E., Ekström, A. & Langius-Eklöf, A. (2012). Evaluation of the mother-to-infant relation and feeling scale: interviews with first-time mothers’ for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 4(1), 8-15, Article ID 5498A11776.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of the mother-to-infant relation and feeling scale: interviews with first-time mothers’ for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, E-ISSN 2141-2456, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 8-15, article id 5498A11776Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mothers’ perception of their relationship with their baby might affect sensitive parenting. This study aimed to explore first time mothers’ feelings for and their relation to the baby associated with how they responded to the “mother to infant relation and feelings (MIRF) scale” as a step in the validation process of the scale. Interviews with ten first-time mothers, three days after birth, were performed, using open questions followed by questions directly from the MIRF scale items. An inductive and deductive approach inspired by the “Think aloud” method guided the study. Results describe main category; New mothers bewilderment and anticipation which contained four categories; Natural and great but mixed, Maternal instinct and kinship, Ability and expectations and Not yet for real. When mothers responded to MIRF scale items they describe talking to their baby which they did not in their open answers. Answering the MIRF scale helped mothers in differentiating between their own mixed feelings of becoming mothers and their relation to and feelings for the baby. The MIRF scale appears valid in reflecting important aspects of mothers’ feelings for and relation to their baby. The MIRF scale could be used in research and when evaluating care routines as well as in dialogue with new mothers to support mother-to-infant interactions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Victoria Island, Lagos Nigeria: Academic Journals, 2012
Keywords
Maternal feeling assessment, becoming a mother, motherhood, childbirth, professional support, validity
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25764 (URN)
Note

Stina Thorstensson is also affiliated to School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden

Available from: 2012-09-10 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2018-03-21Bibliographically approved
Khanjari, S., Oskouie, F. & Langius-Eklöf, A. (2012). Lower sense of coherence, negative religious coping, and disease severity as indicators of a decrease in quality of life in Iranian family caregivers of relatives with breast cancer during the first 6 months after diagnosis. Cancer Nursing, 35(2), 148-156
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lower sense of coherence, negative religious coping, and disease severity as indicators of a decrease in quality of life in Iranian family caregivers of relatives with breast cancer during the first 6 months after diagnosis
2012 (English)In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 148-156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer challenges not only the patients who suffer from the disease but also their family caregivers. Little is known about how Iranian family caregivers are influenced.

Objective: The objective of the study was to describe quality of life (QoL), well-being, sense of coherence (SOC), spirituality, and religious coping in family caregivers of patients with breast cancer at the time of diagnosis (T1) and 6 months after diagnosis (T2) and identify predictive factors of change in QoL.

Methods: Data were collected from 150 family caregivers. The Persian version of Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer, Sense of Coherence Scale, Spirituality Perspective Scale, Religious Coping Scale, and the Health Index were used at T1 and T2.

Results: The results showed significant increase in overall QoL (P = .00) and well-being (P = .03) at T2. However, ratings of their SOC (P = .03), spirituality (P = .01), and negative religious coping (P = .00) decreased. Multiple regression analyses revealed the rating of QoL at T1 as the strongest predictor in the rating of quality-of-life change at T2 followed by the degree of SOC, negative religious coping, and patients having more severe breast cancer (R-2 = 0.64).

Conclusion: Despite improved QoL in the sample from diagnosis to 6 months, family caregivers struggle to cope with the situation.

Implications for Practice: It is suggested to develop and investigate the effects of support programs targeting coping ability in Iranian family caregivers to women with breast cancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelpha, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012
Keywords
Breast cancer, Iranian family caregivers, Quality of life, Religious coping, Sense of coherence, Spirituality, Well-being
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22119 (URN)10.1097/NCC.0b013e31821f1dda (DOI)000300627100013 ()21760493 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84857914701 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-16 Created: 2012-03-16 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Khanjari, S., Oskouie, F. & Langius-Eklöf, A. (2012). Psychometric testing of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale in an Iranian sample of family caregivers to newly diagnosed breast cancer women. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(3-4), 573-584
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychometric testing of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale in an Iranian sample of family caregivers to newly diagnosed breast cancer women
2012 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 21, no 3-4, p. 573-584Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To translate and test the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale.

Background: Research across many countries has determined quality of life of cancer patients, but few attempts have been made to measure the quality of life of family caregivers of patients with breast cancer. The Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale was developed for this purpose, but until now, it has not been translated into or tested in the Persian language.

Design: Methodological research design. Methods. After standard translation, the 35-item Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale was administered to 166 Iranian family caregivers of patients with breast cancer. A confirmatory factor analysis was carried out using LISREL to test the scale's construct validity. Further, the internal consistency and convergent validity of the instrument were tested. For convergent validity, four instruments were used in the study: sense of coherence scale, spirituality perspective scale, health index and brief religious coping scale.

Results: The confirmatory factor analysis resulted in the same four-factor structure as the original, though, with somewhat different item loadings. The Persian version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scales had satisfactory internal consistency ( 0 72-0 90). Tests of convergent validity showed that all hypotheses were confirmed. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis additionally confirmed the convergent validity between the total Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer score and sense of coherence ((beta) over cap = 0 34), negative religious coping ((beta) over cap = -0 21), education ((beta) over cap = 0 24) and the more severe stage of breast cancer ((beta) over cap = 0 23), in total explaining 41% of the variance.

Conclusion: The Persian version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale could be a reliable and valid measure in Iranian family caregivers of patients with breast cancer.

Relevance to clinical practice: The Persian version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer scale is simple to administer and will help nurses to identify the nursing needs of family caregivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malden, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
Keywords
Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer, confirmatory factor analysis, family caregivers, quality of life, reliability, validity
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22131 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03850.x (DOI)000298793400028 ()21923672 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84855354889 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-16 Created: 2012-03-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4752-902X

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