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Publications (10 of 99) Show all publications
Guo, H. & Gao, S. (2023). Achieving Alignment by Means of EA Artifacts. In: Tiago Prince Sales; Henderik A. Proper; Giancarlo Guizzardi; Marco Montali; Fabrizio Maria Maggi; Claudenir M. Fonseca (Ed.), Enterprise Design, Operations, and Computing: EDOC 2022 Workshops: IDAMS, SoEA4EE, TEAR, EDOC Forum, Demonstrations Track and Doctoral Consortium, Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, October 4–7, 2022, Revised Selected Papers. Paper presented at Enterprise Design, Operations, and Computing. EDOC 2022 Workshops, Detroit, USA, October 4-7, 2023 (pp. 166-179). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achieving Alignment by Means of EA Artifacts
2023 (English)In: Enterprise Design, Operations, and Computing: EDOC 2022 Workshops: IDAMS, SoEA4EE, TEAR, EDOC Forum, Demonstrations Track and Doctoral Consortium, Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, October 4–7, 2022, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Tiago Prince Sales; Henderik A. Proper; Giancarlo Guizzardi; Marco Montali; Fabrizio Maria Maggi; Claudenir M. Fonseca, Springer, 2023, p. 166-179Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Enterprise Architecture (EA) was reported as powerful but also often failed to be applied. It is necessary to clarify by which means EA brings its value such as alignment. In this research, we explored how core EA deliverables, namely EA Artifacts (EAAs), helped organizations achieve alignment, by observing and analyzing recommended practices of a leading EA tool vendor. The results indicated that, 1) Among 43 EAAs primarily recommended by the vendor, most of them described “alignment” relationships among organizational elements, and in a quite explicit way; 2) Two types of “alignment” relationships were described in such EAAs; 3) EA users recognized such types of alignment relationships achieved by leveraging such EAAs. Application of the findings might help organizations more consciously define alignment goals by leveraging appropriate EAAs sets, and accordingly, further achieve business success with better EA applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, ISSN 1865-1348, E-ISSN 1865-1356 ; 466
Keywords
Alignment, EA artifacts, EA tools, Enterprise architecture
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-111002 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-26886-1_10 (DOI)2-s2.0-85149900209 (Scopus ID)9783031268854 (ISBN)9783031268861 (ISBN)
Conference
Enterprise Design, Operations, and Computing. EDOC 2022 Workshops, Detroit, USA, October 4-7, 2023
Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-01-29Bibliographically approved
Khando, K., Islam, M. S. & Gao, S. (2023). Factors Influencing Merchants’ Use of Cashless Payment Systems in Sweden. In: Marijn Janssen; Luiz Pinheiro; Ricardo Matheus; Fernanda Frankenberger; Yogesh K. Dwivedi; Ilias O. Pappas; Matti Mäntymäki (Ed.), New Sustainable Horizons in Artificial Intelligence and Digital Solutions: 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society, I3E 2023, Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society (I3E 2023), Curitiba, Brazil, November 9-11, 2023. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors Influencing Merchants’ Use of Cashless Payment Systems in Sweden
2023 (English)In: New Sustainable Horizons in Artificial Intelligence and Digital Solutions: 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society, I3E 2023, Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023, Proceedings / [ed] Marijn Janssen; Luiz Pinheiro; Ricardo Matheus; Fernanda Frankenberger; Yogesh K. Dwivedi; Ilias O. Pappas; Matti Mäntymäki, Springer, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sweden is practically becoming a cashless society and possesses a clear sign of future competitiveness in cashless payment which has a wider impact on businesses and society at large. However, according to the existing research, there is a lack of comprehensive understanding of how this cashless society has shaped up and how such competitiveness can be sustained over time. There has been much research on consumer adoption of cashless payment systems, but the research on adoption by merchants is scant. Thus, considering the critical role they play in the cashless payment ecosystem, this study aims to understand the factors influencing the adoption of cashless payment systems from Swedish merchants’ perspective. The study used qualitative thematic analysis to identify seven factors: convenience, cost, trust, risks, norm, regulation, and customer preference. The findings contribute to limited knowledge of cashless payment systems in the context of Sweden and can be transferable to other countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349 ; 14316
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110184 (URN)9783031500398 (ISBN)9783031500404 (ISBN)
Conference
22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society (I3E 2023), Curitiba, Brazil, November 9-11, 2023
Available from: 2023-12-12 Created: 2023-12-12 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Islam, M. S., Wistrand, K. & Gao, S. (2023). Learners and their learning environment in Swedish higher education: Challenges in computer-mediated learning during COVID-19. Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 18(1), 35-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learners and their learning environment in Swedish higher education: Challenges in computer-mediated learning during COVID-19
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 35-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims at investigating the issues and challenges experienced by remote learning among the students of higher education in the context of Sweden during COVID-19. The pandemic situation influenced the emergence of a new learning context and the effectiveness of the computer-mediated remote learning from the sudden transition of traditional approaches poised many interesting issues. The empirical part of the study was based on a web-based survey conducted among 1767 anonymous students studied at 30 higher educational institutions in Sweden during the pandemic period in mid-2020. The results are presented in line with Zimmerman’s (2000) triadic (personal, environmental and behavioural) forms of self-regulation. The survey indicated that the perceived worries students experienced were oriented towards the students’ own personal situation, and future possibilities rather than the general state and welfare of the global society. The fast transition to online classes and seminars led to a lot of students being worried about their abilities to maintain efficiency in their studies. The findings of this study could provide refined insights into the issues that we should have in mind while formulating strategies for effective remote learning in such a changing environment during a crisis period not only in Sweden but also in some international contexts.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Norway: Universitetsforlaget, 2023
Keywords
COVID-19, Remote learning, Self-regulated learning, Higher education, Sweden
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102638 (URN)10.18261/njdl.18.1.4 (DOI)000980732700004 ()2-s2.0-85156194280 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-10 Created: 2022-12-10 Last updated: 2023-07-24Bibliographically approved
Guo, H. & Gao, S. (2023). Leveraging Enterprise Architecture Artifacts for Digital Transformation: Some Preliminary Findings. In: Marijn Janssen; Luiz Pinheiro; Ricardo Matheus; Fernanda Frankenberger; Yogesh K. Dwivedi; Ilias O. Pappas; Matti Mäntymäki (Ed.), New Sustainable Horizons in Artificial Intelligence and Digital Solutions: 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society, I3E 2023, Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society (I3E 2023), Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023 (pp. 294-307). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leveraging Enterprise Architecture Artifacts for Digital Transformation: Some Preliminary Findings
2023 (English)In: New Sustainable Horizons in Artificial Intelligence and Digital Solutions: 22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society, I3E 2023, Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023, Proceedings / [ed] Marijn Janssen; Luiz Pinheiro; Ricardo Matheus; Fernanda Frankenberger; Yogesh K. Dwivedi; Ilias O. Pappas; Matti Mäntymäki, Springer, 2023, p. 294-307Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The global wave of Digital Transformation (DT) requires a large number of organizations to effectively respond to relevant challenges, plan and manage changes by aligning organizational elements. Enterprise Architecture (EA), which has a history of about 50 years, is considered to be a good alignment approach. But its application is mainly limited to developed countries and large enterprises, partly due to its high threshold. To benefit more organizations that are not yet familiar with EA, this study suggests EA beginners to firstly attempt to benefit from EA Artifacts (EAAs) without knowing/using EA Frameworks (EAFs). We conducted a survey with students in a Chinese university who participated in an EA course to verify the significance and feasibility of this proposal. The results showed that EA beginners recognized the value of EAAs and were willing to learn relevant knowledge and skills such as modeling languages and tools. It was also found that EAFs brought considerable complexity and its necessity was not directly perceived by participants. It should be noted that for EA beginners, even if they only attempt to benefit from EAAs, certain knowledge and practical skills are required. Some practical tips such as providing coaching style support are suggested accordingly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349 ; 14316
Keywords
Digital Transformation, DT, EA, EA artifacts, EA frameworks, Enterprise Architecture
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110997 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-50040-4_22 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180555315 (Scopus ID)9783031500398 (ISBN)9783031500404 (ISBN)
Conference
22nd IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society (I3E 2023), Curitiba, Brazil, November 9–11, 2023
Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-01-29Bibliographically approved
Rostami, E., Karlsson, F. & Gao, S. (2023). Policy components - a conceptual model for modularizing and tailoring of information security policies. Information and Computer Security, 31(3), 331-352
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy components - a conceptual model for modularizing and tailoring of information security policies
2023 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, E-ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 331-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper aims to propose a conceptual model of policy components for software that supports modularizing and tailoring of information security policies (ISPs).

Design/methodology/approach: This study used a design science research approach, drawing on design knowledge from the field of situational method engineering. The conceptual model was developed as a unified modeling language class diagram using existing ISPs from public agencies in Sweden.

Findings: This study's demonstration as proof of concept indicates that the conceptual model can be used to create free-standing modules that provide guidance about information security in relation to a specific work task and that these modules can be used across multiple tailored ISPs. Thus, the model can be considered as a step toward developing software to tailor ISPs.

Research limitations/implications: The proposed conceptual model bears several short- and long-term implications for research. In the short term, the model can act as a foundation for developing software to design tailored ISPs. In the long term, having software that enables tailorable ISPs will allow researchers to do new types of studies, such as evaluating the software's effectiveness in the ISP development process.

Practical implications: Practitioners can use the model to develop software that assist information security managers in designing tailored ISPs. Such a tool can offer the opportunity for information security managers to design more purposeful ISPs.

Originality/value: The proposed model offers a detailed and well-elaborated starting point for developing software that supports modularizing and tailoring of ISPs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Information security policy, Information security management, Policy component, Situational method engineering, Policy design
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-104974 (URN)10.1108/ICS-10-2022-0160 (DOI)000930607700001 ()
Available from: 2023-03-16 Created: 2023-03-16 Last updated: 2023-11-16Bibliographically approved
Guo, H., Li, J., Gao, S. & Smite, D. (2022). A Method for Enterprise Architecture Model Slicing. Applied Sciences, 12(19), Article ID 9604.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Method for Enterprise Architecture Model Slicing
2022 (English)In: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 12, no 19, article id 9604Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been applied widely in industry as it brings substantial benefits to ease communication and improve business-IT alignment. However, due to its high complexity and cost, EA still plays a limited role in many organizations. Existing research recommends realizing more of the EA potential. EA can be developed for specific purposes, accumulated in a digital repository, and reused when needed later. Due to the diversity and inconsistency of the repository, it is challenging to find relevant EA data and reuse it. In the present research, we propose using slicing techniques to extract EA models for reuse. We validate the method with an official EA repository hosted by The Open Group. The result shows that the method could facilitate extracting existing EA model components for developing new EA artifacts to save cost, alleviate maintenance effort, and help keep the repository consistent for future (re)use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
enterprise architecture (EA), agile, lean, repository, program slicing, model slicing
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-101956 (URN)10.3390/app12199604 (DOI)000866602200001 ()2-s2.0-85139963231 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Research Council of Norway, NFR 295920
Note

Funding agencies:

Anhui University Y040418077

Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China Z010146009

Available from: 2022-10-27 Created: 2022-10-27 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved
Bergquist, J.-H., Tinet, S. & Gao, S. (2022). An information classification model for public sector organizations in Sweden: a case study of a Swedish municipality. Information and Computer Security, 30(2), 153-172
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An information classification model for public sector organizations in Sweden: a case study of a Swedish municipality
2022 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, E-ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 153-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create an information classification model that is tailored to suit the specific needs of public sector organizations in Sweden.

Design/methodology/approach: To address the purpose of this research, a case study in a Swedish municipality was conducted. Data was collected through a mixture of techniques such as literature, document and website review. Empirical data was collected through interviews with 11 employees working within 7 different sections of the municipality.

Findings: This study resulted in an information classification model that is tailored to the specific needs of Swedish municipalities. In addition, a set of steps for tailoring an information classification model to suit a specific public organization are recommended. The findings also indicate that for a successful information classification it is necessary to educate the employees about the basics of information security and classification and create an understandable and unified information security language.

Practical implications: This study also highlights that to have a tailored information classification model, it is imperative to understand the value of information and what kind of consequences a violation of established information security principles could have through the perspectives of the employees.

Originality/value: It is the first of its kind in tailoring an information classification model to the specific needs of a Swedish municipality. The model provided by this study can be used as a tool to facilitate a common ground for classifying information within all Swedish municipalities, thereby contributing the first step toward a Swedish municipal model for information classification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022
Keywords
Information classification, Information classification model, Information security, Information security principles, Swedish civil contingencies agency (MSB)
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-93893 (URN)10.1108/ICS-03-2021-0032 (DOI)000685612100001 ()2-s2.0-85112534218 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-08-25 Created: 2021-08-25 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Moll, J. & Gao, S. (2022). Awarding bonus points as a motivator for increased engagement in course activities in a theoretical system development course. In: 2022 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE): . Paper presented at Frontiers in Education, Uppsala, Sweden, October 8-11, 2022. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Awarding bonus points as a motivator for increased engagement in course activities in a theoretical system development course
2022 (English)In: 2022 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), IEEE, 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This research to practice full paper focuses on gamification in a theoretical university course. Gamification has been applied in many different educational contexts as a means to motivate students to engage with course material. One commonly used gamification element is bonus points. This study aimed to investigate the use of bonus points as a motivator for increased engagement in course activities in a theoretical system development course in higher education. A mixed method approach, based on statistical analysis of course achievement, survey data and student group interviews has been applied to address this aim. According to the results, we found that awarding bonus points in the course seminars had positive effects on students’ learning motivation and engagement, as well as students’ achievements on the final course examination. This study contributes to the current literature of gamification in education by studying the implementation of bonus points in a theoretical course in higher education – two areas where there is currently a lack of studies. Furthermore, practical insights in how to implement a bonus points system in higher education have been highlighted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022
Series
Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, ISSN 1539-4565, E-ISSN 2377-634X
Keywords
bonus points, gamification, higher education, motivation, theory course
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-103444 (URN)10.1109/FIE56618.2022.9962540 (DOI)2-s2.0-85143833110 (Scopus ID)9781665462440 (ISBN)9781665462457 (ISBN)
Conference
Frontiers in Education, Uppsala, Sweden, October 8-11, 2022
Available from: 2023-01-24 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-01-25Bibliographically approved
Khando, K., Islam, M. S. & Gao, S. (2022). Factors Shaping the Cashless Payment Ecosystem: Understanding the Role of Participating Actors. In: Andreja Pucihar; Mirjana Kljajić Borštnar; Roger Bons; Anand Sheombar; Guido Ongena; Doroteja Vidmar (Ed.), 35th Bled eConference – Digital Restructuring and Human (Re)action: June 26 – 29, 2022, Bled, Slovenia: Conference Proceedings. Paper presented at 35th Bled eConference - Digital Restructuring and Human (Re)action, Bled, Slovenia, June 26-29, 2022 (pp. 161-186). Maribor, Slovenia: University of Maribor University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors Shaping the Cashless Payment Ecosystem: Understanding the Role of Participating Actors
2022 (English)In: 35th Bled eConference – Digital Restructuring and Human (Re)action: June 26 – 29, 2022, Bled, Slovenia: Conference Proceedings / [ed] Andreja Pucihar; Mirjana Kljajić Borštnar; Roger Bons; Anand Sheombar; Guido Ongena; Doroteja Vidmar, Maribor, Slovenia: University of Maribor University Press , 2022, p. 161-186Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cashless payments have become increasingly popular around the world because of their numerous advantages. Moreso, the cashless payment adoption has been escalated during the theCovid-19 pandemic. However, there is a lack of holistic studies on the adoption and contemporary practices of cashless payments. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to provide a comprehensive understanding by identifying the participating actors and their crucial role in the payment ecosystem. Thus, the paper aims to address two research questions: i) Who are the participating actors in the cashless payment ecosystem? and ii)What are the determinant factors for the actors to adopt the cashless payment ecosystem? Through scoping literature review of 63 articles published in the last seven years (2015-2021), six participating ecosystem actors are identified with their determinant factors. The study contributes toward addressing adoption issues and serves as a basis for future empirical investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Maribor, Slovenia: University of Maribor University Press, 2022
Keywords
cashless payment, actors, adoption factors, ecosystem, scoping review
National Category
Economics and Business Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100834 (URN)10.18690/um.fov.4.2022.10 (DOI)9789612866167 (ISBN)
Conference
35th Bled eConference - Digital Restructuring and Human (Re)action, Bled, Slovenia, June 26-29, 2022
Available from: 2022-08-25 Created: 2022-08-25 Last updated: 2022-08-26Bibliographically approved
Rostami, E., Karlsson, F. & Gao, S. (2022). Policy Components: A Conceptual Model for Tailoring Information Security Policies. In: Nathan Clarke; Steven Furnell (Ed.), Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance: 16th IFIP WG 11.12 International Symposium, HAISA 2022, Mytilene, Lesbos, Greece, July 6–8, 2022, Proceedings. Paper presented at 16th IFIP WG 11.12 International Symposium on Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance (HAISA 2022), Mytilene, Lesbos, Greece, July 6-8, 2022 (pp. 265-274). Springer, 658
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Components: A Conceptual Model for Tailoring Information Security Policies
2022 (English)In: Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance: 16th IFIP WG 11.12 International Symposium, HAISA 2022, Mytilene, Lesbos, Greece, July 6–8, 2022, Proceedings / [ed] Nathan Clarke; Steven Furnell, Springer, 2022, Vol. 658, p. 265-274Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today, many business processes are propelled by critical information that needs safeguarding. Procedures on how to achieve this end are found in information security policies (ISPs) that are rarely tailored to different target groups in organizations. The purpose of this paper is therefore to propose a conceptual model of policy components for software that supports modularizing and tailoring of ISPs. We employed design science research to this end. The conceptual model was developed as a Unified Modeling Language class diagram using existing ISPs from public agencies in Sweden. The conceptual model can act as a foundation for developing software to tailor ISPs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Series
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, E-ISSN 1868-422X ; 658
Keywords
Information security policy, Tailored policy design, Conceptual model
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102461 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-12172-2_21 (DOI)000885946500021 ()2-s2.0-85135024359 (Scopus ID)9783031121722 (ISBN)9783031121715 (ISBN)
Conference
16th IFIP WG 11.12 International Symposium on Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance (HAISA 2022), Mytilene, Lesbos, Greece, July 6-8, 2022
Available from: 2022-12-01 Created: 2022-12-01 Last updated: 2023-02-24Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3722-6797

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