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Berglund, Sten
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Duvold, K. & Berglund, S. (2014). Democracy between Ethnos and Demos: Territorial Identification and Political Support in the Baltic States. East European Politics and Societies, 28(2), 341-365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democracy between Ethnos and Demos: Territorial Identification and Political Support in the Baltic States
2014 (English)In: East European Politics and Societies, ISSN 0888-3254, E-ISSN 1533-8371, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 341-365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Much of the political science literature suggests that a cohesive political community is advantageous-if not a precondition-for a stable democracy. Forging a cohesive community is obviously a more complex matter in a multi-ethnic setting. This article will consider the prospects of building political communities in the Baltic countries-three countries that, to various extents, struggle to balance ethnic pluralism, nation building, and democracy. The article examines the relationship between political community and democracy from a theoretical perspective, followed by an outline of the nation-building strategies taken by Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania after re-establishing independence in the early 1990s. Drawing on survey data, we use territorial attachment to tap the sense of political community in the three countries. Notably, our figures disclose that most of the Russian-speaking minorities in Estonia and Latvia identify themselves as "Russians," and not at all with the country they reside in. This suggests that the contested issue of citizenship rights in the two countries has not been particularly conducive for creating cohesive political communities. We then move to the political regime and set out to examine the character of regime support in the three countries. Can we envisage solid support for democracy and its institutions in the absence of a cohesive political community? As it appears, regime support is not contingent on territorial identity. Our data disclose that many Baltic inhabitants draw a clear distinction between their own experiences with different political systems and what they perceive as relevant regime options today.

Keywords
Baltic, democracy, demos, ethnic minorities, political support
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35823 (URN)10.1177/0888325413511851 (DOI)000337604900004 ()
Available from: 2014-08-27 Created: 2014-07-30 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S., Deegan-Krause, K. & Ekman, J. (2013). Concluding remarks (3ed.). In: Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen (Ed.), The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe: (pp. 823-830). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Concluding remarks
2013 (English)In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, p. 823-830Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013 Edition: 3
Keywords
democratisation, relevance of parties, cleavages models
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31044 (URN)978 0 85793 537 3 (ISBN)978 1 78254 588 0 (ISBN)0857935372 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S. & Ekman, J. (2013). The diversity of political regimes (3ed.). In: Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen (Ed.), The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe: (pp. 1-13). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The diversity of political regimes
2013 (English)In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013 Edition: 3
Keywords
political regimes, pluralism, democratisation
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31042 (URN)9780857935373 (ISBN)9781782545880 (ISBN)0857935372 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S., Ekman, J., Deegan-Krause, K. & Knutsen, T. (Eds.). (2013). The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe (3ed.). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013. p. 840 Edition: 3
Keywords
political pluralism, diversity, conflicts and cleavages in 19 East European party systems
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31041 (URN)978-0-85793-537-3 (ISBN)978-1-78254-588-0 (ISBN)0857935372 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S., Ekman, J., Knutsen, T. & Aarebrot, F. (2013). The resilience of history (3ed.). In: Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen (Ed.), The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe: (pp. 15-34). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The resilience of history
2013 (English)In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, p. 15-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013 Edition: 3
Keywords
imperial heritage, historical cleavages and the communist legacy
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31043 (URN)978 0 85793 537 3 (ISBN)978 1 78254 588 0 (ISBN)0857935372 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S. (2012). Europeanisation and the challenge of democracy. In: : . Paper presented at 50th Anniversary of the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Zagreb, Croatia, November 8–9, 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europeanisation and the challenge of democracy
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26709 (URN)
Conference
50th Anniversary of the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Zagreb, Croatia, November 8–9, 2012
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S. (2012). Making sense of hybrid regimes (1ed.). In: Carsten Anckar, Dag Anckar (Ed.), Comparisons, regimes, elections: festschrift for Lauri Karvonen (pp. 127-144). Åbo: Åbo Akademi University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making sense of hybrid regimes
2012 (English)In: Comparisons, regimes, elections: festschrift for Lauri Karvonen / [ed] Carsten Anckar, Dag Anckar, Åbo: Åbo Akademi University Press , 2012, 1, p. 127-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo: Åbo Akademi University Press, 2012 Edition: 1
Keywords
hybrid regimes, electoral authoritarianism, democratisation
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26708 (URN)978-951-765-660-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Sedelius, T. & Berglund, S. (2012). Towards presidential rule in Ukraine: hybrid regime dynamics in a semi-presidentialism. Baltic Journal of Law & Politics, 5(1), 20-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards presidential rule in Ukraine: hybrid regime dynamics in a semi-presidentialism
2012 (English)In: Baltic Journal of Law & Politics, ISSN 2029-0454, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 20-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article sets out to analyse recent regime developments in Ukraine in relation to semi-presidentialism. The article asks: to what extent and in what ways theoretical arguments against semi-presidentialism (premier-presidential and president-parliamentary systems) are relevant for understanding the changing directions of the Ukrainian regime since the 1990s? The article also reviews the by now overwhelming evidence suggesting that President Yanukovych is turning Ukraine into a more authoritarian hybrid regime and raises the question to what extent the president-parliamentary system might serve this end.

The article argues that both kinds of semi-presidentialism have, in different ways, exacerbated rather than mitigated institutional conflict and political stalemate. The return to the president-parliamentary system in 2010 - the constitutional arrangement with the most dismal record of democratisation - was a step in the wrong direction. The premier-presidential regime was by no means ideal, but it had at least two advantages. It weakened the presidential dominance and it explicitly anchored the survival of the government in parliament. The return to the 1996 constitution ties in well with the notion that President Viktor Yanukovych has embarked on an outright authoritarian path.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sciendo, 2012
Keywords
Ukraine, constitution, semi-presidentialism, premier-presidentialism, president-parliamentarism, hybrid regime
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26707 (URN)10.2478/v10076-012-0002-2 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2019-04-02Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S. & Sedelius, T. (2011). Turning the clock backwards?: Hybrid regime dynamics in post-orange Ukraine. In: : . Paper presented at The XVI NOPSA Conference, Vaasa, Finland 9-12 August 2011 (pp. 1-21).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Turning the clock backwards?: Hybrid regime dynamics in post-orange Ukraine
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24364 (URN)
Conference
The XVI NOPSA Conference, Vaasa, Finland 9-12 August 2011
Available from: 2012-08-19 Created: 2012-08-11 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
Berglund, S. & Ekman, J. (2010). Cleavages and political transformations. In: Stefan Immerfall, GöranTherborn (Ed.), Handbook of European societies: social transformations in the 21st century (pp. 91-109). Berlin: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cleavages and political transformations
2010 (English)In: Handbook of European societies: social transformations in the 21st century / [ed] Stefan Immerfall, GöranTherborn, Berlin: Springer , 2010, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer, 2010
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6849 (URN)10.1007/978-0-387-88199-7 (DOI)978-0-387-88198-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-05-23 Created: 2009-05-16 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
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