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Agarwal, N., Lodefalk, M., Tang, A., Tano, S. & Wang, Z. (2019). Guaranteed Success?: The Effects of Export Credit Guarantees on Firm Performance. In: : . Paper presented at 16th Annual Ljubljana Empirical Trade Conference (LETC 2019), Izola, Slovenia, June 7-9, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Guaranteed Success?: The Effects of Export Credit Guarantees on Firm Performance
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many countries offer government-backed export credit guarantees to domestic firms. We investigate the effects of such guarantees on firm exports, jobs and value added. Using uniquely detailed and exhaustive transaction-level panel data on guarantees and granular information on trade, exporters and foreign buyers, we perform difference-indifferences matching estimations. We find that guarantees improve firm performance. However, the effects are strikingly heterogeneous across firm size and response variables. Using guarantees increases the firm-destination probability of exporting and the value of exports by 18 and 172 percent, respectively, but does not generally increase jobs or value added. Smaller firms benefit the most in terms of exports. Overall, the evidence suggests a causal link from guarantees to firm export performance.

Keywords
Export credit guarantees, Credit constraints, Trade, Firm performance
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74664 (URN)
Conference
16th Annual Ljubljana Empirical Trade Conference (LETC 2019), Izola, Slovenia, June 7-9, 2019
Projects
Insatser för utrikeshandelns finansering
Funder
Torsten Söderbergs stiftelse, E38/16
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved
Anderson, I., Tano, S. & Yap, L. (2016). Indigenous and tribal peoples' health (The Lancet-Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration): a population study. The Lancet, 388(10040), 131-157
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indigenous and tribal peoples' health (The Lancet-Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration): a population study
2016 (English)In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 388, no 10040, p. 131-157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: International studies of the health of Indigenous and tribal peoples provide important public health insights. Reliable data are required for the development of policy and health services. Previous studies document poorer outcomes for Indigenous peoples compared with benchmark populations, but have been restricted in their coverage of countries or the range of health indicators. Our objective is to describe the health and social status of Indigenous and tribal peoples relative to benchmark populations from a sample of countries.

Methods: Collaborators with expertise in Indigenous health data systems were identified for each country. Data were obtained for population, life expectancy at birth, infant mortality, low and high birthweight, maternal mortality, nutritional status, educational attainment, and economic status. Data sources consisted of governmental data, data from non-governmental organisations such as UNICEF, and other research. Absolute and relative differences were calculated.

Findings: Our data (23 countries, 28 populations) provide evidence of poorer health and social outcomes for Indigenous peoples than for non-Indigenous populations. However, this is not uniformly the case, and the size of the rate difference varies. We document poorer outcomes for Indigenous populations for: life expectancy at birth for 16 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1 year in 15 populations; infant mortality rate for 18 of 19 populations with a rate difference greater than one per 1000 livebirths in 16 populations; maternal mortality in ten populations; low birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in three populations; high birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in one population; child malnutrition for ten of 16 populations with a difference greater than 10% in five populations; child obesity for eight of 12 populations with a difference greater than 5% in four populations; adult obesity for seven of 13 populations with a difference greater than 10% in four populations; educational attainment for 26 of 27 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 24 populations; and economic status for 15 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 14 populations.

Interpretation: We systematically collated data across a broader sample of countries and indicators than done in previous studies. Taking into account the UN Sustainable Development Goals, we recommend that national governments develop targeted policy responses to Indigenous health, improving access to health services, and Indigenous data within national surveillance systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Indigenous health, Population health
National Category
Ethnology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66549 (URN)10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00345-7 (DOI)000379269200030 ()27108232 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84982859363 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research Council, 2012-5490]
Note

Funding Agencies:

Lowitja Institute  

Lowitja Institute, Australia's national institute for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research  

Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services  

Norwegian Directorate of Health, Northern Norway Regional Health Authority  

Regional Research Council of Northern Norway  

Sami Parliament, Sami National Centre for Mental Health Karasjok  

Troms County Council  

Finnmark County Council  

Nordland County Council  

Peruvian National Council of Science and Technology  

Brazilian Association of Public Health  

Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development 

Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Tano, S., Pettersson, Ö. & Stjernström, O. (2016). Labour income effects of the recent "mining boom" in northern Sweden. Resources policy, 49, 31-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour income effects of the recent "mining boom" in northern Sweden
2016 (English)In: Resources policy, ISSN 0301-4207, E-ISSN 1873-7641, Vol. 49, p. 31-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the early 21st century, the world market prices for minerals increased dramatically. As a consequence of this development, large investments were made in mining all around the world. Increased exploration activities, the opening of new mines and large investment schemes in already operating mines and related physical infrastructure also gave rise to a “mining boom” in the remote and sparsely populated areas of northern Sweden. New jobs were generated in the mining sector, but the question of whether the “mining boom” also has stimulated economic development in a broader sense in these areas has been more open. The present article investigated whether labour incomes have increased not only in sectors clearly connected to mining, but also in other parts of the local and regional economy. This was done by following the income changes of residents in the mining areas of northern Sweden over the time period 2004–2010 and by using a propensity score matching estimator method (PSM). The results show rapid income growth for employees in the mining industry and construction sectors, but also some growth in several other sectors, indicating spread effects to the rest of the local and regional economies. The impact, however, is much stronger in the largest mining towns than in communities where mining is of less significance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Mining; Income effects; Propensity score matching estimator (PSM); Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Research subject
Economics; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66552 (URN)10.1016/j.resourpol.2016.03.004 (DOI)000384385500004 ()2-s2.0-84962921255 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development (MASD) Programme (DIA 2013/049)
Note

Funding Agency:

MISTRA Arctic Sustainable Development (MASD) programme  DIA 2013/049

Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Berck, P., Tano, S. & Westerlund, O. (2016). Regional sorting of human capital: the choice of location among young adults in Sweden. Regional studies, 50(5), 757-770
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional sorting of human capital: the choice of location among young adults in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 757-770Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Migration rates are highest among young adults, especially students, and their location choices affect the regional distribution of human capital, growth and local public sector budgets. Using Swedish register data on young adults, the choice of whether to enroll in education and the choice of location are estimated jointly. The results indicate a systematic selection into investment in further education based on school grades and associated preferences for locations with higher per capita tax bases. For students, the estimates indicate lower preferences for locations with higher shares of older people.  The importance of family networks for the choice of location is confirmed.    

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
Keywords
J61; J24; R23; Local public sector; Agglomeration; Location choice; Human capital
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66557 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2014.931935 (DOI)000372971700001 ()2-s2.0-84905321423 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Ageing and Living Conditions,Relocation of Governmental Agencies, Labour Mobility and Rural Development
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2006-21576-36119-66]Swedish Research Council Formas, 251-2007-2079]
Note

Funding Agency:

Graduate School in Population Dynamics and Public Policy, Umeå University

Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Falkenhall, B., Månsson, J. & Tano, S. (2016). Rätt lagat?: Effekter av sänkt moms på restaurang och cateringtjänster i Sverige. Ekonomisk Debatt, 44(5), 40-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rätt lagat?: Effekter av sänkt moms på restaurang och cateringtjänster i Sverige
2016 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 40-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vår analys av den sänkta restaurangmomsen visar på relativt kraftiga effekter på de undersökta variablerna omsättning, anställningar, lönesumma, rörelsemarginal och nettotillskott av företag i branschen. Den kortsiktiga effekten på sysselsättningen motsvarar 11 300 heltidstjänster över tre år. Vi bedömer att den sänkta restaurangmomsen även kommer att ha en långsiktigt positiv effekt på den varaktiga sysselsättningen. För analysen har vi vidareutvecklat en metodansats benämnd matchning med syntetiska kontrollgrupper, vilket enligt oss ökar möjligheterna att kunna uppskatta effekter av reformer som påverkar alla företag i en bransch.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationalekonomiska föreningen, 2016
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66558 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, P., Sköld, P. & Tano, S. (2016). Sweden: The Sami. In: Kate Silburn, Hannah Reich & Ian Anderson (Ed.), A Global Snapshot of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples' Health: The Lancet–Lowitja Institute Collaboration (pp. 46-47). Carlton South, Victoria, Australia: The Lowitja Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: The Sami
2016 (English)In: A Global Snapshot of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples' Health: The Lancet–Lowitja Institute Collaboration / [ed] Kate Silburn, Hannah Reich & Ian Anderson, Carlton South, Victoria, Australia: The Lowitja Institute , 2016, , p. 2p. 46-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Carlton South, Victoria, Australia: The Lowitja Institute, 2016. p. 2
Keywords
Indigenous health, Sami Health, Lowitja, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Epidemiology; Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66546 (URN)978-1-921889-50-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
Månsson, J., Falkenhall, B. & Tano, S. (2015). Impact of the VAT reform on Swedish restaurants: a synthetic control group approach. Östersund: Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of the VAT reform on Swedish restaurants: a synthetic control group approach
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vår analys av den sänkta restaurangmomsen visar på positiva effekter på lönesumma, omsättning, anställningar, rörelsemarginaler och företagsstocken. Resultaten visar tydligt att företagen har valt att använda momssänkningen på fler sätt än till att sänka priserna.

I denna studie undersöker vi sänkningen av mervärdesskattesatsen på restaurang- och cateringtjänster som skedde 2012. Syftet med momssänkningen var att öka den varaktiga sysselsättningen. Tillväxtanalys fick i uppdrag att utvärdera effekterna gällande före­tagande. Detta PM syftar som underlag till Tillväxtanalys slutrapport i uppdraget Sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster – slutrapport (Rapport 2015:10).

En reform som omfattar samtliga företag i en bransch är svårt metodologiskt att utvärdera då ett kontrafaktiskt utfall saknas. I denna studie använder vi matchning med syntetisk kontrollgrupp för att skapa det kontrafaktiska utfallet. Denna metod är datadriven och förlitar sig endast på ett fåtal subjektiva val. Vår analys utgår från att reformen kan påverka komponenterna i vinstfunktionen. Vi analyserar effekterna på branschnivå genom att aggregera data på företagsnivå.

Momssänkningen har positiva och signifikanta effekter på både omsättning, rörelse­marginal och företagsstocken. Den genomsnittliga årliga effekten uppskattas till 5,6 respektive 1,25 och 1,6 procentenheter. Dessa resultat är signifikanta på 5-procentsnivån. Den genomsnittliga årliga effekten på lönesummor och anställningar är 4,9 respektive 5,0 procentenheter och är signifikanta på 10-procentsnivån. Effekterna tenderar att klinga av över tid, med undantag för nettotillskotten av företag.

Även om problemet kring att exakt estimera effekter av en reform kvarstår, är dessa resultat robusta för känslighetsanalyser. Sammanfattningsvis pekar resultaten klart mot en positiv effekt för restaurangbranschen, som utvecklats bättre än vad som skulle ha varit fallet utan reformen.

Abstract [en]

Our analysis of the reduction in VAT for restaurant and catering services shows positive effects on turnover, employments, total wages, gross profit margins and net entry of firms. It is clear that the firms have used the VAT reduction in more ways than lowering prices.

In this study we investigate the impact of the VAT reform for restaurant and catering services that took place in Sweden on January 1, 2012. The aim of this reform was to increase long-term employment in Sweden. Growth Analysis was commissioned to evaluate the effects of this reform from the perspective of firms. This PM serves as a foundation for this commission’s final report Reduced VAT on restaurant and catering services – final report.

Evaluating the effects of a VAT reduction that includes all firms in an industry is a challenge and difficult methodologically due to the lack of a counterfactual outcome. In this study, we constructed our counterfactual using a synthetic control group (SCG) approach, which is a data-driven approach that only relies to a small extent on subjective choices. Unlike previous studies we assume that the VAT reform can affect each part in the profit function and also influence entry and exit in the market. We do the analysis on industry level by aggregating firm level data.

The VAT reduction had a positive and significant effect on turnover, profit margins and net entry of firms. The average yearly effect is estimated to be 5.6, 1.25 and 1.6 percentage points respectively. These results are significant at the 5 % level. The average yearly effect on total wages and employment lies at 4.9 and 5.0 percentage points respectively and is significant at the 10 % level. The effects tend to decline over time, with exception for net entry of firms.

Although estimating the exact effects of a reform remains difficult, our results are robust to sensitivity analyses. Overall, our results point to better performance for the restaurant industry compared to what it would have been in the absence of the reform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, 2015. p. 28
Series
PM ; 2015:25
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66548 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved
Falkenhall, B., Tano, S., Månsson, J. & Quoreshi, S. (2015). Sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster: slutrapport. Östersund: Tillväxtanalys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster: slutrapport
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vår analys av den sänkta restaurangmomsen visar på effekter på anställningar, lönesumma och omsättning. Vi ser även att företagen har valt att använda momssänkningen på fler sätt än till att sänka priserna och att den gett effekter även på vinstmarginaler och på företags-stocken. Tillväxtanalys bedömer vidare att den sänkta restaurangmomsen kommer att ha en långsiktigt positiv effekt på den varaktiga sysselsättningen.

Abstract [en]

Our analysis of the effects of the reduction in VAT for restaurants and catering services indicates a positive outcome for employment, total wages and turnover. It is clear that firms have not only used the VAT reduction in order to lower prices since effects on gross profit and the net surplus of new firms can also be seen. Growth Analysis concludes that the lower VAT rate will have a long-term positive effect on employment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Tillväxtanalys, 2015. p. 37
Series
Rapportserien ; 2015:10
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66559 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved
Tano, S., Westerlund, O., Nakosteen, R. & Zimmer, M. (2014). Back to the Future: Migration, Matching and the Power Couple Phenomenon in Sweden. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Back to the Future: Migration, Matching and the Power Couple Phenomenon in Sweden
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper contributes to a recent and growing literature addressing the phenomenon of high-credentialed power couples. It seeks to determine the extent to which precursors of power couple formation and location choice of couples at midlife are evident in young people during their formative school years. Its second objective is to extend the analysis of location choice by modeling location choice among different sizes of labor market areas, given different power status of the couples.

Based on analysis of Swedish register data, we produce evidence that power spouses evolve from the population of high achieving school age individuals, the latter identified by high academic performance during the years of compulsory schooling. Other factors such as parental education and family income also play a role. In addition, there appear to be regional disparities in the evolution of power couples. The evidence also points to the presence self-selection arising from unmeasured heterogeneity, both in spouse matching and to a lesser extent in location choice. Regarding location choice, the results indicate that power couples display a disproportionate tendency to migrate from their regions of origin to large cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. p. 27
Series
Umeå Economic Studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 881
Keywords
Early markers, education, location choice, marital matching
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66547 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
Tano, S. (2014). Internal Migration of Young Adults: Heterogeneity in Effects on Labour Income by School Grades. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal Migration of Young Adults: Heterogeneity in Effects on Labour Income by School Grades
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present paper estimates the relationship between migration across labour-market regions and the subsequent changes in earnings in Sweden by using the individual’s grade point average (GPA) from the final year of comprehensive school as a proxy for ability. This measure aims to capture heterogeneity in the effects of mobility on earnings for individuals conditional on educational attainment and other observed traits. Register data from Sweden, including two whole cohorts of individuals, is used. A difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimator is applied to estimate the relationship between income and migration up to seven years after migrating. The results show variation between different ability groups with respect to the return to regional migration. There are indications of larger gains for individuals holding top grades, while the bottom half seems to benefit less, or have slightly negative returns. The difference in return to migration across GPA quartiles is larger for women than for men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2014. p. 28
Series
Umeå Economic Studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 880
Keywords
Human capital, income, internal migration, propensity score matching
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66551 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9076-8598

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