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Colins, O. F., Roetman, P. J., Lopez-Romero, L. & Andershed, H. (2019). Assessing Psychopathic Traits Among Children: The First Validation Study of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory in a Clinical Sample. Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), Article ID 1073191119832654.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing Psychopathic Traits Among Children: The First Validation Study of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory in a Clinical Sample
2019 (English)In: Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), ISSN 1073-1911, E-ISSN 1552-3489, article id 1073191119832654Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This is the first study that tested the psychometric properties of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI) in clinic-referred children (ages 6-13 years). Teachers ( N = 159) and parents ( N = 173) completed the CPTI and various other measures. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the CPTI's three-factor structure when teachers and parents rated the 28 CPTI items. Teacher- and parent-reported CPTI scores showed the expected relations with external correlates (e.g., conduct problems and proactive aggression). Crucially, the validity of the CPTI scores was also supported across informants (i.e., when linking teacher-reported CPTI scores to parent-reported external correlates, and vice versa) and across methods (i.e., regardless if a questionnaire or a diagnostic interview was used to measure external correlates). We conclude that the CPTI holds promise as a research tool for assessing psychopathic traits in clinic-referred children. Until our findings have been replicated and extended, the CPTI should not be used for clinical decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Aggression, callous–unemotional, conduct problems, personality traits, psychopathic
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73196 (URN)10.1177/1073191119832654 (DOI)30845808 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Pechorro, P., Braga, T., Ray, J. V., Goncalves, R. A. & Andershed, H. (2019). Do incarcerated male juvenile recidivists differ from first-time offenders on self-reported psychopathic traits?: A retrospective study. European Journal of Criminology, 16(4), 413-431
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do incarcerated male juvenile recidivists differ from first-time offenders on self-reported psychopathic traits?: A retrospective study
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 413-431Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study analyzed the relation between recidivism and self-reported psychopathic traits, more specifically the callous-unemotional, impulsivity, and narcissism dimensions of the psychopathy construct. The Antisocial Process Screening Device - Self-Report (APSD-SR) and other self-report instruments independently measuring the three different dimensions of psychopathy (that is, Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11, Narcissistic Personality-13) were completed by a sample of incarcerated male juvenile offenders (N = 244) who were retrospectively classified as recidivists versus non-recidivists. The only statistically significant relation found between recidivism and self-reported psychopathic traits after controlling for age and socioeconomic status was with the impulsivity dimension of the APSD-SR. Additionally, results showed that recidivism was associated with alcohol use but not with drug use or crime seriousness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Juvenile delinquency, psychopathic traits, recidivism
National Category
Psychiatry Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75404 (URN)10.1177/1477370818772774 (DOI)000475327900002 ()2-s2.0-85046681262 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT)  SFRH/BPD/86666/2012 

European Social Fund (POPH/FSE)  

Portuguese Ministry of Education and Science (MEC)  

PT2020 Partnership Agreement  UID/PSI/01662/2013 

Available from: 2019-07-30 Created: 2019-07-30 Last updated: 2019-07-30Bibliographically approved
Lopez-Romero, L., Romero, E., Colins, O. F., Andershed, H., Hare, R. D. & Salekin, R. T. (2019). Proposed Specifiers for Conduct Disorder (PSCD): Preliminary Validation of the Parent Version in a Spanish Sample of Preschoolers. Psychological Assessment, 31(11), 1357-1367
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proposed Specifiers for Conduct Disorder (PSCD): Preliminary Validation of the Parent Version in a Spanish Sample of Preschoolers
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2019 (English)In: Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1040-3590, E-ISSN 1939-134X, Vol. 31, no 11, p. 1357-1367Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Proposed Specifiers for Conduct Disorder (PSCD) scale (Salekin & Hare, 2016) was developed as a measure of the broader construct of psychopathy in childhood and adolescence. In addition to conduct disorder (CD) symptoms, the PSCD addresses the interpersonal (grandiose-manipulative), affective (callous-unemotional). and lifestyle (daring-impulsive) traits of psychopathic personality. The PSCD can be scored by parents and teachers. The present study is a preliminary test of the psychometric properties of the PSCD-Parent Version in a sample of 2,229 children aged 3 to 6 years. Confirmatory factor analyses supported both a 3- and 4-factor structure being invariant across gender groups. The validity of the PSCD was also supported by convergent-divergent associations with an alternative measure of psychopathic traits as well as by the expected relations with fearlessness, conduct problems, reactive and proactive aggression, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms, and social competence skills. Overall, the PSCD is a promising alternative measure for assessing early manifestation of the broader construct of psychopathy in children. Its use should facilitate discussion of the conceptualization, assessment, predictive value, and clinical usefulness of the psychopathic construct as it relates to CD at early developmental stages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association, 2019
Keywords
psychopathic traits, grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, daring-impulsive, conduct disorder
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77808 (URN)10.1037/pas0000759 (DOI)000492783300007 ()31368737 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

FEDER/Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades - Agencia Estatal de Investigacion/Grant PSI2015-65766-R

Xunta de Galicia

Axudas para a Consolidacion e Estruturacion de Unidades de Investigacion Competitivas e outras Accions de Fomento nas Universidades  

GRC, 2018 (Conselleria de Cultura, Educacion e Ordenacion Universitaria, Xunta de Galicia)

Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Lopez Romero, L., Maneiro, L., Colins, O. F., Andershed, H. & Romero, E. (2019). Psychopathic Traits in Early Childhood: Further Multi-informant Validation of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 41(3), 366-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychopathic Traits in Early Childhood: Further Multi-informant Validation of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI)
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to further test the teacher- and parent-versions of the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI) in Spain, with a special focus on gender differences. Data were collected in a sample of 2467 preschool children (48.1% girls) aged three to six (mean age = 4.25; SD = 0.91). Results supported the proposed three-factor structure of the CPTI (Grandiose-deceitful, GD; Callous-unemotional, CU; and Impulsive-need of stimulation, INS), being invariant across gender, and with good-to-excellent internal consistency values. CPTI scores showed the expected associations with fearlessness, conduct problems, reactive and proactive aggression, hyperactivity and prosocial behavior, thereby supporting the external validity of the CPTI scores. This pattern of associations also held when cross-informant correlations were explored, although correlation values were lower in magnitude. Some different patterns of correlations were also found across gender groups. Overall, the CPTI reveals as a promising, psychometrically sound measure for assessing psychopathic traits in very young children using both parents' and teachers' reports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
CPTI, Psychopathic traits, Conduct problems, Early childhood, Assessment
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76441 (URN)10.1007/s10862-019-09735-0 (DOI)000482476000003 ()2-s2.0-85064208429 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies:

FEDER/Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades - Agencia Estatal de Investigacion/Grant  PSI2015-65766-R 

Programa de Axudas a Etapa Posdoutoral da Xunta de Galicia (Conselleria de Cultura, Educacion e Ordenacion Universitaria) 

Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Fanti, K. A., Colins, O. F. & Andershed, H. (2019). Unraveling the longitudinal reciprocal associations between anxiety, delinquency, and depression from early to middle adolescence. Journal of criminal justice, 62, 29-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unraveling the longitudinal reciprocal associations between anxiety, delinquency, and depression from early to middle adolescence
2019 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 62, p. 29-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research that simultaneously tests developmental associations between anxiety, depression, and delinquency is limited. The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that anxiety would inhibit involvement in delinquency, whilst involvement in delinquency would be a risk factor for later depression. During middle school, a large sample of Greek Cypriot adolescents completed measures of anxiety, depression, and delinquency across four waves (N = 1451 in wave 1: 50.1% girls, Mage = 12.12, SD = 0.55; N = 1224 in wave 4). Analyses of longitudinal data supported the study's hypotheses after controlling for the common variance among the variables at each point of measurement. Altogether, the current results showcase that anxiety and depression are inversely related to delinquency, in that depression positively predicted later delinquency, whereas anxiety negatively predicted delinquent behaviors. Further, delinquency was a risk factor for future depression, but not anxiety, pointing to a bidirectional association between delinquency and depression. A multi-group path model showed that findings held across sex, with one exception, being that the relation between delinquency and depression during early adolescence was only significant for girls. The present study demonstrates that future research must consider uni- and bi-directional effects when disentangling longitudinal associations between anxiety, depression, and delinquency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Delinquency, Adolescence, Sex, Cross-lag path model
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74737 (URN)10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.09.004 (DOI)000469895700005 ()2-s2.0-85053105780 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-3-IRG 224903
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved
Vrettou, M., Nilsson, K. W., Tuvblad, C., Rehn, M., Åslund, C., Andershed, A.-K., . . . Comasco, E. (2019). VGLUT2 rs2290045 genotype moderates environmental sensitivity to alcohol-related problems in three samples of youths. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28(10), 1329-1340
Open this publication in new window or tab >>VGLUT2 rs2290045 genotype moderates environmental sensitivity to alcohol-related problems in three samples of youths
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2019 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 28, no 10, p. 1329-1340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of Vesicular Glutamate Transporter 2 (VGLUT2)-mediated neurotransmission has been highlighted in studies on addiction-related phenotypes. The single nucleotide polymorphism rs2290045 in VGLUT2 has been associated with alcohol dependence, but it is unknown whether or how this association is affected by environmental factors. The present study determined whether the association of alcohol-related problems with the rs2290045 in the VGLUT2 gene was modified by negative and positive environmental factors. Three samples were included: a clinical sample of 131 adolescents followed from age 17 to 22; a general population sample of 1794 young adults; and a general population sample of 1687 adolescents followed from age 14 to 17. DNA was extracted from saliva and the rs2290045 (T/C) was genotyped. Alcohol-related problems were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Stressful life events (SLE) and parenting were assessed by questionnaires. Gene-environment interactions were investigated using a dual statistical approach. In all samples (effect sizes 0.6-6.2%), and consistent with the differential susceptibility framework, T carriers exposed to SLE reported more alcohol-related problems if they had experienced poor parenting, and lower alcohol-related problems if they had received supportive parenting. T carriers not exposed to SLE reported higher alcohol-related problems if they had received supportive parenting and lower alcohol-related problems if they had received poor parenting. Among CC carriers, alcohol-related problems did not vary as a function of negative and positive environmental factors. In conclusion, in three samples of youths, alcohol-related problems were associated with an interaction of VGLUT2 rs2290045, SLE, and parenting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Adolescents, Alcohol, Gene, Glutamate, Stress, VGLUT2
National Category
Psychiatry Substance Abuse
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72879 (URN)10.1007/s00787-019-01293-w (DOI)000489301800006 ()30805764 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062073264 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Fredrik och Ingrid Thurings StiftelseThe Swedish Brain Foundation, PS2013-0052Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00897Stiftelsen Söderström - Königska sjukhemmet, SLS-559921Swedish National Board of Health and WelfareÅke Wiberg FoundationSwedish Research Council, 2013-4657 2014-3804 VR: 2015-00495
Note

Funding Agencies:

Alcohol Research Council of the Swedish Alcohol Retailing Monopoly

Lars Hierta's Minne foundation

Lundberg's and Karlsson's foundation

Uppsala and Örebro Regional Research Council

County Council of Västmanland

Swedish Psychiatric Foundation

Research Foundations of Bertil Hallsten and Ahlen

European Union (EU)

INCA 600398 SciLifeLab 

Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Fanti, K. A., Hellfeldt, K., Colins, O. F., Meehan, A., Andershed, A.-K. & Andershed, H. (2019). Worried, sad, and breaking rules?: Understanding the developmental interrelations among symptoms of anxiety, depression, and conduct problems during early childhood. Journal of criminal justice, 62, 23-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Worried, sad, and breaking rules?: Understanding the developmental interrelations among symptoms of anxiety, depression, and conduct problems during early childhood
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2019 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 62, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research investigating the developmental interrelations among symptoms of anxiety, depression, and conduct problems in early childhood is lacking. The present study aims to fill this significant knowledge gap. A large Swedish prospective longitudinal data set (SOFIA study) was utilized, in which approximately 2.000 children have been assessed by parents and school staff at four time points, beginning at ages 3–5 and the fourth assessment conducted at ages 8–10. Results showed that symptoms of anxiety and depression were positively related to conduct problems, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, and among both boys and girls. However, when all other variables were controlled for in the path analysis, a different picture emerged. Cross-sectional unidirectional positive effects from conduct problems to depressive symptoms were identified at each time point, with the effect from conduct problems to depressive symptoms during middle childhood being only significant among girls. Furthermore, conduct problems predicted anxiety symptoms during middle childhood among both boys and girls. Neither depressive nor anxiety symptoms predicted conduct problems. These findings suggest that conduct problems are associated with increased risk for depressive and anxiety symptoms, and may contribute to the development of psychopathological symptoms during childhood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Conduct Problems, Gender, Longitudinal, Path model
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71604 (URN)10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.09.006 (DOI)000469895700004 ()2-s2.0-85053083046 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2019-01-19 Created: 2019-01-19 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Salekin, R. T., Andershed, H., Batky, B. D. & Bontemps, A. P. (2018). Are Callous Unemotional (CU) Traits Enough?. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 1-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are Callous Unemotional (CU) Traits Enough?
2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A guiding question for this special section, sparked by the increasing number of studies on callous -unemotional traits (CU traits) and the DSM-5 Limited Prosocial Emotion (LPE) specifier, is whether CU traits are enough to identify a clinically meaningful subgroup of youth with conduct problems or whether other psychopathic traits contribute. Seven empirical papers and two commentary papers address this question to varying degrees and in different ways with some papers "competing" various models against one another along with other papers investigating distinct correlates of the psychopathy factors. Findings across the papers suggest that there could be benefits to examining the broader construct of psychopathy in addition to examining its underpinning dimensions rather than CU traits alone. Two commentary papers also shed light on the importance of psychopathic traits in children with Conduct Disorder (CD) and provide insights for future work on this topic. It is hoped that the articles and commentary will generate new ideas for research and practice that could have implications for the treatment of those individuals with CD and psychopathic traits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Psychopathy, Child, Dimensions, GM traits, CU traits, CD
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66266 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9663-9 (DOI)000427993800001 ()2-s2.0-85043385795 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Andershed, H., Colins, O. F., Salekin, R. T., Lordos, A., Kyranides, M. N. & Fanti, K. A. (2018). Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(1), 16-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits. Youth with CP scoring high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions (Psychopathic Personality + CP) showed the most robust and highest risk for future and stable CP, aggression, and substance use, followed by youth who were high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions but displayed no concurrent CP (Psychopathic Personality Only) and CP youth with low levels of psychopathic traits (CP Only). Youth with CP who merely manifested callous-unemotional traits (Callous-Unemotional + CP) were only at risk for future CP. The findings suggest that the CU traits-based approach for subtyping children with CP is less informative compared to a subtyping approach using various psychopathic traits dimensions in predicting future and stable forms of various antisocial outcomes. These findings and their consistency with prior work indicate the need for additional research to examine the various psychopathic traits dimensions rather than focusing solely on CU traits, especially for CP subtyping purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct problems, Psychopathic traits, Aggression, Substance use
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66268 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9659-5 (DOI)000427993800003 ()29576680 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043369679 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

European Community  224903  FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-3-IRG

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-09-16Bibliographically approved
Frogner, L., Gibson, C. L., Andershed, A.-K. & Andershed, H. (2018). Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 88(2), 211-225
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
2018 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 211-225Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2018
Keywords
callous-unemotional traits; conduct problems; early childhood; psychopathic traits
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53547 (URN)10.1037/ort0000205 (DOI)000427477500010 ()27786502 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994236781 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8163-6558

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