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Breazu, Petre
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Breazu, P. & Machin, D. (2019). Racism toward the Roma through the affordances of Facebook: bonding, laughter and spite. Discourse & Society, 30(4), 376-394
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Racism toward the Roma through the affordances of Facebook: bonding, laughter and spite
2019 (English)In: Discourse & Society, ISSN 0957-9265, E-ISSN 1460-3624, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 376-394Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article carries out a multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) of a Romanian Facebook page where comments are made in response to a shared news-clip showing a Roma wedding which clearly invites ridicule. It has been documented that there are well-established discourses representing the Roma as criminal, uneducated, dirty, immoral, and as resisting assimilation into wider society. This Facebook page offers the opportunity to explore which discourses are used in 1500 posts to represent the Roma. We show that the affordances of Facebook open-up the mixing of humor, venting of frustration, extreme racism and sexual violence as those posting entertain each other, create bonds and overtly call out the Roma and others who are believed to be part of a conspiracy against ordinary Romanians. We argue that these newer patterns of representing the Roma are related to the rise of extreme right-wing populist ideology across Europe and beyond. An ideology where direct, simple and violent solutions are required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Facebook, humor, multimodal critical discourse analysis, racism, ridicule, right-wing populism, Roma, social media
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Linguistics; Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74274 (URN)10.1177/0957926519837396 (DOI)000470836700003 ()2-s2.0-85063957825 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-14 Created: 2019-05-14 Last updated: 2019-07-23Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. & Machin, D. (2018). A critical multimodal analysis of the Romanian press coverage of camp evictions and deportations of the Roma migrants from France. Discourse & Communication, 12(4), 339-356
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A critical multimodal analysis of the Romanian press coverage of camp evictions and deportations of the Roma migrants from France
2018 (English)In: Discourse & Communication, ISSN 1750-4813, E-ISSN 1750-4821, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 339-356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we carry out a Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis (MCDA) of a sample from a larger corpus of Romanian news articles that covered the controversial camp evictions and repatriation of Romanian Roma migrants from France that began in 2010 and continue to the time of writing in 2017. These French government policies have been highly criticized both within France and by international political and aid organizations. However, the analysis shows how these brutal, anti-humanitarian events became recontextualized in the Romanian Press to represent the French government’s actions as peaceful and consensual. In addition, the demonization of the Roma in the press serves as a strategy to continuously disassociate them from their Romanian counterparts. While there is a long history of discrimination against the Roma in Romania, these particular recontextualizations can be understood in the context of the Romanian government’s need to gloss over its failure to comply with the Schengen accession requirements and acquire full European Union (EU) membership.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Camp evictions, Critical Discourse Analysis, France, Roma, Schengen
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65703 (URN)10.1177/1750481318757774 (DOI)000439352300001 ()2-s2.0-85043332579 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2018-08-02Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, G. & Breazu, P. (2018). Imagining the Romanies: A study on the multimodal representation of the Roma in Romanian media. In: : . Paper presented at International Communication Association (ICA 2018), Pre-conference: Examining the Construction of Roma Identity, Voice, and Representation, Prague, Czech Republic, May 24-28, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Imagining the Romanies: A study on the multimodal representation of the Roma in Romanian media
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68959 (URN)
Conference
International Communication Association (ICA 2018), Pre-conference: Examining the Construction of Roma Identity, Voice, and Representation, Prague, Czech Republic, May 24-28, 2018
Available from: 2018-09-18 Created: 2018-09-18 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. (2018). Re-contextualizing Modern Slavery: Old Problems in the New World. In: : . Paper presented at 2nd International Forum on Modern Slavery, sponsored by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Church of England, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 5-7, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-contextualizing Modern Slavery: Old Problems in the New World
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69065 (URN)
Conference
2nd International Forum on Modern Slavery, sponsored by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Church of England, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 5-7, 2018
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. (2017). Representing the Romanies in Romanian and Bulgarian Media: A comparative study. In: : . Paper presented at 2017 Annual Meeting of the Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Romani Studies, GLS, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, August 30 - September 1, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representing the Romanies in Romanian and Bulgarian Media: A comparative study
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Other Humanities Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies; Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69063 (URN)
Conference
2017 Annual Meeting of the Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Romani Studies, GLS, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, August 30 - September 1, 2017
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. (2017). The Romanian press coverage of camp evictions and deportations of Roma migrants from France. In: : . Paper presented at 5th Annual Roma Conference, Culture Beyond Borders: The Roma Contribution, Harvard University, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, April 9-10, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Romanian press coverage of camp evictions and deportations of Roma migrants from France
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69062 (URN)
Conference
5th Annual Roma Conference, Culture Beyond Borders: The Roma Contribution, Harvard University, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, April 9-10, 2017
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. & Bouvier, G. (2016). The Media and Public Knowledge about Modern Slavery. In: : . Paper presented at 1st International Forum on Modern Slavery, Istanbul, Turkey, February 6-7, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Media and Public Knowledge about Modern Slavery
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69064 (URN)
Conference
1st International Forum on Modern Slavery, Istanbul, Turkey, February 6-7, 2016
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved
Breazu, P. (2015). Roma, the Stumbling Block for Romania’s Successful Integration into the EU?: Discursive Constructions of the Roma in Romanian Newspapers. In: 2015 Gypsy Lore Society Annual Meeting and Conference on Romani Studies: Abstracts. Paper presented at 2015 Annual Meeting of The Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Romani studies, GLS Conference on Romani Studies, The Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova, September 10-12, 2015. The Gypsy Lore Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roma, the Stumbling Block for Romania’s Successful Integration into the EU?: Discursive Constructions of the Roma in Romanian Newspapers
2015 (English)In: 2015 Gypsy Lore Society Annual Meeting and Conference on Romani Studies: Abstracts, The Gypsy Lore Society , 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This particular study is part of a larger research project on ‘Discursive Representations of the Roma in European Media’. It focuses on the discursive representations of the Roma community in two influential Romanian newspapers, which are available both inprint and online. Drawing on a critical perspective, I intend to reveal the global forms of representation of this ethnic group and other social actors in two well-known daily broadsheets which are believed to be the leading newspapers on the Romanian market. The study includes the analysis of the most frequent themes in which Roma are portrayed explicitly or implicitly, along with the semantic macrostructure of the selected news reports published within a four-year period (2011-2014). Employing a variety of approaches under the repertoire of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), this paper illustrates how Romanian newspapers build the discourse surrounding the Roma minority, especially in the post European Union accession context. First, I argue that Romanianmedia coverage of Roma issues is influenced or tries to imitate western media, especially British and French press; the construct of reverse discourse is used to legitimize or delegitimize controversial actions in which Roma/Romanians make headlines in the international news. It is also my query that political affiliation and sympathy of the selected newspapers do not influence the talk about Roma to a large extent. Secondly, in the context of European integration, the institutionalized discourse of recognition is based on a politics of universalism, where integration equals assimilation, abandonment of cultural identities, and the realization of a homogenous society

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Gypsy Lore Society, 2015
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69067 (URN)
Conference
2015 Annual Meeting of The Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Romani studies, GLS Conference on Romani Studies, The Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova, September 10-12, 2015
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
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