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The role of emotion dysregulation in insomnia: Longitudinal findings from a large community sample
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2059-1621
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2008-0784
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
2016 (English)In: British Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-107X, E-ISSN 2044-8287, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 93-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this longitudinal investigation was to examine the association between emotion regulation and future insomnia (incidence and persistence).

DESIGN: A longitudinal study in the general population.

METHODS: A survey was sent out to 5,000 individuals in the community. To those who returned the baseline questionnaire (n = 2,333), two follow-up surveys, 6 and 18 months later, were sent out and then completed by 1,887 and 1,795 individuals, respectively. The survey contained information about demographic factors, insomnia symptomatology, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, anxiety, and depression.

RESULTS: The findings suggested that emotion regulation at baseline was not associated with the incidence or persistence of insomnia. Overall, the effect sizes were very small to medium. When examining changes in emotion regulation over time, a different pattern emerged. Partial support was established for the notion that decreases in emotion regulation were related to incident and persistent insomnia, as a decrease in emotion regulation was associated with a higher likelihood of future insomnia. Yet, the effect sizes were very small to small.

CONCLUSION: This study does partly point towards a longitudinal association between emotion dysregulation and insomnia. This might have implications for the conceptualization and management of insomnia as well as for future research.

Statement of contribution:

What is already known on this subject?

  • Previous research has indicated that emotion dysregulation might be enhanced in patients with insomnia.
  • A number of limitations have however hindered progress in understanding how emotion dysregulation is related to insomnia, such as limited research on the topic and relying solely on cross-sectional data.

What does this study add?

  • The current investigation showed that emotion dysregulation is a risk factor for the development of incident and persistent insomnia.
  • This study also shows that increased emotion dysregulation over time heightens the risk of incident and persistent insomnia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 21, no 1, p. 93-113
Keywords [en]
insomnia; sleep; epidemiology; emotion regulation; Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale
Keywords [sv]
insomni, sömnproblem, emotionsreglering, emotioner
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47055DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12147ISI: 000367827800006PubMedID: 26347204Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84954374855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47055DiVA, id: diva2:881942
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research

Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-12-11 Last updated: 2020-01-30Bibliographically approved

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Jansson-Fröjmark, MarkusNorell-Clarke, AnnikaLinton, Steven J

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