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Nykvist, Rasmus
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Nykvist, R. (2021). Essays on the interaction between regulation and technology: Understanding agency and context through multiple levels of inquiry. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on the interaction between regulation and technology: Understanding agency and context through multiple levels of inquiry
2021 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A key challenge for implementing pioneering regulatory and technological change includes overcoming regulatory constraints and resistance from vested interest groups in favor of the status quo. This is a compilation dissertation comprising five papers and one covering paper that aims to describe and explain the interaction between agency and context under conditions of combined technological and regulatory change through multiple levels of inquiry. To do this I studied the case of pioneering technological and regulatory changes taking place in and around the Stockholm Stock Exchange (SSE) and Options Mäklarna (OM) between 1978 and 1998. The dissertation explores the dynamics of pioneering change by asking (1) what the conditions enabling pioneering change in the financial exchanges sector are and (2) why the actors in and around the Swedish financial exchanges were able to enact pioneering technological and regulatory change. To answer these questions I created a data set comprising data from various archives and witness accounts from complementary oral history interviews with key actors. I structured this data set around a relational database and analyzed the data using a mix of methods from business history and process study methodology from organization studies.

My research indicates that the pioneering regulatory and technological change happened as the result of a combination of several enabling conditions and the agency of the key change agents present at the two financial exchanges, that is, SSE and OM respectively. As such, the dissertation emphasizes multiple perspectives from which the change needs to be understood. The dissertation contributes to extant literature by (1) highlighting the role of cities in providing enabling conditions for digital and institutional entrepreneurship, (2) emphasizing the role of peer interaction in pioneering changes in organizational forms, and (3) introducing the role of joint commitments in achieving a favorable social evaluation. The dissertation further recommends that innovative policymakers help others in favor of change to deal with resourceful vested interest groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2021. p. 88
Series
Örebro Studies in Business - Dissertations, ISSN 1654-8841 ; 15
Keywords
Institutional Entrepreneurship, Technological Transformation, Regulation, Historical Methods, Stockholm Stock Exchange
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-89494 (URN)978-91-7529-374-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2021-03-26, Örebro universitet, Forumhuset, Hörsal F, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2021-02-10 Created: 2021-02-10 Last updated: 2021-03-29Bibliographically approved
Laurell, C., Sandström, C., Eriksson, K. & Nykvist, R. (2020). Digitalization and the future of Management Learning: New technology as an enabler of historical, practice-oriented, and critical perspectives in management research and learning. Management Learning, 51(1), 89-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalization and the future of Management Learning: New technology as an enabler of historical, practice-oriented, and critical perspectives in management research and learning
2020 (English)In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 89-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How are historical, practice-oriented, and critical research perspectives in management affected by digitalization? In this article, we describe and discuss how two digital research approaches can be applied and how they may influence the future directions of management scholarship and education: Social Media Analytics and digital archives. Our empirical illustrations suggest that digitalization generates productivity improvements for scholars, making it possible to undertake research that was previously too laborious. It also enables researchers to pay closer attention to detail while still being able to abstract and generalize. We therefore argue that digitalization contributes to a historical turn in management, that practice-oriented research can be conducted with less effort and improved quality and that micro-level data in the form of digital archives and online contents make it easier to adopt critical perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
Critical, digital archives, digitalization, historical turn, practice, social media analytics
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economic History; Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78880 (URN)10.1177/1350507619872912 (DOI)000510336100006 ()2-s2.0-85075562595 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius FoundationMarianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2020-01-07 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2020-03-17Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Nykvist, R. & Öberg, C. (2020). Managers, minds and machines in the age of artificial intelligence: Extending the network picture discussion. In: : . Paper presented at 36th Annual IMP Conference (IMP 2020 Virtual), Örebro, Sweden, September 3-4, 2020.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers, minds and machines in the age of artificial intelligence: Extending the network picture discussion
2020 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-90846 (URN)
Conference
36th Annual IMP Conference (IMP 2020 Virtual), Örebro, Sweden, September 3-4, 2020
Available from: 2021-04-01 Created: 2021-04-01 Last updated: 2021-04-07Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, K., Ernkvist, M., Laurell, C., Moodysson, J., Nykvist, R. & Sandström, C. (2019). A revised perspective on innovation policy for renewal of mature economies: Historical evidence from finance and telecommunications in Sweden 1980–1990. Technological forecasting & social change, 147, 152-162
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A revised perspective on innovation policy for renewal of mature economies: Historical evidence from finance and telecommunications in Sweden 1980–1990
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 147, p. 152-162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What is the role of innovation policy for accomplishing renewal of mature industries in Western economies? Drawing upon an unusually rich dataset spanning 9752 digitized archival documents, we categorize and code decisions taken by policymakers on several levels while also mapping and quantifying the strategic activities of both entrant firms and incumbent monopolists over a decade. Our data concerns two empirical cases from Sweden during the time period 1980–1990: the financial sector and the telecommunications sector. In both industries, a combination of technological and institutional upheaval came into motion during this time period which in turn fueled the revitalization of the Swedish economy in the subsequent decades. Our findings show that Swedish policymakers in both cases consistently acted in order to promote the emergence of more competition and de novo entrant firms at the expense of established monopolies. The paper quantifies and documents this process while also highlighting several enabling conditions. In conclusion, the results indicate that successful innovation policy in mature economies is largely a matter of strategically dealing with resourceful vested interest groups, alignment of expectations, and removing resistance to industrial renewal. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76419 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2019.07.001 (DOI)000489193700013 ()2-s2.0-85069892849 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg FoundationThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2019-09-14 Created: 2019-09-14 Last updated: 2021-03-10Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Laurell, C., Sandström, C., Eriksson, K. & Nykvist, R. (2019). Digital entrepreneurship and field conditions for institutional change: Investigating the enabling role of cities. Technological forecasting & social change, 146, 877-886
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital entrepreneurship and field conditions for institutional change: Investigating the enabling role of cities
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 146, p. 877-886Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital entrepreneurship may result in institutional turbulence and new initiatives are frequently blocked by vested interest groups who posit superior financial and relational resources. In this paper, we explore the role of cities in facilitating digital entrepreneurship and overcoming institutional resistance to innovation. Drawing upon two historical case studies of digital entrepreneurship in the city of Stockholm along with an extensive material on the sharing economy in Sweden, our results suggest that cities offer an environment that is critical for digital entrepreneurship. The economic and technological diversity of a city may provide the field conditions required for institutional change to take place and to avoid regulatory capture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Agglomeration, Cities, Digital entrepreneurship, Digital innovation, Field conditions, Institutional entrepreneurship, Regulatory capture, Technological forecasting, Digital innovations
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75886 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.06.019 (DOI)000499922800070 ()2-s2.0-85049344139 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg FoundationThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2019-08-25 Created: 2019-08-25 Last updated: 2021-03-10Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Nykvist, R. & Öberg, C. (2019). How do managers get their heads around artificial intelligence? Extending the network picture discussion. In: : . Paper presented at 35th Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Conference (IMP 2019), Paris, France, April 27-30, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How do managers get their heads around artificial intelligence? Extending the network picture discussion
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Artificial intelligence (AI) expects to increasingly transform ways in which business is conducted. With change follows a need to question current ways of acting and interacting. Yet, the past becomes the frames through which the future is understood. By drawing on Predictive Brain Theory, which shares the same fundamental underpinnings as the Bayesian brain hypothesis, but uses insights from machine learning and neuroscience, the paper conceptualizes that prospective sense making as a skill to update in-flux network pictures are increasingly required for business managers, which the paper reflects on in the light of AI. The paper provides a novel approach to business managers’ mental capacity in understanding change and in their ability to adapt to structural shifts that require an update on gone-solid assumptions about the business environment, while linking this to AI both as a motor of change, and as challenging the human thought with machine learning.

Keywords
Artificial intelligence, Digitalization, Machine learning, Network pictures, Predictive brain theory, (Prospective) Sense making
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-85464 (URN)
Conference
35th Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Conference (IMP 2019), Paris, France, April 27-30, 2019
Available from: 2020-09-08 Created: 2020-09-08 Last updated: 2020-09-14Bibliographically approved
Nykvist, R. (2019). Unbundling the agency of discontinuous platform emergence: The role of context, materiality and temporality. In: : . Paper presented at 35th EGOS Colloquium, Enlightening the Future: The Challenge for Organizations, University of Edinburgh Business School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, July 4-6, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unbundling the agency of discontinuous platform emergence: The role of context, materiality and temporality
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-90055 (URN)
Conference
35th EGOS Colloquium, Enlightening the Future: The Challenge for Organizations, University of Edinburgh Business School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, July 4-6, 2019
Available from: 2021-03-02 Created: 2021-03-02 Last updated: 2021-03-02Bibliographically approved
Aramo-Immonen, H., Carlborg, P., Geissinger, A., Hasche, N., Kask, J., Linton, G., . . . Shams, T. (2018). Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research. In: : . Paper presented at 34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

IMP research is often treated as an empirical perspective describing complexities of repeated business-to-business exchanges and their embeddedness. While building on some common understandings and concepts, this paper asks: How homogeneous is the IMP research? This paper uses cluster analysis to capture the roots and various sub-groups of IMP research as means to depict the question of homogeneity (i.e. a core focus in the research) or heterogeneity (i.e. using references from other fields or specific to sub-fields) of the IMP thought. In this scientific work in progress paper we introduce how we design to use bibliographical methods in order to harvest data from an extensive amount of IMP-related articles written from the 1970’s onwards. In this first attempt to reveal IMP we used overall 294 articles yielded to 10,615 co-citation relationships. A threshold of minimum number of citations of a cited reference was set to five (5) to capture such references that have been cited in multiple publications. We introduce visual mapping of defined subject area clusters and as an example we describe shortly clusters. Perhaps not surprisingly our findings suggest that IMP research is not so homogenous, with at least four clear clusters of IMP-research each utilizing different key references.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69133 (URN)
Conference
34th Annual Industrial Marketing & Purchasing Conference KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France, 4-7 September 2018
Note

I publikationen står det felaktigt Sarah Shahin Moghadam. Det korrekta ska vara Sara Shahin Moghadam.

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ernkvist, M. & Nykvist, R. (2018). Evaluating Options Backstage: Process Tracing the Legitimacy Evaluation of the First For-Profit Derivatives Exchange. In: : . Paper presented at 34th EGOS Colloquium, Surprise in and around Organizations: Journeys to the Unexpected, Estonian Business School (EBS), Tallinn, Estonia, July 5-7, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating Options Backstage: Process Tracing the Legitimacy Evaluation of the First For-Profit Derivatives Exchange
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-90056 (URN)
Conference
34th EGOS Colloquium, Surprise in and around Organizations: Journeys to the Unexpected, Estonian Business School (EBS), Tallinn, Estonia, July 5-7, 2018
Available from: 2021-03-02 Created: 2021-03-02 Last updated: 2021-03-02Bibliographically approved
Geissinger, A., Nykvist, R. & Laurell, C. (2018). Institutional orders in the sharing economy: Community as an answer to the state-market-interlock. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018. Academy of Management, Article ID 17365.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional orders in the sharing economy: Community as an answer to the state-market-interlock
2018 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2018, article id 17365Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As the emergence of sharing economy firms changes existing institutional structures and bring forth increasing institutional complexity for firms, regulators and users alike, this paper aims to analyze how the public adhere to institutional orders in resolving emerging controversies associated with the sharing economy. By analyzing four cases of societal controversies concerning the accommodation sharing platform Airbnb in the Swedish market during 12 months between the years 2015-2016, we illustrate the ways in which the public adhered to three main institutional orders of state, market and community in resolving four identified controversies related to prostitution, racism, failure to pay taxes and housing shortage allegedly caused by the firm. In perspective to the ways in which extant literature emphasize state and market as fundamental institutional orders for resolving institutional complexity, our results highlights the role of community as a key institutional order situated in the intersection between the state and the market in the setting of the sharing economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2018
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75932 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2018.17365abstract (DOI)
Conference
78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2018), Chicago, Ill., United States, August 10-14, 2018
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2021-03-24Bibliographically approved
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