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Pitti, I. (2019). Being women in a male preserve: an ethnography of female football ultras. Journal of Gender Studies, 28(3), 318-329
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being women in a male preserve: an ethnography of female football ultras
2019 (English)In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 318-329Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article looks at the characteristics of contemporary sports audiences from the perspective of gender, focusing on the phenomenon of female ultras or ‘professional’ football fans. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in an Italian football ultras group composed of male and female fans, this paper offers an analysis of female participation in communities of organized supporters. In examining the role and position of women inside the considered group, the paper pays attention to their perception of the existing gender differences showing how female ultras explain inequalities on the basis of ‘natural’ and ‘innate’ differences and capacities between men and women. Existing patterns of male dominance are supported by female fans’ own discourses and performance of their gender identity in the ‘male preserve’. Rather than questioning male dominance and gender hierarchies, female supporters’ efforts appear aimed at being recognized as ultras ‘despite being women’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Female fans, ultras, football, ethnography, male dominance, gender relationships
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70672 (URN)10.1080/09589236.2018.1443803 (DOI)000459813700007 ()2-s2.0-85042919964 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 649416 701844
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
De Luigi, N., Martelli, A. & Pitti, I. (2018). New forms of solidarity andyoung people: an ethnography of youth participation in Italy. In: Pickard, S.; Bessant, J. (Ed.), Young people re-generating politics in times of crises: (pp. 253-271). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New forms of solidarity andyoung people: an ethnography of youth participation in Italy
2018 (English)In: Young people re-generating politics in times of crises / [ed] Pickard, S.; Bessant, J., Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 253-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Drawing from the findings of the European project ‘Partispace,’ this chapter analyses three solidarity initiatives promoted by youth leftist groups in Bologna (Italy). Materials were collected through an ethnographic study that included in-depth interviews with young activists. This material highlights the connections between the initiatives of these groups, their objectives and practices, in the context of the global financial crisis. The analysis shows that these initiatives, while seeking to mitigate the problems faced by vulnerable groups (i.e. migrants, refugees and the homeless), were also fuelled by practices of self-help aimed at responding to the unheeded ‘generational needs’ of the young people themselves. The projects emerge as ‘laboratories of political resistance’ where strategies for collective action based on mutual help and self-empowerment are experimented with and enacted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Keywords
Youth participation, youth studies, economic crisis, social movements, squats, mutualism
National Category
Social Sciences Ethnology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70677 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-58250-4_14 (DOI)978-3-319-58249-8 (ISBN)978-3-319-58250-4 (ISBN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 649416
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Pitti, I. (2018). Youth and Unconventional Political Engagement. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Pivot
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth and Unconventional Political Engagement
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book analyses the relationship between youth and participation, looking specifically at those repertories of involvement that are commonly clustered under the concept of “unconventional political participation”. The author focuses on the connections between youth practices of participation and youth conditions in contemporary society. Drawing from the analysis of three ethnographic case studies conducted on experiences of youth participation in Italy and Sweden, the circumstances and the reasons leading young people to express their political ideas through forms of engagement located outside the realm of “formal politics” are explored. The book seeks to bring back the specificities of contemporary youth at the centre of the analysis of youth practices of participation, highlighting their often overlooked socio-historical and generational ‘situatedness’. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Pivot, 2018
Keywords
Youth participation, youth studies, social movement organizations, fan activism, hooliganism
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70676 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-75591-5 (DOI)978-3-319-75591-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-72136-1 (ISBN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 701844
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Pitti, I. (2017). What does being an adult mean?: Comparing young people's and adults' representations of adulthood. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(9), 1225-1241
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What does being an adult mean?: Comparing young people's and adults' representations of adulthood
2017 (English)In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 1225-1241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims at exploring the representations young people and adults attribute to the concept of adulthood in order to analyse the effects these ideas have on their reciprocal perception and recognition. In so doing, it draws upon data collected through a grounded theory study, which has been conducted in Italy involving young people and adults in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Data show that an outdated traditional model is still used by both the samples to determine who is an adult and when the adult status is acquired without discussing its validity in front of a changed social scenario. An evaluative function is added to traditional transitional markers of adulthood, which are used by both young people and adults to accuse each other of being not mature enough'. A discrepancy between the shared ideal representations of adulthood and the actual possibility the two generations have to meet those social expectations in their lives emerge. The implications of these results for youth transitions to adulthood are discussed in the light of the high level of intergenerational inequality characterising the Italian context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
Young people, intergenerational relationships, adulthood, transitions to adulthood, generations, social representations, Italy
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61161 (URN)10.1080/13676261.2017.1317336 (DOI)000410841600008 ()2-s2.0-85018477546 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-27 Created: 2017-09-27 Last updated: 2017-09-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6270-501x

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