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Reforming a publicly owned monopoly: costs and incentives in railway maintenance
Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The railway system is often considered to be an industry where a monopoly occurs “naturally”, which can explain the public ownership and the use of regulations. However, railways in Europe have been subject to reforms during the last three decades. The use of tendering has increased, which is a way of introducing competition for the market in absence of competition within the market. Still, contracting out services previously produced in-house places a heavy burden on the client, where contract design and its incentive structures can be decisive for the outcome of the reform.

This dissertation provides empirical evidence on costs and incentives in a publicly owned monopoly that is subject to reforms, namely the provision of railway maintenance in Sweden.

Essay 1 estimates the effect of exposing rail infrastructure maintenance to competitive tendering. The results show that this reform reduced maintenance costs in Sweden by around 11 per cent over the period 1999-2011, without any associated fall in the available measures of quality.

Essay 2 estimates the relative cost efficiency between and within maintenance regions in Sweden. The results indicate considerable efficiency gaps together with economies of scale not being fully exploited.

Essay 3 analyses the effect of incentive structures in railway maintenance contracts. An increase in the power of the incentive scheme reduces the number of infrastructure failures according to the results. In addition, the estimated effect of the performance incentive schemes suggests that more effort towards preventing train delays is made at the expense of preventing other failures.

Essay 4 comprises an estimation of marginal costs of rail maintenance. The static model produces slightly lower marginal costs compared to previous estimates on Swedish data. The results from the dynamic model show that an increase in maintenance costs in year t - 1 predicts an increase in maintenance costs in year t. Indeed, there is an intertemporal effect that depends on the performed maintenance activities (governed by the contract design).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro university , 2015. , s. 26
Serie
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 30
Nyckelord [en]
cost efficiency, contracts, tendering, rail infrastructure, maintenance
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46383ISBN: 978-91-7529-106-2 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46383DiVA, id: diva2:866551
Disputation
2015-12-21, Forumhuset, Biografen, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-03 Skapad: 2015-11-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Assessing the cost impact of competitive tendering in rail infrastructure maintenance services: evidence from the Swedish Reforms (1999 to 2011)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessing the cost impact of competitive tendering in rail infrastructure maintenance services: evidence from the Swedish Reforms (1999 to 2011)
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46887 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-01 Skapad: 2015-12-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Benchmarking in a publicly owned monopoly: estimating the dual-level cost efficiency of railway maintenance in Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Benchmarking in a publicly owned monopoly: estimating the dual-level cost efficiency of railway maintenance in Sweden
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46888 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-01 Skapad: 2015-12-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Contract design and performance of railway maintenance: effects of incentive intensity and performance incentive schemes
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Contract design and performance of railway maintenance: effects of incentive intensity and performance incentive schemes
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46889 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-01 Skapad: 2015-12-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Estimating the marginal cost of rail infrastructure maintenance using static and dynamic models; does more data make a difference?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Estimating the marginal cost of rail infrastructure maintenance using static and dynamic models; does more data make a difference?
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46891 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-01 Skapad: 2015-12-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Odolinski, Kristofer

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