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Arnell, Susann
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Arnell, S., Jerlinder, K. & Lundqvist, L.-O. (2018). Perceptions of Physical Activity Participation Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Conceptual Model of Conditional Participation. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 48(5), 1792-1802
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of Physical Activity Participation Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Conceptual Model of Conditional Participation
2018 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 1792-1802Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less physically active compared to typically developing peers. The reasons for not being physically active are complex and depend on several factors, which have not been comprehensively described from the adolescent's perspective. Therefore, the aim was to describe how adolescents with an ASD perceive, experience and reflect on their participation in physical activity. Interviews with 24 adolescents diagnosed with high-functioning ASD, aged 12-16 years, were analysed with qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. They expressed a variety of reasons determining their willingness to participate, which were conceptualized as: Conditional participation in physical activities. The present study presents an alternative perspective on participation in physical activity, with impact on intervention design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Autism spectrum disorder; Adolescent; Physical activity; Participation
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63403 (URN)10.1007/s10803-017-3436-2 (DOI)000429476300029 ()29236210 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85037992493 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Sunnerdahls Handikappfond  

Kempe-Carlgrenska fonden  

Region Örebro County, Sweden 

Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Arnell, S., Jerlinder, K. & Lundqvist, L.-O. (2017). Participation in physical activities: a multilevel challenge for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. In: : . Paper presented at 29th European Academy of Childhood Disability Annual Meeting (EACD 2017), "Steps into the future", Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 17-20, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participation in physical activities: a multilevel challenge for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Physical inactivity is one of the biggest current public health problems. Few adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) achieve the recommendation of daily physical activity (PA). The reasons for not being physically active depend on several complex factors, yet not comprehensively described from the adolescents’point of view. The absence of their perspective means that intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activity may not encompass the experiences of the adolescents themselves. Therefore the purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the perceptions, experiences and reflections of adolescents with ASDs’participation in PA.

Participants and methods: Twenty-four adolescents, diagnosed with ASD without a co-occurring intellectual disability, aged 12-16 years, participated in the study.Data was collected using qualitative interviews and inductively analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results: Adolescents with ASD were a heterogeneous group in regard to their current PA habits and preferences. Their willingness to participate in PA was conditioned regarding; what, where, when and with whom. They described challenges in the activity and the social context during PA, especially during the mandatory physical education. Perceived demands, freedom of choice, physical ability and sense of control affected their PA participation.

Conclusion: Findings indicate that the adolescents’willingness to participate was associated with interacting and individual-related conditions, which can be misinterpreted as unwillingness to participate in PA. Thus aspects of autonomy and knowledge about individual conditions and needs have to be recognized when intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activities are planned for this population.

National Category
Other Health Sciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63375 (URN)
Conference
29th European Academy of Childhood Disability Annual Meeting (EACD 2017), "Steps into the future", Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 17-20, 2017
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
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