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Publications (10 of 45) Show all publications
Leite, E. & Johnstone, L. (2023). Regaining legitimacy in an MNC after a socio-ecological crisis: An un(smart) business strategy?. In: Pratik Arte; Yi Wang; Cheryl Dowie; Maria Elo; Salla Laasonen (Ed.), Sustainable International Business: Smart strategies for business and society (pp. 275-302). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regaining legitimacy in an MNC after a socio-ecological crisis: An un(smart) business strategy?
2023 (English)In: Sustainable International Business: Smart strategies for business and society / [ed] Pratik Arte; Yi Wang; Cheryl Dowie; Maria Elo; Salla Laasonen, Springer, 2023, p. 275-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) are recognised as important and powerful strategic agents for providing momentum to the United Nation’s (UN’s) Agenda 2030 through their ability to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) internationally. However, we can also learn from the mistakes of MNEs that cause socio-ecological destruction in their host countries. This chapter develops an understanding of the effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) legitimisation strategies adopted by an MNE after a crisis event, namely Vale’s Córrego do Feijão mine collapse complex in Brazil, which claimed the lives of over 270 people and caused huge socio-ecological damage. The chapter contributes to growing research on CSR and MNEs by elaborating on the importance of local CSR legitimisation strategies for MNEs to regain legitimacy in the immediate aftermath of crisis events in the affected communities. This requires MNEs moving beyond communicating CSR as empty rhetoric from a more pragmatic legitimacy stance, which serves a global legitimisation function, towards MNEs acting upon their CSR promises in local contexts for legitimacy to be regained. Additionally, the chapter suggests the potential for local crisis events to shape global CSR strategies in industries that positively contribute to the SDGs through the learnings made.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Contributions to Management Science, ISSN 1431-1941, E-ISSN 2197-716X
Keywords
CSR communication, CSR legitimisation strategies, international business, legitimacy, MNEs, socio-ecological disaster
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-107414 (URN)9783031437847 (ISBN)9783031437878 (ISBN)9783031437854 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-08-08 Created: 2023-08-08 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. & Johnstone, L. (2023). Regaining reputation in an MNC after a socio-ecological crisis: An un(smart) business strategy?. In: : . Paper presented at 2023 Young IB Scholars Workshop, (virtual workshop), June 6-7, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regaining reputation in an MNC after a socio-ecological crisis: An un(smart) business strategy?
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Keywords
CSR communication, CSR legitimisation strategies, international business, legitimacy, MNEs, socio-ecological disaster
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-108170 (URN)
Conference
2023 Young IB Scholars Workshop, (virtual workshop), June 6-7, 2023
Available from: 2023-09-07 Created: 2023-09-07 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Lagerström, K., Leite, E., Pahlberg, C. & Schweizer, R. (2023). The Competition-Cooperation Interplay for Knowledge Development: A Headquarters-Subsidiary Perspective. Journal of Strategy and Management., 16(2), 362-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Competition-Cooperation Interplay for Knowledge Development: A Headquarters-Subsidiary Perspective
2023 (English)In: Journal of Strategy and Management., ISSN 1755-425X, E-ISSN 1755-4268, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 362-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeIn this paper, the authors contribute with insights on competition and cooperation in multinational enterprises with a focus on challenges related to these governance mechanisms in a knowledge development context. The mechanisms have been widely recognized as important for developing knowledge, but their contradicting nature implies considerable complexity when it comes to governance. The complexity is further increased as a result of the headquarters-subsidiary relationships. The aim of this paper is to contribute with theoretical and empirical insights on these aspects by focusing on the research question: How and why does competition and cooperation in an MNE emerge over time?Design/methodology/approachA manufacturing MNE with headquarters (HQ) in Sweden is analyzed on both HQ and subsidiary levels. Interviews with 24 managers in Sweden and India have been performed.FindingsThe study illustrates that competition and cooperation are integral aspects in HQ-subsidiary relationships. The results show that both competition and cooperation depend on environmental, organizational and object-related conditions and that these conditions influence the dynamics of the interplay. The importance of including a subsidiary perspective and the interdependencies in an MNE setting are emphasized.Originality/valueThe authors add to the discussion on the interplay between competition and cooperation as they play an important role for knowledge development in MNEs. The results indicate that they do not take place simultaneously, and therefore, the authors suggest that the dynamic can be better understood by focusing on the interplay and analyze the concepts separately.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Competition, Cooperation, Knowledge, Interplay, Headquarters, Subsidiaries
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102178 (URN)10.1108/JSMA-01-2022-0011 (DOI)000901384200001 ()2-s2.0-85145069222 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Note

Funding agency:

Handelsbankens Research Foundation

Available from: 2022-11-11 Created: 2022-11-11 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Ragén, A., Leite, E., Linton, G. & Öberg, C. (2023). The Ecosystem for Academic Innovations and Commercial Activities – Tensions, Conflicts and Contradictions. In: : . Paper presented at 39th Annual IMP Conference (IMP 2023), Manchester, UK, August 22-25, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Ecosystem for Academic Innovations and Commercial Activities – Tensions, Conflicts and Contradictions
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Despite significant investments in promoting entrepreneurship, there has been a decline in the number of successful innovative firms in Europe and North America. Universities are crucial for transforming research into commercially viable innovations, and various support ecosystems have emerged to facilitate this process. This study investigates the early-stage activities at Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) and incubators within university innovation support ecosystems, exploring the potential misalignments and inconsistencies that may hinder the overarching goal of commercializing academic knowledge. Employing a qualitative case study method, we conducted an in-depth examination of the Swedish academic entrepreneurial ecosystem. Our findings indicate the presence of tensions, conflicts, and contradictions among different stakeholders, each with their unique interests, values, and perspectives. This study contributes to the understanding of these complex relationships and emphasizes the importance of aligning goals and fostering collaboration within the academic ecosystem to effectively commercialize university research.

Keywords
commercialization, ecosystem, entrepreneurship, innovation, technology transfer office
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-108027 (URN)
Conference
39th Annual IMP Conference (IMP 2023), Manchester, UK, August 22-25, 2023
Available from: 2023-09-01 Created: 2023-09-01 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Schweizer, R., Lagerström, K., Leite, E. & Pahlberg, C. (2023). The Role of Headquarters in Managing Coopetition within MNCs: A Tale of Two Paradoxes. Multinational Business Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Headquarters in Managing Coopetition within MNCs: A Tale of Two Paradoxes
2023 (English)In: Multinational Business Review, ISSN 1525-383XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion on how multinational company (MNC) headquarters (HQs) can manage the existing coopetition paradox to ensure innovation within the MNC. In contrast to the rather scarce previous research, the authors argue that HQ needs to solve the coopetition paradox under the sway of a parenting paradox. Hence, HQ faces a dual paradox.

Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on the literature on HQ's role during MNCs' innovation processes, this conceptual paper revisits the previously suggested HQ measures to enable coopetition among subsidiaries. By applying a sheer ignorance perspective, the authors contribute with a more nuanced understanding of the HQ's role in innovation activities.

Findings: The article identifies four challenges as the HQ faces a parenting paradox that hinders its ability to solve the coopetition paradox: context specificity of subsidiaries' innovation work, normative expectations of subsidiary managers, potential opportunistic behavior of HQ manager and HQ underestimation of needed resources. The article suggests that HQ needs to become more informed and preferably even embedded in the local innovation networks of its most important subsidiaries and that coopetition should not be managed solely on an HQ level.

Originality/value: Advocating a sheer ignorance perspective, the article pioneers in discussing the role that HQ plays in managing coopetition among subsidiaries in innovation activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Innovation, Subsidiary
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-108797 (URN)10.1108/MBR-11-2022-0175 (DOI)001093861900001 ()
Note

Funding agency:

Svenska Handelsbankens Forskningsstiftelse P18:0178

Available from: 2023-10-09 Created: 2023-10-09 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. (2022). Actor roles influencing innovation networks formation in smart city development. In: : . Paper presented at 38th Annual IMP Conference, University of Florence, Florence, Italy, August 30 – September 2, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actor roles influencing innovation networks formation in smart city development
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-101084 (URN)
Conference
38th Annual IMP Conference, University of Florence, Florence, Italy, August 30 – September 2, 2022
Available from: 2022-09-05 Created: 2022-09-05 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. (2022). Actor roles shaping and influencing innovation in smart city development. In: 38th EBES Conference: Program and Abstract Book. Paper presented at 38th EBES Conference 2022, Warsaw, Poland, January 12-14, 2022 (pp. 28-28). EBES
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actor roles shaping and influencing innovation in smart city development
2022 (English)In: 38th EBES Conference: Program and Abstract Book, EBES , 2022, p. 28-28Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Innovation networks are organized and shaped by their members. This study investigates actors’ roles influencing innovation for smart city development. Combining actors’ roles with the innovation network literature and insights gained from two cases of smart city innovation, our empirical analysis shows four roles associated with smart city innovation network activities: i) coordinators, ii) contributors, iii) facilitators and iii) builders. These actor patterns recognize how actors collaborate in networks characterized by heterogeneous actors (public and private), the coexistence of individual and collective motivations, a high degree of openness, and users’ participation. Furthermore, actors' ability to change their network position is dependent on a shared interpretation of network roles between the network actors. Hence, scholars and practitioners of innovation networks learn that the understanding of role patterns in smart city development can contribute to the building, utilization, and coordination of an open innovation network that positively impacts both business and society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EBES, 2022
Keywords
Innovation networks, actors’ role, smart city network activities, social impact
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-96014 (URN)9786058004283 (ISBN)
Conference
38th EBES Conference 2022, Warsaw, Poland, January 12-14, 2022
Available from: 2021-12-15 Created: 2021-12-15 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. (2022). Actor Roles Shaping and Influencing Innovation in Smart City Development. In: : . Paper presented at 82nd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2022), Virtual session, Seattle, USA, August 5-9, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actor Roles Shaping and Influencing Innovation in Smart City Development
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Innovation networks are organized and shaped by their members. This study investigates actors’ roles influencing innovation for smart city development. Combining actors’ roles with the innovation network literature and insights gained from two cases of smart city innovation, our empirical analysis shows four roles associated with smart city innovation network activities: i) coordinators, ii) contributors, iii) facilitators and iii) builders. These actor patterns recognize how actors collaborate in networks characterized by heterogeneous actors (public and private), the coexistence of individual and collective motivations, a certain degree of openness, and users’ participation. Furthermore, actors' ability to change their network position is dependent on a shared interpretation of network roles between the network actors. Hence, scholars and practitioners of innovation networks learn that the understanding of role patterns in smart city development can contribute to the building, utilization, and coordination of an open innovation network that positively impacts business and society.

Keywords
Innovation networks, actors’ role, smart city network activities, social impact
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100655 (URN)
Conference
82nd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2022), Virtual session, Seattle, USA, August 5-9, 2022
Available from: 2022-08-15 Created: 2022-08-15 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. & Lindh, C. (2022). B2B and digitalization in research and teaching: a qualitative method for data collection and learning. In: : . Paper presented at 26th Biennial NFF Conference, Örebro, Sweden, August 24 -26, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>B2B and digitalization in research and teaching: a qualitative method for data collection and learning
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-100851 (URN)
Conference
26th Biennial NFF Conference, Örebro, Sweden, August 24 -26, 2022
Available from: 2022-08-26 Created: 2022-08-26 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Leite, E., Lagerström, K., Schweizer, R. & Pahlberg, C. (2022). Cooperative or competitive relationship within the MNE: A parent-subsidiary study. In: : . Paper presented at AIB 2022 Annual Meeting, Competitive session, Miami, USA, July 6-9, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cooperative or competitive relationship within the MNE: A parent-subsidiary study
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
MNE, subsidiary, competition, cooperation, reward and position systems, mandates.
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-97919 (URN)
Conference
AIB 2022 Annual Meeting, Competitive session, Miami, USA, July 6-9, 2022
Available from: 2022-03-09 Created: 2022-03-09 Last updated: 2022-03-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2664-8350

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