oru.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Socio-economic status and chronic renal failure: a population-based case-control study in Sweden
Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Department of Renal Medicine, Huddinge University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
The International Epidemiology Institute, Rockville, MD, USA; Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.
Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2003 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 82-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Low socio-economic status is associated with the occurrence of several different chronic diseases, but evidence regarding renal disease is scant. To explore whether the risk of chronic renal failure varies by socio-economic status, we performed a population-based case-control study in Sweden.

Methods: All native residents from May 1996 to May 1998, aged 18-74 years, formed the source population. Cases (n = 926) were incident patients with chronic renal failure in a pre-uraemic stage. Control subjects (n = 998) were randomly selected within the source population. Exposures were assessed at personal interviews and relative risks were estimated by odds ratios (OR) in logistic regression models, with adjustment for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol consumption and regular analgesics use.

Results: In families with unskilled workers only, the risk of chronic renal failure was increased by 110% [OR = 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-4.0] and 60% (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.0-2.6) among women and men, respectively, relative to subjects living in families in which at least one member was a professional. Subjects with 9 years or less of schooling had a 30% (OR = 1.3; 95% CI, 1.0-1.7) higher risk compared with those with a university education. The excess risk was of similar magnitude regardless of underlying renal disease.

Conclusions: Low socio-economic status is associated with an increased risk of chronic renal failure. The moderate excess was not explained by age, sex, BMI, smoking, alcohol or analgesic intake. Thus, socio-economic status appears to be an independent risk indicator for chronic renal failure in Sweden.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2003. Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 82-88
Emneord [en]
Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Case-Control Studies, Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology, Diabetic Nephropathies/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Incidence, Kidney Failure, Chronic/*epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Poverty, Risk Factors, Smoking, *Socioeconomic Factors, Sweden/epidemiology, Uremia/epidemiology
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48978DOI: 10.1093/ndt/18.1.82ISI: 000180293800015PubMedID: 12480964Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0037236706ISBN: 0931-0509 (Print) 0931-0509 (Linking) (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-48978DiVA, id: diva2:1061249
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-01 Laget: 2016-03-06 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekstPubMedScopus

Personposter BETA

Lindblad, Per

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Lindblad, Per
I samme tidsskrift
Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
pubmed
isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 151 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf