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Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Kremel, A. & Wetter-Edman, K. (2019). Implementing design thinking as didactic method in entrepreneurship education, the importance of through. Paper presented at 12th International Conference of the European-Academy-of-Design (EAD) - Running with Scissors, University Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, April 10-12, 2019. Design journal, 22(Suppl. 1), 163-175
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing design thinking as didactic method in entrepreneurship education, the importance of through
2019 (English)In: Design journal, ISSN 1460-6925, E-ISSN 1756-3062, Vol. 22, no Suppl. 1, p. 163-175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurship has traditionally been taught about entrepreneurship. However, teaching entrepreneurship requires practice and learning by doing. Entrepreneurship education requires education through entrepreneurship where the students feel the real life of being an entrepreneur. The process of Design Thinking offers a method for teaching through entrepreneurship. This paper studies the didactic experiences from a course at Orebro University School of Business where entrepreneurship was taught using Design Thinking as a method, enabling the through dimension. Results from a survey show that Design thinking as a method benefits entrepreneurship education. Some of the key elements contributing to the understanding of entrepreneurship and the iterative approach was a study visit and interaction with stakeholders, a target group of elderly people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Design Thinking, Entrepreneurship education, Business school, Course development, Teaching model
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74743 (URN)10.1080/14606925.2019.1595855 (DOI)000470072200011 ()2-s2.0-85067195744 (Scopus ID)
Conference
12th International Conference of the European-Academy-of-Design (EAD) - Running with Scissors, University Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, April 10-12, 2019
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. (2018). Processutvärdering av projektet Making Space for Growth. Munktell Science Park Eskilstuna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Processutvärdering av projektet Making Space for Growth
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Munktell Science Park Eskilstuna, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76085 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. (2017). Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service. (Doctoral dissertation). Västerås: Mälardalens högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the start-up entrepreneurs face the Liability of Newness when problems and challenges often threaten business survival. Business advisory service, provided by public and private supplier contacts, can offer important knowledge and information, accompanied by various forms of assistance, and thereby decrease the entrepreneurs’ risk of failure and reduce their Liability of Newness. However, it is difficult to match the entrepreneurs’ need for such advice with the available advice. The support must meet the need. Most nations in the European Union have programs and projects that provide such support for entrepreneurs and SMEs. Special programs often support female entrepreneurs and/or immigrant entrepreneurs.

This thesis examines the level and handling of the Liability of Newness with special focus on female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden. The four papers of this thesis take the perspective of these entrepreneurs. The research is based on a sample of 2 832 entrepreneurs who were interviewed (in a telephone survey) on their impressions and recollections on their need for and use of business advisory service in the start-up processes of their companies. Fulfilment of need is achieved when the need for business advisory service is matched with the right use of business advisory service.

Heterogeneities as far as the level and handling of the Liability of Newness exist related to female entrepreneurs (vs. male entrepreneurs) and immigrant entrepreneurs (vs. non-immigrant entrepreneurs). Female entrepreneurs have a higher need for business advisory service than male entrepreneurs and also use more business advisory service than male entrepreneurs. As a result, female entrepreneurs can decrease the hazard rate for their companies and also reduce the Liability of Newness as their companies move toward the standard risk in their industry. Immigrant entrepreneurs also have a higher need for business advisory service than non-immigrant entrepreneurs. However, because immigrant entrepreneurs use business advisory service to the same extent that non-immigrant entrepreneurs do, immigrant entrepreneurs are unable to decrease the hazard rate for their companies or to reduce the Liability of Newness.The thesis makes both theoretical, methodological and practical contributions.

The thesis may be of interest to government policy makers with its attention to the need and use of business advisory service by female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, 2017. p. 70
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Business advisory service, female and male entrepreneurs, immigrant entrepreneurs
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61375 (URN)978-91-7485-331-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-19, Paros, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. & Messing, T. (2017). Lärande utvärdering av Making Space for Growth – hållbarhetskriterier.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lärande utvärdering av Making Space for Growth – hållbarhetskriterier
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76086 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. (2016). Fulfilling the need of business advisory services among Swedish immigrant entrepreneurs: An ethnic comparison. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 5(3), 343-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fulfilling the need of business advisory services among Swedish immigrant entrepreneurs: An ethnic comparison
2016 (English)In: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, E-ISSN 2045-211X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 343-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Taking the entrepreneur’s perspective and a broad view of business advisory services, the purpose of this paper is to examine to what degree the need of business advisory services among Swedish start-ups, first-generation immigrants compared to non-immigrants, is fulfilled.

Design/methodology/approach: The sample data consist of a unique and comprehensive firm-level database and contain telephone interviews with 2,800 Swedish start-up entrepreneurs. The study examines 20 different kinds of business advice services, in terms of both need and use. Statistical methods such as Mann-Whitney test and regression analysis are used while controlling for entrepreneurial characteristics.

Findings: The findings suggest that immigrants’ compared to non-immigrants’ need for business advisory service was not fulfilled. Of the 20 different business advices, ten were fulfilled and ten were not fulfilled. Both strategic advice and operational advice were fulfilled as well as unfulfilled. Apart from ethnicity, other variables did influence the need of business advisory services.

Research limitations/implications: The author was not able to make comparisons between different immigrant groups.

Practical implications: This study offers an explorative approach that contributes on how business advisory services are differentially tailored between start-ups by immigrants and those by non-immigrants. It illustrates to what extent public- and/or private-funded organizations contribute to fulfilment of the needs of immigrant and non-immigrant start-ups.

Originality/value: Few studies take the entrepreneur’s perspective and from such a perspective examine the fulfilment of needs of advice regarding both private and public organizations role in the area. Both the need and the use of business advisory services are studied as well as the kind of business advice that is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
Keywords
Immigrants, Entrepreneurship, Start-ups, Business advisory service
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61373 (URN)10.1108/JEPP-03-2015-0017 (DOI)000388977800006 ()2-s2.0-84991702409 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2017-10-10Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. (2016). Slutrapport: Följeforskning av MISTEL, Mötesplats för Innovation i Samverkan TEstbädd för Livskvalitet.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Slutrapport: Följeforskning av MISTEL, Mötesplats för Innovation i Samverkan TEstbädd för Livskvalitet
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Projektet MISTEL har byggt upp en väl fungerande struktur och metod för hur tester kan genomföras. Nu när projektet överförs till Västerås stad som en del i Sociala nämndernas förvaltning tar staden ett betydelsefullt utökat steg i utvecklingen för att profilera sig inom området innovationer, vård och omsorg och för att underlätta för äldre och personer med funktionsnedsättning möjlighet till ett självständigt liv.

Publisher
p. 18
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76093 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. (2016). Utvärdering av projektet Smarta äldre. Karlskoga: Alfred Nobel Science Park
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utvärdering av projektet Smarta äldre
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskoga: Alfred Nobel Science Park, 2016
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76087 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A. & Yazdanfar, D. (2015). Business advisory services and risk among start-ups and young companies: A gender perspective. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 7(2), 168-190
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business advisory services and risk among start-ups and young companies: A gender perspective
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 168-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This study aims to investigate the demand for business advisory services by owners of start-ups and young companies by taking a gender perspective. The study also examines whether risk-taking is more characteristic of masculine than feminine behaviour in this context. Design/methodology/approach – Aliterature review examines business advisory services and risk aversion from a gender perspective. The empirical data are derived from interviews with owners of more than 2,700 start-ups and young companies in Sweden.Anumber of key variables compare how the company owners (women and men) view business advisory services as a way to overcome risk and to gain access to information in networks. Several statistical tests are used to analyse these data. Findings – Women owners of start-ups and young companies use more and different business advisory services than men owners. There are differences among the men owners and women owners with regard to the amount of start-up capital, company size and industry sector. Given the risks associated with start-up, business advisory services are important to women in helping them reduce their risk in the start-up and early stages of their companies. Research limitations/implications – Companies in Sweden’s largest city, Stockholm, were not included in the sample. Financial data were not used as variables. Practical implications – Policymakers should address women owners’ greater demand for business advisory services in their companies’ early stages. Originality/value – This study’s originality is its gender perspective on the demand for business advisory services by start-ups and young companies and its challenge to previous findings about entrepreneurial behaviour and risk-taking. 

Keywords
Business advisory services, Gender, Network, Risk, Start-up, Young companies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61378 (URN)10.1108/IJGE-05-2013-0046 (DOI)000214085200003 ()2-s2.0-84930157695 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-11 Created: 2017-10-11 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A., Yazdanfar, D. & Abbasian, S. (2014). Business networks at start-up: Swedish native-owned and immigrant-owned companies. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 22(3), 307-325
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business networks at start-up: Swedish native-owned and immigrant-owned companies
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 307-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine the differences between native Swedish and immigrant entrepreneurs’ business networks at start-up  stage. The study is based on a database consisting of 261 immigrant- and  2,463 native-owned companies, applying several univariate and multivariate statistical methods. Immigrant entrepreneurs’ business networks are less likely to include mainstream contacts at the start-up stage than native born entrepreneurs. Thus, ethnicity is an important variable explaining differences in such networks at the start-up stage. A combination of both mainstream and immigrant networks has the potential to give rise to more growth for immigrant-owned businesses. As a result, these businesses may have potential to create new jobs for unemployed immigrants. This study provides a deeper understanding of how ethnicity may influence the entrepreneurs’ use of business networks. It may lead to policy makers considering access to mainstreaming networks as an important issue in the social and economic integration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience Enterprises, 2014
Keywords
Business networks; Ethnicity; Immigrant network; Integration; Start-up; Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61377 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2014.063778 (DOI)2-s2.0-84904765025 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved
Kremel, A., Holmgren, C. & Öhman, C. (2014). EntreprenörCentrum Norrbotten- slutrapport från följeforskare.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EntreprenörCentrum Norrbotten- slutrapport från följeforskare
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76094 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8430-5714

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