oru.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Reliability and validity evaluation of the psychopathy checklist: Screening version (PCL : SV) in Swedish correctional and forensic psychiatric samples
Simon Fraser University, Canada; Mid-Sweden University, Sweden.
Sundsvall Forensic Psychiatric Hospital, Sweden. (Center for Criminological and Psychosocial Research)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8285-0935
Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall Forensic Psychiatric Hospital, Sweden.
Sundsvall Forensic Psychiatric Hospital, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), ISSN 1073-1911, E-ISSN 1552-3489, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 145-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study evaluated the structural reliability, construct-related validity, and cultural validity generalization of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV) in a sample of more than 560 male and female Swedish forensic psychiatric treatment patients, forensic evaluation patients, and criminal offenders. Structural reliability was excellent for most indices. PCL:SV scores were higher for males than females for total and Part 1 scores (interpersonal/affective features) but not for Part 2 (behavioral features). With some exceptions, PCL:SV scores were meaningfully related to aggression to others, a measure of risk for violence, substance use problems, personality disorder (positive), and psychosis (negative). Correlations between PCL:SV and aggression were larger for females than males, although the difference was smaller when personality disorder was held constant. The structural reliability and pattern of validity coefficients were comparable in these Swedish samples to other non-North American samples. Implications for the cross-cultural manifestation and correlates of psychopathy are discussed.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2005. Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 145-161
Emneord [en]
psychopathy; assessment; PCL : SV; forensic assessment; aggression
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54042DOI: 10.1177/1073191105275455ISI: 000229299200004PubMedID: 15914717Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-20744435451OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54042DiVA, id: diva2:1057680
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-19 Laget: 2016-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Violence risk assessment in male and female mentally disordered offenders: differences and similarities
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Violence risk assessment in male and female mentally disordered offenders: differences and similarities
2006 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

When assessing the risk of violence, increasing interest has been shown in bringing science and practice closer together. Moving from clinical intuition in the first generation of risk assessment via actuarial scales in the second generation to the structured professional judgments where risk assessments are today produces better, more valid results when assessing the risk of violence. One of the best predictors of violence is gender. Approximately 10% of the violent criminality can be attributed to women; even so, it is increasing, especially among young women. It is therefore important to examine risk assessments from a gender perspective. Another important factor when assessing the risk of violence is psychopathy and there are indications that there might be gender differences in this diagnosis. Thus, a special interest has been focused on psychopathy in this thesis. The purpose with this work is to explore the similarities and differences in assessing risk for violence in male and female mentally disordered offenders, while the overall aim is to validate the violence risk assessment instrument HCR-20 for Swedish offender populations. The risk assessments for all six studies in this thesis were made by trained personnel using the HCR-20 instrument, where psychopathy was diagnosed with the screening version of the Psychopathy Checklist (PCL:SV). The study populations were both male and female mentally disordered offenders in either the correctional or the forensic setting.

The findings show that both the validity and the reliability of the HCR-20 and the PCL:SV were good and the clinical and risk management subscales were found to have better predictive validity than the historical scale. Another finding was that there were more similarities than differences between genders in the HCR-20, while the opposite applied to the PCL:SV, where the antisocial behavior was performed in a different manner. Moreover, it was found that the gender of the assessor might be a factor to take into account when assessing the risk of violence in women, where the recommendation was that at least one assessor should be female. The conclusions were that the HCR-20 and the PCL:SV can be used In Swedish offender populations with valid results. For female offenders, there are differences in the antisocial behavior that is assessed in order to diagnose psychopathy and these differences tend to underestimate psychopathy among female offenders. Furthermore, the gender of the assessor might be of greater importance than has previously been realized. The overall conclusion was that this thesis supports the structural professional judgment method of making risk assessments in order to prevent violence in the community.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2006. s. 76
Serie
Mid Sweden University Doctoral Thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 9
Emneord
Risk assessment, HCR-20, psychopathy, PCL:SV, female offenders, mentally disordered offenders, antisocial behavior, violent recidivism
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54118 (URN)91-85317-21-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2006-12-04, Campus Sundsvall, Sundsvall, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-20 Laget: 2016-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekstPubMedScopus

Personposter BETA

Strand, Susanne

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Strand, Susanne
I samme tidsskrift
Assessment (Odessa, Fla.)

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 354 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf