To Örebro University

oru.seÖrebro University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Andrén, D., Andrén, T. & Tirmén, P. (2016). Long-term effects of part-time sick leave on the employees' return to work. In: : . Paper presented at Femte nationella hälsoekonomiska konferensen, Swedish Health Economics Association (SHEA), Göteborg, Sweden, March 17-18, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term effects of part-time sick leave on the employees' return to work
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Despite the limited and relatively weak empirical evidence for the effectiveness of part-time sick leave, the Swedish government has promoted the use of part-time sick leave instead of full-time sick leave, when possible. A few studies reported the effectspart-time sick leave on the probability to return to work. Our paper aims to bring more empirical evidence for the importance of part-time sick leave on the return to work by estimating the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started. 

Data and Methods: The sample analyzed in this paper is extracted from the National Agency of Social Insurance in Sweden and includes all employees aged 21-56 years in 2006 when they starteda sickness spell of at least two weeks on full-time, and were employed but not on sick leave during 2001-2005. Data include longitudinal information related to both employment and social insurance related events during 2001-2013. The point of departure is an employed individual with a diagnosed health condition and an accompanying reduced work capacity. This implies a choice between part-time or full-time sick leave. The choice of the degree of sick leave is a joint decision made by the employee, the employer, the physician, and the social insurance administrator. The common objective of the four parties is to choose the alternative with the highest likelihood of recovery of the lost work capacity. A suitable structure for this framework is a discrete choice switching regression model with an endogenous switch between the two states: part-time and full-time sick leave. We estimate the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started.

Results: The estimates of our two parameters of primary interest, the average treatment effect (ATE) and the expected effect of the treatment on the treated (TT) vary across the years. The ATE-estimates for 2007 and 2008 is negative, but positive for each of the next three years, which shows that employees who switched from full-time to part-time sick leave have on average a lower probability to return to work the first and the second year after the sick leave spell started than employees who were onfull-time sick leave the whole sickness spell. The TT-estimates are negative for all five years, which means that there was a small average lost from part-time sick leave for those who actually were on part-time sick leave.

Keywords
part-time sick leave, full-time sick leave, selection, unobserved heterogeneity, treatment effects
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55348 (URN)
Conference
Femte nationella hälsoekonomiska konferensen, Swedish Health Economics Association (SHEA), Göteborg, Sweden, March 17-18, 2016
Available from: 2017-02-05 Created: 2017-02-05 Last updated: 2019-03-01Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2016). Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of children. IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 5(3), 1-24, Article ID UNSP 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of children
2016 (English)In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 1-24, article id UNSP 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines how the Swedish earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in two-adult households and the extent to which children in the household affected the outcome. Because the EITC is non-targeted in Sweden, it is difficult to form a meaningful comparison group for a regular ex-post quasi-experimental evaluation of the reform. Therefore, a structural discrete choice labor supply model for two-adult households is formulated and used in an ex ante analysis. In a first step, estimates from the structural labor supply model are used to determine the wage elasticities of the labor supply of men and women separately, both with and without children in the household. Our results correspond to those previously reported in the academic literature: somewhat larger wage elasticities are found for women than for men, while similar labor supply responses are found for men and women when there are no children in the household. In a second step, the labor supply model is used to simulate the labor supply responses to the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force participation of both men and women. While the labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, it is positive for both men and women working part-time. However, the presence of children affects work hours differently for men and women working part-time or not at all. For men, the percentage change in the work hours was much higher for those living in a household without children, whereas for women, the changes are almost the same for the two types of households.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
Structural discrete labor supply model, EITC, Younger children, Two-adult households
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48932 (URN)10.1186/s40173-016-0059-8 (DOI)000442674900003 ()2-s2.0-84983474391 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-03-03 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2024-05-06Bibliographically approved
Andrén, T. (2015). Inkomstförsäkringars effekt på arbetslöshet och matchning. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 21(1), 54-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inkomstförsäkringars effekt på arbetslöshet och matchning
2015 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 54-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Inkomsttaket i den allmänna arbetslöshetsförsäkringen är idag så lågt att få individer erhåller 80 procent av tidigare lön. Det har drivit fram alternativa lösningar för inkomstbortfall vid arbetslöshet där fackförbunden idag erbjuder sina medlemmar kompletterande kollektiva inkomstförsäkringar med högre inkomsttak. I den här artikeln undersöks dels om dessa försäkringar är associerade med längre arbetslöshetsperioder, dels om sannolikheten för återfall i nya ersättningsperioder påverkas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad, Sweden: Karlstad University, 2015
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66489 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2015). Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of younger children. In: : . Paper presented at Fourth SOLE/EALE World Conference, Fairmont Queen Elizabeth, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, June 26-28, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of younger children
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in a two-adult household and to what extent children in the household affects the outcome. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two-adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. In a first step, the empirical model is evaluated by estimating wage elasticites for men and women separately. Our results correspond in level to those estimated elsewhere in the literature, with somewhat larger estimates for women than for men. Our results also suggest that the labor supply responses for men and women are more similar when no children are in the household. In a second step, the model is used to evaluate the labor supply effects of the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force for both men and women. The labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, yet positive for men and women working part-time in general, but the presence of children in the household brings difference between men and women. For households without children, the response is about the same in size for men as for women. For households with children, the response for men was about the same as for the case without children, but the response for women was about half in size. This indicates that women are less responsive to economic incentives than men when children are present in the household.

Keywords
Structural discrete labor supply model, EITC, younger children, two-adult households
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45166 (URN)
Conference
Fourth SOLE/EALE World Conference, Fairmont Queen Elizabeth, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, June 26-28, 2015
Available from: 2015-07-15 Created: 2015-07-15 Last updated: 2022-05-20Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2014). Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?. Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment, and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for women and men did not constitute a priority for any of the governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of transition to a market economy, and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations, but not in gender-integrated occupations. During both regimes, wage differences were in general much higher among workers of the same gender working in different occupations than between women and men working in the same occupational group, and women experienced a larger variation of occupational wage differentials than men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI), 2014
Series
CELSI Discussion Paper ; 24
Keywords
Romania, female- and male-dominated occupations, gender wage gap, occupational wage gap
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39151 (URN)
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2014). State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?. In: : . Paper presented at the 26th annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 18-20 September 2014..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we estimate the state dependence in Swedish social assistance for Swedish-born and foreign-born who were single in 1990 before the recession period started. The estimates of the structural state dependence for Swedish-born singles indicate that it is unaffected by the event of living together with a partner, and the effect is significantly lower for women than for men. For the foreign-born singles, the state dependence for those who stay single the whole decade is equally strong for men and women, and almost not affected when the foreign-born single started to live together with a foreign-born partner.

Keywords
social assistance, state dependence, GHK simulator
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38914 (URN)
Conference
the 26th annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 18-20 September 2014.
Available from: 2014-11-21 Created: 2014-11-21 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2014). State Dependence in Swedish Social Assistance: The Importance of a Household Partner. In: : . Paper presented at the 26th annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 18-20 September 2014..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>State Dependence in Swedish Social Assistance: The Importance of a Household Partner
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Although the economic integration of immigrants has been the subject of a large number of studies, the research on the effect of intermarriage on immigrants' economic integration/assimilation is scarce and has no equivalence in the literature on the receipt of social assistance. This study fills this gap in the literature by estimating the structural state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we find that state dependence in Swedish social assistance was relatively strong during 1990-1999 for some household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man.

Keywords
social assistance, state dependence, country of birth, marital status, mixed couples, unobserved heterogeneity, initial conditions, dynamic probit model, GHK simulator
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38915 (URN)
Conference
the 26th annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 18-20 September 2014.
Available from: 2014-11-21 Created: 2014-11-21 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2014). Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: The influence of younger children. Örebro: Örebro University, School of Business
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: The influence of younger children
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 has affected the labor supply of men and women living together in two-adault households and the extent to which children affect related outcomes. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on both labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. Our results suggest that wage elasticities differ for men and women with or without children, a result that is in line with earlier literature. However, women increased their labor supply bu 0.9 percent regardless of children in the household, whereas men with children increased their labor supply by approximately 0.5 percent and those without children increased their labor supply by 0.7 percent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, School of Business, 2014. p. 25
Series
Working Paper series, School of Business, Örebro University, ISSN 1403-0586 ; 2014:1
Keywords
structural discrete labor supply model; EITC; younger children; two-adult households
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39150 (URN)
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Andrén, T. & Andrén, D. (2013). Never give up?: The persistence of welfare participation in Sweden. IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Never give up?: The persistence of welfare participation in Sweden
2013 (English)In: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, E-ISSN 2193-9012, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Long-term social assistance dependency is a growing concern in Sweden and other European countries. In order for policy makers to design effective welfare reforms it is important to know how strong the state dependence associated with social assistance is in the population and to what extent it varies with different factors, and among different groups. We estimate the effect of the state dependence in social assistance for Sweden during the 1990s, for both Swedish-born and foreign-born. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we found that the effect is three times larger for foreign-born compared to Swedish-born. However, when the effect is distributed over time, it decreases and loses significance after three years for both groups. This suggests that resources should be allocated for programs that connect working-age recipients with the labor market as early as possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2013
Keywords
Social assistance; Welfare persistence, State dependence, Unobserved heterogeneity, Initial conditions problem, Dynamic probit model, GHK simulator
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39161 (URN)10.1186/2193-9012-2-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-84983316069 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2019-03-01Bibliographically approved
Andrén, D. & Andrén, T. (2013). Never Give Up?: The Persistence Of Welfare Participation In Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at European Economic Association & Econometric Society Congress, 26 - 30 August 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Never Give Up?: The Persistence Of Welfare Participation In Sweden
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Long-term social assistance dependency is a growing concern in Sweden and other European countries. In order for policy makers to design effective welfare reforms it is important to know how strong the state dependence associated with social assistance is in the population and to what extent it varies with different factors, and among different groups. We estimate the effect of the state dependence in social assistance for Sweden during the 1990s, for both Swedish-born and foreign-born. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we found that the effect is three times larger for foreign-born compared to Swedish-born. However, when the effect is distributed over time, it decreases and loses significance after three years for both groups. This suggests that more resources should be allocated for programs that connect working-age recipients with the labor market as early as possible.

Keywords
social assistance, welfare persistence, state dependence, unobserved heterogeneity, initial condition, dynamic probit model, GHK simulator
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32102 (URN)
Conference
European Economic Association & Econometric Society Congress, 26 - 30 August 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2013-10-22 Created: 2013-10-22 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2663-3047

Search in DiVA

Show all publications