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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Axelsson, T. (2023). Norm-critique as revitalizer of gender equality? Local policy actors’ norm-critical understandings of Swedish preschool’s gender-equality mission. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 9(2), 101-112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Norm-critique as revitalizer of gender equality? Local policy actors’ norm-critical understandings of Swedish preschool’s gender-equality mission
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, the notion of norm-critique has had an impact on Swedish educational policymaking, including the gender-equality mission of the Swedish preschool. The aim is to better understand and problematize the relationship between gender equality, as formal curricular content, and norm-critique, as informal curricular content, in educational policymaking in the field of Swedish preschool. The paper asks: What understandings are ascribed to the notion of norm-critique in relation to Swedish preschool’s gender-equality mission? Theoretically, the paper draws on the concept of epistemological understandings and the dynamic between epistemologies of gender equality and norm-critique. In terms of materials and methods, three focus group discussions with 13 preschool managers, here conceptualized as local policy actors, were analysed. The main finding is that these local policy actors view the notion of norm-critique as a revitalizer of the gender-equality mission of the Swedish preschool. A first conclusion is that the notion of norm-critique enhances the gender-equality mission because it might help local policy actors to view gender equality from a broader perspective and in relation to other, intersecting causes of inequality. A second, and somewhat contradictory, conclusion is that the notion of norm-critique risks undermining the gender-equality mission by replacing it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Norm-critique, gender equality, formal and informal curriculum, local policy actors, early childhood education and care
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies; Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-104443 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2023.2180797 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148648082 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Örebro University, ORU 2017/05835
Available from: 2023-02-23 Created: 2023-02-23 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Sandström, L., Axelsson, T. K., Callerstig, A.-C., Strid, S. & Bobek, A. (2022). RESISTIRÉ: Building back better? Qualitative indications of inequalities produced by Covid-19 and its policy and societal responses. Second cycle summary report. Deliverable report D4.2. Örebro University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>RESISTIRÉ: Building back better? Qualitative indications of inequalities produced by Covid-19 and its policy and societal responses. Second cycle summary report. Deliverable report D4.2
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2022 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of RESISTIRÉ is to understand the unequal impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak and its policy and societal responses on behavioural, social and economic inequalities and to work towards individual and societal resilience. RESISTIRÉ does so by collecting and analysing policy data, quantitative data and qualitative data in the EU27, Iceland, Serbia, Turkey and the UK, and translating these into insights to be used for designing, devising and piloting solutions for improved policies and social innovations, which in turn can be deployed by policymakers, stakeholders and actors in the field across different policy domains. The project relies on a ten-partner multidisciplinary and multisectoral European consortium, and a well-established network of researchers in 31 countries. 

The aim of this report is to analyse the gender+ inequality dimensions and the impacts that policies and societal responses implemented in Europe as a response to COVID-19 have had on people, to give voice to those people and groups who may not have been heard in the public debate, and to identify enablers and obstacles towards recovery, with a specific focus on four domains: gender-based violence, education, work and care; and with a specific focus on vulnerable groups, including: LGBTQI+, migrants, young people. 

The report is based on three methods of qualitative data collection: pan-European workshops, expert interviews and narrative interviews. The material is extensive; all in all it includes 368 individuals, who generously shared their knowledge and experiences as activists and experts in civil society, public authorities and academia, and as individuals with lived experiences during COVID-19 across Europe. The data were collected via three pan-European workshops with inequality experts from civil society representing the voices of specific target groups, public authority experts and academics (n=38); semi-structured interviews with predominantly public authority experts and academics (n=24); and via individual narrative interviews with people from across Europe (n=306) and analysed using thematic analysis. The workshops addressed the domains gender-based violence, work, and education. The semi-structured interviews collected data from the national level in the same domains, as well as the care domain. The narrative interviews were conducted and analysed by the consortium partners and a network of 21 national researchers covering the EU27, Iceland, Serbia, Turkey, and the UK. 

In line with the theoretical and conceptual approach of RESISTIRÉ, the report builds on an intersectional approach to gender which acknowledges the mutual shaping of multiple complex inequalities. Based on the research agenda produced in the first cycle, the analysis also draws on concepts of unintended consequences, resilience, recovery and better stories (Živković et al. 2022). 

The overall findings of this second cycle of qualitative data collection describe a Europe where:

  • recovery is not taking place, despite an extensive political and societal response to the pandemic. Instead, we are witnessing an increase in inequalities, and emerging forms of new inequalities, including
  • Intensification of gender-based violence and emergence of new mechanisms and methods of perpetrating violence. 
  • Educational debts – similar to the health debt - affecting millions of pupils and students around Europe and with long term effects that could be potentially devastating for a whole generation. 
  • Digital poverty, including unequal digital literacy and unequal access to digital tools, was prevalent across all domains and strongly interlinked with gender+ inequalities, but with different effects in different domains. Technological and digital shortages among some groups, influenced individual lives in terms of work and education, social contact and opportunities for health prevention. For instance, elderly and some migrant communities were not provided with health information, booking systems for testing and vaccines in an accessible format. 
  • Time poverty: Although remote work improved work-life balance for some, many women struggled to combine paid work with unpaid care work during the pandemic. 
  • Welfare system favouring insiders: while those with secure employment received some support, others were left without. People relying on casual work in the informal sector and the self-employed stood out as particularly vulnerable. Complicated bureaucratic procedures also excluded some people. 
  • Difficulties (re)entering the labour market: the pandemic made it more challenging for individuals to (re) enter the labour market either because employers were not recruiting new staff or because opportunities for education and training were more limited. 
  • Social isolation and psychological concerns: Tha The pandemic, and the social isolation it has caused, has had a detrimental effect on mental health which was apparent in cycle one. What the second cycle shows is that these effects appear to be persistent for many. A sense of hopelessness and helplessness are coming through strongly in some narratives. 
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro University, 2022. p. 128
Keywords
COVID-19, intersectionality, gender+, qualitative analysis, qualitative methodology, LGBTQI+, vulnerabilities, policy responses
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Gender Studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-99462 (URN)10.5281/zenodo.6517795 (DOI)
Projects
RESISTIRÉ
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, GA 101015990
Available from: 2022-06-09 Created: 2022-06-09 Last updated: 2023-04-12Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. & Frödén, S. (2021). Mellan styrning och pedagogisering: En analys av hur förskolans ledningspersoner förstår förskolans jämställdhetsuppdrag. Utbildning och Demokrati, 30(2), 59-84
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan styrning och pedagogisering: En analys av hur förskolans ledningspersoner förstår förskolans jämställdhetsuppdrag
2021 (Swedish)In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 59-84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores how local preschool managers – that is principals, heads of childcare and education departments, and chairs of childcare and education political committees – understand their gender equality mission. It is based on three focus groups with thirteen participants in three Swedish municipalities. Theoretically, the article conceptualises gender equality as simultaneously an ‘empty signifier’ and organisational process. The analysis shows that preschool managers understand gender equality on three levels: state/politically; municipal/organisationally; and practically/pedagogically. Based on the results of the empirical analyses, we suggest that further gender equality work in preschools needs to: find a balance between politicisation and administration; be organised horizontally and allow for knowledge transformation; and be actively led by preschool principals in order to not make pre-school teachers responsible for implementing the gender equality duty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2021
Keywords
gender equality, understandings, preschool, curriculum, systematic quality work
National Category
Pedagogy Gender Studies
Research subject
Education; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-95051 (URN)10.48059/uod.v30i2.1561 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-10-16 Created: 2021-10-16 Last updated: 2021-10-18Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T., Callerstig, A.-C., Sandström, L. & Strid, S. (2021). Qualitative indications of inequalities produced by COVID-19 and its policy responses: RESISTIRÉ 1st cycle summary report.. Strasbourg: European Science Foundation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qualitative indications of inequalities produced by COVID-19 and its policy responses: RESISTIRÉ 1st cycle summary report.
2021 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This report on qualitative indications of inequalities reports on the identification of inequalities produced by COVID-19 and/or (re)produced by its policy responses. It is based on the collection and analysis of qualitative data identified within the framework developed in RESISTIRÉ. It derives from extensive, mixed methods to gather data in the project’s first of three research cycles. It includes workshops and interviews with inequality experts, and narrative interviews with individual people living throughout Europe. These provide us with insights on the impact of COVID from both professional and personal perspectives, including the insights and experiences from experts in civil society, experts in public authorities, academics, and the individual stories of lived experiences during COVID-19. These insights allow us to analyse the behavioural, economic, social, and environmental impacts of COVID-19 from a gender+ perspective and on vulnerable/marginalised groups. Through this data collection and analysis, the report provides analytical insights during the second year of the outbreak.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Strasbourg: European Science Foundation, 2021. p. 128
Keywords
gender+, qualitative indicators, individual narratives, inequalities, COVID-19, vulnerable groups, qualitative data
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-95251 (URN)10.5281/zenodo.5595814 (DOI)
Projects
RESISTIRE - RESpondIng to outbreaks through co-creaTIve sustainable inclusive equality stRatEgies (101015990)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 101015990
Available from: 2021-10-27 Created: 2021-10-27 Last updated: 2023-04-12Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. (2020). Del 1: Föräldraskapsstöd och jämställdhet. [Inspelad föreläsning]. Örebro
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Del 1: Föräldraskapsstöd och jämställdhet. [Inspelad föreläsning]
2020 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Det här är den första föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör relationen mellan föräldraskapsstödspolitik och jämställdhetspolitik.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Örebro: , 2020
Keywords
föräldraskapsstöd, jämställdhet
National Category
Gender Studies Educational Sciences
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-89245 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-02 Created: 2021-02-02 Last updated: 2021-02-02Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. (2020). Del 2: Anpassade insatser för pappor. [Inspelad föreläsning]. Örebro
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Del 2: Anpassade insatser för pappor. [Inspelad föreläsning]
2020 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Det här är den andra föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör anpassade insatser för pappor.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Örebro: , 2020
Keywords
föräldraskapsstöd, jämställdhet
National Category
Gender Studies Educational Sciences
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-89246 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-02 Created: 2021-02-02 Last updated: 2021-02-02Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. (2020). Del 3: Hur ska vi göra för att främja ett jämställt föräldraskap? [Inspelad föreläsning]. Örebro
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Del 3: Hur ska vi göra för att främja ett jämställt föräldraskap? [Inspelad föreläsning]
2020 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Det här är den tredje föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör olika insatser som syftar till att främja ett jämställt föräldraskapsstöd.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Örebro: , 2020
Keywords
föräldraskapsstöd, jämställdhet
National Category
Gender Studies Educational Sciences
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-89247 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-02 Created: 2021-02-02 Last updated: 2021-02-02Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. & Gunnarsson, L. (2020). Extending the uses of Liisa's notion of 'non-event': The cases of gender equality work and sexual violence. In: Sofia Strid, Dag Balkmar, Jeff Hearn, Louise Morley (Ed.), Does knowledge have a gender? A Festschrift for Liisa Husu on gender, science and academia: (pp. 390-401). Örebro: Örebro University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extending the uses of Liisa's notion of 'non-event': The cases of gender equality work and sexual violence
2020 (English)In: Does knowledge have a gender? A Festschrift for Liisa Husu on gender, science and academia / [ed] Sofia Strid, Dag Balkmar, Jeff Hearn, Louise Morley, Örebro: Örebro University , 2020, p. 390-401Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2020
Series
CFS report series, ISSN 1654-806X ; 26
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-88112 (URN)978-91-87789-36-6 (ISBN)978-91-87789-37-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-16 Created: 2020-12-16 Last updated: 2021-01-12Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, T. & Wetterberg, T. (2020). Från något till synes stabilt och välbekant till något där konturerna bara skymtar. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 97(2), 170-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från något till synes stabilt och välbekant till något där konturerna bara skymtar
2020 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 170-176Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

I denna temaledare beskrivs temanumret "Maskulinitet i förändring" som helhet. Detta temanummer tar sin utgångspunkt i den nationella konferensserien med samma namn som temanumret. Konferensserien har arrangerats av Länsstyrelsen i Örebro län sedan 2010. Konferensserien återfinns i skärningspunkten mellan jämställdhetspolitik, jämställdhetsarbete och ett av genusforskningens underområden: kritiska studier av män och maskuliniteter. I temanumret uppmärksammas konferensen i sig själv – som ett exempel på samverkan mellan forskning, politik och praxis. Utöver detta innehåller temanumret artiklar som belyser olika aspekter av de teman som konferensserien tagit upp genom åren: våld, hälsa, idrott, utbildning, makt, föräldraskap, sexualitet, politik, kriminalitet och klimat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stiftelsen Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2020
Keywords
maskulinitet, jämställdhetspolitik, maskulinitetsforskning, förändring
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Education; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-83205 (URN)
Available from: 2020-06-15 Created: 2020-06-15 Last updated: 2020-09-17Bibliographically approved
Strid, S. & Axelsson, T. (2020). Involving men: The multiple meanings of female genital mutilation in a minority migrant context. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 28(4), 287-301
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Involving men: The multiple meanings of female genital mutilation in a minority migrant context
2020 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 287-301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper explores the roles of men in the continuation/abandonment of female genital mutilation (FGM) in a migrant minority community in Sweden. The aim is to contribute to the under-researched area of men’s attitudes towards and experiences of FGM, using frameworks on engaging men, feminist theories on men and masculinity, and intersectionality.

It is based on an inductive qualitative design for data collection, includ-ing a focus group discussion with 13 male Somali migrants in Sweden. The analysis shows a window of opportunity for involving minority migrant men in prevention and to challenge a minority migrant gender regime. The ambivalent attitudes expressed are based on a will to reflect on roles, a desire to adjust to conflicting social norms and institutional rules, and an interest in the legal, health and medical consequences of FGM.

The paper concludes that successful interventions and involvement need to consider local activism, gendered dynamics, masculinities and empowerment; attempts to eradicate FGM will be more successful if they empower women and men

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
complicity, engaging men frameworks, female genital mutilation, gendered violence, intersectionality, minority migrant men, oppositionality
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-83445 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2020.1786164 (DOI)000552894100001 ()2-s2.0-85088595818 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-06-22 Created: 2020-06-22 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5591-4975

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