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Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Sigurdsson, G., Giaretta, A. & Dragoni, N. (2020). Vulnerabilities and Security Breaches in Cryptocurrencies. In: Ciancarini, P.; Mazzara, M.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G. (Ed.), Proceedings of 6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: . Paper presented at 6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications (SEDA 2018), Rome, Italy, June 7-8, 2018. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vulnerabilities and Security Breaches in Cryptocurrencies
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications / [ed] Ciancarini, P.; Mazzara, M.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G., Springer, 2020Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357 ; 925
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71864 (URN)978-3-030-14686-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-14687-0 (ISBN)
Conference
6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications (SEDA 2018), Rome, Italy, June 7-8, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Giaretta, A., De Donno, M. & Dragoni, N. (2018). Adding Salt to Pepper: A Structured Security Assessment over a Humanoid Robot. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security: . Paper presented at 13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ARES 2018, Hamburg, Germany, August 27-30, 2018. ACM, Article ID 22.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adding Salt to Pepper: A Structured Security Assessment over a Humanoid Robot
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ACM , 2018, article id 22Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The rise of connectivity, digitalization, robotics, and artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly changing our society and shaping its future development. During this technological and societal revolution, security has been persistently neglected, yet a hacked robot can act as an insider threat in organizations, industries, public spaces, and private homes. In this paper, we perform a structured security assessment of Pepper, a commercial humanoid robot. Our analysis, composed by an automated and a manual part, points out a relevant number of security flaws that can be used to take over and command the robot. Furthermore, we suggest how these issues could be fixed, thus, avoided in the future. The very final aim of this work is to push the rise of the security level of IoT products before they are sold on the public market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM, 2018
Series
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series
Keywords
Internet of Things (IoT), Penetration Testing, Pepper, Robot, Security
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences Robotics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71106 (URN)10.1145/3230833.3232807 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055287152 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-6448-5 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ARES 2018, Hamburg, Germany, August 27-30, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
De Donno, M., Dragoni, N., Giaretta, A. & Mazzara, M. (2018). AntibIoTic: Protecting IoT Devices Against DDoS Attacks. In: Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G. (Ed.), Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016. Paper presented at 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016 (pp. 59-72). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>AntibIoTic: Protecting IoT Devices Against DDoS Attacks
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016 / [ed] Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G., Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 59-72Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The 2016 is remembered as the year that showed to the world how dangerous Distributed Denial of Service attacks can be. Gauge of the disruptiveness of DDoS attacks is the number of bots involved: the bigger the botnet, the more powerful the attack. This character, along with the increasing availability of connected and insecure IoT devices, makes DDoS and IoT the perfect pair for the malware industry. In this paper we present the main idea behind AntibIoTic, a palliative solution to prevent DDoS attacks perpetrated through IoT devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (AISC), ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 717
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64665 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70578-1_7 (DOI)000434086000007 ()2-s2.0-85041797799 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-70577-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70578-1 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Giaretta, A. & Dragoni, N. (2018). Community Targeted Phishing: A Middle Ground Between Massive and Spear Phishing through Natural Language Generation. In: : . Paper presented at 6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications (SEDA 2018), Rome, Italy, June 7-8, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community Targeted Phishing: A Middle Ground Between Massive and Spear Phishing through Natural Language Generation
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Looking at today spam and phishing panorama, we are able to identify two diametrically opposed approaches. On the one hand we have general spam, which targets as much as people as possible with generic and pre-formed texts; on the other hand we have very specific emails, handcrafted to target high-value targets. While nowadays these two worlds don't intersect at all, we envision a future where Natural Language Generation (NLG) techniques will enable attackers to target populous communities with machine-tailored emails. In this paper, we introduce what we call Community Targeted Spam (CTS), alongside with some workflows that exhibit how this all could be implemented. Furthermore, we suggest some preliminary directions that scientific community should consider to take, in order to address our concerns.

National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71862 (URN)
Conference
6th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications (SEDA 2018), Rome, Italy, June 7-8, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
De Donno, M., Dragoni, N., Giaretta, A. & Spognardi, A. (2018). DDoS-Capable IoT Malwares: Comparative Analysis and Mirai Investigation. Security and Communication Networks, Article ID 7178164.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DDoS-Capable IoT Malwares: Comparative Analysis and Mirai Investigation
2018 (English)In: Security and Communication Networks, ISSN 1939-0114, E-ISSN 1939-0122, article id 7178164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) revolution has not only carried the astonishing promise to interconnect a whole generation of traditionally “dumb” devices, but also brought to the Internet the menace of billions of badly protected and easily hackable objects. Not surprisingly, this sudden flooding of fresh and insecure devices fueled older threats, such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. In this paper, we first propose an updated and comprehensive taxonomy of DDoS attacks, together with a number of examples on how this classification maps to real-world attacks. Then, we outline the current situation of DDoS-enabled malwares in IoT networks, highlighting how recent data support our concerns about the growing in popularity of these malwares. Finally, we give a detailed analysis of the general framework and the operating principles of Mirai, the most disruptive DDoS-capable IoT malware seen so far.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65665 (URN)10.1155/2018/7178164 (DOI)000426639800001 ()2-s2.0-85043390832 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2018-03-27Bibliographically approved
Giaretta, A., Dragoni, N. & Mazzara, M. (2018). Joining Jolie to Docker: Orchestration of Microservices on a Containers-as-a-Service Layer. In: Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G. (Ed.), Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016. Paper presented at 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016 (pp. 167-175). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Joining Jolie to Docker: Orchestration of Microservices on a Containers-as-a-Service Layer
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016 / [ed] Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G., Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 167-175Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cloud computing is steadily growing and, as IaaS vendors have started to offer pay-as-you-go billing policies, it is fundamental to achieve as much elasticity as possible, avoiding over-provisioning that would imply higher costs. In this paper, we briefly analyse the orchestration characteristics of PaaSSOA, a proposed architecture already implemented for Jolie microservices, and Kubernetes, one of the various orchestration plugins for Docker; then, we outline similarities and differences of the two approaches, with respect to their own domain of application. Furthermore, we investigate some ideas to achieve a federation of the two technologies, proposing an architectural composition of Jolie microservices on Docker Container-as-a-Service layer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (AISC), ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 717
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64667 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70578-1_16 (DOI)000434086000016 ()2-s2.0-85041811300 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-70577-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70578-1 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Mazzara, M., Dragoni, N., Bucchiarone, A., Giaretta, A., Larsen, S. T. & Dustdar, S. (2018). Microservices: Migration of a Mission Critical System. IEEE Transactions on Services Computing, 1-1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microservices: Migration of a Mission Critical System
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2018 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Services Computing, ISSN 1939-1374, E-ISSN 1939-1374, p. 1-1Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

An increasing interest is growing around the idea of microservices and the promise of improving scalability when compared to monolithic systems. Several companies are evaluating pros and cons of a complex migration. In particular, financial institutions are positioned in a difficult situation due to the economic climate and the appearance of agile competitors that can navigate in a more flexible legal framework and started their business since day one with more agile architectures and without being bounded to outdated technological standard. In this paper, we present a real world case study in order to demonstrate how scalability is positively affected by re-implementing a monolithic architecture (MA) into a microservices architecture (MSA). The case study is based on the FX Core system, a mission critical system of Danske Bank, the largest bank in Denmark and one of the leading financial institutions in Northern Europe. The technical problem that has been addressed and solved in this paper is the identification of a repeatable migration process that can be used to convert a real world Monolithic architecture into a Microservices architecture in the specific setting of financial domain, typically characterized by legacy systems and batch-based processing on heterogeneous data sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2018
Keywords
Scalability, Computer architecture, Service-oriented architecture, Tools, Mission critical systems, Automation, Service Computing, Software Architecture, Scalability, Microservices
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71108 (URN)10.1109/TSC.2018.2889087 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-26 Created: 2019-01-26 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved
Dragoni, N., Giaretta, A. & Mazzara, M. (2018). The Internet of Hackable Things. In: Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G. (Ed.), Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016. Paper presented at 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016 (pp. 129-140). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Internet of Hackable Things
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of 5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications: SEDA 2016 / [ed] Ciancarini, P.; Litvinov, S.; Messina, A.; Sillitti, A.; Succi, G., Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 129-140Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things makes possible to connect each everyday object to the Internet, making computing pervasive like never before. From a security and privacy perspective, this tsunami of connectivity represents a disaster, which makes each object remotely hackable. We claim that, in order to tackle this issue, we need to address a new challenge in security: education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (AISC), ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 717
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64664 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70578-1_13 (DOI)000434086000013 ()2-s2.0-85041846777 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-70577-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70578-1 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, Rome, Italy, May 10, 2016
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
De Donno, M., Giaretta, A., Dragoni, N. & Spognardi, A. (2017). A Taxonomy of Distributed Denial of Service Attacks. In: Charles A. Shoniregun, Galyna A. Akmayeva (Ed.), i-Society 2017: Proceedings. Paper presented at International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2017), Dublin, Ireland, July 17-19, 2017 (pp. 99-106). Infonomics Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Taxonomy of Distributed Denial of Service Attacks
2017 (English)In: i-Society 2017: Proceedings / [ed] Charles A. Shoniregun, Galyna A. Akmayeva, Infonomics Society, 2017, p. 99-106Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Infonomics Society, 2017
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62792 (URN)000435137900016 ()978-1-908320-80-3 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2017), Dublin, Ireland, July 17-19, 2017
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-08-11Bibliographically approved
De Donno, M., Dragoni, N., Giaretta, A. & Spognardi, A. (2017). Analysis of DDoS-Capable IoT Malwares. In: M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2017 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems: . Paper presented at Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS 2017), Prague, Czech Republic, September 3-6, 2017 (pp. 807-816). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of DDoS-Capable IoT Malwares
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2017 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems / [ed] M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 807-816Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) revolution promises to make our lives easier by providing cheap and always connected smart embedded devices, which can interact on the Internet and create added values for human needs. But all that glitters is not gold. Indeed, the other side of the coin is that, from a security perspective, this IoT revolution represents a potential disaster. This plethora of IoT devices that flooded the market were very badly protected, thus an easy prey for several families of malwares that can enslave and incorporate them in very large botnets. This, eventually, brought back to the top Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, making them more powerful and easier to achieve than ever. This paper aims at provide an up-to-date picture of DDoS attacks in the specific subject of the IoT, studying how these attacks work and considering the most common families in the IoT context, in terms of their nature and evolution through the years. It also explores the additional offensive capabilities that this arsenal of IoT malwares has available, to mine the security of Internet users and systems. We think that this up-to-date picture will be a valuable reference to the scientific community in order to take a first crucial step to tackle this urgent security issue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017
Series
Annals of computer science and information systems, E-ISSN 2300-5963 ; 11
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62795 (URN)10.15439/2017F288 (DOI)000417412800118 ()2-s2.0-85039904613 (Scopus ID)978-83-946253-7-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS 2017), Prague, Czech Republic, September 3-6, 2017
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9293-7711

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