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Eriksson, K., Ernkvist, M., Laurell, C., Moodysson, J., Nykvist, R. & Sandström, C. (2019). A revised perspective on innovation policy for renewal of mature economies – Historical evidence from finance and telecommunications in Sweden 1980–1990. Technological forecasting & social change, 147, 152-162
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A revised perspective on innovation policy for renewal of mature economies – Historical evidence from finance and telecommunications in Sweden 1980–1990
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 147, p. 152-162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What is the role of innovation policy for accomplishing renewal of mature industries in Western economies? Drawing upon an unusually rich dataset spanning 9752 digitized archival documents, we categorize and code decisions taken by policymakers on several levels while also mapping and quantifying the strategic activities of both entrant firms and incumbent monopolists over a decade. Our data concerns two empirical cases from Sweden during the time period 1980–1990: the financial sector and the telecommunications sector. In both industries, a combination of technological and institutional upheaval came into motion during this time period which in turn fueled the revitalization of the Swedish economy in the subsequent decades. Our findings show that Swedish policymakers in both cases consistently acted in order to promote the emergence of more competition and de novo entrant firms at the expense of established monopolies. The paper quantifies and documents this process while also highlighting several enabling conditions. In conclusion, the results indicate that successful innovation policy in mature economies is largely a matter of strategically dealing with resourceful vested interest groups, alignment of expectations, and removing resistance to industrial renewal. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76419 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2019.07.001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069892849 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg FoundationThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2019-09-14 Created: 2019-09-14 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Laurell, C., Sandström, C., Eriksson, K. & Nykvist, R. (2019). Digital entrepreneurship and field conditions for institutional change – Investigating the enabling role of cities. Technological forecasting & social change, 146, 877-886
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital entrepreneurship and field conditions for institutional change – Investigating the enabling role of cities
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 146, p. 877-886Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital entrepreneurship may result in institutional turbulence and new initiatives are frequently blocked by vested interest groups who posit superior financial and relational resources. In this paper, we explore the role of cities in facilitating digital entrepreneurship and overcoming institutional resistance to innovation. Drawing upon two historical case studies of digital entrepreneurship in the city of Stockholm along with an extensive material on the sharing economy in Sweden, our results suggest that cities offer an environment that is critical for digital entrepreneurship. The economic and technological diversity of a city may provide the field conditions required for institutional change to take place and to avoid regulatory capture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Agglomeration, Cities, Digital entrepreneurship, Digital innovation, Field conditions, Institutional entrepreneurship, Regulatory capture, Technological forecasting, Digital innovations
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75886 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.06.019 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049344139 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg FoundationThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2019-08-25 Created: 2019-08-25 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Laurell, C. & Sandström, C. G. (2018). Assessing consumer goals in the sharing economy: Evidence from Airbnb. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018. Academy of Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing consumer goals in the sharing economy: Evidence from Airbnb
2018 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to analyze how consumers’ articulate goals associated with the sharing economy and its associated implications for consumer policy. By utilizing the methodological approach of Social Media Analytics (SMA), we track the ways in which consumers’ express goals and criticism associated to the popular accommodation sharing platform Airbnb. Based on our empirical material that covers 7,022 user-generated content published over a 12-month period, we illustrate a spectrum of eight distinct goals as well as associated dimensions of criticism that consumers demonstrate. While goals associated towards financial and efficiency gains are dominating, consumers’ criticism tends to be centered on macro environmental consequences of the sharing economy. In view of previous studies suggesting that utilitarian goals almost entirely dominate consumers’ goals associated with the sharing economy, this paper therefore contributes to extant literature on the phenomenon by illustrating the multitude of ways in which consumers relate to the sharing economy and the associated consequences for the scope, scale and speed of future ways in which the sharing economy can be regulated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2018
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75931 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2018.17276abstract (DOI)
Conference
78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Nykvist, R. & Laurell, C. (2018). Institutional orders in the sharing economy: Community as an answer to the state-market-interlock. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018. Academy of Management, Article ID 17365.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional orders in the sharing economy: Community as an answer to the state-market-interlock
2018 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2018, article id 17365Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As the emergence of sharing economy firms changes existing institutional structures and bring forth increasing institutional complexity for firms, regulators and users alike, this paper aims to analyze how the public adhere to institutional orders in resolving emerging controversies associated with the sharing economy. By analyzing four cases of societal controversies concerning the accommodation sharing platform Airbnb in the Swedish market during 12 months between the years 2015-2016, we illustrate the ways in which the public adhered to three main institutional orders of state, market and community in resolving four identified controversies related to prostitution, racism, failure to pay taxes and housing shortage allegedly caused by the firm. In perspective to the ways in which extant literature emphasize state and market as fundamental institutional orders for resolving institutional complexity, our results highlights the role of community as a key institutional order situated in the intersection between the state and the market in the setting of the sharing economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2018
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75932 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2018.17365abstract (DOI)
Conference
78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2874-017x

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